Adams, Robert P., and Thomas A. Zanoni. 1979. The distribution, synonomy, and taxonomy of three junipers of southwestern United States and northern Mexico. Sout
Schelz, Charles D., Van Pelt, Nicholas S. 1990. Volume VI: Establishment of long-term photographic stations for monitoring community change, Black Canyon of the Gunnison National Park, Colorado National Monument, Dinosaur National Monument, and Mesa Verde National Park Cooperative Agreement (between The Nature Conservancy and the National Park Service) No. CA 1440-8-8001, Final Report: Survey and analysis of relict plant communities within National Park System units of the Colorado Plateau: The Nature Conservancy, Great Basin Field Office.
Schiebout, Judith Ann. 1974. Vertebrate paleontology and paleoecology of Paleocene Black Peaks Formation, Big Bend National Park, Texas (1974). Bulletin of the Texas Memorial Museum: 24.
Schlegel, Stanley E. 1969. Natural sciences resource studies problem: fire ecology- juniper-chaparral community LABE-N-17.
Sharon, E. Michael, Johnson, David W. 1987. Evaluation of Control Measures for Black Stain Root Disease in Pinyon Pine in Southwestern Colorado: U.S. Forest Service, Timber, Forest Pest and Cooperative Forestry Management.
Sharon, E. Michael. 1985. Black Stain Root Disease of Pinyon in Mesa Verde National Park: U.S. Forest Service, Timber, Forest Pest and Cooperative Forestry Management.
Sheperd, Harold R. 1956. Rodent Effects on Pinyon-Juniper Deer Range.
Shepherd, Harold R. 1956. Rodent Effects on Deer Winter Range.
Sidle, W. C, Richers, D. M. 1985. Geochemical reconnaissance of Cretaceous inliers in north-central Oregon. AAPG Bulletin: 69:3, p.412-421.
Sieg, C. H, No Book Author. 1991. No Chapter Title, Rocky Mountain Juniper Woodlands: Year Round Avian Habitat.
Sieg, C.H, No Proceedings Author. 1988. The Value of Rocky Mountain Juniper (Juniperus scopulorum) Woodlands in South Dakota as Small Mammal Habitat, Management of Amphibians, Reptiles, and Small Mammals in North America.
Sieg, C.H. 1982. Wildlife Associations in Rocky Mountain Juniper (Juniperus scopulorum) Stands in West Central South Dakota Progress Report.
Sieg, C.H. 1983. Wildlife Associations in Rocky Mountain Juniper (Juniperus scopulorum) Stands in West Central South Dakota Progress Report.
Sieg, C.H. 1991. Geographic Affinity of Bird Species Associated With Rocky Mountain Juniper Woodlands and Adjacent Grasslands in Southwestern South Dakota. Prairie Naturalist: 23:1, p.25-33.
Spencer, Donald A. 1946. Porcupines: A problem in the destruction of Pinyon Pine on Mesa Verde National Park.
Spencer, Donald A. 1948. History of Porcupine Abundance on Mesa Verde National Park as Revealed by Tree Ring Records.
Spencer, Donald A. No Date. Porcupine Population Fluctuations in Past Centuries Revealed by Dendrochronology.
Spencer, Donald A., Wade, Jack J., Fitch, Monte. 1947. Progress report: porcupine investigations on Mesa Verde National Park, winter 1946-47.
Stahle, David, Wizner, Nancy. 1993. File Folder: Tree-ring study at Capulin Volcano National Monument.
Staudinger, John D. 1966. A chromatographic and ecological study of the columnar junipers of Western North Dakota: University of Grand Forks.
Steigers, William Dean , Jr. 1981. Habitat Use and Mortality of Mule Deer Fawns in Western South Dakota: Brigham Young University, Department of Botany and Range Science.
Stone, Donald S., one, Donald S., Johnson, Katherine S. 1986. Seismic and borehole evidence for important pre-Laramide faulting along the axial arch in Northwest Colorado, New interpretations of Northwest Colorado geology.
Sunderland, C. 1954. Aerial photo index: National Park Service.
Sylvester, A. G. 1984. Leveling precision and bench mark motions, Pinon Flat Observatory, California. JGR Journal of Geophysical Research B: 89:9, p.7949-7956.
Tausch, Robin J., Nowak, Robert S. 1991. Relationships among the environment, genetics, and ecophysiology for western-Utah juniper hybrids in NW Nevada.
Terwilliger, Valery J. 1997. Reconstructing Quaternary climates using stable isotopic analyses of pinyon pines (proposal): University of Kansas.
Tillotson, M. R. 1924. Trees of the Grand Canyon Region.
Townley, M. Samuel. No Date. Survey of Damage to Pinyon (Pinus edulius) Trees by Porcupines.
Travis, Steven E., Ritland, K., Whitham, Thomas G., Keim, Paul. 1998. A genetic linkage map of pinyon pine (Pinus edulis) based on amplified fragment length polymorphisms. Theoretical and Applied Genetics: 97:5-6, p.871-880.
Trombulak, S. C., Cody, M. L. 1980. Elevational distribution of Pinus edulis and P monophylla (Pinaceae) in the New York Mountains, eastern Mojave Desert. Madrono: 27:p.61-67.
Trujillo, Michael L., Ferenbaugh, Roger W., Gladney, Ernest S., Bowker, Richard G. 1993. Acute and chronic sulfur dioxide fumigation of pinon pine seeds and seedlings: data compilation LA-12615-MS: Los Alamos National Laboratory.
Turkowski, Frank J., Reynolds, Hudson G. 1970. Response of some rodent populations to pinyon-juniper reduction on the Kaibab Plateua, Arizona. The Southwestern Naturalist: 15:1, p.23-27.
Tyrrell, Lucy E. 1991. Old-Growth Forests on National Park Sevice Lands: NPS Views and Information Great Lakes CPSU Report No. 91-1: Great Lakes Cooperative Park Studies Unit, University of Wisconsin - Madison.
U.S. Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Region, Forest Pest Management. 1982. Service trip appraisal #82-2.
U.S. Forest Service. 1992. Watershed management practices for pinyon-juniper ecosystems [Draft]: U.S. Forest Service, Southwestern Region.
US National Park Service, Salinas Pueblo Missions National Monument. 1994. N54 Soil and Moisture Control, Abo Arroyo Watershed Plan (folder).
Van Devender, Thomas R, Everett, Richard L. 1986. Late Quaternary history of pinyon-juniper-oak woodlands dominated by Pinus remota and Pinus edulis, Proceedings of the Pinyon-Juniper Conference: Intermountain Research Station: p. 99-103.
Van Pelt, Nicholas S., Schelz, Charles D. 1991. Relict vegetation site descriptions, Volume III: Black Canyon of the Gunnison National Park, Curecanti National Recreation Area, Mesa Verde National Park, and Dinosaur National Monument Cooperative agreement (between NPS and The Nature Conservancy) CA 1440-8-8001, Community site descriptions and unit analyses: The Nature Conservancy, Great Basin Field Office.
Van Pelt, Nicholas S., Schelz, Charles D., Johnson, David W. 1991. Relict vegetation site descriptions, Volume I: Canyonlands National Park, Natural Bridges National Monument, and Colorado National Monument Cooperative Agreement [between National Park Service and The Nature Conservancy] No. CA 1440-8-8001: The Nature Conservancy, Great Basin Field Office.
Van Pelt, Nicholas S., Schelz, Charles D., Tuhy, Joel S., Spence, John R. 1991. Relict Vegetation: community site descriptions and unit analyses, Volume II: Bryce Canyon National Park, Capitol Reef National Park, Cedar Breaks National Monument, and Zion National Park Cooperative agreement CA 1440-8-8001: The Nature Conservancy, Great Basin Field Office.
Van Pelt, Nicholas Sheridan. 1978. Woodland parks in southeastern Utah: Department of Geography, University of Utah.
Various Authors. 1971. [Vegetation Correspondence, Guadalupe Mountains National Park, TX].
Various Authors. 1986. The Interaction of Insect Herbivory, Environmental Stress, and Host Resistance: A Model System Using Pinyon Pine at Sunset Crater.
Vernstedt, L. Von. 1906. Report on the Proposed Ely, Steptoe, Osceola, and Snake National Forests, Nevada.
Wade, Jack J. 1946. Memorandum for the Superintendent.
Wade, Jack J. 1950. Annual Forestry Reports.
Wagener, Willis W., Mielke, James L. 1961. A staining-fungus root disease of ponderosa pine, Jeffrey, and pinyon pines. Plant Disease Reporter: 45:11, p.831-835.
Wagner, Russel O. 1978. The Pinyon - Juniper Forest of Chapin Mesa, Mesa Verde National Park, and the Disease Verticicladiella Wagenerii, Progress Report.
Wagner, Russel O. 1980. Pinyon Pine - Black Stain Root Disease Relationship in Mesa Verde National Park, Colorado, Progress Report.
Wagner, Russel O. 1981. Pinyon Pine - Black Stain Root Disease Relationship in Mesa Verde National Park, Colorado, Progress Report.
Wagner, Russel O. 1982. A Verticicladiella wagenerii irruption in pinyon pines in Mesa Verde National Park, Colorado.
Wagner, Russel O. 1982. Pinyon pine-black stain root disease relationships on Chapin Mesa, Mesa Verde National Park, Colorado--progress report.
Wagner, Russel O. 1982. Progress Report - 1982 Pinyon Pine - Black Stain Root Disease Relationships on Chapin Mesa, Mesa Verde National Park, Colorado, Progress Report.
Wagner, Russel O. 1983. Black Stain Root Disease - Pinyon Pine Relationships on Chapin Mesa, Mesa Verde National Park Preliminary Report - 1983.
Wagner, Russel O. 1984. The Black Stain Root Disease, Verticicladiella Wagenerii, and the Pinyon Pine, Pinus Edulis in Mesa Verde National Park, Colorado, Progress Report.
Wagner, Russel O. 1987. The Black Stain Root Disease, Verticicladiella Wagenerii, and the Pinyon Pine, Pinus Edulis in Mesa Verde National Park, Colorado, Progress Report.
Wagner, Russel O. 1990. The Black Stain Root Disease, Verticicladiella Wagenerii, and the Pinyon Pine, Pinus Edulis in Mesa Verde National Park, Colorado, Progress Report.
Wagner, Russel O. 1993. The black stain root disease, Verticicladiella wagenerii, and the pinyon pine, Pinus edulis in Mesa Verde National Park, Colorado: 1993 progress report.
Wagner, Russel O. No Date. Progress Report 1979-1980 Pinyon Pine - Black Stain Root Disease Relationship in Mesa Verde National Park, Progress Report.
Wagner, Russel O. No Date. The Pinyon - Juniper Forest of Chapin Mesa, Mesa Verde National Park and the Disease Verticicladiella wagenerii.
Waters, A. C., Pittenger, E., Ruddiman, W. No Date. Hercules' Leg - Juniper Lava Tube Cave, Lava Beds National Monument California.
Wauer, Roland H. 1994. The Visitor's Guide to the Birds of the Central National Parks, United States and Canada: John Muir Publications.
Weber, Darrell J., Gang, David, Halls, Steve, Nelson, David L, Roundy, Bruce A., Mcarthur, E. Durant, Haley, Jennifer S., Mann, David K. 1995. Juniper decline in Natural Bridges National Monument and Canyonlands National Park, Proceedings: Wildland shrub and arid land restoration symposium, General Technical Report INT-GTR-315: Intermountain Research Station, Forest Service, US Department of Agriculture: p. pages 258-262.
Weber, Darrell J., Nelson, D. 1992. Juniper die-off in Natural Bridges National Monument and Canyonlands National Park - Annual report 1992.
Weber, Darrell J., Nelson, D. 1993. Juniper die-off in Natural Bridges National Monument and Canyonlands National Park - Annual report 1993.
Weber, Darrell J., Nelson, D. 1994. Juniper die-off in Natural Bridges National Monument and Canyonlands National Park --Annual report 1994.
Weber, Darrell, Nelson, David M. 1994. Decline of Utah juniper in Natural Bridges National Monument and Canyonlands National Park.
Wells, P. V., Woodcock, D. 1985. Full-glacial vegetation of Death Valley, California: juniper woodland opening to yucca semidesert. Madro?o: 32:1, p.11-23.
Welsh, Stanley L. No Date. Ecological survey of road alternatives (appendix B).
Wenger, Stephen R. No Date. Mule Deer Use of a Four Year Old Burn in Pinyon-Juniper Forest.
West, Gerald James. 1978. Recent palynology of the Cedar Mesa area, Utah: PhD dissertation in Anthropology, University of California at Davis.
Wheeler, Catherine Cole, Flechtner, Valerie R., Johansen, Jeffrey R. 1993. Microbial spatial heterogeneity in microbiotic crusts in Colorado National Monument II Bacteria. Great Basin Naturalist: 53:1, p.31-39.
Whitham, Thomas G, No Book Author. No Date. The interaction of insect herbivory, environmental stress, and host resistance: A model system using pinyon pine at Sunset Crater, No Book Title.
Whitman, Thomas G., Mopper, Susan. 1985. Chronic Herbivory: Impacts on Architecture and Sex Expression on Pinyon Pine. Science: 228:4703, p.1089-1091.
Wilcox, Bradford P. No Date. Runoff and erosion in intercanopy zones of pinon-juniper woodlands, New Mexico: Los Alamos National Laboratory.
Wilcox, Bradford P., Breshears, David D., Allen, Craig D. 2003. Ecohydrology of a Resource-conserving Semiarid Woodland: Effects of Scale and Disturbance. Ecological Monographs: 73:2, p.223-239.
Wilcox, Bradford P., Breshears, David Dale, Unknown. No Date. Hydrology and ecology of pinyon-juniper woodlands: conceptual framework and field studies [DRAFT], Pinyon-Juniper Symposium: unknown.
Wilcox, Bradford P., Pitlick, John, Allen, Craig D. 1994. Frijolito watershed: integrated investigations of a rapidly eroding pinyon-juniper hillslope. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation.
Wilcox, Bradford P., Pitlick, John, Allen, Craig D., Davenport, David W, Anderson, M.G., Brooks, S.M. 1996. Runoff and Erosion from a Rapidly Eroding Pinyon-juniper Hillslope, Advances in Hillslope Processes, Volume 1: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Wilcox, Bradford P., Pitlick, John, Allen, Craig D., Davenport, David W, Anderson, Malcom G., Brooks, Susan M. 1996. Runoff and erosion from a rapidly eroding pinyon-juniper hillslope, Advances in hillslope processes, volume 1, British Geomorphological Research Group Symposia Series: John Wiley and Sons, p.60-77.
Wilson, Jill L., Tkacz, Borys M, Ffolliott, Peter F., Gottfried, Gerald J., Bennett, Duane A., Hernandez C., Victor Manuel, Ortega-Rubio, Alfredo, Hamre, R.H. 1992. Pinyon ips outbreak in pinyon juniper woodlands in northern Arizona: A case study, Ecology and management of oak and associated woodlands: Perspectives in the southwestern United States and northern Mexico, General Technical Report RM - 218: U.S. Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station: p. 187-190.
Wobbenhorst, Janice A., Schultz, Mark E. 1993. Untitled: Flatheaded Borers in Fire Damaged Pinyon and Ponderosa pines at Guadalupe Mountains National Park, Texas.
Wright, George M. The Director, National Park Service. 1930. No Letter Title.
Wyatt, Frank K. 1988. Measurements of coseismic deformation in Southern California; 1972-1982. Journal of Geophysical Research, B, Solid Earth and Planets: 93:7, p.7923-7942.
Wygant, N. D. 1949. Memorandum on Examination of Sawfly Infestation Mesa Verde National Park.
Zavortink, Thomas J. Superintendent, Joshua Tree National Monument. 1970. No Letter Title.
Baker, W.L., Ehle, D., 2001. Uncertainty in surface-fire history: the
case of ponderosa pine forests in the western United States.
Can. J. Forest Res. 31, 1205–1226.
Baker,W.L., Shinneman, D.J. Fire and restoration of Pinyon–Juniper
woodlands in the western United States: a review. Forest Ecol.
Eisenhart, K.S. 2003. Interim Progress Report: Historic Range of
Natural Variability (HRV) of Woodlands Sampled 2000–2002
on the Uncompahgre Plateau and Gunnison Gorge: Summary of
Stand Ages. Report on file with The Uncompahgre/Com Inc.,
Erdman, J.A. 1970. Pinyon-Juniper succession after natural fires on
residual soils of Mesa Verde, Colorado. Brigham Young
University Science Bulletin Series, vol. 11 (issue 2).
Floyd, M.L., Romme, W.H., Hanna, D.D., 2000. Fire history and
vegetation pattern in Mesa Verde National Park, Colorado,
USA. Ecol. Appl. 10, 1666–1680.
Floyd, M.L. (Ed.), 2003. Ancient Pinyon–Juniper Woodlands: A
Natural History of Mesa Verde Country. University Press of
Colorado, Boulder, Colorado.
Griffits, M.O., 1990. Guide to the Geology of Mesa Verde National
Park. Mesa Verde Museum Association, Lorraine Press, Utah.
Grissino-Mayer, H.D., 1995. Tree-ring Reconstructions of Climate
and Fire History at El Malpais National Monument, New
Mexico. Dissertation, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ.
Grissino-Mayer, H.D., 2001. FHX2 software for analyzing
temporal and spatial patterns in fire regimes from tree rings.
Tree Ring Res. 57, 115–124.
Grissino-Mayer, H.D., Romme, W.H., Floyd, M.L., Hanna, D.D.
Long-term climate and human influences on fire regimes in the
San Juan National Forest, southwestern Colorado. Ecol. Appl.,
Harris, A.T., Asner, G.P., Miller, M.E., 2003. Changes in vegetation
structure after long-term grazing in pinyon-Juniper ecosystems:
integrating imaging spectroscopy and field studies. Ecosystems
He, F., Duncan, R.P., 2000. Density-dependent effects on tree survival
in an old-growth Douglas fir forest. J. Ecol. 88, 676–688.
Healthy Forests, 2002. An Initiative for Wildfire Prevention and
Stronger Communities. Office of the President of the United
States, 22 August 2002.
Johnson, E.A. 1992. Fire and Vegetation Dynamics: Studies from
the North American Boreal Forest. Cambridge University
Press, Cambridge, p. 129.
Martin, P.S., Byers, W., 1965. Pollen analyses from the Wetherill
excavations. Contributions of the Wetherill Mesa Archeological
Project. Memoirs of the Society of American Archaeology 19.
American Antiquity 31.
Miller, R.F., Wigand, P.E., 1994. Holocene changes in semiarid
Pinyon–Juniper woodlands. Bioscience 44, 465–474.
Miller, R., Tausch, R., Waichler, W., 1999. Old-growth Juniper and
pinyon woodlands. In: Monsen, S.B., Stevens R. (compilers),
Proceedings: ecology and management of Pinyon–Juniper
communities within the Interior West. USDA Forest Service
Proceedings RMRS-P-9, pp. 375–384.
Miller, R.F., Tausch, R.J., 2001. The role of fire in Juniper and
pinyon woodlands: a descriptive analysis. In: Galley, K.E.M.,
Wilson, T.P. (Eds.), Proceedings of the Invasive Species
Workshop: The Role of Fire in the Control and Spread of
Invasive Species. Fire Conference 2000: The First National
Congress on Fire Eclogy, Prevention, and Management.
Miscellaneous Publication Number 11, Tall Timbers Research
Station, Tallahassee, FL, pp. 15–30.
Minnich, R.A., 2001. An integrated model of two fire regimes.
Conserv. Biol. 15 (6), 1549–1553.
Mitchell, J.E., Roberts Jr., T.C., 1999. Distribution of pinyon-
Juniper in the western United States. In: Monsen, S.B., Stevens,
R. (Eds.), Proceedings: Ecology and Management of Pinyon-
Juniper Communities Within the Interior West. USDA Forest
Service Proceedings RMRS-P-9, pp. 146–154. 288 M.L. Floyd et al. / Forest Ecology and Management 198 (2004) 269–289
Omi, P.N., Emrick, R.L., 1980. Fire and Resource Management in
Mesa Verde National Park. Unpublished report on file at Mesa
Verde National Park.
Ramsey, D. 2003. Soils of Mesa Verde. In: Floyd, M.L. (Ed.),
Ancient Pinyon–Juniper Woodlands: A Natural History of Mesa
Verde Country. Chapter 13, pp. 213–222.
Romme, W.H., Floyd-Hanna, M.L., Hanna, D.D., 2003. Ancient
Pinyon–Juniper forests of Mesa Verde and the West: a cautionary
note for forest restoration programs. In: Proceedings of the
Conference on Fire, Fuel Treatments, and Ecological Restoration:
Proper Place, Appropriate Time, Colorado State University,
Schmidt, K.M., Menakis, D.D., Hardy, C.C., Hann, W.J., Bunnell,
D.L., 2002. Development of coarse-scale spatial data for
wildland fire and fuel management. USDA Forest Service
General Technical Report RMRS-87.
Swetnam, T.W., Allen, C.D., Betancourt, L., 1999. Applied
historical ecology: using the past to manage for the future.
Ecol. Appl. 9, 1189–1206.
Wagner, R.O., 1978. The Pinyon-Juniper Forest of Chapin Mesa,
Mesa Verde National Park and the disease Verticicladiella
wagneri. Unpublished report on file at Mesa Verde National Park.
Wangler, M.J., Minnich, R.A., 1996. Fire and succession in Pinyon–
Juniper woodlands of the San Bernardino Mountains, California.
Madron˜o 43, 493–514.
West, N.E., Young, J.A., 2000. Intermountain valleys and lower
mountain slopes. In: Barbour, M.G., Billings, W.D. (Eds.),
North American Terrestrial Vegetation, second ed. Cambridge
University Press, pp. 255–284.
Citations in Matthew Clark’s Thesis related to woodland & grassland management:
Albert, S., N. Luna, R. Jensen, L. Livingston. 2004. Restoring Biodiversity to
Piñon-Juniper Woodlands. Ecological Restoration, 22(1):18-23.
Allen, C.D. and D.D. Breshears. 1998. Drought-induced shift of a forest/woodland
ecotone: rapid landscape response to climate variation. Proceedings of the
National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 95:14839-14842.
Aoude, A. and R.E. Danvir. 2002. Using Range Manipulations to Increase Pronghorn
Production and Abundance in Utah Sagebrush Step. Proceedings of the 20th
Biennial Pronghorn Workshop 2002.
Archer, S., D.S. Schimel and E.A. Holland. 1995. Mechanism of shrubland expansion:
Land use, climate or CO2? Climate Change, 28:91-99.
Arizona Game and Fish Department. 2002. Anderson Mesa Pronghorn Plans. 45 pp.
Aro, R. S. 1971. Evaluation of pinyon-juniper conversion to grass. Journal of Range
Belsky, A.J. 1996. Viewpoint: Western juniper expansion: Is it a threat to arid
northwestern ecosystems? Journal of Range Management, 49:53-59.
Betancourt, J. L. 1996. Long and short-term climate influences on southwestern
128shrublands. Pages 5–9 in J. R. Barrow, E. D McArthur, R. E. Sosebee, and R. J.
Tausch, compilers. Proceedings: shrubland ecosystem dynamics in a changing
environment; 1995, May 23–25; Las Cruces, New Mexico, USA. U.S. Forest
Service General Technical Report INT-GTR-338.
Betancourt, J. L., E. A. Pierson, K. Aasen-Rylander, J. A. Fairchild-Parks, and J. S. Dean.
1993. Influence of history and climate on New Mexico pinyon–juniper woodlands. Pages 42–62 in E. F. Aldon and D. W. Shaw, editors. Managing pinyon–juniper ecosystems for sustainability and social needs; proceedings of the symposium April 26–30, Santa Fe, New Mexico, USA. U.S. Forest Service General Technical Report RM-236.
Betancourt, J. L., and T. R. Van Devender. 1981. Holocene vegetation in Chaco Canyon,
New Mexico, USA. Science 214:656–658.
Blackburn, W. H., and P. T. Tueller. 1970. Pinyon and juniper invasion in black
sagebrush communities in east-central Nevada. Ecology 51: 841-848.
Brockway, D.G., R.G. Gatewood and R.B. Paris. 2002. Restoring grassland savannas
from degraded pinyon-juniper woodlands: effects of mechanical overstory reduction and slash treatment alternatives. Journal of EnvironmentalManagement, 64:179–197.
Brown, J.H., T.J. Valone, and C.G. Curtin. 1997. Reorganization of an arid ecosystem in
response to recent climate change. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 94:9729–9733.
Burkhardt, J.W. and E.W. Tisdale. 1976. Causes of juniper invasion in southwestern
Idaho. Ecology, 57:472-484.
Cottam, W.P., G. Stewart. 1940. Plant succession as a result of grazing and of meadow
desiccation by erosion since settlement in 1862. Journal of Forestry, 38:613-626.
Ffolliott, P.F. and G.J. Gottfried. 2002. Dynamics of a pinyon-juniper stand in northern
Arizona: a half-century history. Res. Pap. RMRS-RP-35. Fort Collins, CO: U.S.
Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station.10 pp.
Gottfried, G. J., T. W. Swetnam, C. D. Allen, J. L. Betancourt, and A. L. Chung-
MacCoubrey. 1995. Pinyon-juniper woodlands. In Ecology, Diversity and Sustainability of the Middle Rio Grande Basin. Fort Collins, CO:USDA Forest Service Rocky Mountain Forest and Range ExperimentStation General Technical Report RM-268:95---132.
Harris, J.A., R.J. Hobbs, E. Higgs and J. Aronson. 2006. Ecological Restoration and
Global Climate Change. Restoration Ecology, 14(2):170–176.
Hastings, B.K., F.M. Smith and B.F. Jacobs. 2003. Rapidly Eroding Piñon-Juniper
Woodlands in New Mexico Response to Slash Treatment. Journal of Environmental Quality, 32:1290-1298.
House, J.I., S. Archer, D.D. Breshears and R.J. Scholes. 2003. Conundrums in
mixed woody–herbaceous plant systems. Journal of Biogeography, 30:1763–
Jacobs, B.F., R.G. Gatewood and C.D. Allen. 2002. Ecological restoration of a
wilderness and cultural landscape: Paired Watershed Study 1996-98(9).
Unpublished Final Report. Bandelier National Monument, Los Alamos, NM.
Jacobs, B.F. and R.G. Gatewood. 2002. Reintroduction of fire maintains structure of
mechanically restored pinyon-juniper savanna (New Mexico). Ecological
Jacobs, B.F. 1999. Ecological restoration of a wilderness and cultural landscape,
Bandelier National Monument, NM. In: Proceedings of the 10th Conference on
Research and Resource Management in Parks and Public Lands. George Wright
Jacobs, B.F. and R.G. Gatewood. 1998. Restoration studies in degraded piñon-juniper
woodlands of north-central New Mexico. In: Monsen, S.B., Stevens, R., Tausch,
R.J., Miller, R. and Goodrich, S. (eds). Proceedings: ecology and management of
pinyon-juniper communities within the interior west. 1997 Sept. 15-18, Provo,
132 UT. USDA, Forest Service, Intermountain Research Station, General Technical
Report INT-000. Ogden, UT.
Kleintjes, P.K., B.F. Jacobs, and S.M. Fettig. 2004. Initial Response of Butterflies to an
Overstory Reduction and Slash Mulching Treatment of a Degraded Pinion Juniper
Woodland. Restoration Ecology, 12(2):231-238.
Landis, A.G. and J.D. Bailey. 2005. Reconstruction of age structure and spatial
arrangement of piñon–juniper woodlands and savannas of Anderson Mesa,
northern Arizona. Forest Ecology and Management, 204:221–236.
Leopold, A. 1924. Grass, brush, timber and fire in southern Arizona. Journal of
McAuliffe, J. R. 1995. Landscape evolution, soil formation, and Arizona’s desert
grasslands. In: The desert grassland, eds. M. P. McClaran and T. R. VanDevender.
Tucson, AZ: University of Arizona Press. 346 pp.
McPherson, G. R. 1995. The role of fire in the desert grasslands. In: The desert
grassland, eds. M. P. McClaran and T. R. VanDevender. Tucson, AZ: University of
Arizona Press. 346 pp.
Miller, R.E. and J.A. Rose. 1995. Western juniper expansion in southeastern Oregon.
Great Basin Naturalist, 55:37-45.
Noss, R.F., E.T. LaRoe and J.M. Scott. 1995. Endangered ecosystems of the
United States: a preliminary assessment of loss and degradation. Biological
Rep. 28. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of the Interior, National Biological
O’Gara, B.W. and J.D. Yoakum. 2004. Pronghorn Ecology and Management. University
Press of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado. 903 pp.
Phillips, A.M. 2001. Plant species diversity and distribution in allotment analyses on
Anderson Mesa, 1952-61 and 1998. Special Report. Flagstaff, Arizona, USA.
Pieper, R.D. 1990. Overstory-understory relations in pinion-juniper woodlands in New
Mexico. Journal of Range Management, 43:413-415.
Rosenstock, S.S. 1999. Effects of juniper woodland expansion on breeding birds in
grasslands of northern Arizona. Technical Guidance Bulletin No. 1, Federal Aid
in Wildlife Restoration Project W-78-R. Arizona Game and Fish Department.
Samuels, M. L., and J. L. Betancourt. 1982. Modeling the long-term effects of fuelwood
harvesting on pinyon–juniper woodlands. Environmental Management 6: 505–515.
Shaw, D. W., E. F. Aldon, and C. LoSapio. 1995. Desired future conditions for piñonjuniper ecosystems. USDA Forest Service, General Technical Report RM-258.
Sundt, P. C. and K. R. Vincent. 1999. Influences of geomorphology on vegetation
in the Animas Creek Valley, New Mexico. In: Toward integrated research,
land management, and ecosystem protection in the Malpais Borderlands: Conference summary, eds. G. J. Gottfriend, L. G. Eskew, C. G. Curing, and C. B. Edminster. USDA Forest Service report RMRS-P-10. 136 pp.
Swetnam, T.W., C.D. Allen and J.L. Betancourt. 1999. Applied Historical Ecology:
Using the Past to Manage for the Future. Ecological Applications 9(4):1189–
Swetnam, T. W., and J. L. Betancourt. 1998. Mesoscale disturbance and ecological
response to decadal climatic variability in the American Southwest. Journal of
Tausch, R.J., N.E. West and A.A. Nabi. 1995. Plant species composition patterns with
differences in tree dominance in a southwestern Utah piñon juniper site. In:
Desired Future Conditions for Piñon-Juniper Ecosystems. D.W. Shaw, E.F.
Aldon, C. LoSopio (eds.). USDA, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research
Station, Fort Collins, CO, pp. 16-23.
Tausch, R.J., N.E. West, A.A. Nabi. 1981. Tree age and dominance patterns in Great
Basin juniper woodlands. Journal of Range Management, 34:259-264.
USDA Forest Service. 2005. Final Environmental Impact Statement for the Bar T Bar
and Anderson Springs Allotment Management Plans. 659 pp.
USDA Forest Service. 2004. Draft Anderson Mesa Landscape-scale Assessment, online
Van Auken, O.W. 2000. Shrub Invasions of North American Semiarid Grasslands.
Annual Review of Ecological Systems, 31:197-215.
White, R., S. Murray and M. Rohweder. 2000. Research Report: Pilot Analysis of Global
Ecosystems: Grassland ecosystems. World Resource Institute, ISBN: 1-56973-
461-5. 100 pp.
Yoakum, James D. 1979. Managing rangelands for pronghorns. Rangelands, 1(4):146-
- A bibliography containing over 2,500 references to the literature concerning fossil and Recent species of bivalves in the genus Corbicula is presented for the period 1774 ‑ 2005.
- A bibliography containing over 2,500 references to the literature concerning fossil and Recent species of bivalves in the genus Corbicula is presented for the period 1774 2005.