Rozalija Karchicka – Vasilevska M. Sc, Team Leader of Local Economic Development, usaid/ Macedonian Local Government Activity

5. AGRICULTURE AND AGRIBUSINESS

Agriculture as part of the primary sector is an important element of the general economic structure and for the spatial organization of the municipality of Gostivar. From the aspect of the position of Gostivar in Upper Polog region, agriculture is the main additional source of revenues, and is a limiting factor for the spatial expansion of the town on the arable land.

Gardening plants are extensively cultivated as agriculture cultivations, whereas stockbreeding is comprised of minor and major livestock.

Surface of used arable land per categories (ha)

Total

Plough land, gardens and house gardens

Meadows

Pastures

Orchards

Vineyards

Garden centers

264338

190725

31557

15402

9418

17160

7390

Horses

Bull

Sheep

Goat

Pigs

Poultry

Rabbits

Bees

874

7096

35198

2797

495

32962

74

3170

Data is obtained from the Statistical Bureau of RM for the period up to 31 December 2007

Biggest enterprises in the food industry in Gostivar are:

  • SC “Zito Shar Proizvodstvo”- facility for grain mill and production of millable-baker’s products and bread;

  • OP “Gorni Polog” – installed capacity for production and trade with meat and delicatessen and livestock slaughter;

  • POPP “Metora”, village Debresh – purchasing and processing of mushrooms;

  • “Gudalat” – factory for production of fruit juices.

6. TEXTILE INDUSTRY

Textile industry has long tradition in the region. The number of employees is of special importance in this sector, as well as the favorable conditions for exporting products in other countries. Great contribution for the development of the textile industry is given by:

  • Ltd “Goteks”- Gostivar, is a facility for production of cotton fabric, and recently started the production of uniforms;

  • Factory for ready-made clothing SC “Dekon” – Gostivar for production of heavy ready-made clothing.

  • “OHIS GES” for production of non-alcal glass fiber, with planned capacity of 6,000 tones, and that capacity has not been fully used.

7. WOOD PROCESSING INDUSTRY

Big areas with forests enable highly developed wood industry, production of furniture, and other wood products. Well-known factories in the wood-processing industry are:

  • “FATINA” – production of wood and furniture

  • “JAVOR” – processing of planed timber.

8. HANDICRAFT

Certain stagnation is noticed in the area of handicrafts, which comes as a consequence of objective factors: insufficient investments, transformation of handicrafts facilities into enterprises having characteristics of minor industry. From the total number of active people in handicrafts, only 588 are included. According to the Ministry of finance, various type of handicrafts have been recorded, as follows: lime burner, clogs makers, saddle maker, tailors, sewers, barbers and hairdressers, confectioners, boiler smith, farriers, ropemaker, silversmith, housepainter, burek-maker, hewers etc.

9. TRADE

Among tertiary activities, trade is one of the mostly spread activities, which is evidenced by the following data: According to the census from 1994, out of the total active population of 7964 people, 1015 people or 12,74% deal with trade, and the percentage on the territory of the municipality of Gostivar is 11%.

There are several multistoried centers in the town, with contemporary equipment and wide range of products. Those are shopping malls, which are primary, intended for trading with clothes, fancy goods, sporting equipment, household equipment, clothes for children and adults, toys etc.

The market economy opened possibility for existence of several individual traders, who tend to be competitive, and thus improve the quality of services for the consumers. The total surface of the shops is not precisely determined, as continuously there are changes of business. According to the data from the Ministry of Finance-Regional unit Gostivar, the following activities are registered: wholesale trade, retail, trade with mixed goods, passenger transport, goods transport.

Other activities and types of services which are registered on the territory of the town are as follows: different types of production and processing, and suppliers dealing with: car repair, passenger transportation, goods transportation, different types of suppliers in the areas of: civil engineering, building construction, design, civil engineering construction, jewelry production, production of items made of glass, different types of citizen associations, different funds, lottery and betting shops, religious communities, commercial and publishing activity, performing-music activities and culture - TV, general practitioners, dentists, pharmacies, agriculture pharmacies, accounting services, tour operators, lawyers etc.

Services and warehouses in the municipality of Gostivar are located in the southeast of the urban part in the town. In the north-south direction there is a railway station Skopje-Kichevo, which enables traffic connection with the other urban parts in the country.

Major warehouses and depots are: Warehouse of the Gostivar trade now Getro, Public Enterprise Komunalec, Warehouse for stock reserves etc. The Ltd Dump for purchasing and processing of secondary raw materials is also located in this part of the town. The services-complex ZAS-BUS takes the major part of this zone. There are other depots, warehouses of the enterprise “Vodostopanstvo” and “Pelagonija” which are located in the vicinity of the River Vardar.

10. CATERING

The catering in the municipality of Gostivar is mainly conducted in small facilities:

-Hotel-restaurant “Central“ +3 with capacity of 450 seats;

-Hotel-restaurant “Balkan“

- Restaurant “Cvet“ with capacity of 300 seats;

-Restaurant ”Ignazia“ with capacity of 400 seats;

- Restaurant ”Panorama” along with a gas station and hotel accommodation, with capacity of 130 seats etc.

- Restaurant “Imperial“ with capacity of 300 seats, and hotel accommodation along with the restaurant.

The capital transformation and conditions for market economy have enabled an obvious development in this area and multiple increases in the number of catering facilities.

11. MOUNTAINOUS, HUNTING AND FISHERY TOURISM

Gostivar region is abound with natural and genuine beauties, which represent the main potential for tourism development.

Mountainous areas offer excellent possibilities for development of winter tourism, hunting and sporting-recreational tourism.

The advantageous position, the mountain Bistra and the artificial Mavrovo Lake, enable this region to grow into a big tourist center both in winter and summer. Mavrovo is the biggest and best-known winter ski center in Gostivar region.

The ski center “Zare Lazareski“ disposes of 2 chair lifts and several ski lifts, which are synchronously connected. The chair lifts can carry 1 100 people per hour, and the ski lift can carry over 5 000 skiers per hour. The skiing trials start at 1 960 m. altitude, and end at 1 250 m.

The richness with forests, diversity of flora and fauna, various types of game and birds attract big number of aficionados in hunting and safari tourism.

The Mavrovo Lake, which is situated at altitude of 1 220 m enables the development of the fishing tourism. Its formation started in the year 1953. Mavrovo Lake is 12 kilometers long, and 3 kilometers wide. The surface is 13,3 кm2, the total length of the coast is 24 кm, and the biggest depth of the water is 48 m. The lake is rich with fish (trout, bleak and dace).

12. CULTURAL TOURISM

The geological-geographic, climatic and environmental location of Macedonia enabled the existence of many civilizations and cultures throughout the centuries.

Famous historical sites and buildings in the municipality of Gostivar are:

  • Saat Dzamija (Clock Mosque) – in the yard of the mosque there is one madrasa (Islamic school) and cemetery. They date back to 1688;

  • Mosque of the new neighborhood – Mustafa Aga Sagir is considered as the builder of this mosque around the year 1870;

  • Mosque in Leska-built in 1995;

  • Old Mosque in Chegrane-built in 1800;

  • Old Mosque in Balindol-built in 1910;

  • Mosque in Srbinovo-most of the villagers say that it was built in the second half of the 19 century, and the new mosque was built in 1969;

  • Mosque in Dolna Banjica – was built around 1650, and the new mosque was built in 1971;

  • Old mosque in Raven – was built in 1800 while the new mosque was built in 1993;

  • Saat Kula (Clock Tower) – built in 1566 and exists today, it is restored and is the symbol of the town;

  • St. Veliko Machenik Dimitrija – built in 1846, active until today;

  • St.Paraskeva- restored, XVIII century, active, visited every Friday;

  • St.Bogorodica – 1924, active, situated in the town center;

  • St.Nikola – 1866, active (village Balindol);

  • St. Nikola – 1866, active (village Balovishte);

  • St. Spas and St.Anastasije (monastery churches from the old monastery; St. Anastasije from XIV century;

  • St.Gjorgi – 1924, active (village Debreshe);

  • St.Bogorodica – XIV century, active (village Debreshe);

  • St.Anastasija – 1870, active (village Chajle);

  • Teke and Turbinja (Avchelerovo teke, Halvetiovo teke, Lochlarovo teke, Shehelerovo teke, Dedelerovo teke).

  • Old squire’s house.

13. INDUSTRY

Industry is the leading factor of economy in the town of Gostivar.

In the past period, the whole living in the town and the surrounding was based on the industry. However, during the transitional period the industry has been fully stagnated.

1. One of the bigger capacities of the non-metal industries from the sixties is RIOM SILIKA– Gostivar. The factory has four stock companies and IGM Vardar

  • SC Silika – Aluminosilicate

  • SC Silika dolomite

  • SC Silika Remont

  • SC Silika Chajle

  • IGM Vardar

All this facilities are either in a phase of inaction or reconstruction, and foreign capital is explored to restart the production.

SC Aluminosilikat is for production of fireproof materials.

SC Silika dolomite is for production of siltered dolomite as semi product and production of bricks.

SC Silika Remont provides transportation services.

SC Silika Chajle deals with exploitation of raw dolomite and production of non-metal products-macadam, tampon and construction fractions.

The mine Chalje has an open digging site, located on the east side from the urban part of the town in the vicinity of the populated area Chajle, which is part of the municipality of Gostivar.

IGM Vardar produces construction materials, ceramic blocks and fert beams.

SC Kartel is for metal production and processing.

2. Other production facilities in the non-metal industry are SC Mikrogranulat and SC Mermeri. SC Mikrogranulat produces and processes stone products.

14. INDUSTRIAL AND PRODUCTION ZONES

UB 19

Х – Chemical industry

Area: 16,743 ha

Ownership: private

Surrounding area: at 2-3 km distance from the center of the town

Current use: Existing factory, former “Silika“

Infrastructure: complete water-supply, electricity, sewerage and telecommunications infrastructure.

UB 9

Т – Textile industry

Area: 2,730 ha

Ownership: private

Surrounding area: at 2-3 km distance from the center of the town

Current use: Existing factory “GOTEKS“

Infrastructure: complete water-supply, electricity, sewerage and telecommunications network.

К – Slaughterhouse

Area: 4,047 ha

Ownership: private

Surrounding area: at 2-3 km from the central part of the town

Current use: Existing food industry

Infrastructure: complete water-supply, electricity, sewerage and telecommunications network.

UB - 26

PZ-MS – Production zone – small-scale industry

Area: 7,543 ha

Ownership: private

Surrounding area: at 2-3 km from the central part of the town

Current use: Existing food industry

Infrastructure: complete water-supply, electricity, sewerage and telecommunications infrastructure.

Cost – cca 50 €/m² - cca 100 €/m²

Fee for development of construction land:

- warehouse area 12,5 €/m2

- business premises 25 €/m2

UB - 27

PZ-МS – Production zone – small scale industry 10,487 ha

Area: 10,487 ha

Ownership: private

Surrounding area: at 2-3 km from the center of the town

Current use: inactive

Infrastructure: complete water-supply, electricity, sewerage and telecommunications network.

Cost– cca 50 €/m2 - cca 100 €/m2

Fee for development of construction land:

- warehouse area 12,5 €/m2

- business premises 25 €/m2

UB-28

I – Industry

PZ-МS – Production zone – small scale industry

Area: 8,960 ha; 7,949 ha

Ownership: private

Surrounding area: at 2-3 km from the central part of the town

Current use: inactive

Infrastructure: complete water-supply, electricity, sewerage and telecommunications network.

Cost – cca 50 €/m2 -cca 100 €/m2

Fee for development of construction land:

- warehouse area 12,5 €/m2

- business premises 25 €/m2

UB-29

PZ-МS – Production zone – small scale industry 16,138 ha

Area: 8,960 ha; 7,949 ha

Ownership: private

Surrounding area: at 2-3 km distance from the center of the town

Current use: inactive

Infrastructure: complete water-supply, electricity, sewerage and telecommunications network.

Cost– cca 50 €/m2- cca 100 €/m2

Fee for development of construction land:

- warehouse area 12,5 €/m2

- business premises 25 €/m2

UB-38,39

UB -38

I – Industry

Area: 11,324 ha

Ownership: private

Surrounding area: at 2-3 km from the center of the town

Current use: inactive

Infrastructure: complete water-supply, electricity, sewerage and telecommunications network.

Cost – cca 50 €/m2

Fee for development of construction land:

- warehouse area 5 €/m2

- business premises 10 €/m2

UB 39

I – Industry

Area: 20,259 ha

Ownership: private

Surrounding area: at 2-3 km from the center of the town

Current use: inactive

Infrastructure: complete water-supply, electricity, sewerage and telecommunications network.

Cost – cca 50 €/m2

Fee for development of construction land:

- warehouse area 5 €/m2

- business premises 10 €/m2

15. INVESTMENTS AND BUSINESS OPERATIONS

15.1 Advantages for investing in Macedonia

Republic of Macedonia provides a great number of significant advantages for potential investors:

  • Strategic geographic location;

  • Easy access to the market of 650 million people;

  • Macroeconomic stability;

  • Foreign investments as top priority;

  • Favorable tax policy:

    • Flat profit tax of 10% in 2008;

    • Flat personal income tax of 10% in 2008;

    • Tax on reinvested profit- 0%.

  • Fast company registration procedure;

  • Free economic zones and technology parks:

    • 10 years profit tax exemption;

    • 50% reduction of personal income tax for period of 5 years;

    • exemption for VAT and customs duty for raw materials, equipment and machines;

    • convenience for global brands.

  • Available and skilled workforce;

  • Good infrastructure;

  • Flexible educational institutions.

16. GENERAL FACTS ABOUT MACEDONIA

Constitutional name

Republic of Macedonia

Population

2.022.547

Area

25 713 km2

Official language

Macedonian (and other languages spoken by at least 20% of the citizens in the municipality)

Capital city

Skopje

Other major towns

Bitola, Prilep, Kumanovo, Strumica, Gostivar, Tetovo

Municipalities

84 + City of Skopje

Population

2.022.547 (according to the 2002 census)

Main ethnic groups

Macedonians 64%, Albanians 25%, Turks 4%

Religions

Christians 65%, Moslems 33%, other 2%

National currency

Denar (1MKD) = 100 deni

Exchange rate (November 2008)

MKDр/ 1 Eur: 61,3 MKD

Time zone

GMT + 1

International country calling code

++389

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