Common Core State Standards for English Language Arts and Literacy
English Language Arts & Literacy
Grades Pre-Kindergarten to 12
Incorporating the Common Core State Standards for English Language Arts and Literacy
in History/Social Studies, Science, and Technical Subjects
Copy Editing in Progress
This document was prepared by the Massachusetts Department of Elementary and Secondary Education
Mitchell D. Chester, Ed.D. Commissioner
Board of Elementary and Secondary Education Members
Ms. Maura Banta, Chair, Melrose
Dr. Vanessa Calderon-Rosado, Boston
Ms. Harneen Chernow, Jamaica Plain
Mr. Gerald Chertavian, Cambridge
Mr. Michael D’Ortenzio, Jr., Chair, Student Advisory Council, Wellesley
Ms. Beverly Holmes, Springfield
Dr. Jeff Howard, Reading
Ms. Ruth Kaplan, Brookline
Dr. Jim McDermott, Eastham
Dr. Dana Mohler-Faria, Bridgewater
Mr. Paul Reville, Secretary of Education, Worcester
Mitchell D. Chester, Ed.D., Commissioner and Secretary to the Board
The Massachusetts Department of Elementary and Secondary Education, an affirmative action employer, is committed to ensuring that all of its programs and facilities are accessible to all members of the public. We do not discriminate on the basis of age, color, disability, national origin, race, religion, sex or sexual orientation.
Inquiries regarding the Department’s compliance with Title IX and other civil rights laws may be directed to
the Human Resources Director, 75 Pleasant St., Malden, MA 02148 781-338-6105.
© 2011 Massachusetts Department of Elementary and Secondary Education Permission is hereby granted to copy any or all parts of this document for non-commercial educational purposes. Please credit the “Massachusetts Department of Elementary and Secondary Education.” This document printed on recycled paper
Massachusetts Department of Elementary and Secondary Education
75 Pleasant Street, Malden, MA 02148-4906
Phone 781-338-3000 TTY: N.E.T. Relay 800-439-2370
The Adoption Process in Massachusetts
The Common Core State Standards for English Language Arts and Literacy in History/Social Studies, Science, and Technical Subjects were adopted by the Massachusetts Board of Elementary and Secondary Education on July 21, 2010. The Massachusetts pre-kindergarten standards in this framework were adopted by the Massachusetts Board of Early Education and Care on December 14, 2010. The Massachusetts additional standards and features were adopted by the Massachusetts Board of Elementary and Secondary Education on December 21, 2010.
Table of Contents
Key Design Considerations
Students Who Are College and Career Ready
How to Read This Document
Standards for English Language Arts & Literacy in History/Social Studies, Science, and Technical Subjects Pre-K–5 1
College and Career Readiness Anchor Standards for Reading 2
Reading Standards for Literature Pre-K–5 3
Reading Standards for Informational Text Pre-K–5 7
Reading Standards: Foundational Skills Pre-K–5 12
College and Career Readiness Anchor Standards for Writing 15
Writing Standards Pre-K–5 16
College and Career Readiness Anchor Standards for Speaking and Listening 21
Speaking and Listening Standards K–5 22
College and Career Readiness Anchor Standards for Language 25
Language Standards Pre-K–5 26
Language Progressive Skills, by Grade 32
Standard 10: Range, Quality, and Complexity of Student Reading
Staying on Topic Within a Grade and Across Grades 35
Standards for English Language Arts 6–12 36
College and Career Readiness Anchor Standards for Reading 37
Reading Standards for Literature 6–12 38
Reading Standards for Informational Text 6–12 42
College and Career Readiness Anchor Standards for Writing 45
Writing Standards 6–12 46
College and Career Readiness Anchor Standards for Speaking and Listening 53
Speaking and Listening Standards 6–12 54
College and Career Readiness Anchor Standards for Language 57
Language Standards 6–12 58
Language Progressive Skills, by Grade 61
Standard 10: Range, Quality, and Complexity of Student Reading
Standards for Literacy in History/Social Studies, Science,
and Technical Subjects 64
College and Career Readiness Anchor Standards for Reading 65
Reading Standards for Literacy in History/Social Studies 6–12 66
Reading Standards for Literacy in Science and Technical Subjects
College and Career Readiness Anchor Standards for Writing 68
Writing Standards for Literacy in History/Social Studies, Science,
and Technical Subjects 6–12 69
Application of the Standards for English Language Learners and Students with Disabilities 73
Glossary of Terms 81
A Literary Heritage: Suggested Authors, Illustrators
And Works 93
Suggested Contemporary Authors and Illustrators
Suggested Authors and Works in World Literature 100
Massachusetts Department of
Elementary and Secondary Education
75 Pleasant Street, Malden, Massachusetts 02148-4906
Mitchell D. Chester, Ed.D.
I am pleased to present to you the Massachusetts Curriculum Framework for English Language Arts and Literacy, Grades Pre-Kindergarten to 12 adopted by the Board of Elementary and Secondary Education in December 2010. This framework merges the Common Core State Standards for English Language Arts and Literacy in History/Social Studies, Science and Technical Subjects with Massachusetts standards and other features. These pre-kindergarten to grade 12 standards are based on research and effective practice and will enable teachers and administrators to strengthen curriculum, instruction, and assessment.
In partnership with the Department of Early Education and Care (EEC), we added pre-kindergarten standards that were collaboratively developed by early childhood educators from the Department of Elementary and Secondary Education, EEC staff, and early childhood specialists across the state. The pre-kindergarten standards were approved by the Board of Early Education and Care in December 2010. These pre-kindergarten standards lay a strong necessary foundation for the kindergarten standards.
I am proud of the work that has been accomplished. The comments and suggestions received during the revision process of the 2001 English Language Arts Framework as well as comments on the Common Core State Standards have strengthened this framework. I want to thank everyone who worked with us to create challenging learning standards for Massachusetts students.
We will continue to collaborate with schools and districts to implement the 2011 Massachusetts Curriculum Framework for English Language Arts and Literacy over the next several years, and we encourage your comments as you use it. All of the frameworks are subject to continuous review and improvement, for the benefit of the students of the Commonwealth.
Thank you again for your ongoing support and for your commitment to achieving the goals of improved student achievement for all students.
Mitchell D. Chester, Ed. D.
Commissioner of Education
David Coleman Student Achievement Partners, Common Core State Standards
Jim Patterson ACT, Common Core State Standards
Susan Pimentel StandardsWork, Common Core State Standards
Susan Wheltle Director of Humanities and Literacy, Massachusetts Department of Elementary and Secondary Education
Massachusetts Contributors, 2007-2010
Sandra Baldner English Department Chairperson, South Shore Vocational Technical High School
Alfred J. Bird Master Teacher, Science, Charlestown High School, Boston
Jennifer M. Brabander Senior Editor, The Horn Book
Maria Calobrisi Literacy Facilitator, Lawrence Public Schools
Mary Ann Cappiello Assistant Professor, Language and Literacy Division, School of Education, Lesley University, Cambridge
Valerie Corradino Reading and Language Arts Specialist, Haverhill Public Schools
Barbara Cosma Cape Cod Child Development
Marianne Crowley Department Chair, English, Foxborough Regional Charter School
Martha Curran English Teacher, Natick High School
Anne Deveney English Language Arts Senior Program Director, Boston Public Schools
Valerie Diggs , Library Director, Grades K-12, Chelmsford Public Schools
Lori DiGisi Middle School Reading, Framingham Public Schools
Titus Dos Remedios Policy Analyst, Strategies for Children
Eileen Edijer Data Specialist, Boston Public Schools
Megan Farrell Grade 5 Teacher, Oak Bluffs
Jody Figuerido Institute for Education and Professional Development
Elise Frangos Director of English, MassInsight Education
Janet Furey English Language Arts Consultant, Pathways Int’l, Concord
Meg Gebhard Associate Professor, University of Massachusetts Amherst
Phyllis Goldstein English Language Arts Liaison, Grades K-12, Worcester Public Schools
Stephanie Grimaldi Associate Professor, Westfield State College
Holladay Handlin English Language Arts and History/Social Science Director, Grades 6-8, Watertown Public Schools, retired
Cynthia Hardaker-Blouin Grade 5 Teacher, Ware Public Schools
Anne Herrington Professor of English, University of Massachusetts Amherst
Lorretta Holloway Associate Professor of English, Framingham State College
Gregory Hurray Director of English language Arts, Newton Public Schools
Carolyn A. Joy K-12 Mathematics Leader, Medford Public Schools
Stephanie S. Lee Regional Director of Public Affairs, Verizon
Barbara McLaughlin Literacy/ELA Senior Program Director, K-5, Boston Public Schools
Eileen McQuaid Middle School Department Head, English Language Arts,
Brockton Public Schools
Cynthia Maxfield Early Childhood Coordinator, Nashoba Regional School District
Mary Mindness Professor, Lesley University
Kathleen Moore Grade 8 English Teacher and Curriculum Leader
Carver Public Schools
Lauri A. Murphy Youth Programs Coordinator, The Career Place
Middlesex Community College
Beverly Nelson Assistant Superintendent, Medford Public Schools
Thomas O’Toole Director of English grades 6-12, Waltham Public Schools
Martha V. Parravano Executive Editor,The Horn Book
Rosemary Penkala English Teacher, Smith Vocational & Agricultural High School, Northampton
Bruce Penniman, Director, Western Massachusetts Writing Project and English Instructor, University of Massachusetts Amherst
Sandy Putnam-Franklin Early childhood consultant
Frank Reece Founder, Human Capital Education, Cambridge
Danika Ripley Grade 3 Teacher Chelsea Public Schools
Maryanne Rogers School Committee Chair, Weston Public Schools
Jane Rosenzweig Director of the Harvard College Writing Center, Harvard University, Cambridge
Ben Russell Principal, Boston Public Schools
Jay Simmons Professor, Language Arts and Literacy, University of Massachusetts Lowell
Roger Sutton Editor in Chief, The Horn Book
Chris Tolpa English Language Arts Director, Westfield Public Schools
Shannon Ventresca Grade 7 Science Teacher, Stoughton Public Schools
Henry Venuti Department Chair, English, Georgetown Middle High School
George T. Viglirolo English teacher, Brookline High School, retired
KathyAnn Voltoline English Teacher, Grade 7, Pittsfield Public Schools
John M. Wands Department Head, English, Cohasset Middle High School, retired
Lisa White English Language Arts Coordinator, Grades K-12
Plymouth Public Schools
Writers of the 1997 and 2001 Massachusetts English Language Arts Curriculum Frameworks and the 2004 Supplement
Massachusetts Department of Early Education and Care
Sherri Killins, Commissioner
Massachusetts Department of Elementary and Secondary Education
Office of Humanities and Literacy
Jennifer Butler O’Toole
Mary Ellen Caesar
Anne G. O’Brien
Office of Science, Technology, and Mathematics
Roxane Johnson DeLear
Office of Special Education, Policy, and Planning
Office of Student Support
Julia Phelps, Associate Commissioner, Curriculum and Instruction
Jeffrey Nellhaus, Deputy Commissioner
The Massachusetts Curriculum Framework for English Language Arts and Literacy builds on the Common Core State Standards for English Language Arts & Literacy in History/Social Studies, Science, and Technical Subjects. In 2007 the Massachusetts Department of Elementary and Secondary Education convened a team of educators to revise its existing 2001 English Language Arts Curriculum Framework, and, when the Council of Chief State School Officers (CCSSO) and the National Governors Association (NGA) began a multi-state standards development initiative in 2009, the two efforts merged. The standards in this document draw on the most important international models as well as research and input from numerous sources, including state departments of education, scholars, assessment developers, professional organizations, educators from pre-kindergarten through college, and parents, students, and other members of the public.
Unique Massachusetts Standards and Features
Staff at the Massachusetts Department of Education worked closely with the Common Core writing team to ensure that the standards were academically rigorous, comprehensive, and organized in ways to make them useful for teachers. Massachusetts has added selected standards and features, marked with an asterisk (*).
The Massachusetts Pre-Kindergarten Standards
The preschool/pre-kindergarten population includes children between at least 2 years, 9 months until they are kindergarten eligible. A majority attend programs in diverse settings––community-based early care and education centers, family child care, Head Start, and public preschools. Some children do not attend any formal program. These standards apply to children who are at the end of that age group, meaning older four- and younger-five-year olds.
In this age group, foundations of reading, writing, speaking and listening and language development are formed out of children’s conversations, informal dramatics, learning songs and poems, and experiences with real objects, as well as listening to and “reading” books on a variety of subjects. The standards can be promoted through play and exploration activities, talking about the picture books, and embedded in almost all daily activities. They should not be limited to “reading time.” These English language arts standards correspond with the learning activities in the Massachusetts Guidelines for Preschool Learning Experiences (2003). The standards should be considered guideposts to facilitate young children’s understanding of the world of language and literature, writers and illustrators, books and libraries.
Breadth of the Pre-k to Grade 12 Standards
The standards set requirements not only for English language arts (ELA) but also for literacy in history/social studies, science, and technical subjects. Just as students must learn to read, write, speak, listen, and use language effectively in a variety of content areas, so too must the standards specify the literacy skills and understandings required for college and career readiness in multiple disciplines. Literacy standards for grade 6 and above are predicated on teachers of ELA, history/social studies, science, and technical subjects using their content area expertise to help students meet the particular challenges of reading, writing, speaking, listening, and language in their respective fields. It is important to note that the 6–12 literacy standards in history/social studies, science, and technical subjects are not meant to replace content standards in those areas but rather to supplement them.
- When Oregon adopted the Common Core State Standards in October 2010, our state joined other states in the pursuit of a common, standards-based education for our students, kindergarten through high school.
- This is the final draft of the English Language Arts standards proposed by the Minnesota Standards Review Committee. These standards will proceed through the state’s formal administrative rulemaking process and will not be adopted
- © 2011 Massachusetts Department of Elementary and Secondary Education. Permission is hereby granted to copy any or all parts of this document for non-commercial educational purposes.
A comparison of the American Diploma Project (adp) English Benchmarks and the Florida Sunshine State Standards for Reading/Language ArtsДокументNote that when alignment is found in Grades 9-12, earlier grade statements that also align are not included in this chart. Kindergarten through Grade 8 statements are included only when the match at 9-12 is incomplete.
- The Common Core State Standards for English Language Arts & Literacy in History/Social Studies, Science, and Technical Subjects (“the Standards”) are the culmination of an extended, broad-based effort to fulfill the charge issued by
- South Carolina owes a debt of gratitude to the following organizations and individuals for their assistance in the revision of the South Carolina English Language Arts Curriculum Standards 2002.
- gov/stn/pdf/subject_codelist1011.pdf 1 CTE Funding Crosswalk with CIP Codes - .gov/octe/docs/CIP_course_funding_crosswalk_ 010-11.pdf 1 Instructional Time FAQ – 1 Indiana Diploma Requirements Q & A – 1 .
- You, the educators, must address academic standards through traditional and innovative methods, infused with an appreciation of Catholic doctrine, Catholic social teachings, and moral development.
- It is with great pleasure that I approve the Archdiocesan Early Childhood Curriculum Standards for pre-kindergarten and kindergarten age children. These standards are essential for students to achieve learning expectations.