Literacy in History/Social Studies, Science, and Technical Subjects
English Language Arts and Literacy
Grades Pre-Kindergarten to 12
Incorporating the Common Core State Standards
for English Language Arts and
Literacy in History/Social Studies, Science, and Technical Subjects
This document was prepared by the Massachusetts Department of Elementary and Secondary Education
Mitchell D. Chester, Ed.D. Commissioner
Board of Elementary and Secondary Education Members
Ms. Maura Banta, Chair, Melrose
Ms. Harneen Chernow, Vice Chair, Jamaica Plain
Dr. Vanessa Calderon-Rosado, Boston
Mr. Gerald Chertavian, Cambridge
Mr. Michael D’Ortenzio, Jr., Chair, Student Advisory Council, Wellesley
Ms. Beverly Holmes, Springfield
Dr. Jeff Howard, Reading
Ms. Ruth Kaplan, Brookline
Dr. Jim McDermott, Eastham
Dr. Dana Mohler-Faria, Bridgewater
Mr. Paul Reville, Secretary of Education, Worcester
Mitchell D. Chester, Ed.D., Commissioner and Secretary to the Board
The Massachusetts Department of Elementary and Secondary Education, an affirmative action employer, is committed to ensuring that all of its programs and facilities are accessible to all members of the public. We do not discriminate on the basis of age, color, disability, national origin, race, religion, sex, or sexual orientation.
Inquiries regarding the Department’s compliance with Title IX and other civil rights laws may be directed to
the Human Resources Director, 75 Pleasant St., Malden, MA, 02148, 781-338-6105.
© 2011 Massachusetts Department of Elementary and Secondary Education. Permission is hereby granted to copy any or all parts of this document for non-commercial educational purposes. Please credit the “Massachusetts Department of Elementary and Secondary Education.” This document is printed on recycled paper.
Massachusetts Department of Elementary and Secondary Education
75 Pleasant Street, Malden, MA 02148-4906
Phone 781-338-3000 TTY: N.E.T. Relay 800-439-2370
Commissioner’s Letter ii
Key Design Considerations for the Standards 4
What is Not Covered by the Standards 6
Guiding Principles for English Language Arts and Literacy Programs in Massachusetts 7
Student Who are College and Career Ready 9
Standards Organization and Key Features 10
Standards for English Language Arts and Literacy in History/Social Studies, Science, and Technical Subjects
Informational Text 17
Foundational Skills 20
Speaking and Listening 29
Standards for English Language Arts
Informational Text 50
Speaking and Listening 60
Standards for Literacy in History/Social Studies, Science, and Technical Subjects
History/Social Studies 74
Science and Technical Subjects 75
Application of Common Core State Standards for English Language Learners and Students with Disabilities 81
A Literary Heritage: Suggested Authors, Illustrators, and Works from the Ancient World to About 1970 105
A Literary Heritage: Suggested Contemporary Authors and Illustrators; Suggested Authors in World Literature 114
Massachusetts Department of
Elementary and Secondary Education
75 Pleasant Street, Malden, Massachusetts 02148-4906
Mitchell D. Chester, Ed.D.
I am pleased to present to you the Massachusetts Curriculum Framework for English Language Arts and Literacy adopted by the Board of Elementary and Secondary Education in December 2010. This framework merges the Common Core State Standards for English Language Arts and Literacy in History/Social Studies, Science, and Technical Subjects with additional Massachusetts standards and other features. These pre-kindergarten to grade 12 standards are based on research and effective practice, and will enable teachers and administrators to strengthen curriculum, instruction, and assessment.
In partnership with the Department of Early Education and Care (EEC), we supplemented the Common Core State Standards with pre-kindergarten standards that were collaboratively developed by early childhood educators from the Department of Elementary and Secondary Education, EEC staff, and early childhood specialists across the state. These pre-kindergarten standards establish a strong, logical foundation for the kindergarten standards. The pre-kindergarten standards were approved by the Board of Early Education and Care in December 2010.
The comments and suggestions received during revision of the 2001 Massachusetts English Language Arts Framework, as well as comments on the Common Core State Standards, have strengthened this framework. I want to thank everyone who worked with us to create challenging learning standards for Massachusetts students. I am proud of the work that has been accomplished.
We will continue to collaborate with schools and districts to implement the 2011 Massachusetts Curriculum Framework for English Language Arts and Literacy over the next several years, and we encourage your comments as you use it. All Massachusetts frameworks are subject to continuous review and improvement, for the benefit of the students of the Commonwealth.
Thank you again for your ongoing support and for your commitment to achieving the goals of improved student achievement for all students.
Mitchell D. Chester, Ed. D.
Commissioner of Elementary and Secondary Education
David Coleman Student Achievement Partners, Common Core State Standards
Jim Patterson ACT, Common Core State Standards
Susan Pimentel StandardsWork, Common Core State Standards
Susan Wheltle Director of Humanities and Literacy, Massachusetts Department of Elementary and Secondary Education
Massachusetts Contributors, 2007–2010
Sandra Baldner English Department Chairperson, South Shore Vocational Technical High School
Alfred J. Bird Master Teacher, Science, Charlestown High School, Boston
Jennifer M. Brabander Senior Editor, The Horn Book
Maria Calobrisi Literacy Facilitator, Lawrence Public Schools
Mary Ann Cappiello Assistant Professor, Language and Literacy Division, School of Education, Lesley University, Cambridge
Valerie Corradino Reading and Language Arts Specialist, Haverhill Public Schools
Marianne Crowley Department Chair, English, Foxborough Regional Charter School
Martha Curran English Teacher, Natick High School
Ann Deveney English Language Arts Senior Program Director, Boston Public Schools
Valerie Diggs Library Director, Grades K-12, Chelmsford Public Schools
Lori DiGisi Middle School Reading, Framingham Public Schools
Titus DosRemedios Policy Analyst, Strategies for Children
Eileen Edejer Data Specialist, Boston Public Schools
Megan Farrell Grade 5 Teacher, Oak Bluffs
Jody Figuerido Institute for Education and Professional Development
Elise Frangos Director of English, MassInsight Education
Janet Furey English Language Arts Consultant, Pathways Int’l, Concord
Meg Gebhard Associate Professor, University of Massachusetts Amherst
Phyllis Goldstein English Language Arts Liaison, Grades K-12, Worcester Public Schools
Stephanie Grimaldi Associate Professor, Westfield State College
Holladay Handlin English Language Arts and History/Social Science Director, Grades 6–8, Watertown Public Schools, retired
Cynthia Hardaker-Blouin Grade 5 Teacher, Ware Public Schools
Anne Herrington Professor of English, University of Massachusetts Amherst
Lorretta Holloway Associate Professor of English, Framingham State College
Gregory Hurray Director of English Language Arts, Newton Public Schools
Carolyn A. Joy K–12 Mathematics Leader, Medford Public Schools
Barbara Kozma Education Coordinator, Head Start Program, Cape Cod Child Development
Stephanie S. Lee Regional Director of Public Affairs, Verizon
Barbara McLaughlin Literacy/ELA Senior Program Director, K–5, Boston Public Schools
Eileen McQuaid Middle School Department Head, English Language Arts, Brockton Public Schools
Cynthia Maxfield Early Childhood Coordinator, Nashoba Regional School District
Mary Mindness Professor, Lesley University
Kathleen Moore Grade 8 English Teacher and Curriculum Leader,
Carver Public Schools
Lauri A. Murphy Youth Programs Coordinator, The Career Place
Middlesex Community College
Beverly Nelson Assistant Superintendent, Medford Public Schools
Thomas O’Toole Director of English grades 6–12, Waltham Public Schools
Martha V. Parravano Executive Editor,The Horn Book
Rosemary Penkala English Teacher, Smith Vocational & Agricultural High School, Northampton
Bruce Penniman Director, Western Massachusetts Writing Project and English Instructor, University of Massachusetts Amherst
Sandy Putnam-Franklin Early childhood consultant
Frank Reece Founder, Human Capital Education, Cambridge
Danika Ripley Grade 3 Teacher Chelsea Public Schools
Maryanne Rogers School Committee Chair, Weston Public Schools
Jane Rosenzweig Director of the Harvard College Writing Center, Harvard University, Cambridge
Ben Russell Assistant Director of Early Childhood Education, Boston Public Schools
Jay Simmons Professor, Language Arts and Literacy, University of Massachusetts Lowell
Roger Sutton Editor in Chief, The Horn Book
Chris Tolpa English Language Arts Director, Westfield Public Schools
Massachusetts Contributors, 2007–2010 (cont’d.)
Shannon Ventresca Grade 7 Science Teacher, Stoughton Public Schools
Henry Venuti Department Chair, English, Georgetown Middle High School
George T. Viglirolo English teacher, Brookline High School, retired
KathyAnn Voltoline English Teacher, Grade 7, Pittsfield Public Schools
John M. Wands Department Head, English, Cohasset Middle High School, retired
Lisa White English Language Arts Coordinator, Grades K–12, Plymouth Public Schools
Writers of the 1997 and 2001 Massachusetts English Language Arts Curriculum Frameworks and the 2004 Supplement
Massachusetts Department of Early Education and Care
Sherri Killins, Commissioner
Massachusetts Department of Elementary and Secondary Education
Office of Literacy and Humanities
Jennifer Butler O’Toole
Mary Ellen Caesar
Anne G. O’Brien
Office of Science, Technology, and Mathematics
Roxane Johnson De Lear
Office of Special Education, Policy, and Planning
Office of Student Assessment
Office of Student Support
Julia Phelps, Associate Commissioner, Curriculum and Instruction
Jeffrey Nellhaus, Deputy Commissioner
In 2007 the Massachusetts Department of Elementary and Secondary Education convened a team of educators to revise its existing 2001 English Language Arts Curriculum Framework and, when the Council of Chief State School Officers (CCSSO) and the National Governors Association (NGA) began a multi-state standards development project called the Common Core State Standards initiative in 2009, the two efforts merged. The Common Core State Standards for English Language Arts and Literacy in History/Social Studies, Science, and Technical Subjects were adopted by the Massachusetts Board of Elementary and Secondary Education on July 21, 2010.
Unique Massachusetts Standards and Features
The Massachusetts Curriculum Framework for English Language Arts and Literacy presents both the Common Core State Standards and standards and features, identified by an “MA” preceding the standard number, that are unique to Massachusetts. These unique elements include standards for pre-kindergartners; expansions of the Common Core’s glossary and bibliography; and two sections that suggest appropriate classic and contemporary authors for different grade-level ranges.
Staff at the Massachusetts Department of Elementary and Secondary Education worked closely with the Common Core writing team to ensure that these Massachusetts standards and features were academically rigorous, comprehensive, and organized in ways to make them useful for teachers. The pre-kindergarten standards were adopted by the Massachusetts Board of Early Education and Care on December 14, 2010. The additional standards and features were adopted by the Massachusetts Board of Elementary and Secondary Education on December 21, 2010.
The Massachusetts Pre-Kindergarten Standards
The Massachusetts pre-kindergarten standards are guideposts to facilitate young children’s understanding of the world of language and literature, writers and illustrators, books and libraries. The preschool/pre-kindergarten population includes children from the age of 2 years, 9 months until they are kindergarten-eligible. A majority attend education programs in diverse settings––community-based early care and education centers, family child care, Head Start, and public preschools. Some children do not attend any formal program. In this age group, the foundations of reading, writing, speaking and listening, and language development are formed during children’s conversations and informal dramatics, while learning songs and poems, and from experiences with real objects, as well as while listening to and “reading” books on a variety of subjects.
The Massachusetts pre-kindergarten standards apply to children who are at the end of this age group, meaning older four- and younger five-year olds. The standards—which correspond with the learning activities in the Massachusetts Guidelines for Preschool Learning Experiences (2003)—can be promoted through almost all daily activities, from play and exploration activities to talking about picture books, and should not be limited to “reading time.”
Breadth of the Pre-K to Grade 12 Standards
The standards in this Framework set requirements not only for English language arts (ELA) but also for literacy in history/social studies, science, and technical subjects. Just as students must learn to read, write, speak, listen, and use language effectively in a variety of content areas, so too must the standards specify the literacy skills and understandings required for college and career readiness in multiple disciplines. Literacy standards for grade 6 and above are predicated on teachers of ELA, history/social studies, science, and technical subjects using their content area expertise to help students meet the particular challenges of reading, writing, speaking, listening, and language in their respective fields. It is important to note that the 6–12 literacy standards in history/social studies, science, and technical subjects are not meant to replace content standards in those areas but rather to supplement them.
The Literate Person of the Twenty-First Century
- The Common Core State Standards for English Language Arts & Literacy in History/Social Studies, Science, and Technical Subjects (“the Standards”) are the culmination of an extended, broad-based effort to fulfill the charge issued by
- This is the final draft of the English Language Arts standards proposed by the Minnesota Standards Review Committee. These standards will proceed through the state’s formal administrative rulemaking process and will not be adopted
- © 2011 Massachusetts Department of Elementary and Secondary Education Permission is hereby granted to copy any or all parts of this document for non-commercial educational purposes.
- When Oregon adopted the Common Core State Standards in October 2010, our state joined other states in the pursuit of a common, standards-based education for our students, kindergarten through high school.
- I started this in 1 in order to record books received. I have extracted relevant books from other lists, from lists of references in my papers and from Sections 1-3 of my Sources.
- This fantastic PowerPoint offers a very concise (29 slides) rationale for teaching online reading strategies, identifies student behaviors that are indicators of poor reading strategies, and offers multiple suggestions for things teachers
- This public document was published at a total cost of $3,820. Five hundred copies of this public document were published in this monthly printing at a cost of $3,820.
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- Social Developmental Parameters in Primary Schools: Inclusive Settings’ and Gender Differences on Pupils’ Aggressive and Social Insecure Behaviour and their Attitudes Towards Disability