Elektronisk Dansk A. I. Meddelser 107 Nov 07

May 9, 2007: <ht!

tp:/newsroom/indepth.asp?id=82098&pt=n>Robot! ic resea rch centre for Derry. By Press Association and available from UTV.

"Thinking robots which interact intelligently with humans - and each other - will become a reality if a new research centre opened in Northern Ireland today has its way. The University of Ulster opened the £20 million centre at its Magee campus in Londonderry where it will carry out intelligence systems research. The university has launched an international search to bring the world`s leading talent in the field to Northern Ireland. The centre will be at the forefront of global research in the fields of robotics, artificial intelligence and intelligent systems. ... Part of the research will focus on the creation of robotics systems that are more intelligent, have a greater understanding of their surroundings and what`s happening around them. ... The centre will also develop bio-inspired computational systems - creating more intelligent machines. ... Finally the centre will w! ork on ambient intelligence, extracting intelligence from wireless sensors - something that could be an aid in the care of the increasingly large elderly population in western Europe."

Also see:

</2007/05/08/news/brainbot/>Institute develops a robot that learns. By Michael Coburn. (May 8, 2007). "The goal is to create robots that are capable of seeing, hearing and thinking, because their programming is based on the human brain. Although Brainbot may be a primitive version of the robots of science-fiction fame, according to Richard Granger, director of the Neukom Institute, we are only 10 to 15 years away from creating robots that are capable of thinking like humans. ... The institute also began offering undergraduates internship opportunities through the Women in Science Program, and s! ponsors an interdisciplinary special major in computation and ! neurosci ence. Travis Green ‘08, the first Dartmouth student to pursue the new major, said that he was grateful that the Neukom Institute allowed him the opportunity to pursue his passion for artificial intelligence. 'You have to know so much about so many different fields,' Green said. 'You won’t find classes on this stuff. You have to be willing to read about philosophy, and have to understand engineering, neuroscience and computer science.' ... Granger predicted that robotics is bound to be a controversial topic. He said that robots could take jobs away from blue-collar workers, and could also be used to fight wars. 'These things can be used for nasty purposes,' he said. 'The awful uses of robots will be very much like the awful uses of humans. We can be sent out to kill, and robots will also be capable of these things.' ... Humans, Granger argued, cannot be sure what the consequences of artificial intelligence and robots are. What we can be sure of is that robots will! play an increasingly prominent role in our daily lives, and that debates about robot ethics are likely to be imminent."

</index.php?src=news&refno=19724&category=Schools>New principal to lead Don Estridge High Tech Middle. By Nicol Jenkins. Boca Raton News (May 10, 2007). "[Karen] Whetsell said she would continue with the technology program offered at the school but 'there are a few things on the burner for next year.' Those include a video game curriculum where students design video games and an artificial intelligence robotic system. 'The technology department has invested a lot of time and research into these two programs,' she said. 'I hope to tie the video game curriculum to academic standards and it gives the students some vision for the future.'"

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May 10, 2007: </news/2007/070508/full/070508-9.html>Anti-shredder aims to stick spy files back together - Computer program should re-assemble notes from the East German Stasi. By Ned Stafford. news@.

"A research team in Germany has developed a computer-software system to piece together some 45 million pages of secret police files ripped into 600 million pieces. The files were torn up nearly 18 years ago by panicking agents of communist East Germany's dreaded State Security Service (Stasi). Bertram Nickolay, head of security technology at the Fraunhofer Institute for Production Systems and Design Technology (IPK) in Berlin, says that the heart of the reconstruction software that his team has spent years developing is powered by algorithms designed to recognize and process digital patterns and images. ... The software should get better with time, Nickolay notes. 'It l! earns as it processes.'"

Also see:

</server.php?show=conWebDoc.11545>Computer used to piece together Stasi files. BCS Industry News (May 10, 2007). "Now 'virtual puzzling' technology used by the Frauenhofer Institute is to be employed to put together the shredded documents, a task that had previously been undertaken by hand. ... According to experts at the Frauenhofer Institute, it would take 30 people between 600 and 800 years to piece together the 45 million shredded documents by hand."

</story/0,2933,271201,00.html>Computers to Reassemble Shredded East German Secret Police Files. By David Rising. Associated Press / available from (May 10, 2007). "Using algorithms developed 15 years ago t! o help decipher barely legible lists of Nazi concentration cam! p victim s, each individual strip of the shredded Stasi files will be scanned on both sides. The data then will be fed into the computer for interpretation using color recognition; texture analysis; shape and pattern recognition; machine and handwriting analysis and the recognition of forged official stamps, [Bertram] Nickolay said in a statement."

<http://www.guardian.co.uk/germany/article/0,,2076185,00.html>The machine that is putting together the Stasi's 600m-piece spy jigsaw - 'E-Puzzler' ends painstaking manual restoration of torn secret police documents. By Kate Connolly. The Guardian (May 10, 2007). " While the scientists waited for the government's approval, the machine was put to a wide range of uses - to help Chinese archaeologists to reconstruct smashed Terracotta Army figures, to solve a multinational tax evasion case in which copious documents were shredded in an attempt to destroy evidence! , and to piece together hundreds of thousands of bank notes shredded by a mother in an attempt to block her estranged daughter from her inheritance. 'In short, it's no longer safe to shred a document; the days of shredding machines are over,' Betram Nickolay, who has spent 10 years working on the project, claimed. 'The only safe way to destroy something is by burning it.'"

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The Expansion Slot

April 27, 2007: <http://lis.epfl.ch/resources/podcast/2007/04/rodney-brooks-past-and-future-of.html>Rodney Brooks - The Past and Future of Behavior Based Robotics (podcast interview). Talking Robots. "In this episode we interview Rodney Broo! ks on behavior based robotics. He talks about how mosquitoes i! n Thaila nd caused a fundamental shift in artificial intelligence, how to build robots that sell, and how 50 years from now you'll be fighting with your robot for spare parts."

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April 28, 2007: </2007/04/28/stories/2007042802350500.htm>Robotics camp enlivens children. The Hindu. "Students attending the robotics camp organised by the Regional Science Centre and Planetarium, Kozhikode, are all excited to learn the emerging technology of robotics. ... V.S. Ramachandran, project coordinator, Planetarium, said they were conducting camp in robotics for the first time. All the topics covered in the summer camp focus on hands-on practical training for the children, he said."

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May 1, 2007: </apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20070501/NEWS/705010384/1008/NEWS03&theme=>Students bring robot to White House - Del., Pa. teenagers show off technology skills to president. By Alison Kepner. The News Journal (). "Thirty-three area teenagers demonstrated their award-winning robot to President George W. Bush on Monday as he honored them for encouraging other students' interest in science, technology, math and engineering. The Miracle Workerz of MOE Robotics Group, based in Wilmington, won the FIRST Robotics Competition 2007 Chairman's Award in Atlanta last month. The group's members were among 100 students and mentors from winning teams who visited the White House on Monday."

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May 1, 2007: </business/news/display.var.1!

367590.0.brookes_boffins_to_tackle_cybercrime.php>Brookes bof! fins to tackle cybercrime. By Maggie Hartford. Oxford Mail. "A £500,000 project to prevent cybercrime is being spearheaded by Oxford company Nominet [which registers all websites that end in .uk], with the help of computer experts from Oxford Brookes University. ... The partnership is now advertising for two postgraduates, who will spend two years working on the problem. They will receive management training so that they can run the project themselves, including budgeting. One researcher will work under Oxford Brookes Prof David Duce, who is a world expert on computer visualisation. Creating an image or animation sometimes reveals hidden patterns which could highlight abuse. The other, under senior lecturer Fay Mitchell, will use artificial intelligence techniques to help detect fraud."

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May 2, 2007: <http://news.bbc.co.u!

k/1/hi/technology/6614567.stm>Synthetic snot boosts robot nose. BBC News. "A layer of artificial mucus has been found to improve the ability of an 'electronic nose' to precisely sniff out aromas in foods and perfumes. ... Smells consist of a number of molecules, each of which has a specific size and shape. The human nose contains more than 100 million receptors which are able to dock with these molecules. A layer of mucus dissolves the arriving scents and separates out different odour molecules so that they arrive at the receptors at different speeds and times. The brain is able to interpret this pattern to distinguish a diverse range of smells. In contrast, an artificial nose consists of a much smaller array of chemical sensors, typically between six and 12, connected to a computer or neural network capable of recognising patterns of molecules. A neural network is a collection of computer processors that function in a similar way to a simple animal brain." -> <#listtop>back to headlines!

May 2, 2007: </Infotech/18617/>Respectful Cameras - A new type of video surveillance protects the privacy of individuals. By Brendan Borrell. Technology Review. "A camera developed by computer scientists at the University of California, Berkeley, would obscure, with an oval, the faces of people who appear on surveillance videos. These so-called respectful cameras, which are still in the research phase, could be used for day-to-day surveillance applications and would allow for the privacy oval to be removed from a given set of footage in the event of an investigation. ... In its current state of development, the camera is only able to obscure the faces of people who are wearing a marker, in the form of a yellow hat or a green vest."

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May 3, 2007: </drmn/local/article/0,1299,DRMN_15_5518138,00.html>Police steal cue from 'Knight Rider' - Electronic license plate readers help tag violators. By Chris Barge. Rocky Mountain News. "Aurora Police Lt. Troy Edwards lacks David Hasselhoff's long, curly hair. ... But Edwards is pretty close to living the Knight Rider dream, thanks to a new gizmo that turns cruisers into artificial intelligence machines. ... Growing out of a partnership between gun manufacturer Remington and Italian information technology company Elsag, the Mobile Plate Hunter uses optical character-recognition technology developed for Italian postal workers to sort letters and parcels. The readers tell officers whether a driver's license has been canceled or revoked, if the car or plates are stolen or if there are any warrants out for the driver's arrest."

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May ! 3, 2007: </2007/brain/i-chat-therefore-i-am>I Chat, Therefore I Am... Can a smooth-talking robot initiate good conversation, generate witty responses, and reveal profound thoughts? See what happens when two chatbots speak to each other. From Discover Magazine's special issue, The Brain: An Owner's Manual. "'Can machines think?' In 1950 mathematician Alan Turing pondered this question and invented an elegant game to answer it: Let a human chat via Teletype with a computer and another human; if the person can’t determine which is the computer, then it meets Turing’s standards for 'thinking.' In recent years Turing’s game has taken on a life of its own in cyberspace, thanks to artificial intelligence inventors worldwide who have produced dozens of 'chatbots' that anyone can talk to."

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May 5, 2007: </article/mg19426024.600-this-week-50-years-ago.html>The 'thinking' machine. "This week 50 years ago" feature in New Scientist (Issue 2602: page 18; subscription req'd). "[T]he government's study group is working on the idea of a machine which can build up its own experience and act on it - it 'learns' as it goes along. ... Thus it is that the dull business of dealing with national insurance is leading to the practical and useful realisation of the 'intelligent', 'thinking' machine."

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May 6, 2007: </re.aspx?re=2cb09154-b81d-4c29-bd96-33a520414794>Schools Turn To Web Site As Interactive Writing Coach - State grant gives students access to MY Access! By Jenna Cho. . "Harry Barfoot, vice president of sales and marke! ting at Vantage Learning, said about 1 million students use th! e Pennsy lvania-based company's MY Access!, including an estimated 15,000 students in about 60 Connecticut schools. ... Stonington [High School] is one of seven high schools that last year received a new state grant that provided funds to purchase laptops for high school classes in which writing is vital to instruction. It also included money for use of artificial intelligence-based writing software such as MY Access! Karen Kaplan, executive director of the state Commission for Educational Technology, educational technology consultant for the state Department of Education and program manager for the grant, was enthusiastic about the value of such programs. 'With artificial intelligence, students can get specific, targeted feedback several times in a PERIOD!' Kaplan wrote in an e-mail. '... This gives students a chance to write more, and learn how to improve their writing with immediate feedback.'"

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May 7, 2007: </pg/07127/784007-85.stm>The Thinkers - CMU prof using game theory to match kidneys. By Mark Roth. Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. "Dr. [ Tuomas] Sandholm is a Carnegie Mellon University computer scientist who specializes in game theory, which is often used to find the best solutions to problems when there are millions of alternatives. He has already used those skills to start an international company, Combinenet, which has conducted 450 electronic auctions that have saved the companies involved nearly $4.4 billion. He has also developed what may be the world's best computerized Texas Hold 'Em poker program. ... [T]he challenge of figuring out the best way to match up living kidney donors with potential recipients was an open doorway beckoning him into a new research field.... He earned master's and doctoral degrees in computer science at the University of Massachusetts,! where his major research project was inventing an artificial-! intellig ence negotiating system that divvied up trucking jobs."

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May 7, 2007: </Articles/2007/05/07/41326/Edinburgh+spin-out+takes+robot+software+kit+to+market.htm>Edinburgh spin-out takes robot software kit to market. By Steve Bush. Electronics Weekly. "University of Edinburgh spin-out Edinburgh Robotics has received £250,000 from the Alpha EIS Fund to bring its robot software development kit - including a real time operating system based on open-source Linux, to market. ... The firm’s tool kit, dubbed DevBot, is designed to kick-start autonomous robot development programmes - for applications as diverse as lawnmowers, toys, un-manned submarines and flying drones."

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May 7, 2007: </blogs/technology_news/4216434.html>Smart House - Your So-Called Sci-Fi Life. By Daniel H. Wilson. Popular Mechanics Technology News. "So what is the secret to teaching an old house new tricks? One approach is to adopt a do-it-yourself mind-set and add futuristic skills like speech recognition (instead of a new patio). There is an entire home automation industry ready to supply gadgets that can be integrated to form a soulless automatic home. On the other hand, artificial intelligence can breathe life into a robotic home, allowing it to get to know its inhabitants enough to predict their activities and proclivities. Sinking smart robotics technology into the infrastructure of a home (or spaceship) is called ubiquitous computing. ... While there is nothing novel about a remote-controlled house, intelligent environments are another matter. ... Instead of interacting with a ! box on a table, occupants of the future will interact with a h! elpful, intelligent and friendly robotic home. ... Smart houses are a reality, but most cutting-edge research is designed to make them into babysitters for the elderly."

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May 9, 2007: </NewsTrack/Science/2007/05/09/atlanta_gets_ready_for_robocup_2007/>Atlanta gets ready for RoboCup 2007. United Press International. "Georgia Tech will be the site of this year's RoboCup competition [July 3-10], with approximately 2,000 students and faculty from 20 nations participating. ... In addition to RoboCup 2007 Atlanta, Georgia Tech will also host several other robotics-related events, including the Robotics: Science and Systems conference and an International Aerial Robotics Competition."

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FROM THE DECK OF THE AI NEWS CLIPPER: Have you heard about the </>AAAI-07 AI Video Competition?

"This is your chance to make a cool online video about your AI research and/or application, and get a ton of attention! ... Up to $3000 will be awarded in prizes to the best videos in each category, including a Shakey: a small trophy named in honor of Shakey."

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links to </aitopics/articles&columns/aialerts.html#archive>back issues,

FAQs, and more

</aitopics/html/current.html>AI in the news:

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Date: Thu, 12 Apr 2007 12:13:40 -0700 (PDT)

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Subject: AAAI AI ALERT Full-Text 12 April 2007


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Date: Thu, 12 Apr 2007 19:11:05 UT


12 April 2007

Welcome to the </aitopics/articles&columns/aialerts.html>AI ALERT, a service from the </>Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence, showcasing an eclectic subset from the </aitopics/html/current.html>AI in the news collection in </aitopics/html/welcome.html>AI TOPICS, the AAAI sponsored pathfinder web site. As explained in our </aitopics/html/notices.html>notices & disclaimers, the AI ALERT is intended to keep you informed of news articles published by third parties. The mere fact that a particular item is selected for inclusion does NOT imply that AAAI or AI TOPICS has verified th! e information (articles are offered "</aitopics/html/notices.html#alert>as is") or that there is endorsement of any kind. And because the excerpt may not reflect the overall tenor of the article, nor contain all of the relevant information, you are encouraged to access the entire article.

The Headlines:

<#mar22h>Son of TIA Will Mine Asian Data - Wired News

<#mar23a>The Subprime Loan Machine - The New York Times

<#mar27a>Firms See ‘Smart’ Closed-Circuit TVs as Good Way to Tap Into Rail, Mass Transit Security - Congressional Quarterly

<#mar28a>Mining for Cheap Flights ! - Techn ology Review (plus one related article)

<#mar29a>Rough, but there's little lost in Google translation - Reuters (plus one related article)

<#mar29b>Obsessive Geniuses Strive to Create Almost Human Robots - Wired News interview

<#mar29d>AI tool to enhance computer-aided fire dispatch - IT Business

<#ap00b>Strange Ways - IEEE Spectrum Online (plus one related article)

<#ap00c>The Power of Babble - Wired

<#ap1a>Bill of Rights for abused robots - The Independent Online Edition (plus three related articles)

<#ap3b>IBM gives ! U.S. military $45M in translation tech - The Associated Press

<#ap4b>Computer vision - The Economist

<#ap5c>Software's Benefits On Tests In Doubt Study Says - The Washington Post

<#ap6d>New technology lets you read your voice mail - CNET

<#ap9a>Too Powerful? Us? Surely You Jest - BusinessWeek Online (plus a related article, slide show, and podcast)

<#ap9e>U.S. Robot Satellites Makes History - SatNews Daily (plus two related articles)

<#ap12b>Obituary - Professor Karen Sparck Jones - The Independent Online Edition (plus three related articles)

<#slot>The Expansion Slot - a few more articles to browse through

The Articles:

March 22, 2007: </politics/onlinerights/news/2007/03/SINGAPORE>Son of TIA Will Mine Asian Data. By Sharon Weinberger. Wired News.

"Nearly four years after Congress pulled the plug on what critics assailed as an Orwellian scheme to spy on private citizens, Singapore is set to launch an even more ambitious incarnation of the Pentagon's controversial Total Information Awareness program -- an effort to collect and mine data across all government agencies in the hopes of pinpointing threats to national security. The Singapore prototype of the system -- dubbed Risk Assessment and Horizon Scanning, or RAHS -- was rolled out early this week at a conference in the Southeast Asia city-state. Retired U.S. Adm. Jo! hn Poindexter, the architect of the original Pentagon program, traveled to Singapore to deliver a speech at the unveiling, while backers have already begun quietly touting the system to U.S. intelligence officials. ... While terrorism is a driving factor for RAHS, it was the SARS epidemic -- which crippled Singapore's economy -- that prompted interest in the technology, according to Patrick Nathan, deputy director of the Singapore National Security Coordination Center. 'We are studying the application of the RAHS concepts and tools to the social, and economic and financial domains,' [Nathan wrote in an e-mail interview. ... Steven Aftergood, head of the Federation of American Scientists' Project on Government Secrecy, said that while he wasn't familiar with RAHS, privacy issues are important in any data-mining system."

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M! arch 23, 2007: </2007/03/23/business/23speed.html>The Subprime Loan Machine. By Lynnley Browning. The New York Times (registration req'd).

"The rise and fall of the subprime market has been told as a story of a flood of Wall Street money and the desire of Americans desperate to be part of a housing boom. But it was the little-noticed tool of automated underwriting software that made that boom possible. ... Automated underwriting is now used to generate as much as 40 percent of all subprime loans, according to Pat McCoy, a law professor at the University of Connecticut who has written on real estate lending. The software itself, of course, cannot be blamed for lowered lending standards or lax controls. ... 'Used properly, automated underwriting is a wonderful thing,' Professor McCoy said. The problem, she said, comes when lenders customize it to approve the wrong borrowers. ... Subprime lenders like automated underwriting ! because it is cheap and fast. A 2001 Fannie Mae survey found that automated underwriting reduced the average cost to lenders of closing a loan by $916. The software quickly weeds out the very riskiest of applicants and automatically approves the rest. ... By mid-2004, Countrywide Financial, a major subprime lender, had used MindBox’s automated underwriting system to double the number of loans it made, to 150,000 monthly. 'Without the technology, there is no way we would have been able to do the amount of business that we did and continue to do,' Scott Berry, executive vice president for artificial intelligence at Countrywide Financial, told a trade publication, Bank Systems & Technology, in the summer of 2004. ... Proponents say the software makes things fairer and more objective for risky borrowers."

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March 27, 200! 7: Firms See ‘Smart’ Closed-Circuit TVs as Good Way to Tap Into Rail, Mass Transit Security. By Matthew M. Johnson. CQ Homeland Security / Congressional Quarterly.

"High-tech companies are getting into the business of a reinvigorated technology known as smart CCTV in an effort to cash in on the desire of rail and mass transit operators to guard against terrorist attacks. Instead of putting the burden of isolating suspicious behavior on security workers, the smart closed-circuit TVs can detect anomalies on their own and flash an alert. ... By adding software and computer processors to existing CCTV infrastructure, the systems can be upgraded with an artificial intelligence designed to scan locations for unattended objects, unusual motion and certain kinds of human behavior. ... . The technology holds so much promise that Cathleen Berrick, director of homeland security and jus! tice issues at the Government Accountability Office, recommended that the federal government consider researching it. She made the remark while testifying at a Senate Commerce, Science and Transportation Committee hearing in January."

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March 28, 2007: </Biztech/18447/>Mining for Cheap Flights - Farecast claims to offer cheap tickets based on science, not marketing. By Kate Greene. Technology Review.

"On a flight to his brother's wedding in 2001, Oren Etzioni discovered that the people sitting next to him had bought their tickets later than he did, yet had paid less. For some, this could have been an infuriating revelation, but Etzioni didn't get mad; as a professor of computer science and engi! neering at Washington University, in Seattle, he got inspired.! 'I thou ght, "Why don't I collect historical data [on airfares] and use that to anticipate ticket prices?"' ... Farecast differs from these companies by using sophisticated algorithms to mine enormous data sets of more than 175 billion airfares from around the country. ... Farecast's data-mining algorithms look for trends in the prices and help determine the impact on prices of variables such as seasonal changes, conventions, and college graduations."

Also see: </2007/04/07/business/07money.html>Sifting Data to Uncover Travel Deals. By Damon Darlin. The New York Times (April 6, 2007). ", which gathered a following with technology that enables it to predict the direction of airfares on a particular route, is back with another innovation that it says can distinguish the best deals in air travel. Hugh Crean, the chief executive of the Seattle company, said, ! 'We flipped the deal concept.' He said that to determine whether a deal was anything more than a marketing tool, the Web site mined its database of airfares to look for good prices relative to others and those in the past. What makes this an ideal task for computers, he said, is that a person looking for the best fare for a flight on a particular day from, say, San Francisco, would have to study 600 possibilities from each of the area’s three major airports. Since it was already tracking price data from airlines, Farecast was not daunted by the amount of information. 'We are the only ones who look at everything every day,' Mr. Crean said. Artificial intelligence was all that was needed to spot the deals."

FYI: Oren Etzioni will be an </Conferences/IAAI/2007/iaai07speakers.php>invited speaker at IAAI-07 and will deliver his talk, AI in a Moore's Law World: the Stories of Farec! ast and KnowItAll, on July 25, 2007.

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    At its recent recent General Assembly, on Friday October 31, the board of BNVKI-AIABN declared that the society intends to be a platform for AI research in Belgium, the Netherlands, and Luxembourg, in short the Benelux, and that it
  3. Elektronisk Dansk A. I. Meddelser 116 Feb 2010

    An ECCAI Travel Award Scheme has been established to support students, young researchers and faculty who are members of an ECCAI affiliated society participating in ACAI and ECAI.

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