A spa project of Peace Corps Turkmenistan

Øe––e   

Øepbeºdirmek   to stuff; make bulging

Øepbeºik   flabby; overstuffed

Øer   1. place 2. land 3. earth, ground 4. Earth 5. place, position, duty 6. sleeping area

Øer ºary   globe

Øer titremesi   earthquake

Øerasty   underground

Øerdeºikli   comfortably

Øeri   well; so : Ùeri nŠme aØtmaky? = Well, what would you like to say?

Øerine   in place of

Øerine Øetirmek   to complete

Øerlemek   to be settled, to make a place home

Øerleºdirmek   1. to lay, place 2. to accomodate, lodge, place

Øerleºmek   1. to be situated, located 2. to enter into, be placed in 3. to be staying (at)

Øerleºmek   to be situated, to get situated

Øerli   local

Øerlikli   appropriate, apropos

Øerliksiz   inappropriate

Øerzemin   basement

Øeser gšzler   shifty eyed

Øesir   captive, prisoner

Øesirlik   captivity

Øeterlik   enough

Øetginjek   juvenille, adolescent

Øetginjeklik   adolescence

Øetim   orphan

Øetiºik   progress

Øetiºikli   successful, efficient

Øetiºiksiz   inefficient, unsuccessful

Øetiºmek   I. to be on time, to make (a train, plane) II. 1. to ripen, mature 2. to reach a marriagable age

Øetmek   to suffice

Øetmezilik   insufficient, unsuitable

Øetmiº   seventy

Øetºenlik   maturity

Øgjarmak   to shine

Øigdelmek   to grow or look younger

Øigit   fellow

Øigitlik   youth, adolescence

Øigren   hatred

Øigrenji   repugnant, hateful, disgusting

Øigrenmek   to hate, despise

Øigrimi   twenty

Øigriminji   twentieth

Øilik   bone marrow

Øiteltmek   to sharpen

Øitgi   loss, waste

Øiti   1. sharp 2. poignant, penetrating 3. quick-witted 4. slim, slender 5. caustic, venomous

Øitigsi   dim, dull, dead

Øitileºmek   to become aggravated, strained

Øitirim bolmak   to vanish, be lost, go missing

Øitirmek   1. to lose, give up 2. to spend, waste

Øitmek   1. to go missing 2. to vanish, disappear

Øoda   tropic, tropical

Øogsa   or else, otherwise

Øogsa-da   by the way

Øogyn   wide, thick

Øok   no, not present

Øokan   infectious

Øokanly   infectious

Øokarky   top, upper

Øokarlanmak   to raise, bring up

Øokarlygyna   1. above, over the top 2. to the east

Øokarsyna   above

Øokary   1. above, on top 2. tall 3. high, high up 4. senior

Øokary ykmak   to climb

Øoklamak   to put

Øokluk   1. absence 2. poverty

Øokmak   1. to come off 2. to get better (of a patient recovering from an illness) 3. fig. to be healthy (of food)

Øoknasyz   incessant

Øokumly   helpful

Øokundy   plank, layer

Øokuº degmek   to be unpleasant (of words or actions)

Øokuº gšrmek   to be offended

Øokuº sšz aØtmak   to say unpleasant words

Øokuºmak   1. to come off 2. to get better (of a patient recovering from an illness) 3. fig. to be healthy (of food)

Øol   1. road, path, way 2. course, system 3. means, method 4. purpose

Øola   time, repetition

Øolagy   passenger

Øolbars   lion

Øolbaºy   leader

Øolbaºylyk   leadership

Øoldaº   friend, companion, ally, partner

Øolgalmak   to be finished, used up

Øolka   r. evergreen tree

Øollamak   to send

Øolmak   1. to pluck, strip off 2. to cut off

Øolmalamak   to pluck out

Øolukmak   to meet someone

Øolunmak   to be broken, to cut off

Øomak   pun

Øonmak   to shave, plane off

Øonuºga   shaving, filing

Øo–   cold, chill, fever

Øo–lamak   to catch a cold

Øorelmek   to creep, crawl

Øorgan   quilt

Øorgan-dŸºek   bedding

Øorka   film, coating

Øorkaryk   above

Øorunja   clover

Øowar   community aid, assistance

Øowuz   hard

ØoØmak   to distort, misconstrue

Øšne   I. 1. gratis, free, for nothing 2. just, only, simply so II. but, however

ØšnekeØ   1. simple, easy 2. plain, humble

Øšnekme   subject (of a sentence)

Øšneliº   turn

Øšnelmek   to head for, turn for

Øš–keme   face, countenance

Øš–kemek   to denegrate, slander

Øšrelge   1. path 2. tradition

Øšremek   1. to walk, go 2. to advance, move forward

Øšretmek   1. to establish 2. to conduct, guide

ØšrgŸnli   1. popular 2. marketable, saleable

Øšriº   1. gait 2. pace, speed

Øšrite   special

Øšrite   special

Øšritelesºdirmek   to specialize in

Øšrmek   modal verb (see appendix for usage examples)

ØšrŸº   march, campaign

ØubileØ   r. jubilee

Øubka   r. skirt

Øuka   1. thin, slender, delicate 2. tender, sentimental

Øuka ØŸrek   good-natured, tender-hearted

Øukalmak   to refine

Øukalyk   thinness

Øumak   skein, claw, tangle

Øummak   to close

Øumralmak   to round off

Øumruk   fist

Øumruklamak   to make a fist

Øumruklaºmak   to fist-fight

Øumrulmak   to destroy, demolish

Øumºak   1. soft 2. loose, crumbly 3. gentle, meek

Øumºaklyk   1. softness, gentleness 2. looseness

Øumºamak   1. to soften 2. to loosen

Øumurmak   to destroy, demolish

Øumurtga   egg

Øumurtgalamak   to lay eggs

Øumuº   duty, errand

Øurt   land, nation

Øuwan   liquid, watery, sparse, weak

Øuwaº   1. quiet 2. slowly

Øuwaºamak   1. to cram in, stuff 2. to reduce

Øuwaºatmak   to diminish, reduce

Øuwaºlyk   humility, meekness

Øuwdum   a swallow

Øuwdunmak   to swallow

Øuwgurmak   to knead

Øuwmak   to wash

Øuwmarlamak   to smooth out

Øuwundy   slops, garbage, dust

Øuwundyrmak   to wash

Øuwunmak   to wash oneself

Øuwutmak   to swallow

ØŸk   1. load, freight, cargo 2. duty, service

ØŸki   loader

ØŸklemek   1. to load up 2. to entrust with

ØŸkli   loaded

ØŸksŸz   empty

ØŸ–   wool

ØŸp   string, yarn

ØŸpek   silk

ØŸpeki   one who works with silk

ØŸpekilik   silk production

ØŸplŸk   adj. cotton yarn

ØŸrege dŸºmek   to annoy, bother

ØŸregine dŸwmek   to decide (set your heart)

ØŸrek   1. heart 2. soul, mind, disposition

ØŸrek gysmak   to miss

ØŸrek    heart

ØŸrekdeº   affectionate, intimate

ØŸrekdeºlik   intimacy

ØŸrekli   bold, courageous

ØŸreklilik   courage, boldness

ØŸrkese edinmek   to bite, have a snack

ØŸwrŸk   deft, nimble, quick

ØŸwse   thimble

ØŸwŸrji   brother-in-law

ØŸwŸrmek   to be victorious over, to vanquish

ØŸz   I. 1. face 2. surface 3. side 4. edge II. one hundred

ØŸz tutmak   to turn to, to appeal to, to apply for

ØŸze ykmak   to arise

ØŸzin   prone

ØŸzlenme   conversion, transformation

ØŸzlenmek   1. to turn to, address 2. to direct, refer, send, assign

ØŸzleØ   1. small, petty 2. superficial

ØŸzlŸk   one hundred

ØŸzmek   to swim

ØŸzŸgaralyk   shame, disgrace

ØŸzŸji   swimmer

ØŸzŸk   ring

ØŸzŸnji   one hundredth

Øygjam   dense

Øygjamlatmak   to speed up, make more frequent

Øygmak   to pick, gather

Øygnak   gathering

Øygnamak   1. to gather, collect 2. to concentrate, store up 3. to pile up, pack up, clean up, tidy up

Øygnanmak   1. to be collected 2. to amass

Øygnanyºyk   1. collection, gathering, harvest 2. party, gathering

Øygnaºdyrmak   to tidy up

Øygra   shy, timid

Øygralyk   shyness, timidity

Øygren   hateful

Øygrenmek   to hate

Øygrykmak   to become embarassed, perplexed

Øygrylmak   1. to shrink, be shy 2. to waver

Øygºyrmak   to hide, conceal

Øygy   thick, dense, deep

Øygy-Øygydan   often

Øygyjy   I. 1. typesetter, compositor 2. collector II. harvesting, harvest

Øygym   collection, gathering

Øygymy   collector

Øygyndy   I. collector II. selection

Øygyrmak   1. to crumple, twist, wrinkle 2. to draw in

Øygyrt   wrinkled

Øykgynylyk   sabotage, diversion

Øykmak   to destroy, demolish, knock down, overthrow

Øykylmak   1. to fall 2. to die 3. to be ruined, wrecked

Øykyrdamak   to chuckle

Øyl   year

Øylamak   to warm up, heat up

Øylan   snake

Øylatmak   to warm, heat

Øyldan   frisky

Øyldan-Øyla   from year to year

Øyldanlyk   friskiness

Øyldyramak   to sparkle, glitter, flash

Øyldyrawuk   sparkly, glittery

Øyldyrym akmak   lightning to strike

Øyldyrym   lightning

Øyldyz   star

Øylgyrmak   to smile

Øylgyrys   smile

Øyllyk   1. annual 2. anniversary

Øylmamak   to cut, hew

Øylmanak   smooth

Øylpyldamak   to twinkle

Øylpyldy   1. light 2. blaze, flash

ØylsaØyn   year by year

Øyly   pleasant, warm

Øylylyk   1. warmth 2. temperature

Øylynmak   to warm up, heat

Øyly–-Øylyna   from year to year

Øyrºarmak   to grin, smile

Øyrtmak   to tear off, break off

Øyrtyjy   1. beast 2. predator 3. bird of prey

Øyrtyk   1. torn, broken, ripped 2. slit, torn

Øyrtylmak   to tear, be torn

Y

ybadathana   1. council, diet 2. cathedral

ybarat bolmak   to consist

ybarat   comprised of

ydysaty   economist

ygal   rain, precipitation

ygally   rainy

yglan etme   announcement

yglanetmek   to declare

ygºyldamak   to rustle

ygºyldy   rustle

ygtyØar   permission, license

ygtyØarly   entitled

ygtyØarsyz   1. without permission 2. against one's will

yhlas   zeal

yhlasly   zealous, eager

yk   leeward

ykbal   fate

ykdysady   economy

ykdysadyØet   economics

ykjam   strong, hearty, firm, robust, solid

ykjamak   1. to sway, swing, flicker 2. to shake, rattle, rock

ykjamlamak   to gather, collect

yklamak   to take shelter

ykmak   to linger, loaf around

ykmanda   tramp, vagabond

ykrar etmek   to recognize

ykyrdamak   to crunch, gnash, creak

ykyrdy   creak, scratch

ylalaºdyrmak   to reconcile

ylalaºmak   to agree, make up, be reconciled

ylalaºyksyz   disagreeable

ylalyºyk   harmony, agreement

ylaØta   particularly

ylgamak   to run

ylgamak   to run

ylgaw   run, running, escape

ylham   inspiration

ylmy   scientific

ylym   science, knowledge

ylymly   educated

ymam   pilgrim (one who has made the trip to Mecca)

ymarat   building

ymgyr   boundless, unlimited

ymtylmak   1. to desire, long for 2. to aspire, strive to

ymykly   1. serious 2. final, definitive

ynam   belief

ynamly   1. reliable, dependable, sure 2. firm, steady, confident 3. trustworthy

ynan   belief

ynandyrmak   to convince

ynandyryjy   convincing, urgent

ynanja–   trusting, confidential

ynanmak   to believe, to trust

ynjalyk   rest, repose, peace, calm

ynjalykly   comfortable

ynjalyksyzlandyrmak   to alarm, disquiet

ynjalyksyzlanmak   to be anxious, to worry

ynjalyksyzlyk   unrest

ynjamak   to be afflicted, distressed

ynjatmak   to grieve

ynjyk   1. capricious, whimsical 2. tender, fond, delicate, soft, sentimental

yns-jyns   nothing, no one

ynsan   human

ynsanyØet   humanity

ynsap   1. conscience 2. justice, truth

ynsaply   1. conscientious 2. just, fair, true, right

ynsapsyz   1. unconscious 2. unjust, unfair, untrue

ynsapsyzlyk   1. unconsciousness 2. unfairness

y––yldamak   to whine,. snivel

y––yldy   whine

yralamak   to swing, rock

yramak   to swing, rock

yranmak   to swing, rock

yra– atmak   to swing, rock

yrga   rolling, pitching

yrgyldamak   to vibrate, move

yrgyldatmak   to vibrate, oscillate

yrgyldy   oscillation, vibration

yrmak   to bend, incline

yrsaramak   to find fault with

yrØa   loss, waste

ys   odor, smell, aroma

ysgamak   to smell

ysgyn   strength, power, force, might

ysgynsyzlanmak   to tire, lose energy

ysgynsyzlyk   feebleness, weakness

yslanan   rotten

ysly   aromatic

ysmanak   spinach

ysnyºmak   to become friends

ysnyºyk   closeness (emotional)

yssy   hot

yssylamak   to get hot, heat up

ysygra   earrings

ysytma   fever, malaria

yº   crevice, slit, crack

yºk   love

yºyk   light

yºyklamak   to spy, peep

yºyklandyrmak   to touch up, brush up, refresh

yz   1. trace 2. backside, rear, base 3. close by

yza   ache, pain

yzaly   painful

yzarlamak   1. to track down 2. to trace, follow, look after, watch

yzgar   moisture

yzgarly   humid, damp

yzgyt   caress, affection

yzlamak   to whine, snivel

yzly-yzynda   successively, one after the other

yzy bilen   right after, behind, following

yzygideri   consistent, successively

yzynda   behind

yzzat   reverence, respect, awe

Z

zabt etmek   to invade, attack

zabun   cruel

zaØot   r. exam

zag   crow, raven

zagyrdamak   to shake, tremble

zakaz   r. order, command

zakaznoØ   by order, by command

zakyja   jackdaw

zal   r. hall

zalym   tyrant, tyrannical

zalymlyk   tyranny

zaman   epoch, era, time

zama   type of melon

zamun   bail, surety, guarantee

zapas   r. storage, savings, back-up

zaply   1. strong 2. swift, sudden

zapowednik   r. preserve, reserve

zar   die, dice

zarba   swift attack, blitzkreig

zarbykdyrmak   to wound, to inflict harm

zarbykmak   to be hurt, to be inflamed

zar–yldamak   to call, ring

zarp   strength, force, power

zarpy   battler, fighter

zarplandyrmak   to strengthen

zarplanmak   to be strengthened

zarØadi   r. 1. charge (electric) 2. cartridge, ammunition

zarØadka   r. 1. drill, exercise 2. loading, charging

zarØadlamak   to load, to charge

zaryn   mournful, sad, plaintive

zarynlamak   to mourn

zastawa   r. outpost

zat   thing

zawod   r. factory

zaØa   spoiled

zaØaylyk   rotteness

zaØalamak   to pollute, spoil

zaØalamak   to spoil, ruin

zaØalanan   spoiled

zaØalanmak   to spoil, go bad

zaØawka   r. claim, demand

zaØleek   to dampen, liquify, moisturize

zaØom   r. loan

zehin   talent, gift

zehinli   talented, gifted

zehinsiz   untalented

zelel   harm

zelelli   harmful

zemzen   giant lizard

zenzele   noise, racket

zerarly   because

zergŠr   jeweler

zerrin bolmak   to be stuffed (from eating)

zerur   necessary

zerurlyk   need

zeØ   dampness, moisture

zeØilli   such

zeØren   complaint

zeØrenmek   to complain

zeØtin   olive

zŠherli   poisonous

zŠhmet   labor

zibil   litter, trash, garbage

znaok   r. sign

zogdyrylmak   to spurt, gush, rush out

zol   all the time, constantly

zolak   1. bar 2. band, belt, strip

zolakly   striped

zoluk   compulsion

zomamak   to go, to press forward, to push

zomp edip ykak   to jump out, to spring forth suddenly

zompa   suddenly

zona   r. zone

zoologik   r. zoological

zoologiØa   r. zoology

zor   1. strong 2. force, forceful

zoraØakdan   by force, forcibly

zordan   with effort

zorlamak   to compell, to force

zowlatmak   to shout, cry out

zowwam   straight, through

zowzuldamak   to worry

zšmmek   pointed, conical

zšrletmek   to howl

zšwwe   immediately, without delay

zulum   opression, tyranny

zut gayp gitmek   to run away

zŸwwetdin   coward

zweno   r. a link, section, row

zynjyr   chain

zy–mak   to throw

zyØan   harm

A

a   bir

a little   biraz, alaja, sŠhel, az-oblak, birazajyk

a lot   kŠn, kšp, san-sajak, sansyz-sanjak-syz, eneme, gerk-gŠbe

a lot of   kšpŸlik, topbak

A student   bŠºlik

ability   baºarnyklyk, gurbat, gurp, ukyplylyk, ukyp

able   baºarnykly, gurbatly, škde, gurplanmak, gurply, ukyply

abnormal   ºumroØ

abode   mesgen

abolish   goØbolsun etmek, syndyrmak, synmak, Øatyrmak

abolition   Øatyrlma

about   barada, hakynda, takmyn, Ÿstaºyr, golaØ

above   daºgyn, Øokarlygyna, Øokarsyna, Øokary, Øorkaryk

abrasion   dyrnaak

absence   Øokluk, propusk(r)

absent-minded   sšlpi

absolute   hyryn-dykyn, tŸmmek

absolute pitch   owaza

absolutely   dŸØbŸnden

absolutely dry   gus-gury

absorb   si–dirmek, sormak

absorbant cotton   pamyk

abstract   kospekt(r), kospektirlemek(r)

absurd   bolgusyz

abundance   bereket

abundant   bereketli, bolulyk, barly

abuse   sšgmek

abusive   paØyº

accelerate   tizleºdirmek, altlandyrmak

accent   ºiwe

accept   kabul etmek

acceptable   makul

accident   betbagtlyk

accidental   tštŠnleØin

accomodate   Øerleºdirmek

accomplish   tamamlanmak

accomplished   ŸstŸnlikli

accordance   kybap, laØyklyk

accordant   sazlaºyk

accordian   garmon(r)

according to   boØuna

account   hasap

account of   hasabat

accountant   hasapy

accuracy   mergenlik

accurate   rejeli

accusative (gram.)   aØypgy

accuse of   Øazgarmak

ache   yza, syrkyramak, syzlamak, syrkawlamak

achievement   ŸstŸnlik

acid   kislota(r)

acquaint   tanyºdyrmak

acquaintance   beletilik, tanyº-biliº, tanyºlyk

acquainted   belet

acquire   adykmak

acrobat   akrobat(r)

action   amal, perde

active   aktiw(r), janly

activity   

actor   aktØor(r), artist(r)

actual   ºindiki

adapt   adatlanmak, uØgunlaºdyrmak

adaptation   werdiº

add   gatmak, goºmak

add a layer   gatlamak

add on   goºmak

addition   goºmaa

address   adres(r), ykyw, jarnama, ØŸzlenmek

adherent   Øaran

adjective   sypat

adjoining   garºy

admiral   admiral(r)

admire   haØran galmak

admirer   mudak

admit   boØun almak

admonition   tšwella, pent

adolescence   Øetginjeklik, juwanlyk, Øigitlik

adolescent   Øetginjek

adopted   šweØ

adopted child   ogullyk

adorn   nagyºlamak, haºamlamak

adornment   haºam, ºaØ

adroit   akgan

adroitness   akganlyk

advance   ozmak, Øšremek

advance in pregnancy   agralmak

advantage   bŠhbit, nebis

adverb   ahwalet

adversary   garºydaº

advertisement   reklama(r)

advice   ge–eº, maslahat, sala, sowet(r), habardar

advise   ge–eºmek

adviser   maslahaty

advisors   šwŸt-nesihat

aesthetic   estetik(r)

aesthetics   estetika(r)

affability   mylakat

affable   hoºamaØ, mylakatly

affair   

affect   degirmek

affection   hšre-kšºe, yzgyt

affectionate   ØŸrekdeº

affirmative   pola£hitel(r)

affix   affiks(r)

African   afrikaly

after   so–raundan, so–

afternoon   šØle, šØle/šØlŠn, šØlŠn

aftertaste   škŸndi

again   baryp, tŠzeden, Øene, gaØtandan, ikilen

against   gabat, garºy, tersine

against one's will   ygtyØarsyz

age   garrylyk, gojalyk, Øaº, garramak, (said of men) gojamak

aged   garry

agenda   gŸn tertibi

agile   alasyn

agility   alasynlyk

agitate   tolgundyrmak

agitation   tolgunyºyk

ago   mundan š–, š–

agree   o–lamak, razylaºmak, ylalaºmak

agree upon   ugurlaºmak

agree with   gšwnamek

agreeable   ekimiz, razy

agreement   ylalyºyk, razØlyk

agressor   basybalyjy

agriculture   ekeranylyk, oba hojalygy

ah!   ŠhŠ

ah! I see!   Š

aha!   aha

aid   Øardam, dalda, goldaw, haraØ, hemaØat, goldamak

aim   maksat, gezemek, gšz š–Ÿnde tutmak

aim at   dogrulamak

aimless   peØwagtna

air   asman, howa, ºemallatmak

air out   Øelejiretmek

airheaded   Øe–ilkelle

airplane   samolØot(r), uar

airs   howala

alarm   howsala, trewoga(r), rahatsyzlandyrmak, ynjalyksyzlandyrmak

alarmed   rahatsyzlanmak

alarming   howsalaly

alcohol   akyr

alcoholic drink   igi

alert   syny, hŸºgŠr, howsala, hŸºgŠr, trewoga(r)

alertness   hŸºgŠrlik

alien   Øat

alive   diri, diriligene, janly

all   barha, bary, Šhli, hemme, tŸkel, her, em

all day   gŸnaºa, gŸnŸzin

all in all   bary-Øogy

all of a sudden   birdenka, tapba

all one's life   šlina

all the time   zol

Allah   hudaØ

allegiance   wepalylyk

alley   skwar(r)

allow speak   gepletmek

ally   Øoldaº

almost   diØen Øaly, takmynan, tas, takmyn

alone   Øeke, Øeke-Šk, tŠk

along   boØuna

alphabet   elipbiØ

alphabet book   harplyk

alphabet letter   harp

already I era   eØØam

also   hem

alter   ŸØtgetmek, šzgertmek

alteration   ŸØtgeºiklik

alterations   šzgeriºlik

altercation   tersleºik

alternate   gezekleºmek

always   elmydam, elmydama, hemiºe, mydama, hernŠ

amass   Øygnanmak

amateur   šwrenje

amateurs   hšwesje–ler

amazing   tŠsin

ambassador   ili

amiable   mylakatly

ammendment   dŸzediº

ammunition   ok-dari, zarØadi(r)

amount   mukdar, san, pylana

amuse   gŸØmemek

amusement   hezillik

amusing   gŸØmenje

analysis   der–ew

anchor   labyr

ancient   gadym, gojaman, goja

and   we

and even more   Øene

and with that...   galyberse-de

anecdote   ºorta sšz

anew   gaØtandan, tŠzee, Øamaºgan, Øamaºgandan, tŠzeden

angel   periºde

anger   gazap, gahar getirmek, gatyrganmak

angle   bur, Ÿ–k, Øartma

angry   gazaply, gy–yr, gaharjan

animal   haØwan, sŸØdemdirijiler

animal breeder   maldar

animal food   iØm

animal skin   ham

animosity   duºmanylyk

ankle   topuk

anniversary   Øyllyk

announcement   bildiriº, yglan etme

annoy   irizmek, ØŸrege dŸºmek

annoyance   gikilewik

annual   Øyllyk

annul   syndyrmak

anonymous   anonom

another   šzge

answer   jogap, jogap bermek

answer correctly   dŸrs jogap bermek

ant   garynja

antiquity   gadymy

anxiety   howatyr, Ÿnji

anxious   rahatsyzlanmak

any   islŠn, kes

anything   nŠmede bolsa bir zat

apartment   kwartira(r)

ape   maØmyn

apologize   štunmenk

apology   štŸn, štŸn

apparent   belki

appeal   jarnama, ºikaØat

appeal to   ØŸz tutmak

appear   gšrŸnmek, sekmek

appear in the distance   magallaklamak

appear suddenly   inmek

appearance   mysala, sypat, syrat, gšrnŸº, kysym, sypat, keºp

append   goºmak

appendage   goºmaa

appendix   goºmaa

appetite   iºdŠ

applaud   el arpmak

applause   arpyºyk

apple   alma

apply for   ØŸz tutmak

appointment   wezipe

appraise   nyrhlamak

appreciation   minnetdarlyk

appreciative   minnetdar

apprehension   howatyr

apprentice   ºŠgirt

apprenticeship   ºŠgirtlik, taglymat, tŠlim

approach   ebeteØ, emeleºmek, golaØlamak

approimately   takmyn

appropriate   laØyk, Øerlikli

approval   synag, tekge

approve of   makullamak

apricot   erik

apricot pit   towa

apron   fartuk(r)

apropos   Øerlikli

aquire   kuwwatlanmak

arbitrariness   eden-etdilik

archeological   arheologik(r)

archeologist   arheolog(r)

archeology   arheolog(r)

architecture   arhitektura(r)

archive   arhiw(r)

ardour   howur

area   meØdana

argue   ekeleºmek, dawalaºmak, jedelleºmek, (with someone) jetleºmek

argument   jedel, tutaryk, dawa

argumentative   dawaly, jedilli

arid   gurak

arise   dšremek, ØŸze ykmak

arm   gol

arm oneself   Øaraglanmak

arm someone   Øaraglandyrmak

Armanian   ermeni(r)

armed   Øaragly

armfull   gujak

armless   golsuz, golak

armpit   goltuk

army   goºun

aroma   ys

aromatic   hoºboØ, ysly

arouse interest in   hšweslendirmek

arrange   ugurlaºmak, sšzleºmek

arranged   Šklenmek

arrest   tussag etmek

arrested person   tussag

arrive   gelmek, emeleºmek

arrogance   gedemlik, tekepbirlik

arrogant   gopbamsy, gedam, gompy, tekepbir

arrow   ok

art   sungat, eperilik

artery   damar

artful   eper

article   len(r), madda, (of magazine) makala

artifice   pirim

artificial   emeli, Øasama

artificial limb   protez(r)

artillery   artilleriØa(r)

artilleryman   topy

artist   artist(r), hudo£nik(r), suraty, hŸnŠrment

artless   gšwnayk

as   hškmŸnde, dek

as before   kšnee

as far as possible   mŸmkingadar

as if   goØŠ, gšzØ, hamala

as it were   hamala, hernŠ

as much as is needed   geregie

as one   birlikde

as soon as   dessine

as such   hol, ºeØle-de, tŸØsli, beØle

as though   goØŠ, hamala

as yet   entek

as you would (pl.)   sizinge

ash-pit (of a furnace)   kšrŸk

ashamed of   utanmak

ashes   kŸl

ashtray   kŸldan

ask   eØgermek, dilemek, soramak, soramak, intgemek

ask for   haØyº etmek

ask someone a question   soraºmak

asphalt   asfalt(r)

aspire   ymtylmak

assault   tutnak

assemble   toplanmak

assembly   gurultaØ, montaA(r)

assess   nyrhlamak

assignment   komandirowka(r)

assimilate   šzleºdirmek

assist   arkalaºmak

assistance   Øowar

assistant   assistent(r), kšmeki, laborant(r)

association   bileleºik

assume   aklamak, enlemek

asthma   demgysma

astonishment   haØran

astronaut   komonawt(r)

astronomer   astronom(r)

astronomy   astronomiØa(r)

at   golaØynda, Ÿstaºyr

at attention   smirno(r)

at dawn   da–dan

at fault   mŸØnli

at first   š–Ÿrti

at last   teØ-ahyr

at once   derrew, ur-tut

at present   hŠzir

at random   oØlamazdan

at the right time   wagtly-wagtynda, wagtynda

at the very beginning   ozalynda

at the wrong time   biwagt

at will   isleg boØuna

athletics   atletika(r)

atlas(r)   atlaz

atmosphere   atmosfera(r)

atom   atom(r)

attach with glue   Øelmemek

attached with glue   Øelmeºmek

attack   jenaØatylyk, hŸjŸm, jabjynmak, kakyn, zabt etmek, aralaºmak

attacker   jenaØeakŠr

attain success   rowalanmak

attempt   synanyºyk, dyrjaºmak, synanmak

attend   gatnaºmak

attention   dykgat, garaºyk, Ÿns

attentively   si–e

attitude   garaØyº

attitudes   otnoºenie(r)

attract   šzŸ–e ekmek

attractive   gšrnŸkli

audience   di–leØji

auditiorium   auditoriØa(r)

aunt   daØza

authentic   Šhtibar

authority   at-abraØ, hŠkimiØet

automobile   maºyn

autumn   gŸØz

available   nagt

avaracious   husyt

avenue   prospekt(r)

average   ortaal

avoid   gaalaklamak, Øadyrgamak, gaa durmak, gagakmak, gaalak etmek

avoidance   gaalga

awake   oØa, turmak

awaken   oØarmak

awe   yzzat

awkward   emelsiz, mŸØnŸrgemek

awkwardness   emelsizlik

awl   biz

awning   bassyrma, telŠr

axe   palta

axis   ok

B

baby   bala, bŠbek, prezent

baby donkey   taØhar

baby goat   owlak

bachelor   sallah

back   šwre, geriº, Øagyrny, (adj.) syrtky, (physical) arka

back of a horse/donkey   sagry

back-up   zapas(r)

backside   syrt, yz

bacteria   bakteria(r)

bad   bet, erbet, myrtar, pis, ugursyz, Øaman, Øaramaz

bad feelings   jetlik

bad luck   betbagt

badger   torsuk

badness   betlik, erbetlik

bag   bukja, sumka(r), torba

baggage   bagaj(r)

bail   zamun

bake   pe etmek, Øapmak

baked meat pie   ilekli, ilik

balance   terezi, taØlamak

balcony   balkon(r)

bald   sakar kelle

ball   pškgi, ºar(r), top

ballet   balet(r)

ballistic   ballistik(r)

balloon   howa ºary

banal   len bolmak

band   zolak

bandage   sarag

bandit   galtaman, garaky

bandy-legged   aslyk, aغyk

banister   tutawa

bank   bank, se––er

banquet wreath   emen

bar   zolak

baracade   barrikada(r)

barb   tiken

barbarism   gerbariØ(r)

barbed   tikenli

barber   dellek

barber shop   dellekhana

barefoot   aØakØala–a

bargain   sšwdalaºmak

bark   gabyk

barley   arpa

barren   gysyr

barrier   barØer(r)

barter   alºyrmak, alyºmak

base   baza(r), esas, dŸØp, tyl

basement   Øerzemin, podwal(r)

bashful   utanja–

basic   esasy

basically   esasan

basin   legen, ta––yr

basis   esas, fundament(r)

basket   kuzow(r)

baste   kšklemek

basting   kšk

bath   wanna(r)

bath-house   hammam

battallion   batalion(r)

battery   batareØa(r)

battle   sšweº

battler   zarpy

bawl   ygyrmak

bay (color of a horse)   dor

bayonet   naØza

bazaar   bazar

be   bolmak

be able to   škdelemek, bilmek, edip bilmek, baºarmak

be absorbed   si–mek

be afflicted   ynjamak

be afraid   eØmenmek, namartlamak, gorkmak, ekinmek, ŸØºenmek, haØykmak, o–kuldamak

be aired out   ºemallamak, Øelejirmek

be alerted   keØkertmek, šzgermek

be amused   gŸØmenmek

be angry   hyrsyzlanmak, sortdurmak

be annoyed   hyrsy–y diºlemek

be anxious   ynjalyksyzlanmak

be at the end   sŸØrenjen, sŸØrenmek

be bankrupt   tozmak

be beautified   owadanlanmak

be bent   bŸkŸlmek, egrelmek

be bloated   Øellenmek

be born   dogulmak, dŸnØŠ inmek, šnmek

be broken   Øolunmak

be burned up   kšØmek

be bursting   dyzamak

be capricious   nŠzirgemek

be captivated   gŸrma bolmak

be careful   ŠgŠ bolmak

be chosen   saØlanmak

be cleaned   saplanmak

be cold   Ÿºemek, Ÿºetmek

be collected   Øygnanmak

be compatible   o–uºmak

be complicated   ylºyrymlaºdyrmak

be concealed   gizlemek

be cooked   biºmek

be coupled with   garpyºmak

be courteous   salykatly

be covered with mist   nemjiremek

be dampened   nemlenmek

be dazed   gamaºmak

be defeated   basylmak

be delayed   tŠsgenmek, eglenmek

be dented   Øemºermek

be destroyed   agsamak, opurylmak

be detained   gŸØmenmek

be digested   si–mek

be directed   e–mek, gšnŸmek

be disappointed   lapyke bolmak

be disgusted   gamaºmak

be disheveled   imeºmek

be dispirited   lapyke bolmak

be divided   paØlanmak

be driven crazy   bizar bolmak

be drizzled   si––itli

be dumb-founded   sšmelmek

be empty   takyramak

be engaged (in)   meºgullanmak

be entitled to   hakly bolmak

be eroded   oburylmak

be eyes and ears)   gšz-gulak bolmak

be faced with   duar bolmak, duº bolmak

be fallen   ilmek

be fascinated with   gyzmak

be fed   iØmitlenmek

be fermented   ajamak

be fervoured   gyzykmak

be filled   dolmak

be finished   tŸkenmek, Øolgalmak

be firm   ersmek

be flipped over   dšnmek

be fond of   gowy gšrmek

be found   tapylmak, oguºØa

be founded on   esasanlamak

be fragrant   kŸkemek

be frightened   Ÿrkmek, hopukmak

be frosty   jybarlamak

be frozen   do–mak

be fulfilled   bitmek

be glad   mona bolmak

be glued   Øelmeºmek

be going (on a regular basis)   gatnamak

be guided   gollanmak

be hackneyed   len bolmak

be hairy   tŸØjermek

be hanging   asylyp durmak

be happy   sšØnmek

be hardened   taplanmak

be heard   owazlanmak, seslenmek

be hooked   ilteºmek

be housed   jaØlaºmak

be hunched over   kŸØkermek

be hung   sallanmak

be hungry   ajykmak

be hurt   zarbykmak

be idle   Øaltanmak

be ill   hassalamak, kesellemek, nŠsag bolmak, syrkawlamak

be improved   Øagºylanmak, Øagºylaºmak

be in order   hatarlamak

be in short supply   gytalmak

be inflamed   zarbykmak

be insecure   aljyramak

be interested   gyzyklanmak

be interesting to   gyzykdyrmak

be introduced to   tanyºmak

be isolated   etleºmek

be jealous   imtilmek, gabanmak

be knotted   dŸwŸlmek

be late   gijikmek

be lazy   i––gildi, irinmek

be leafy   Øapraklamak

be leaning   sšØenmek

be led   eØermek

be lengthened   uzalmak

be lifted   galmak

be lost   Øitirim bolmak, gagakmak

be made of   edilmek

be made well   abadanlaºmak

be mistaken   Øal–yºmak

be mixed   bulanmak, garyºmak

be noted   tapawutlanmak

be numb   sŸu goºamak

be occupied (with)   meºgullanmak

be offended   gšwnŸne degilmek, kemsinmek, šØkelemek, torsarmak, Øokuº gšrmek, Øarsmak

be old   agsamak

be on one's guard   Ÿºerilmek

be on the alert   Ÿºerilmek

be on time   Øetiºmek

be oppressed   ezilmek

be organized   Šklenmek

be out of breath   daljykmak

be parted   dyr-pytrak bolmak, Øapyºmak

be placed   goØulmak

be poured out   dškŸlmek

be prim   eljiremek

be propped up   direnmek

be protected   baØrynmak, goranmak

be proud   buØsanmak, guwanmak

be proven   subut bolmak

be provoked   hekgermek

be pushed in   dyknyºmak

be put together   guranmak

be quarrelsome   igenmek

be quiet   dymmak

be ratified   tassyklanmak

be reconciled   ylalaºmak

be rectified   dŸzelmek

be regarded   hasaplanmak

be related   garyndaºsyramak

be repeated   gaØtalanmak

be resolved   šzŸlmek

be right against   galtaºdyrmak

be ruined   bozylmak, Øykylmak

be satisfied   kanagatlanmak, o–mak

be scared of   Ÿrkmek

be settled   Øerlemek

be shaken   titretmek

be shamed   uØalmak

be shortened   keltelmek

be shy   Øygrylmak, utanmak

be situated   Øerleºmek

be snoopy   sokgarylmak

be soaked   sŸllŸmbaØ

be spoiled   ajamak

be still   Šºermek, durmak

be straightened up   dogralmak

be strengthened   zarplanmak

be stuffed (from eating)   zerrin bolmak

be supported   baØrynmak

be surprised   ge–irgenmek

be sweet   sŸØjemek

be swollen   Øellenmek

be taken with   deprenmek

be the first   š–Ÿrtmek

be thirsty   suwsamak, suwsamak

be tightened   bŸzŸlmek

be tired   irmek, pete– etmek

be torn   Øyrtylmak

be tortured   surnukmak

be uncaring   dšzmek

be united   birleºmek

be unpleasant    Øokuº degmek

be unsettled   gorsanmak

be upset   periºan bolmak, rahatsyzlanmak

be vexed   hekgermek

be victorious   Øe–mek, ØŸwŸrmek

be warped   Øarsmak

be wet   sŸllŸmbaØ

be widened   gi–elmek

be worn out   kšnelmek

be worthy   rowa bolmak

be woven   dokalmak

be wrinkled   bŸrjeºmek

beach   plØa£(r)

beads   hŸnji, monjuk

beam   nur, pŸrs, ºšhle

beany   kšsŸkli

bear (animal)   aØy

bear (bring)   gelmek

bear a burden   jepa ekmek

bear fruit   miwelemek

bearable   ydamly

beard   sakgal

beast   Øyrtyjy

beat   gŸrsŸldemek, urunmak

beat on   Øenmek

beat up   Øenmek

beautiful   gelºikli, kaa–, owadan, ajaØyp

beautiful woman   perizat, nŠzenin

beauty   gelºik, gšrk, gšzellik, owadanlyk

because   Ÿnki, sebŠbi, zerarly

become a citizen   raØat- bolmak

become a man   kemal

become accustomed   šwreniºmek

become aggravated   Øitileºmek

become chilly   igremek

become complicated   ylºyrymlaºmak, kynlaºmak

become cool   salkynlamak

become dark   garalmak

become dense   gal–amak

become disinterested   sowamak

become distant   uzaklaºmak

become dry   kepemek, kakamak

become dull   kŸtelmek

become dusty   a––alak, tozanlamak

become easier   Øe–lemek, Øe–leºmek

become embarassed   Øygrykmak

become empty   olarmak

become enervated   ejizlemek

become entangled   olaºmak

become fatigued   leji ykmak

become flat   maººarmak

become friends   dostlaºmak, ysnyºmak

become full   bitmek

become full of oneself   gomparmak

become furious   šjŸkmek

become ill   nŠhoºlamak, nŠsaglamak

become infected   simlemek

become inflamed    iºmek

become interested in   hšweslenmek

become literate   sowatmak

become overripe   mylkarmak

become pus-like   iri–lemek

become quiet   rahatlanmak, Ÿnjalmak

become rich   baØan, baØanmak

become silent   kšºeºnek

become small   ownamak, uºamak

become soft   myjjarmak–

become strong   gurplanmak

become thin   inelmek

become warm   maØlamak, igremek

become weather-beaten   gaØzykmak

become wet   šljermek

become wormy   gurtlamak

become worn out   leji ykmak

become wrinkled   mŸrrelmek

become yellow   saralmak

bed   dŸºek, krowat(r)

bed sheet   porsyn(r)

bedbug   tagtabiti

bedding   Øorgan-dŸºek, dŸºek

bee   ary

bee-keeper   baly

beehive   bort(r)

beer   piwa(r)

beet   ºugundyr

beet soup   ººi(r)

before   ozal, š–Ÿrti, š–Ÿsyra, gaº, mundan š–, š–inŠ

before sunset   gijara

befriend   tirkeºmek

beg   šzelenmek

beggar   aºaky, gedaØ

begin   baºlamak, giriºmek, gemek

begin to grow   ternelemek

beginning   start(r)

behavior   šzŸni alyp baryº, hŠsiØet, boluº

behind   yzynda, yzy bilen

being   barlyk

belch   gŠgirmek

belief   ynam, ynan

believe   ynanmak

bell   ja–, jy––yrdy

bellow   molamak

bellows   kšrŸk, sana

belly-button   gšbek

belly-laugh   wakyrdamak

belong   degiºli bolmak

belongings   emlŠk, goº-gola–, goº

beloved   Øar, sšØli

below   aºak, ast

below zero   minus(r)

belt   bilbag, guºak, bilguºak, zolak

Belugian   doky

bend   itmek, eplenmek, epilmek, bŸkmek, aغarmak, egmek, epmek, ga–rylamak, ga–yrmak, gaغartmak, gyºartmak, Øegºermek, yrmak, (oneself) bŸkŸlmek

bend back   gaغartmak

beneficial   haØyrly

benefit   haØyr, Øagºylyk, gšnenmek

benevolent   hoºniØetli

bent   egri

berries   kisel

besides   daºyndan, ondan hem baºga

bestial   wagºylara

betray   satmak

betrothe   adaglamak

betrothed   adagly

between planets   planetara(r)

between two people   šzara

beverage host   iirgi

beware of   howtyrlanmak

beyond   daºgyn, gaØdyp

bibliophile   kitaphon, kitapsšØŸji

bicycle   welosiped(r)

big   belent, ullakan, iºik

big in size   uly

billion   milliard(r)

bind   bogmak, dolamak

bind (a book)   jiltlemek

binding   jilt

binoculars   dŸrbi

biography   biografiØa(r), terjimehal

biology   biologiØa(r)

birch   berØoza(r)

bird   guº

bird of prey   Øyrtyjy

bird-house   ketek

birth   dogluº, botlamak

birthday   doglan gŸni

birthmark   

biscut   kške

bit   tike

bitch   ganjyk

bite   atagzy, okmak, diºlemek, garbak-gurbak etmek, garbanmak, ØŸrkese edinmek, eØnemek

bite through   tamºanmak

biting   apgyn

black   gara

blackberry   bšwŸrslen

blackboard    tagta

blacken   garalamak

blackhead   dŸwŸrtik

blade   tyg, gylaw, pyak

blame   aØyplamak, gŸnŠkŠrlemek, mŸØnli

blameless   gŸnŠsiz

blank   propusk(r)

blanket   odeØal(r)

blaze   Øylpyldy, labyrdamak, lowlamak

bleach   heklemek

bleat   ekremek, mŠlemek

bleed   ganjarmak

blemish   menek

blessed   eºretli, sapaly

blessing   pata

blind   kšr

blindman's bluff (game)   gšzdandy

blindness   kšrlŸk

bliss   rŠhnet

blissful   rŠhnetli

blister   pakgarak

blitzkreig   zarba

blizzard   syrgyn

block   beklemek

blood   gan, sŸØtdeº

bloodless   gansyz

bloody   ganly

bloom   gŸllemek

blooming   gŸlle

blotch   tegmil

blow   urgy, šwŸsmek, Ÿflemek

blow one's nose   sŸmgŸrmek

blow up   maØyrmak, Øarmak

blue   gšk

bluest   gšm-gšk

blunt   dŸrtme gŸrsak, tŸnt, kŸtek, kŸteltmek

bluntly   Ÿrt-kesik

board   tagta, mŸnmek, komissiØa(r), prowlenie(r)

boarded up   jebis

boarding school   internat(r)

boast   gŸplemek, šwŸnmek, magtanmak

boasting   šwŸnje–lik

boat   gaØyk

bob (of an animal's tail)   jontuk

bobbin   tigir

body   beden, endam, korpus(r), lŠsh, jisim

boil   baº, yban, gaØnamak, gaØnatmak, (water for tea) demlemek

boiled   gaØnag

bold   ØŸrekli, batyr, ilgin

boldness   batyrlyk, ØŸreklilik

bolt   kilt, kiltlemek

bomb   bomba(r), bombalamak

bombastic   epeØ

bone   sŸ–k

bone marrow   Øilik

book   kitap

book-lover   kitaphon, kitapsšØŸji

bookkeeper   buhgalter(r), uØotik(r)

boot   Šdik, Ÿste, Ÿstesine, mesi

booth   kabina(r), atØatak

borax   tenekar

border   araŠk, et, Šk, il, gyra, lŸ–, pel, serhet, jŠhek, het

border guard   serheti

bordering   araŠkdeº

bore   burawlamak

boring   gyzyksiz

borscht   borº(r)

bosom   emjek

boss   baº tutan, baºlyk, naalinik(r)

botanical   botanika(r)

bother   ØŸrege dŸºmek, pŠsgel bermek

bottle   ŸØºe

bottom   ast, dŸØp, aØagu, teØ, syrt

bounce   bškmek

boundary   het, et

boundless   Šksiz, ymgyr

bow   egmek, tijemek, tijenmek

bowl   ºakŠse, tabak, jam

bowstring   kiri

box   gap, gapyrjak, guty, tahyl, Øaººik(r)

boxer   boksy

boxing   boks(r)

boy   oglan, ogul

boys and girls   ogul-gyz

brace   arkadaØŠn, direg, diremek

bracelet   bilezik

brag   šwŸnmek, magtanmak, pa–lamak

braggard   šwŸnje–

braid   sa šrŸmi, yrmaºmak, šrmek, šrmek

brain    beØni

branch   pudak, ºaha

branch out   pudaklamak, ºahalamak

branchy   ºahalak

brand   tagma, tagmalamak, daglamak

brandish   bulaØlamak

brave   edermen, mert

bravely   merdana, mertlere

bravery   pet

breach   gŠdik

bread   šrek, nan, Øatak, galla

breadth   inli

breadwinner   ekleØji

break   tormoz(r), dšwmek, dšwŸlmek, kŸl-peekun etmek, omurmak

break down   maØrylmak, haraplamak

break inpieces   mynjyramak

break off   Øyrtmak, gŠtmek

break out (in a rash)   šrmek

break through   bšwŸsmek

break up   aºmak

break. time-out   arakesme

breakage   ºikes

breakfast   ertirlik, ertirlik nahar

breast   dšº, emjek, gšwŸs, gursak

breath   dem

breath heavily   demikmek

breathe   dem almak

breeding   edep

breeze   šwŸsgin

brew   lasyrdamak

bribe   para

briber   parahor

brick   kerpi(r)

bride   gelneje, gelin

bride price   galyn

bridge   kšpri

bridge of the nose   se–rik

bridle   kelleki, uØan, uØanlamak

bridle a horse   nogtalamak

briefcase   portfel(r)

briefly   gysgaa

brighten   Øagtylmak

brilliance   šwŸºgin, Øalpyldy

brilliant   genial(r), lowurdawuk, Øalpyldawuk, ršwºen, Øalpylda duran

bring   getirmek, eltmek, Šklemek, rejelemek, timarlamak, alyp gelmek

bring good tidings   buºlamak

bring grief to   gynamak

bring in   girizmek

bring life   janlandyrmak

bring up   Øokarlanmak, terbiØelemek

brittle   port

broken   dšwŸk, harap, Øyrtyk, opmak

bronze   bŸrŸn

brood hen   kŸrk

broom   sŸbce

brother   dogan, gardaº

brother -in- arms   egindeº

brother-in-law   ØŸwŸrji, giew

brotherhood   doganlyk

brow   ma–laØ

brown   go–ur

bruise   se–selik

brush   otga(r), timar bermek, otgalamak(r)

brush against   lak atmak

brush off   silkmek, otgalamak(r)

brush up   yºyklandyrmak

brushwood   špleme

brutal   wagºylara

bubble   kšpŸrjik, lakyrdamak

bubbling   lakyrdy

buck up   gaØratlanmak

buckle   toka

bud   pyntyk, ºinde, guna

budge   gymyldamak

budget   bØujet(r)

bug   mšjek

build   gurmak

build firmly   ersmek

building   bina, jaØ, ymarat

building site   obØekt(r)

bulging   gŸberek

bull   škŸz

bulldozer   buldozer(r)

bullet   seme

bum   sergezdan

bump   pakgarak

bump against   degmek

bun   Øagly

bunch   desse, hoºa, salkym

burden   jepa

bureau   bØuro(r)

burial   jaØlama

burn   garalmak, otlamak, štmek

burn up   kšØmek

burning   jokrama

burp   gŠgirmek

burrow   hin

burst   atlamak

burst into   kŸrsemek

bursting   gyrylmak

bury   gaplamak, jaØlamak

bus   konductor(r)

business-like   edenli

business-trip   komandirowka(r)

businessman   sšwdagar

bustle   gaØmalaºmak

busy   iºli, meºgul, baºagaØ

busy-body   gepi

but   emma, weli

but also   weli

butcher   gassap

butchery   šlºŸk

butt   Ÿwde, sŸsmek

butt into   dykylmak

butt of a joke   oØnatgy

butter   mesge

butterfly   kebelek

button   ilik, knopka(r), sadap

buy   satyn almak

buy up   towsa gštermek

buyer   alyjy

buzz   wazzyldy, gŸwwŸldemek, hyzlamak, ºuwlamak, ºyglamak, tarlamak, wazypdamak

by accident   tštŠnden

by chance   tštŠnleØin, ŠwŸl-sŠwŸl

by command   zakaznoØ

by comparison   gšrŠ

by correspondence   gaØybana

by daylight   Øagtygšzin

by foot   pyØada

by force   zoraØakdan

by no means   teØ

by order   zakaznoØ

by pairs   ikibir

by portions   paØa(r)

by the clock   asowoØ(r)

by the hour   asowoØ(r)

by the piece   ØekeleØin

by the way   Øogsa-da

by turns   gezegine, gezek-gezigine

by way of   Ÿsti bilen

by-pass   sowulmak

by-passed   sowa

C

c'mon   bakaly

cabbage   kellem

cabin   kaØuta

cable   tanap

cackle   gagyldamak

cadaver   maslyk, meØit

cafe   kebaphana

cafeteria   naharhana

cage   kapasa

cake   pirog(r), tort(r)

calculate   hasap etmek, hasaplamak

calculation   rasØot(r)

calendar   kalendar(r)

calf (young cow)   gšle

calico   jir

call   atlandyrmak, oØarmak, wizit(r), agarmak, jy––yrdamak, kšsemek, zar–yldamak, agyrmak

call order   tertibe agyrmak

call up   jy––yrdatmak

callous   gabaryk, gabarmak

calm   haØ-kŸº etmek, hšre-kšºe etmek

calm down   kšºeºnek, rahatlanmak, Ÿnjalmak

calmly   ine-gana, mazaly

caloric   kaloriØaly(r)

calorie   kaloriØa(r)

calve   botlamak, guzlamak

camel   dŸØe, maØa, torum

camel's milk (fermented)   al

camera   fotoapparat(r)

camomille   opantelpek

camp   lager(r), dŸºelge

campaign   ØšrŸº

can   tŸ––Ÿn

canal   kanal(r)

candidate   kandidat(r), kandidatly(r)

candle   ºem

candy   marmelad(r), sŸØji

cane   i–rik, taØak

canned foods   konserw(r)

cannon   top

cap   papak

capability   ukyp

capable   ukyply, baºarnykly, gŸØli, škdelemek

capacity   sygym

cape   Øapynja

capital   paØtagt

capitalism   kapitalizm(r)

capitalist   kapitalist(r)

capitalistic   kapitalistik(r)

capricious   ynjyk

captain   kapitan(r)

captivating   hezil

captive   Øesir

captivity   Øesirlik

capture   eØelemek

caravan   kerwen

carbon   uglerod(r)

carbonated   gazly

carcass   lŠsh

card   kartoka(r)

cardboard   karton

care   gšzeg, ideg, ºšwŸr

care for   alada etmek, aladalanmak

carefree   biagyry

careful   usully, ŠtiØaly, seresap

carefully   seresaply

careless   biagyry, biparh, hapysa, howul-hara

carelessness   gele–sizlik

cares   alada, hysyrdy

caress   hšre-kšºe, yzgyt

cargo   ØŸk

cargo ship   teplowoz(r)

carnage   gyrgynylyk

carnation   dalyn

carnival   karnawal

carpenter   gurluºyky

carpet   haly

carpet maker   halyy

carpet-making   dokma

carrot   kŠºir

carry   daºamak, Škitmek, ºugullamak

cart   araba

cartilidge   gemirek

cartoon   karikatura(r)

cartoon character   ºar£

cartridge   zarØadi(r)

case   Øaººik(r), delil, tahyl

cashier   kassir(r)

cashier's desk   kassa(r)

cask   elek

cast a spell   jadylamak

cast down   sallamak

cast iron   oØun(r)

caste   jyn, synp

casting (metal)   guØma

casual   tštŠnden, tštŠnleØin

cat   piºik

catalogue   katalog

catastrophe   helŠkilik

catch   kilt, gapmak

catch a cold   igreklemek, sowuklamak, Øo–lamak, Ÿºemek

catch hold of   iØilmek

categorically   Ÿrt-kesik

category   kategoria, azrØad(r)

cathedral   ybadathana

cats   guzlamak

cattle   mal

cause   i–irdi, sebŠp, sypalga

cause pain   agyrtmak, uwlundyrmak

cause trouble   i–irdemek

caution   ŠtiØa

cautious   aØawly, ŠtiØaly

cave   gowak, sŸren, kšwek

cave in   gaغarmak

cease   di–mek, tŸketmek, togtamak

ceiling   potolok(r)

celebrate   dabaralanmak

celebrated   meºhur

celebration   dabara, toØ

cellar   podwal(r)

cellophane   sellofan(r)

cellulose   sellØuloza(r)

cement   sement(r), sementlemek

cemetery   mazarylyk, šwlŸØa

center   merkez, orta, ojak, uzel(r), jŸmmŸº

centimeter   senitmeter(r)

central   merkezi

central design   gšl

centralize   merkeledirmek

century   asyr

cerebral cortex   gyzamyk

ceremonial   dabaraly

ceremony   dabara

certain   gŸrrŸ–siz, hatyrjem

certain people   kŠbiri

certificate   ºahadatnama, ºaØatnama

chaff   harpyk

chain   zynjyr

chair   oturgy, stul(r)

chalk   hek, mel(r), hek

chamber   kamera(r), palata(r)

champion   empion(r)

championship   empionat(r)

chance   mŸmkinilik

chancellor   rektor(r)

chandelier   lØstra(r)

change   šzgeriº, šzgertmek, alyºmak, ŸØtgetmek, (returned money) gaØtargy

change clothes   alºyrynmak

change money    ownatmak

changes   šzgeriºlik

chaos   garma-gŸrmelik

chapati   apady

chapped   gaØzykmak

chapter   bap

char   gara-šrt bolmak

character   gylyk, hŠsiØet, hŠsiØet

characteristic   harakteristika(r), mahsus, has, reje

characterize   hŠsiØetlendirmek

charge   oklamak, zarØadlamak, (electric)

zarØadi(r)   FALSE

charge with   Øazgarmak

charge with a comission   tabºyrmak

charitable   geirimli

charter   ustaw(r)

chase   kowgy, ekankalamak, kowalmak

chat   sšhbet, lakgyldamak

chatter   warsaky, gygyrmak, madyrdamak, samahylamak

chauffeur   ºofØor(r)

cheat   kezzap

cheating   kezzaplyk

check   ek, barlamak

check against   de–emek, de–eºdirmek, deºirmek

check-up   barlag

checkers (Asian style)   ºaºka(r)

cheek   duluk, Øa–ak

cheek-bone   ekge

cheer up   gšwnŸne gotermek

cheerful   mes, ºagala–ly

cheerfulness   meslik

cheese   peØnir

chemical   himiki(r)

chemistry   himiØa(r)

cherished   jana-jan

cherry   Ÿlje

chess   kŸºt

chess player   kŸºtºi

chest   kŸkrek, sandyk, Øaººik(r)

chew   enemek, eØnemek

chew nuts   itgitlemek

chick   jŸØje

chicken   towuk

chicken pox   garamyk

chief   naalinik(r), baº tutan

chigger   sakyrtga

child   aga, prezent

childhood   agalyk, oglanlyk

childness   agalyk

children   aga-uga

children's   aga

chill   Øo–

chime   ºa––yrdy

chimney   truba(r)

chin   alkym, e–ek

china   farfor(r)

chintz   jir

chinze   it

chirp   ºatyrdamak, akmak

chisel   oØmak

chit-chat   gŸmŸr-yamyr

chocolate   ºokolad

choice   saØlama

choke   hopukmak

choke on   dŸwŸnmek

cholera   mergi

choose   saØlamak, semek

chop   kotlet(r), ybyklamak, apmak, kŠtmenlemek

chop off   gŠtmek

chop up   keremek

chop with an axe   paltalamak

chopper   apgy

chosen   saØlanan, saØlama

chronic   šwrendekli

chronicle   hronika(r)

chubby   lopbush, pškgi

chuckle   hykyrdy, hykyrdamak, Øykyrdamak, pykyrdamak

chunk   ker

church   buthana

churn up   saØmak

cigarette   ilim

cipher   ºifr(r)

ciphere   ºifrlemek(r)

circle   aØlag, aØlaw, sirkul(r), syramak

circular   aØlawly, tegelek

circulation   tira£

circumcision    sŸnnet

circus   sirk(r)

circus arena   maner

cistern   sisterna(r)

cite   salgylanmak

citizen   grajjdan(r)

citizens   halk

citizenship   raØat

city   ºŠher

claim   zaØawka(r), talap

clamorous   haØØar

clamp   gapjawa, gapjamak

clamp on to   garpyºmak

clan   taØpa, tire

clap   el arpmak, arpmak

clarified butter   saryØag

clarify   saplamak, anyklyk

class   synp, razrØad(r), klas(r)

classical   klassyky

classical writer   klassyk

classmate   klasdaº

clatter   ºarkyldamak, ºarkyldy, tyrkyldy

claw   dyrnak, Øumak

clay   laØ, palyk, toØun

clay oven   tamdyr

clean   arassa, pŠkize, tŠmiz, pŠk, taraºlamak, arassalamak, otgalamak(r)

cleanliness   pŠkizelik, tŠmislik

cleanse   taraºlamak, tŠmizlemek

cleansing   taraº

clear   dŸºnŸkli, pŠk, durlamak

clear off   gyrty

clearing   meØdan

cleave   ybyklamak

clever   berekella, dŸºbi, akylly

cleverness   dŸºbŸlik

click   ti––irdi, ºy––yrdamak, ti––irdemek, ti––irdetmek

click one's tongue   pitikilemek

client   mŸderi

cliff   gaØa

climb   dyrmaºmak, hopba bolmak, Øarmaºmak, Øokary ykmak

clinic   dispanser(r), klinika(r)

clip   endiganlamak

clippings   galak-galak

cloak   Øapynja

clock   sagat

clod   lokga, tokga

close   kapas, tagaºykly, basyrmak, Øapmak, Øummak

close eyes   sŸzŸlmek

close to   duº

closed   Øapyk

closely   duºly

closeness   golaØlyk, (emotional) ysnyºyk

cloth   mata

clothes   egin-eºik, eºik, eºikler, geØim, geØim-eºik, geØim-gejim

clothes peg   ildirgi

clothesline   sim

clothing   eginbaº, lybas, Ÿst-baº

cloud   bulut, bŸremek

cloudburst   jala

cloudy   alasarmyk, gamaºyk, (personal) ytyk

clover   Øorunja

club   klub(r), kru£ok(r), taØak

cluck   kŠkelemek, wakgyldamak

clump   desse

clumsy   nalajedeØin

cluster   hoºa

clutch   gysym

coach   trener(r)

coal   kšmŸr

coarse   harsal

coast   kenar, gyra

coat   begres, penjek, aØmak

coating   Øorka

cobweb   kerep

cock   horaz, mŠºe

cocoa   kakao(r)

cocoon   pile

coddled   lŠlik

code   ºifr(r), ºifrlemek(r), (of law) kodeks(r)

coffee   kofe(r)

coffin   tabyt

cogitate   šlºermek

coil   tegek

coin   ºaØy, te––e, ekankalamak

coincide   gabat gelmek

cold   sowuk, sowuklyk, Øo–

cold-bloodedness   sowukganlylyk

colic   sanjy

collaboration   hyzmat daºlyk

collapse   lagºamak

collar   hamyt, hamytlamak

colleague   iºdes, iºger, iºgŠr, kŠrdeº

collect   ŸØºŸrmek, Øygnamak, ykjamlamak, šplemek

collection   kolleksiØa(r), Øygnanyºyk, Øygym

collective farm   kolhoz(r)

collective farmer   kolhozi(r)

collector   Øygymy

collide   akyºmak, aknyºmak, (head on) kaklyºmak

collision   aknyºyk

cologne   odekolon(r)

colonel   polkownik(r)

colonial   bakyna, koloniØal(r), golasty

colony   kolonoØa(r)

color   re–klemek, re–k

colored   re–kli

colorful   re–kli

colt   taØanak, taØ

column   kolonna(r), sŸtŸn, sŸtŸn

comb   darak, keke, timar bermek, daramak

comb one's hair   tŸØtmek

combine   kombaØn(r), urnamak, utgaºdyrmak, sapmak

come   gelmek

come across   tapmak, unamak, akyºmak, uramak

come apart   aºmak

come back   dolanmak

come down   škmek, dŸºmek

come down on    dazarylmak

come late   gilemek

come off   Øokmak, Øokuºmak

come on!    davaØ(r)

come taking   alyp gelmek

come the point   dilleºmek

come to   duº gelmek

come to life   direlmek, janlanmak

come untied   šzŸlmek

come up   gšgermek

comedy   komediØa(r)

comfort   tagaºyk

comfortable   amatly, jaØlaºykly, ynjalykly, emeli, tagaºykly

comfortably   ornaºykly, Øerdeºikli

coming   barlyºyk

coming out   nejat

comission   tabºyryk

comma   otur

command   buØruk, komandowanie(r), buØurmak, hškŸm, zakaz(r)

commandant   komendant(r)

commander   komandir(r), komanduØyiØ(r), serkerde

commerce   aluw-satuw, sšwda, sšwda

commissar   komissar(r)

commission   komissiØa(r), sargyt

commissions   hysyrdy

committe   komitet(r)

committee   komissiØa(r)

commodity   haryt

common   umumy

common cold   dŸmew

common people (???)   garamaØak

commoness   umumylyk

communism   kommunizm(r)

communist   kommunist(r)

communist youth league   komsomol(r)

community   umumylyk

community aid   Øowar

companion   ºŠrik, Øoldaº

company   kampaniØa, rota(r)

comparison   me–zetme

compartment (on a train)   kupe(r)

compass   kompas(r)

compassion   mŠhri, rehim

compassionate   dšzŸmsiz, rehimdar, rehimli

compel   puºman getermek, zorlamak

compensate   tšlemek

compensation   šwez

compete   Øaryºmak

compete with   apyºmak

competition   konkurs(r), Øaryº

compiler   dŸzŸji

complain   kŠØinmek, ºikaØat etmek, zeØrenmek, nalamak

complaint   nalyº, ºikaØat, zeØren, nala

complete   ºalpy-ºara–, hyryn-dykyn, tamamlanmak, tŸmmek, torsuk, aØyrmak, so–lamak, Øerine Øetirmek, aØrylmak, (a set) komplektlemek(r), komplekt(r)

completely   bŸtinleØ

complex   ylºyrymly, kompleks(r)

complicate   kynlaºdyrmak

complicated   ylºyrymly

compliment   šwmek

component   goºulyjy

compose   taØyarlamak

composed   dŸzŸwli, gi–

composer   kompozitor(r), dŸzŸji

composite   kompleksleØin(r)

composition   dŸzme, dŸzŸm, eser

compositor   Øygyjy

compound   goºma

comprehensive   hemmetaraplaØyn

compress   kompres(r)

comprised of   ybarat

compulsion   jebir, jepa, zoluk

compulsory   mejbury, hškmany

conceal   jaØlamak, Øygºyrmak, bukmak, gizlenmek, lak bolmak, Øaºyrmak, sumat bolmak

conceit   men-menlik

conceited   gompy, gopbamsy

concentrate   Øygnamak

concern   degirmek

concerning   degiºli, dogruda

concert   konsert(r)

concerted   maslahatlaylyk

concession   egliºik

conclusion   gutaryº, netije, karar

concordant   sazlaºyk

concourse   hŸmer

concrete   beton(r)

condition   ºert, ØagdaØ

conditional   ºertli

conditions   o––ut

conduct   šzŸni alyp baryº, Øazlamak, geirmek, Øšretmek

conductor   geiriji, prowodnik(r), (of a band or orchestra) dirijØor(r), (on a train) konductor(r)

confer   maslahatlaºmak

conference   konferensiØa(r), mejlis, gurultaØ, maslahat

confess   boØun almak

confide   sargamak, sarmak

confidential   ynanja–

conflict   dawa

conform   laØyk bolmak

conformity   kybap

confuse   Øal–yºdyrmak, alºyrmak

confused   garjaºmak

confusion   bulam-bujar, se–selik, garma-gŸrmelik, haØa

congeal   ºatlamak

congratulate   gutlamak

congratulation   mŸbŠrek

congratulations   gutlag

congress   kongres(r), slØot(r)

conical   Ÿri, zšmmek

connect   baglamak, sepiºmek, seplemek, itmek

connection   itim, arabaglanºyk, aragatnaºyk

conquer   ŸstŸn ykmak, Øe–mek, eØelemek

conscience   wyjdan, ynsap, namys

conscientious   ynsaply

consciousness   mŸØn

consecutive   birsydyrgyn

consequently   netijede

conservatory   konserwatoriØa(r)

consider   hasaplamak, Šsgermek, saØmak

considerable   esli, ŠhmiØetli

consideration   oØlanma

considered   hasaplanmak, oØlanyºykly

consist   ybarat bolmak

consistent   kanagatly, yzygideri

consolidate   pugtalandurmak, jebisleºmek

consolidation   jebislik

consonant   ekimsiz ses

conspiracy   dildŸwºŸk

constantly   zol

constitution   konstitutsiØa(r), sŸu

construction   gurluº, gurluºlyk, konstruksiØa(r)

consul   konsul(r)

consulate   konsulhana(r), konsullyk(r)

consult   hštde gelmek, aramak, maslahatlamak

consultation   konsultasiØa(r)

consume   sarp etmek, sowmak

contain   eklemek

contemporary   hŠzirki, (peer) dšwŸrdeº

content   mazmuny, razy

contentment   razØlyk

contest   konkurs(r)

continent   materik

continental   kontinental(r)

contingent   kontingent(r)

continual   ykgynsyz

continually   dura-bara, durdugya

continue   dowam etmek

continuous   birsyhly

contract   potratylyk, ºertnama

contradictory   gapma-garºy

contribution   goºant

contrive   tos-toslamak

control   kontrol(r), kontrollyk(r), dolandyrmak, geirmek

controller   kontrolØor(r)

controversy   ekeleºik

convenience   tagaºyk

convenient   emeli, tagaºykly

convenient situation   eme

convention   gurultaØ

conversation   gep-gŸrrŸ–, gep, gŸrrŸ–, sšz

conversation partner   sšhbetdeº

conversational   geplemºek

converse   gepleºmek, gŸrrŸ–deºmek

conversion   ØŸzlenme

convex   gŸberek

convey   gowºuramak

conveyor   konweØer(r)

convince   ynandyrmak

convincing   ynandyryjy, degerli

cook   aºpez, biºirmek, taØyarlamak

cookie   kške, peenØa(r)

cool   salkyn, ters, sowamak

coolness   sele–

cooperative   kooperatiw(r)

coopertation   hyzmat daºlyk

coordinated   maslahatlaylyk

cope   o–armak, šzleºdirmek

copper   mis

copy   kopiØa(r), nusga, ekzemplØar(r)

copying   wypiska(r)

coquetry   nŠz

coquettish   nŠzli

core   šzen-

cork   dyky

corn   mekgejšwen

corn silk   gulpak

corner   Ÿ–k, kŸnjek, (of the eye) ikge

corpse   lŠsh, maslyk, meØit

correct   dŸrs, hak, mamla, jaØ

corrected   gurat

correspondent   habary

corresponding   kybapdaº

corridor   koridor(r)

cosmetics   kosmetika(r)

cosmonaut   komonawt(r)

Cossack   kazak

costly   ºaØ-sep

cotton   gowaa, pagta, it, apak

cotton boll   goza

cough   ŸsgŸlewuk, ŸsgŸrlewŸk, ŸsgŸrmek

cough up   ardynjyramak

council   ybadathana, maslahat

count   hasap, sanamak, sifrlemek

count in   hasaplamak

count on   arkaØyn bolmak

counted   sanly

countenance   jamal, Øš–keme

counter   kapasa

counterfeit   galp

country   watan, Ÿlke, Øurt

countryman   ildeº

coupon   talon(r)

courage   batyrlyk, mertlik, ØŸreklilik

courageous   batyr, mert, ØŸrekli

courageously   merdana, mertlere

course   kurs(r), dowan

court   sud(r)

courteous   sypaØy

courteously   sypaØylykly

courtesy   sypaØylyk

cousin   bajak, ykan, doganoglan

cover   Øapmak, gapak, oramak, pokryºka(r), sahap, Øapgy, basyrmak, buky, Øapy, jilt, aØmak, gaplamak, šrtmek, ºifirlemek(r)

cover oneself up   kereplemek, kesmeklemek

covered   Øapyk

covering   pena

covet   emenmek, imtilmek

cow   sygyr

coward   namart, zŸwwetdin

cowardice   gorkaklyk, namartlyk

cowardly   sar, namart

crack   jaØryk, ºartyldy, at, ºatyrdy, ºyrkyldamak, Øaryk, yº, itgitlemek, hytyrdamak, jaØrylmak, pylamak, ºartyldamak, ºatyrdamak, Øarylmak, paramak

crack up   atlamak, maØrylmak

crackle   ºartyldamak, ºyrkyldy, ºatyrdamak, ºyrkyldamak

crackling   jyzzyk

craft   hŸnŠr, senet, Øasamak

crafted   hŸnŠrmentilik

craftiness   hilegŠrlik, hokga, hile, ºeØtanlyk

craftsman   hŸnŠrment, ussat, ussa, ØasaØjy

crafty   mekir

crag   gaØa

cram in   Øuwaºamak

crane (bird)   durna

crash   ºatyrdy, aknyºyk, ºartyldy, gŸrpŸldemek

crawl   Øorelmek, emedeklemek, sŸØrenmek

crawl away   pitirdemek

crazy   dŠli, telbe

creak   ykyrdy, ykyrdamak

cream   gaØmak, krem(r)

creamy   gaØmakly

crease   epin

create   dšretmek, gurmak, dšretmek

creation   dšredijilik, dšretme

creations   ºahyrlyk

creator   dšrediji

credibility   san-cyz

credit   kredit(r)

creek   

creep   bukdaklamak, sŸØrenmek, Øorelmek

creep into   sŸmmek

crepe   byzmyk

crest   Ÿr depesi

crested   Ÿri

crevice   yº, at, Øaryk

crew   ekipazh(r)

crib   sallanak, Øasli(r)

crime   jenaØat, gŸnŠ

criminal   jenaØatly, jenaØatcy

criminal act   jenaØatylyk

cripple   olak

crisis   krizis(r)

crisp   kitirdewŸk

critical   tankydy

criticism   tankyt

critique   tankyt, tankytlamak

croak   gagyldamak, warkyldamak

crochet needle   e––ek

crooked   egri

crop   ekin, peteke

cross   atanak, ha, aºmak, štmek, Štlemek, (each other) kesiºmek

cross one's legs   iliºirmek

cross-country race   kros(r)

crossing   olum

crossroads   atryk

crow   garga, zag

crowd   hŸmer, ŸØºmele–, tŸmmeklemek

crowding   dyknyºyk

crown   pŸr, tŠ, sŸlenmek

crude   harsal

cruel   zabun

cruiser   kreØser(r)

crumb   owuntyk

crumble   owmak, owranmak, pytramak

crumbly   Øumºak

crumple   lokgalamak, tokgalamak, Øygyrmak

crunch   hytyrdamak, hatyrdamak, kibirdemek, kitirdetmek, ykyrdamak, hokurdamak

crush   itniºik, dyknyºyk, kŸlkelemek, maØdalamak

crust (of bread)   gy–ak

crutch   piºek

cry   haØkylyk, aglamak, e–remek, (of a baby) jŠgildemek

cry out   zowlatmak, ygyrmak, haØkyrmak, he–kirmek, waØkyrmak

cry out angrily   herrelmek

crying   agy

crystal   hrustal(r)

cube   kub(r)

cubicle   kabina(r)

cuckoo   ikatŠk

cucumber   hyØar

cultivate   šsdŸrmek

cultivation   kultiwatsiØa(r)

cultivator   kultiwator(r)

cultural   medeni, medeniØet, medeniØetli, medeniØeti

culture   medeniØet

cumbersome   gaba

cunning   hile, mekirlik, sap, ºeØtanlyk, hilegŠrlik, hokga

cunning fellow   hilegŠr

cup   anak, kŠse, tabak

cupboard   ºkaf(r)

cupola   gŸmmez

cure   sagdynlaºdyrmak

curious   bilesigeliji

curiousity   bilesigelijilik

curl   buØrak, (of smoke) burugsamak

curl up   ugutmak

curly   buØrak

currency   walØuta(r), te––e

curse   nŠlet, sšgmek, nŠletlemek

curse out   kŠemek

cursive   Øazmaa

curtain   perde, tuty

curtsy   ommalmak

curvature   egrilik

curve   gyºyk, epmek, epilmek, (on one's own) eplenmek

curvy   aØlawly

cushion   dŸºek

custom   urp-adat, dessur

customer   alajy, mŸderi

customs   gŸmrŸk

customs house   gŸmrŸkhana

cut   kesmek, biim, kertik, Øartma, dilik, bimek, dilmek, gyØmak, kŠselemek, Øylmamak, irtmek

cut along the grain   sepºik de– bšlemek

cut down   gyrkmak

cut in   kesmek

cut off   Øolunmak, soØmak, Øolmak

cut out   sepikdirmek

cut pieces   dogramak

cut slightly   kertmek

cut up   Øarmak

cut with a sharp edge   syhalamak

cut with scissors   gaØylamak

cutlet   kotlet(r)

cutter   kater

cylinder   silindr(r)

D

daily   gŸndizki, gŸnsaØyn, ØatymlaØyn

dam   bent, bšwet, gatla

dam up   bentlemek

damage   Øamanlyk

damn   nŠletlemek

damnation   gargyº, nŠlet

damp   ig, yzgarly, nemli

dampen   zaØleek

dampness   zeØ, yglyk

dance   tans(r), tans etmek(r)

dancer (prominent)   tansy(r)

dandruff   go–ak

danger   howp

dangerous   hatarly, gorkuly, gorkun, biderek

dangle   salparmak

dangling   salpy

dare   milt, milt etmek

dark   gara–ky

dark complexioned   garaØagyz, bugdaØ renk

darken   gara–kyramak

darkness   gara–kylyk, tŸm, tŸmlŸk, kšrlŸk, gara–ky

dart   okdurylmak

dash   garnuw, garyndy, okdurylmak, topulmak, ozmak

date   hurma, sene

dawn   da–, sŠher, da– atmak, Øagtylmak

day   gŸn

day after tomorrow   birigŸn

day and night   gije-gŸndiz

day before yesterday   š––in

day care center   Øasli(r)

daylight   gŸndizki

daytime   gŸndiz, gŸndizine

dazzle   alarmak

dazzling   ilgin

dead   šli, šli, wepat, jansyz, Øitigsi

dead body   maslyk, meØit

deaf   gŸ–, ker

deafness   kerlik

deal   o–armak

dean   dekan

dear   eziz, mŠhriban

dear one   gadyrly

death   ajal, šlŸm

death rate   šlŸm derejesi

deaths   šlŸm-Øitim

debate   ekiºmeler, ekisme, jedel, oØlanmak, ekiºme etmek

debauche   jenjel

debt   algy, bergi, ykdajy

debtor   bergidar

decade   dekada

decanter   grafim(r)

deceased   wepat bolan

deceive oneself   aldanmak

December   dekabr

decent   kemally

deception   aldaw, gšzboØagylyk

decide (set your heart)   ØŸregine dŸwmek

decision   šzgŸt, karar

decisive   kesgin, tšwekgel, ŸzŸl-kesil

declaration   arza

declare   yglanetmek

decline   kemelmek

decorate   haºamlamak, beslemek, bezemek, nagyºlamak

decorated person   ordenli

decoration   bezeg, haºam, orden, ºaØ

decorative pattern   nagyº

decrease   saØpallamak, gowzalmak, kemelmek, kielmek, peseletmek, peslemek

decree   ukaz(r), dekrek

dedicated   janypkeº, mynasybetli

dedication   janypkeºlik

deep   u–, Øygy

deep thoughts   oØ-pikir

deepen   u–altmak

deepen gradually   u–laºmak

deer   sugun, sugun

defeat   Øe–mek

defect   kem

defend   goramak, penalamak

defend oneself   penalanmak

defense   pena

define   kesgitlemek

definite   mŠlim

definition   kesgitleme, kesgitnama

definitive   ymykly

deflect   ret etmek

deformed   ºumroØ

deformity   ºumroØluk

deft   ØŸwrŸk, akgan

degenerate   Ÿpremek

degree   dereje, ak, gradus

delay   haØallatmak, sagynmak, eglemek, haØal-Øagallyk etmek, gijikdirmek

delegate   delegat

delegation   delegatsiØa

delicate   nŠzik, Øuka

delight   keØp, sapa

deliver   Šklemek, gowºuramak, eltmek, tabºyrmak

dell   kšw

demand   talap, zaØawka(r)

demarcate   pel ekmek

democracy   demokratsiØa(r)

democratic   demokratik(r)

demolish   Øumrulmak, Øumurmak, Øykmak

demolished   weØranylykly

demon   dšw

den   sŸren

denegrate   Øš–kemek

dense   goØry, goØy, Øygjam, dykyz, gŸr, Øygy

density   syklyk, goØulyk, syk, tšp

dent   Øemºertmek

dented   Øemºik

deny   dŠnmek, inkŠr etmek

department store   uniwermag(r)

depend on   bagly bolmak, garaºly bolmak

dependable   Šhtibar, ynamly

dependence   garaºlylyk

dependent   bagly, elgarama, garaºly, golasty

depict   suratlandyrmak, sypatlandyrmak, ºekillendirmek

deposit   goØum, gatlamak, škŸndi

depraved   harap

depth   u–luk, jŸmmŸº

deputy   deputat(r), orunbasar

descend   dŸºmek

descendants   nesil

descent   e–aºak

describe   suratlandyrmak, sypatlandyrmak, beØan etmek, suratlandyrmak

description   suratlandyrma, wasp

desert   šl, gum

deserted   olarmak

deserve   mynasyp bolmak

deserving (of)   mynasyp

design   bejergi, yzmak, hyØal, konstruksiØa(r), pygyl, tos-toslamak

design (for)   niØetlemek

designer   konstuktor(r)

desire   isleg, gšwnamek, kŸØsemek, meØillenmek, myrat, ymtylmak

desire (for)   hšwes

desirous of   gšwŸnje–

desk   parta(r)

desperate   ykgynsyz

despise   Øigrenmek

despite   garamazdan

despotism   eden-etdilik

destiny   nesibe, igin

destroy   opurmak, syndyrmak, Øegsan etmek, Øumrulmak, Øumurmak, Øykmak

destroy (crops)   otamak

destroyed   berbat

destroyer   istrebitel

destruction   hapalyk, berbat

detachment   otrØad

detain   eglemek, gŸØmemek, saklamak

detained   eglenmek

detainee   tussag

detective   sŸlhi

deteriorate   erbetlemek, erbetleºmek, Øaramazlaºmak, haØallamak

determination   aØgyt

determine   seljermek

determined   aØgytly, dogumly

detriment   Øamanlyk

develop   šsmek, hars

development   šsŸº

devil   ºeØtan

devoid   mahrum

devoted   bagyº, jankšer

devoted to   mynasybetli

devotee   mudak

dexterity   akganlyk

dextrous   akgan

dial (to telephone)   pyntyklamak

dialect   dialekt(r), ºiwe

diarrhea   iagyry, igeme

diary   gŸndelik

dice   zar

dictation   diktant(r)

dictatorship   diktatura(r)

dictionary   sšzlŸk

die   šlmek, zar, aradan ykmak, dŸnØŠden štmek, šlmek, wepat bolmak, Øykylmak, aØrylmak

diesel   dizel(r)

diet   ybadathana

differ   tapawutlanmak

difference   parh, tapawut, ŸØtgeºiklik

different   aØry, dŸrli-dŸrli, eØleki, gaØry, ŸØtgeºik, dŸrli

differentiate   tapawutlandyrmak, parhlandyrmak

differently   baºgaa

differentness   tapawut

difficult   atak, etin, kyn, mŸgil

difficulty   hyllalla, kynylyk, kynlyk, muakgat

diffused   syrylmak

dig   gazmak, kšwlemek, kšwmek

dig around for   dšrmek

dig in   dikmek

dig into   dšrjemek

digest   lasyrdamak, sindirmek, si–dirmek

dignity   mertebe, namysja–

digress   syrykdyrmak

dike   gay, gatla

dilapidated (used of clothing)   gšwºŸl

dim   Øitigsi, Ÿmezlemek

dim-witted   kšrzehin

dimension   gabara

diminish   kemelmek, kielmek, sabamak, seØreklemek, Øuwaºatmak, egismek

dimwit   kšrlŸk

din   gowga, ºowhun, gopgun

dining hall   naharhana

dining room   naharhana

dinner   agºamlyk nahar, gŸnortanlyk nahar

diploma   diplom(r)

diplomatic   diplomatic(r)

direct   gšni, dogrulamak, gšnŸkdirmek, ugramak, ØŸzlenmek

direction   tarap, ugur

directions   gšnŸme, wagyz-nesihat

directly   gšmelteØ

director   direktor(r)

dirt   or, yrºak, gŠz, hapa

dirty   hapa, kirli, kirletmek, hapalamak

disability   maØyplyk

disabled person   maØyp

disadvantage   gelºiksizlik

disadvantageous   gelºiksiz

disagree   garºy cykmak

disagreeable   ylalaºyksyz, mŠhirsiz

disagreement   jetlik, razy bolmazlyk

disappear   gŸrŸm-jŸrŸm bolmak, Øitmek, sumat bolmak, umak

disarm   Øaragsyzlandyrmak

disaster   bela

discernible   Ÿmhšrek

discipline   dŸzgŸn-nyzam, dŸzgŸn-tertip, tertibe agyrmak

disciplined   tertipli

discontent   nŠgilelik

discontented   nŠgile

discourteous   biedep

discourtesy   biedeplik

discovery   tapyndy

discussion   ekeleºik, ekisme, sšhbet, gŸrrŸ–

disdain   Šsgermezilik, Šsgermezlik, harlamak

disease   syrkawlyk, hassalyk, kesel

disgrace   masgarylyk, ØŸzŸgaralyk, masgaralamak

disguise   sumat bolmak

disgusted   Øarsmak

disgusting   Øigrenji

dish   tabak, tagam

dishes   gapga

disheveled   imeºik

disinterested   gšwŸnsiz

disjointed   agzala

disk   ºaØba(r)

dismiss   kowmak

dismissal   otctawka(r)

dismount   dŸºmek

disorderly   garagol, garym-gatym

dispatch office   ekspedisiØa(r)

dispatcher   dispeter(r)

disperse   aºmak, pytramak

displeased   nŠgile

displeasure   nŠgilelik

dispute   ekeleºik, ekeleºmek

disquiet   rahatsyzlandyrmak, ynjalyksyzlandyrmak, gozgala–

disruption   opurylyºyk

dissatifaction   nŠgilelik, nŠrazylyk

dissatisfied   nŠgile, nŠrazy

dissertation   dissertatsiØa(r)

dissoluteness   kelesa–lyk

dissuade   ret etmek

distance   aralyk, menzil, uzaklyk

distant   alysda, uzak

distinctive   parhly, šzboluºly

distinguish   parhly bolmak, saØgarmak, seljermek, tapawutlandyrmak

distinquished   tanymal

distort   gyºartmak, ØoØmak, aغarmak

distress   hasrat, gynamak

distressed   ynjamak

district   uastok(r)

disturb   rahatsyzlandyrmak

disturbed   gowgaly

disturbing   galagoply, howsalaly

ditch   ganaw, garnym, gorp, Øap

diver   wodolaz(r)

diverge   gyºarmak

diverse   dŸrli

diversion   Øykgynylyk

divert   sowmak

divert one's attention   syrykdyrmak

divide   saka, taraz, bšlmek, paØlamak, paØlasºmak, Ÿlemek

division (military)   divisiØa(r)

do   elujundan etmek, etmek

do evil   hyØanat etmek

do one's best   jan etmek

do quickly   haØdamak

do so   ºeØtmek

do such   ºeØtmek

doccent   dotsent(r)

doctor   doktor(r), wra(r)

document   dokument(r)

dodger   hilegŠr

dograma   dograma

doll   gurjak, emzik

dolt   pekge

dome   gŸmmez

donkey   eºek

door   gapy, iºik

dot   nokat

double entendre   ikuly

doubt   i–kis, ºek, ºŸbhe, ºŸbhelenmek, mŸ–kŸrlenmek

doubtful   gŸmana, ºŸbheli

doubtless   ºŸbhesiz

dough   hamyr

dove   kepderi

down   ŸbtŸk

downpour   abga, jala

dowry   ºaØ-sep

dozing   oØaly-ukuly

draft   ertØor(r), garalama, taslama, yzgy

dragon   ajdarha

dragonfly   teneir

drama   drama(r)

draughtsman   grafik(r)

draw   tartmak, ekmek, yzmak

draw out   uzaklaºdyrmak

drawer   eker

drawing   yzgy, yzgy

drawing of a lottery   tira£

drawn (game)   hutma-hut

dreadful   elhen

dream   arzuw, dŸØº, uky, dŸØºŸrgemek

dreary   tukat

dress   kšØnek

dress oneself   geØmek

dress somebody   geØdirmek, geØindirmek

dressmaker   kšØneke

dried   guradylan

dried apricots   kiºde

dried fruit   kiºde

dried melon   kak

drift   ka–kamak

drill   zarØadka(r), burawlamak

drink   hopurdatmak, imek

drinks   hšdŸr

drip   damjalamak, dammak, sarkmak

drive   tigirlemek, togalamak, Ÿwek, haØdatmak, idirdetmek, sŸrmek

drive cattle   kowalamak, kowalaºmak

drive in   kakmak

driver   sŸrŸgi, ºofØor(r)

driveway   podØezd(r)

drizzle   is–i, is–emek, sepelemek

drone   wazzyldy

drop   damja, sallamak, gayrmak, dškŸlmek, gamak

droppings   tezek

drown   gark bilmak

drugstore   dermanhana

drum   deprek

drunk   pØan(r), serhoº

dry   gury, ŸrgŸn, kepemek, sarykmak, kakamak

dry out   guramak

dry up   alykmak

dry-farming   dŸme

dryer   suºilka

dryness   gurulyk

dubious   ºŸbheli

duck   šrdek

dull   kŸtek, kŸteltmek, šgŸn, šŸgsi, Øitigsi, gamaºyk

dull in color   al

dummy   emzik

dunce   Šhlepus, pekge

dung   tezek

dung beetle   tomazak

durability   ydamlylyk

durable   mŠkŠm

during   dowamynda, dšwrŸnde

dusk   i–rik

dust   a–, kirºen, toz, tozan, Øuwundy, tozamak, tozatmak

duty   bor, karz, nesØe, Øumuº, narØad

dwelling   mesgen, jaØ

dye   garalamak

dyke   bent

E

each other   birek-biregi

eager   yhlasly

eagle   bŸrgŸt

ear(s)   gulak

earlier   š–inŠ, hemiºe, irki

earlobe   sŸmek

early   ir, irki

early evening   ikindi, ilkagºam

early morning dawn   irgšzin

early spring   alabahar, alaØaz

earn   eklenmek, gazanmak

earnings   gazan, ysygra, teneir

earth   toprak, Øer

earthenware pot   gola

earthquake   Øer titremesi

ease   Øe–illik

east   gŸndogar

eastern   gŸndogar

easy   a–sat, Øe–illeºdirmek, ØšnekeØ, erkana

eat   iØmek

eat a little   diºlemek

eat and drink   iØmek-imek

eat away   kertmek

eat grass   otlamak

eat one's fill   doØmak

eat some   garbak-gurbak etmek, garbanmak

ecclesiastical   ruhy

echo   Øa–

economical   tygºytly

economics   ykdysadyØet

economist   ydysaty

economize   tygºytlamak

economy   tygºyt, tygºytlylyk, ykdysady

edge   er–ek, gylaw, et, tyg, mekan

edging   jŠhek

edible   iØmit

edict   ukaz(r)

edit   redaktirlemek(r)

editing   redaksion(r)

editor   redaktor(r)

editorial staff   redaksiØa(r)

editorship   redaktorlyk(r)

educate   terbiØelemek

educated   bilimli, okuwly, ylymly

education   bilim, magaryf, terbiØeleØiº

educational   terbiØeilik, terbiØeleØjilik

educator   magaryfy, terbiØei

eek!   

effect   effekt(r)

effective   netijeli

effectiveness   netijelilik

effeminate   lŠlik

effeminateness   lŠliklik

efficacious   degerli

efficient   baºarjan, Øetiºikli

effort   tagalla

egg   Øumurtga

eggplant   badamjan

eight   sekiz

eighth   sekizinji

eightieth   segseninji

eighty   segsen

elbow   tirsek

elder   Øaºuly

election   saØlaw, saØlow

elector   saØlawy

electrical connection   tok(r)

electrification   elektrifikasiØa(r)

electrify   elektrifisirlemek

electrik   elektrik(r)

elegance   nepislik

elegant   nepis, sypaØy

element   element(r)

elementary   elementar(r)

elephant   pil

elipses   kšp nokat

else   dagy

elucidate   ºšhlelendirmek

embarass   utandyrmak

embarassment   haØa, hyllalla

embark   ugramak

embark upon   giriºmek, ugratmak

embarrassed   ekinmek

embassy   ilihana

embellish   nagyºlamak

embellishment   ºaØ

embers   kšz

emblem   emblema(r), gerb

embrace   gujak, gujaklamak, gujaklaºmak

embrace with   yrlamak

embroider   atmak, tikmek, gaØamak, keºdelemek, keºte etmek, nagyº ekmek

embroidered   keºdeli

embroidery   gaØma, kede, keºte

embryo   ºinde

emerge   sekmek, peØda bolmak

emergence   nejat

eminent   genial(r), gšrnŸkli, tanymal

emit an unpleasing odor   a–kawmak

emphasize   nygtamak, omzamak

emphatic preposition   di–

emphatic suffix   na

employ   Øaratmak

employment   hyzmat

emptiness   boºluk

empty   howaØy, pak, pu, ØŸksŸz, boº, boºatmak

enable   mŸmkinilik etmek

enamel   syra

encircle   gurºawmak, gabamak

encirclement   gabaw

enclose   gurºawmak

enclosed   Øapyk

enclosure   agyl

encounter   duºmak, duºuºmak, duºuºyk

encourage   hšweslendirmek

encrust   gaºlamak

encrustations   gaº

encyclopedia   ensiklopediØa(r)

end   ahyr, tamam bolmak, tamamlamak, u, gutarmak, aØak

endeavor   hysyrdamak, ytalaºmak

ending   goºulma

endlessly   hŠli-ºindi

endure   ydamak

enemy   duºman, Øagy

energetic   gujurly, galadaw, sšweºjen

energetic   Øadawsyz

energy   enegiØa(r), gujur

enforce   mejbur etmek

engine   dwigatel(r), motor(r)

engineer   injener(r)

engineering   injenerlik(r)

English   i–lis, i–lise

enjoy   hezel etmek, ºatlanmak

enjoyment   sapa

enlarge   ulalmak

enlightenment   magaryf

enlist   pyntyklamak

enormous   mŠhnet

enough   bes, gerk-gŠbe, Øeterlik

enraged   Ÿz–e

enrich   baØlaºdyrmak

enriched   baØan

ensue   eØermek

entangled   bulaºyk

enter   girmek

enter into   Øerleºmek

entertain   hšdŸrlemek, gŸØmemek

entertainment   hšdŸr, hezillik

enthusiasm   entuziazm(r)

entire   bitin

entirely   durºuna, tutuº, tutuºlagyna, tutuºlaØyn

entitle   hukuk bermek

entitled   ygtyØarly

entrance   girelge, podØezd(r)

entrapment   gabahatylyk

entrust   tabºyrmak

entrust with   ØŸklemek

entry   Øazgy

envelope   bukja

envious   bahyl, gšrip, iigara

environment   halka

environs   tšwerek

envy   bahyllyk, iigaralyk

epigraph   epigraf(r)

epilepsy   garaguº, tutgaØ

episode   epizod(r)

epoch   dšwŸr, zaman

equal   barabar, de–, endigan

equality   de–lik

equally   barabar

equestrian   apyksuwar

equip   enjamlaºdyrmak

equipment   enjam, serenjam

era   era(r), zaman

erase   bozmak

eraser   bozgu

erode   oburmak

errand   Øumuº

erroneous   telek

eruption   šrgŸn

escalator   eskalator(r)

escape   ala, sypmak, ylgaw, dyndarmak

essay   oerk, dŸzme

essential   dŸØpli, mšhŸm

establish   Øšretmek

esteem   hatyra, hezzet-hormat, hormat, hormatlamak

esteemed   hormatly

estimation   rasØot(r)

eternal   baky, ebedi, šmŸrlik, ebedilik

eternity   ebedilik

Ethiopian   efiop(r)

etude   etØud(r)

evaluate   nyrhlamak

evaporate   bugarmak

evasion   sapalk

even   hatda, hekaØat

even in number   jŸbŸt

even out   de–lemek

evening   gilik

event   hadysa, waka

evergreen tree   Øolka(r)

everlasting   šmŸrlik

every   her, hersi, hemme, kes

every month   aØba-aØ

every other day   gŸnasa

everyone   bary

everything   bary

evidence   delil, ºaØatlyk, ºaØatnama

evident   ŠºgŠr

evil   hyrsyz, hyØanat, iigaralyk, um, iigara

exact   takyk, dogry, hut

exacting   talapkŠr

exactitude   talapkŠrlik

exactly   nokatma-nokat, edil, gyrade–

exactness   takyklyk

exam   zaØot(r)

examination   der–ew, ekzamen(r)

examine   barlamak, esetmek, Øaltaklamak

examiner   barlagy, der–ewi

example   mysal, gšredeli

excavator   ekskawator(r)

excellent   otlino(r)vtšweleme

excerpting   wypiska(r)

excessive   akdanaºa, endanaºa, hetdenaºa

exchange   alyº-alyº, alºyk, alyºma, alyºmak, alºyrmak, alyºmak, uºatmak

exchange news   habarlaºmak

excite   tolgundyrmak

excited   gšgŸnli

excitement   tolgunyºyk

excuse   bahana

exemplary   emeli

exercise   maºk, bedenterbie, zarØadka(r), (in a book) gšnŸkme

exert oneself   emgenmek

exertion   tagalla

exhaust   horlamak

exhausted   sustupes

exhibit   eksponirlemek(r)

exhibition   eksponat(r), sergi

exile   sŸrgŸn, sŸrgŸn etmek

exist   bar

existence   durmuº, gŸzeran

exit   ala, ykalga, ahyr, ykmak

expand   gi–lemek

expansion   gi–leme

expect   oslamak

expectation   hantama, hantamaylyk

expedition   ekspedisiØa(r)

expend   harajat etmek, harlamak

expenditure   ykdajy, har

expense   ykdaØjy, har

expensive   gymmat, gymmatly

experience   tejribe, synamak

experienced   tejribeli

experimental   eksperiment(r)

expert   habarly, edenli

expertise   ekspertizia(r)

explain   aØdy–laºdyrmak, dŸºŸndirmek

explanation   dŸºŸndiriº, dŸºŸnje

explanatory   dŸºŸndiriºli

explode   Øarmak, partlamak, Øarylmak

exploit   eksplutatirlemek(r)

exploitation   ekplutasiØa(r)

explosion   partlama, Øarylma

exponent   gšrkeziji

export   eksport(r), eksportirlemek(r)

expose   eksponirlemek(r)

exposure   paº

express   a–latmak

expression   a–latma, jŸmle

extend   batlandyrmak, uzatmak, ukuralmak, sŸØndŸrmek, sŸØnmek

extensive   u–almak

extent   dereje, uzynlyk

exterior   daº, mysala

external   daºary

externally   gaØybana

extinct   šen, sšnen

extinguish   šmek, sšndŸrmek, Ÿzmek

extol   gštergimek

extra   artyk, artykma

extract   daºlaºdyrmak

extraction   kšwek

extreme   gyraky

extremely   biak, juda

exult   heºelle kakmak

eye   garak, gšz

eye to eye   ikiŠk

eyebrow   gaº 1

eyelash   kirpik

eyelid   gabak

F

fabric   mata, materiØa(r)

face   didar, keºp, Øš–keme, ØŸz

face to face   pete-pet, gaºba-gaº

fact   fakt(r)

factory   fabrik, zawod(r)

faculty   fakultØet(r)

fade   pyssarmak, solmak, solmak, sšnmek, sŸllermek

faded   solgun, myssyk

failure   sowsuzlyk

faint   se–selemek

fair   adalatly, ugurdaº, ynsaply

fairness   adalat

fairy tale   erteki

faithful   jankšer, dindar

faithless   biwepa

faithlessness   biwepalyk

fake   galp, jšgi

faker   aldawy

falcon   layn

fall   gŸØz, batmak, škmek, Øykylmak, gagakmak

fall asleep   uklamak, irkilmek

fall back   ekilmek

fall ill   yryklamak, syrkawlamak

fall in   hopmak, e–termek

fall in the habit of   Ÿretmek

fall inpieces   lagºamak

fall off   gopmak, hopmak

fall out   gopmak

fallen tree   apyk

fallow   boz

fallow deer   maral

false   Øalan, Øalandan, emeli, ters, Øasama

falsehood   ypdyrma

falsify   galplaºdyrmak

fame   meºhurlyk, ºan

familiar (person)   tanyº

familiarize   šwreniºdirmek

family   maºgala

family house   šØ-iºik

famous   ºanly, meºhur

fan   Øelpemek

fantastic   fantastika(r)

fantasy   fantaziØa(r)

far   alys, uzak, daº

farm   ferma(r)

farming   ekeranylyk

farrow   jojuklamak

fascinated   gŸrma bolmak

fashion   moda(r), biim

fast   tiz, aØakly, agyz beklemek, (religious) post(r)

fast-breeding   guzla––y

fasten   danmak, šrklemek

fastidious   Ÿmhšrek

fat   semiz

fat man   inedšrdŸl

fate   nesibe, takdyr, tŠleØ, Øazgyt, ykbal, bije, ŸlŸº

father   kaka, dŠde, šweØ

fatigue   Øadawlyk

fatness   semizlik

fatten   parkyldamak, semremek

fattened   parkyldy, gurat

faucet   kran(r)

fault   gŸnŠ

favorable   o–aØly, enaØy, ugurdaº

favorite   sšØguli, sšØli, syrdaº

fear   gorky, heder, howatyr, eØmenmek, howtyrlanmak, ŸØºenmek

fearful   tez, Ÿrkek

fearless   gaØduwsyz

feather   pero(r), Øelek

feathered   Øelekli

feathers   pazyl

feature   reje, yzyk

February   fewral(r)

feces   bok

fed up with   pete– etmek

federal   federatiw(r)

federation   federasiØa(r)

federative   federatiw(r)

fee   nyrh, wznos(r)

feeble   ejiz

feeble-minded   kemakyl

feebleness   ysgynsyzlyk

feed   iØmlemek, iØm, ot- iØm, emdirmek, iØdirmek, iØmitlendirmek, naharlamak

feed grass to   otarmak

feel   a–mak, duØmak, Šwmek, syzmak, tikeneklemek

feel angry   hyrsyzlanmak

feel chilly   ŸºŸtmek

feel free to...   ekinmede

feel inspired   ruhlanmak

feel nauseous   bulanmak

feel shy   ekinmek

feel sick   sŸu goºamak

feel sorry for   gaØgyrmak

feel the same   Øekesiremek

feel uneasy   mŸØnŸrgemek

feeling   duØgy

fell   e–termek

fellow   garygaØ, Øigit

fellow traveller   hemra

felt   kee

female   urkay

female pilot   pilotka(r)

female underwear   iliklik

fence   aØmana, haØat, gorag

fencing   fehtowaniØe(r)

ferment   gor, maØa, ajatmak

fermented dough   hamyrmaØa, hamyrturºy

fertile   hasylly

fertilize   dškŸnlemek

fester   ylpyklamak

festival   baØram, festiwal(r)

fetch   getirmek

fetters   duºak

feuilleton   felØeton(r)

fever   ysytma, howur, tebit, Øo–

few   az

fiber   sŸØŸm

fiction   eper eser

fidget   oØkanjyramak, sintenjiremek

field   meØdan, ºŸdŸgŠr

field of endeavor   maØsa

field of grain   maØsa

fifty   elli

fig   injir

fight   uruºmak, uruº, gšreºmek, sšbeºmek, sšweºmek, urunmak, penjelemek

fighter   pŠlwan, urºujy, zarpy

fighting by greedy people   agšzlylyk

figure   sifr(r), syrat, sifrlemek

file   igelemek, (tool) ige

fill   doldurmak, ganmak, gandyrmak, gapgarmak, nalamak, tŸmmeklemek

fill in   gšmmek, plomwalamak(r)

fill up   bitirmek

filled   doly2, gšmŸk

fillet   ylka

filling   plomwa(r), Øonuºga

film   film(r), kino(r), pleØonka(r), Øorka

filter   sŸzgu, sŸzmek

filthy   kirli

final   final(r), gutarnykly, jemleØji, so–ky, ahyrky, ahyryn, ymykly

finale   final(r)

finally   teØ-ahyr

finance   maliØe, maliØeledirmek

find   tapyndy, tapmak, unamak

find an excuse for   bahanlamak

find fault with   yrsaramak

find out about   salgy atmak

find room   sygmak

fine   iri, jerime, telper, uºak, jerime salmak

finger   barmak

fingerful   atym

finish   pelle, pellehana, u, so–lamak, aØaklamak, dynmak, gutarmak, paØawlamak, tamam bolmak, tamamlamak, tamamlanmak, tŸketmek, sowulmak

finished   wepat

fire   kostØor(r), lorsuldamak, ot, kowmak, (a rifle) tŸpe–lemek

firework   feØerwerk(r)

firm   berk, firma(r), gaØym, pert, pugta, tšwekgel, ŸzŸl-kesil, ykjam

firmness   berklik, pugtalyk

first   birinji, ilki

first existing   ilkidurmuº

first name   at

first place   š–delik

fish   balyk

fissure   Øaryk, jaØryk

fist   Øumruk

fist-fight   Øumruklaºmak

fit   kakyn, Øaramly

fitter   montØor(r)

five   bŠº

fiver   bŠºlik

flabby   Øepbeºik, myjjarmak–

flag   baØdak

flake (skin)   soØulmak

flame   Øalyn, lowurdy

flank   bšwŸr

flap   salgamak

flare up   labyrdamak, lowlamak

flash   ŸlpŸldemek, Øyldyramak, Øylpyldy

flashlight   panys

flat   Øasy, dŸz

flatlands   dŸz, dŸzlŸk

flatten   maººartmak, Øapbaºdyrmak, Øapbaºmak, Øasylamak

flatten out   maººarmak

flattened   Øemºik

flavor   tagam

flaw   kem

flawless   kemsiz-kšstsŸz, kemsiz

flea   bŸre

fleabite   bŸre

flee   bosmak, gamak

fleet   flot(r)

flesh   ten

flex   Øegºermek

flexibility   eØelik, maØygaklyk

flexible   eØe, maØygak

flicker   ykjamak

flight   reØs(r), uuº

flightiness   kelpe–lik

flighty   kelpe–

fling   pyzmak

flip   dŸndermek

flip over   dšndermek

flip-flop   dŸnderilmek

flirt   nŠzirgemek

flirtatious   nŠzli

flirting   nŠz

float   galtga

flock   sŸri, sŸri

flood   joºgun, sil

flooded   joºgunly

floor   etazh(r), pol(r), gat

flour   harman, un

flow   akar, akym, ŸwdŸrmek, ºabyrdamak, tigirlenmek, togalanmak, ogmak, syrykmak, akmak

flower   gŸl

flower bed   gŸlzar

flowing   akaba

flu   grip(r), dŸmew

fluctuation   pasyrdyr

fluff   ŸbtŸk

fluid   suwuk

flutter   gymyldy, galgamak

fly   si–ek, umak

fly past(a target)   mymak

foal   taØanak

foam   kšpŸk, kšpŸrjik, agaran, kšpŸrjiklemek

fog   duman, Ÿmez

foggy   dumanly

fold   epin, epmek, eplemek, eplenmek

fold down   sepmek

folded   egrelmek

folder   papka(r)

follow   kowalmak, yzarlamak, eØermek, gollanmak

following   indi, yzy bilen

fondness   gadyr

food   aº, azyk, iØmit, hšdŸr, nahar

food and drink   iØmek-imek

fool   pa–kelle, samsyk

foolish   akmak, gagal

foolishness   samsyklyk

football   futbol(r)

football player   futboly(r)

footstep   Šdim

footwear   aØakgap

for   Ÿin

for a two year period   ikiØyllyk

for example   meselem, mysal Ÿin

for good   mydamalaØyn

for life   šmŸrlik

for nothing   Øšne

for now   hŠzirlike

for the time being   hŠzirlike, onyana

forbidden   gadagan, haram

force   gujur, zarp, zor, hal, ysgyn, zorlamak

force forward   idirdetmek

forced   Šresiz, mejbur, nala

forceful   gurjurly, esgin, zor

forcibly   zoraØakdan

ford   gŸzer, olum

fore   alyndaky

fore-arm   bilek

forefather   ata-baba

forehead   alyn, ma–laØ

foreign   Øat

foreign language   daºary Øurt dili

foreigner   gemiºek, myhman

forest   tokaØ, tokaØlyk, je––el

forestry   tokaØylyk

forever   dŸØpgšter, dŸØpleØin, mydamalaØyn

forge   nalamak

forget   unutmak, Øatdan ykarmak

forgive   razylaºmak, bagyºlamak

fork   ºaryk, wilka(r), arºak

form   blank(r), ºekel, format(r), gšrnŸº, naØalamak, resmileºdirmek

form a group   toparlamkak, toparlanmak

formal   formal(r), resmi

formal greeting   essalawmaleØkim

formation   nyzam

former   š–ki, hemiºe

formula   formula(r), a–latma

formulate   formulirlemek(r)

formulation   formulirowka(r)

fortieth   kyrkynjy

fortify   berkitmek

fortress   gala

fortunate   hoºbagt, ma–laØly

fortune   bije

forty   kyrk

forum   forum(r)

forward   gaØdyp, ilerki

found   dšretmek, esaslsandyrmak

foundation   fundament(r), baza(r), esas

fountain   fontan(r)

four   dšrt

fourteen   šssŸrim

fourth   dšrdŸnji

fox   tilki

foyer   foØe(r)

fracas   gopgun

fracture   gŠdik

fragile   dšwŸlgi, port

fragrant   hoºboØ

frail   port

frame   karkas

framework   karkas

frankly   a-aan

freckle   sepgil

free   azat, boº, erk, erkana, erkin, halas, Øšne

free of charge   mugt

freedom   azatlyk, erkinlik

freely   a-aan, erkin

freeze   do–aklyk, do–durmak, jybarlamak, ºatlamak

freezing   jybar

freight   ØŸk

fresh   ter

fresh water   sŸØji

freshness   terlik

friday   anna

fried bread   piºme(r)

fried corn   patrak

friend   dost, Øoldaº

friend (female to female)   jora

friend (male)   dost

friendliness   mylakat

friendly   agzybir, alak

friends   dost-Øar

friendship   agzybirlik, dostluk, Øaranlyk

fright   aØylgan, gorky

frighten   ŸrkŸzmek

frighten away   gypjyndyrmak

frightened   gorkuly

frightening   gorkuly, gorkun

frightful   elhen

fringe   seek

fringed   seekli

friskiness   Øyldanlyk

frisky   dyzma, Øyldan

frivolous   kelpe–

frog   gurbaga

from   -dan, -den

from birth   doga

from head toes   baºdan-aØak

from inside   iinden

from many years ago   š–den

from now on   dagy-duwara, šwrŸlip

from start to finish   birin-birin, boØdan-baºa

from that   babatdan

from the beginning   birbada

from the first   ilkibada

from the start   ilkibaºda, baºdan

from time immemorial   ozaldan, š–den

from time to time   wagtal-wagtal

from year to year   Øyldan-Øyla, Øyly–-Øylyna

front   front(r), š–

frontal   ma–laØ

frost   a–zak, aØaz, bulduryn, burjy, gyraw, is–i, do–aklyk

frosty   jybar

froth   agaran, kšpŸrjiklemek

frown   ytmak

frozen   do–, ºatlama, do–an

fruit   iØmiº, miwe

fruit farming   miweilik

fruit jellies   marmelad(r)

fruitful   hasylly

fruity   miweli

frump   gipdenek

frustrated   sustupes

frustration   opurylyºyk

fry   irkizmek, gowurmak, jyzyrdamak

fugitive   gagak

fulfilment   berjaØ

full   dok, hyryn-dykyn, Šhli, tŸkel

full of   bol

full of holes   deºik

full(y)   doly

full-blooded   etli-ganly

fumble   semelemek, sememek

function   funksiØa(r), ØagdaØlaºmak

fund   fond(r)

fundamental   dŸØpli

funnel   guØgu

funny   gŸlkŸli, gŸlkŸn

fur   sŸtŸk, possun

furious   gaharjan, gaharly, Ÿz–e

furniture   mebel

furnucle   yban

furrow   keºlemek

furrowed   keºleØin

furry   sŸtŸkli

fury   gahar, gahar-gazap, Ÿz–elik

fuse   partladyjy

fussy   talapkŠr

futile   nŠhak

future   geljek

G

gab   jedirdemek, gygyrmak

gaiety   meslik

gain   bŠhbit, kuwwatlanmak, nebis, eØelemek

gain weight   semremek

gait   Øšriº

galactic   galaktika(r)

gall   št

gallop   apmak, š–Ÿrdiklemek

galoshes   galoº(r)

gape   ho–karmak, šwelmek

garage   garaj(r)

garbage   Øuwundy, zibil

garden bed   atyz

gargle   aØkamak, yrpmak

garlic   sarymsyk, ajyga

garrison   garnizon(r)

gas   gaz

gasoline   benzin(r)

gasp   demikmek, hopukmak, sojamak

gassy   gazly

gate   derweze

gather   šplemek, Øygmak, toplanmak, ŸØºŸrmek, Øygnamak, ykjamlamak, dŸzmek, toplamak

gathering   Øygnak, Øygnanyºyk, Øygym, barlyºyk

gauge   gi–lik

gay   mes, ºagala–ly, ºoh

gazelle   keØik

gear   serenjam

general   Šhlumumy, serkerde, (military) general(r)

generally   aslynda, umuman, kšplen

generation   nesil

generous   rehimdar, rehimli

genius   geniØ(r)

genre   £anr(r)

gentle   nŠzik, tultuk

gentleness   Øumºaklyk

gently   assa

genuine   hakyky, tŸØs

genus   urug

geographer   geograf(r)

geographical region   etrap

geography   geografiØa(r)

geology   geologiØa(r)

geometry   geometriØa(r)

Georgian   gruzin(r)

germ   mikrob(r)

German   nemes

get a kick out of   deprenmek

get a little older   garraºmak

get across   aºyrmak

get angry   gahar gelmek, gazaplanmak

get better   ileri, ganymatlaºmak, gowularmak, jyda dŸºmek, Øokmak, Øokuºmak

get bound up   ºinelemek

get cold feet   namartlamak

get confused   olaºmak

get dark   i–rik garalmak

get dirty   bulaºmak, orlamak, gŠzlemek, hapalanmak, kirlemek

get done   bšlŸºmek

get dusty   a–amak, a–jarmak

get entangled   ºinelemek, igmek

get even with   haklaºmak, hasaplaºmak

get fat   semretmek

get fixed up   ornaºmak

get gutsy   gaØratlanmak

get hot   yssylamak

get inflamed   tataºmak

get into   sŸmmek

get lost   azaºmak

get mad   šjŸkmek

get married (for a man only)   šØlenmek

get mixed up   garjaºmak

get moldy   he–lemek

get news   habarlaºmak, habar tutmak

get numb   guruºmak

get on   mŸnmek

get out   aØrylmak

get out of   dyndarmak, dynmak

get out of here!   gŸm bol! owarra!

get packed   dykyzlanmak

get pleasure   gšnenmek

get ready   taØynalmak

get rid of   gowzalmak, sabamak, sypmak

get sick of   bizar bolmak

get situated   Øerleºmek

get skinny   arryklamak

get spoiled   azmak

get started (about cooking)   atarmak

get sunburnt   gŸne Øanmak

get tangled and confused   bulaºmak

get tied up   igmek

get tied up in knots   igilmek

get tired   lejikmek

get tough with   dazarylmak

get up   turuzmak, durmak

get used to   šwreniºmek, uØgunlaºmak

get wet   ezilmek

gift   peºeº, zehin, sylag

gifted   zehinli

giggle   hikirdi, hikirdemek, hykyrdamak, hykyrdy, pykyrdamak, kikirdemek

giraffe   £iraf(r)

girdle   bilguºak

girl   gelingyz, gyz

girlfriend   boØdaº

girth   semizlik

give   Šbermek, gowuºmak

give a hand to   arkalaºmak

give a turn    tow bermek

give an account   hasap bermek

give back   gaØtarmak

give birth   dogurmak

give birth a goat   owlaklamak

give drink   aØlamak

give someone a cold   sowuklatmak

give trouble   azar bermek

give up   Øitirmek, taslamak

give up hope   pyssarmak

give voice to   agzamak

give-and-take   aldym-berdimli

given   goØulmak

gladden   begendirmek

gladly   hšwesje–

gladness   Øagtylyk

glance   bakyº, gšz, nazar

gland   mŠz

glare   mšlerilmek

glare angrily   alarylmak

glass   ŸØºe, stakan(r), aØna

glasses   ŠØnek

glaucoma   garasuw

glen   kšw

glide   typmak

glisten   balkyldamak

glitter   balkyldamak, lowurdamak, ŸlpŸldemek, Øyldyramak

glittery   Øyldyrawuk

globe   globys(r), Øer ºary, dŸnØŠ

gloomy   ytyk, tutuk

glorify   ºšhratlanmak

glorious   ºšhratly

glory   ºan, ºan-ºšhrat, ºšhrat

glove   ellik

glow   labyrdamak

glue   elim, Øelim, Øelimlemek, Øelmemek

glutton   iºdŠmen, iØermen

gluttony   iØermenlik

gnash   ykyrdamak

gnaw   gemirmek

go   gitmek, Øšremek, gitmek, zomamak, barmak, ykmak

go around   aØlanmak

go bad   dymjykmak, zaØalanmak, pislemek, uzanmak

go by foot   pyØadalamak

go crazy   dŠliremek

go for a walk   gezelen etmek, ka–kamak

go missing   Øitirim bolmak, Øitmek

go numb   jŸmºŸldemek

go out incoolness   sele–lemek

go somewhere else   gšmek

go sour   uØamak

go straight   gšnŸlmek

go through   štmek

go together   tirkeºmek

go trouble over   alada etmek, aladalanmak

go up to   emeleºmek

go with   geliºmek

goat   gei

goat wool   špŸr

goats   dowar

goblet   kubok(r)

God   hudaØ

God bless you   sabyr et

going   gidiºin

going out   nejat

gold   altyn, tylla

golden   tylla

golly   

good   Øagºy gowy, enaØy, haryt, idili, o–at, o–ly, ugurly, bolØar, gowulyl, hoº, rowa, ºowly, Øaramly

good deed   sogap

good event   em

good for nothing   kelesa–

good golly!   baØ-bow

good looking   nurana

good luck   ºow

good-natured   Øuka ØŸrek

goodness   gowulyl, gowylyk, dšwlet

goods   harytlar

goose   gaz

gopher   alaka

gore   sŸsmek

gossip   gybat, gepi, warsaky, wyºyrdamak

gossipper   gybatkeº

gourmet   gastronom(r)

government   dšwlet, hškŸmet, prowlenie(r)

grab   gysymlamak

grace   nepislik

graceful   nepis

grade   baha

gradually   dura-bara, durdugya, gitdigie, kem-kemden

graduate student   aspirant(r)

graft   peØwent etmek

grain   digir, galla, dŠne

gram   gram(r)

grammar   grammatika(r)

grammatical   grammatik(r)

grand   beØik

grand piano   roØal(r)

grandchild   agtyk

grandfather   ata, baba

grandmother   ene

grant   esbap

grape   ŸzŸm

grape production   ŸzŸmilik

grapes (specifically   gelinbarmak

graph   grafa(r)

grass   ot

grassy area   otluk

grate   sŸØkemek, gyrmak, oØkamak

grateful   minnetdar

grating   gšzenek

gratings   gyrmana

gratis   Øšne

gratitude   minnetdarlyk

grave   gšr, mazar

gravel   agyl

graveyard   gonamylyk, šwŸlØŠ

graze animals   bakmak

grease   Øag, Øaglamak

great   beØik, baØry, asly

great-grandson   owluk

greed   agšzlylyk, betnebislik, husytlyk

greedy   a gšz, betnebis, husyt, gysgan

Greek   grek(r)

green   Øaºyl, gšk

greet   gšrŸºmek, garºyldamak, salamlaºmak

grenade   granat(r)

grid   tor

grief   hasratvtukatlyk

grieve   ygylmak, tukatlanmak, ynjatmak

grieved   gynanly

grill   daglamak

grin   gŸlŸmjiremek, syrtartmak, Øyrºarmak

grind   kŸlkelemek, maØdalamak, taplamak, oØkamak, tšrpŸlemek, Ÿwemek

grip   gysmak, tutma

grits   Øarma

groan   hyklamak, nalamak

groats   Øarma

groceries   bakaleØa(r)

grocery store   bakaleØa(r)

groin   gasyk

gross   harsal

ground   meØdana, toprak

grounds   lšdere

group   tapgyr, topar, toplum, kollektiw(r), kru£ok(r), sŸri, top

grow   kšpelmek, gšgermek, idetmek, šsdŸrmek, šsmek, ulalmak, ulaltmak

grow foggy   dumanlamak, Ÿmezlemek

grow heavy   agralmak

grow in a circle   tegelenmek

grow leaves   Øapraklamak

grow more beautiful   Øagºylanmak, Øagºylaºmak

grow old   gartaºmak

grow quiet   di–mek

grow stale   gatamak

grow still   kšºeºnek

grow stronger   eØikmek

grow taller   beØgelmek

grow thin   horlanmak

grow tired of   bizar bolmak

grow up   šnŸp-šsmek, šnmek

grow weary   Øadamak

growl   ho–uldamak, hŸ–Ÿrdemek, hŸ–Ÿrdi, hy–ranmak

grown   garta–

grownup   ullakan

growth   šsŸº

grumble   ho–uldamak, hŸ–Ÿrdemek, igenmek

grumbling   hŸ–Ÿrdi, igen, igenje–, igenje–lik

grunt   horkuldamak

guarantee   gŸwŠ, kepillik, zamun, kepil bolmak

guard   garawul, gwardiØn(r)

guardian   hossar

guess   ak etmek

guest   myhman

guest room   myhmanhana

guide   prowodnik(r), wojatyØ(r), Øazlamak, Øšretmek

guild   seh(r)

guile   mekirlik

guilty   gŸnŠli, mŸØnli, Øazykly

guilty one   gŸnŠkŠr

guilty person   sebŠpkŠr

guise   maska(r)

guitar   gitar

gulf   aØlag

gullet   gyzylšdek, šdek

gulp   owurt

gulp down   jy–kytmak

gun   pistolØet(r)

gun-scope   didivan

gun-sight   didivan

gunshot (sound of a)   gŸmpŸldi

gurgle   lygyrdy, hokurdamak, lygyrdamak

gurgling   lakyrdy

gush   joºmak, zogdyrylmak

gushing   joºgunly

gusset   begeØik

gust   tŸweleØ, Ÿflemek

gust of wind   Øelgin

gutter   ternaw

gym   bedenterbie

gymnastics   gimnastika(r)

H

habit   endik, šwrendekli, gylyk, urp-adat

haggle   sšwdalaºmak

hail   doly, jšwenek

hair   sa, tŸØ

hairy   tŸØlek

half   Øarpy, Øarty, Øary, Øarym, pol(r)

half asleep   oØaly-ukuly

half-dead   alajan

hall   zal(r), koridor(r), saØpallamak

haloxylon   ojar

halter (for a horse)   nogta

hammer   eki, ekis, (of a firearm) mŠºe

hammer in   kakmak

hand   el, gol, eltmek

handful   goºawu, gysym, Øanawu

handkerchief   elØaglyk

handle   tutawa, ellemek, ellemek

handle bar   sŸØpent

handless   golak, golsuz

handmade   hŸnŠrmentilik

handsome   kaa–, nurana

handwriting   Øazmaa, poerk(r)

handy   amatly

hang   asylmak, ildirmek, sallanmak

hang out   semek

hang up   asmak

hanging peg   asgy

hank (of thread)   kelep

happen   bolmak

happiness   eØgilik

happy   hoºbagt, ma–laØly, mona bolmak, sapaly, ºat, ºoh, (with luck) bagtly

hard   gaty, Øowuz, mŸgil, ºatlama

hard-fought   aldym-berdimli

harden   bekemek, gatamak

hardly   ala

hardly possible   gŸmana

hardness   gatylyk

hardworking   iºle––ir, janypkeº, iºe––ir, jepakeº

hardy   dšzŸmli

harm   Øamanlyk, zelel, zyØan, hyØanat etmek, hyØanat

harmful   zelelli

harmonious   ekimiz

harmony   razylyk, ylalyºyk

harness   hamyt, hamytlamak

harrow   mala, malalamak, borona(r)

harvest   hasyl, Øygnanyºyk

harvester   kombaØn(r)

haste   gyssagara

hasten   al–asatmak

hasty   howul-hara

hat   ºlØapa(r), telpek, ºyrdak

hatchway   lØuk(r)

hate   Øigrenmek

hateful   Øygren, Øigrenji

hatred   Øigren

haughtiness   tekepbirlik

haughty   tekepbir

have a bite   diºlemek

have a cold   dŸmewlemek

have a dream   dŸØº gšrmek

have a dust storm   sowurmak

have a little chat   gŸmŸr-ØamŸr etmek

have a party   toØlamak

have a premonition   syzmak

have a snack   ØŸrkese edinmek

have doubts   mŸ–kŸrlenmek

have free time   sypynmak

have occasion (to)   miØesser

hawk   gyrgy

hay   bede, silos(r)

haydust   pide

haze   duman

hazy   gamaºyk

he   ol

head   baº, kelle, naalinik(r), mŸdir

head for   Øšnelmek

head of the table   tšr

head scarf   alynda–y

headquarters   ºtab(r)

health   aman, hal, hal-ahwal, saglyk

healthy   bardaºly, gurgun, sag, sagat, sagdyn, daØaw, sag-gurgun

heap   topbak, dšs

hear   eºitmek

hear about   di– salmak

hearsay   owaza

heart   ØŸrek

heartbeat   gŸrsŸldi

hearth   ojak

heartless   birehim, rehimsiz

hearty   ykjam

heat   og, gyzmalyk, howur, jšwza, tebit, oØmak, gyzgynlyk, gyzyºmak, Øylatmak, Øylynmak, oØunmak, gyzdyrmak, gyzmak, tutaºdyrmak

heat rash   tengin

heat up   Øylamak, yssylamak

heavy   agramly, agyr, saldamly, ullakan

heavy rain   jala

hectacre   gektar(r)

hedgehog   kirpi

heed   ŠtiØa

heel   škje

hegemony   gegemoniØa(r)

heifer   tŸwe

height   belentlik, beØiklik, boØ

helicopter   wertolØot(r)

hell   dowzah

helmet   ºlem(r)

help   dalda, haraØ, hemaØat, Øardam, kšmekleºmek, Øardam etmek, (as an exclamation) dat-bidat!

help find something   tapyºmak

help off   dŸºŸrmek

helped by   arkaly

helper   kšmeki

helpful   Øokumly, haØyrly

helva   halwa

hem   sepgit, jŠhek, tikmek

hemp   kenep

hen   mŠkiØan

hen coop   ketek

henceforth   šwrŸlip

henceforward   dagy-duwara

herd   sŸri

here   ºu taØda, ºu Øerde, bŠri, bŠrik, endan

here you are   ine

here!   me

heritage   miras

hermitage   sergezdanylyk, sergezdanlyk

hero   gero(r), pŠlwan, gahryman, obraz

heroic   gahrymanlara

heroism   gahrymanylyk

herpes   demrew

herring   takgaz

herself   šz

hesitate   sagynmak, sŠginmek, haØal-Øagallyk etmek

hesitation   irgin, iriºme

hetman   baºlyk

hew   Øylmamak

hi   salam, Šhey

hiccup   syngylawuk

hidden   gizlin

hide   Øaºyrmak, jaØlamak, Øygºyrmak

hide and seek (game)   bukullym

hide away   bukmak

hide from   gaalak etmek, aalaklamak

hide-and-seek   gizlenpeek

hideous   gelºiksiz

high and low   beØikli-pesli

high flown   epeØ

high-heeled shoes   iºbil

higher   ekabyr

highway   magistral(r), ºosse(r)

hill   ala–, baØyr, sšbŸk, depe, tŸmmek

himself   šz

hip   but

hiss   jazyrdy, ºuwwuldy, ºyglamak, jazyrdamak

historian   taryhy

historical   taryhy

history   taryh

hit   patlamak

hoarse   garjaºyk

hobble   keØtiklemek, kšsseklemek

hockey   hokkeØ(r)

hoe   kŠtmen, kŠtmenlemek

hold   eklemek, tutmak

hold back (something)   jylawlamak

hold fast to   Øapyºmak

hold in hand   ideklemek

hold up   eglemek

hole   arkandak, ukanak, ukur, ukurlyk, deºik, hin

holler   azgyrylmak

hollow   kšw, pŸrsvšketlik, pu

holy   mukaddes

home   šØ, Øatakhana

homemaker   šØ hojalyky

homogeneous   hili-bir hili

hone   gaØramak

honest   akgšwŸnli, dogruyl, kemally, wepaly

honestly   walla

honesty   pŠklik

honey   bal

honk   ºuwlamak, tarlamak

honor   hormat, hormatlamak, sylag

honored   hormatly

hoof   sy–ral, toØnak

hook   e––ek, ga–rak, iliºmek, iltemek, ga–yrak

hook onto   tirkemek

hook the catch   kiltlemek

hoop   gurºaw

hoot   ºuwlamak, tarlamak

hop   apmak

hope   tama, umyt, arkalanmak, tama etmek, umyt etmek

hope chest   sandyk

hopeless   gutulgysyz, ykgynsyz

horizontal   gorizontal(r), kese

horizontally   keseleØin, keseligine

horn (of an animal)   ºah

horned   ºahly

hornless (without horns)   kelek

horror   aØylgan

horse   at, gylØal, konki(r), Øaby

horse jockey   seØis

horse race   at capysyk

horse's bit   agyzzyryk

horse-cloth   July

horsecloth   palan(r)

horseshoe   nal

hose   ºlang(r)

hosiery   trikota£(r)

hospitable   myhmansšØer

hospital   gospital(r), keselhana

hospitality   hezzet, myhmansšØerlik

host   hojaØyn, hyzmat etmek

hostel   Øatakhana

hot   gyzgyn, jokrama, yssy, ajy

hot to trot   dyzma

hot-house   teplisa(r)

hot-tempered   gyzma

hotel   myhmanhana

hound   tazy, kšpek

hour   sagat

hour's worth   sagatlyk

house   šØ, jaØlaºdyrmak, tam

household   maºgala

housekeeper   hojalyky

how much?   nŠe, nŠden

how?   nŠhili, nŠtŸØsli

howl   hazlamak, uwlamak, zšrletmek

hubbub   ºowhun

huge   Šgirt, mŠhnet, Špet

hum   gŸwwŸldemek, hyzlamak

human   ynsan

humanity   adamzat, ynsanyØet

humble   tŸrkana

humid   dymyk, nemli, yzgarly

humidity   yglyk

humiliate   kemsitmek

humility   Øuwaºlyk

humorous   gŸlkŸli, gŸlkŸn

hump   šrkŸ, šrkŸ

humus   ŸØrŸntgi

hunch   kŸØkertmek

hunchbacked   kŸØki

hunched   bŸrkŸr

Hungary   wengr(r)

hunger   ajykmak

hunk   ker

hunt   aw, awamak, awlamak, awatmak, awuºamak

hunter   awy, yrdar

hurl   pyzmak

hurricane   harasat

hurried   al–asan, gyssagly, howul-hara

hurry   e–mek, gyssagara, howlykmak, al–asamak, gyssamak

hurry about   gaØmalaºmak

hurry someone up   howlukdyrmak

hurry up   haØdatmak, howlukmak

hurt   šØkeli, agyrmak, agyrtmak

husband   Šr

husband's sister   bajy

hut   atma, kŸme

hutzpah   gaØrat

hybrid   gibrid(r)

hydrogen   wodorod(r)

hygiene   gigiena(r)

hymn   gimn(r)

hypnotizer   gšzbagy

hypocrisy   jšgŸlik

hypocritical   jšgi

I

I   men

I see!   ŠhŠ

I think...   meni–e

ice   buz

ice-cream   do–durma, moro£ny(r)

ice-crusted   sŸrek

idea   ideØa(r), oØ, pikir

ideal   ideal(r)

identical   bir menzes, birme–zeº

identity   ºahs, ºahsyØet

ideological   ideologik(r)

ideology   ideologiØa(r)

idiom   idioma(r)

idiomatic   idiomatik(r)

idle   bikŠr, aman, peØwagtna, Øalta

idleness   Øaltalyk

if   eger (de), kaºgŠ

if not   bolmasa

ignorance   alasowatlyk, jahyllyk, nadanlyk, nŠtanyºlyk

ignorant   gapyl, jahyl, nadan, alasowat

ill   agyry, aza, dert, keselli, syrkaw, hassa, nŠsag

ill person   syrkaw

ill-bred   kakabaº

ill-informed   gapyl

ill-mannered   kakabaº

illegal   kanunsyz, gizlin

illiteracy   sowatsyzlyk

illiterate   sowatsyz

illness   emgek, hassalyk, kesel, nŠhoºlyk, nŠsaglyk, syrkawlyk

illuminate   ºšhlelendirmek, Øagtyltmak

illustrated   suraty

illustration   illØustrasiØa(r)

illustrative   illØustratiw(r)

imaginary   hyØally, fantastika(r)

imagination   fantaziØa(r)

imbue   tŸmmeklemek

imitate   šØkŸnmek

imitation   Øasama

immeasurable   aksyz, ensiz

immediate at hand   nobatdaky, nobatky

immediately   bada-bat, zšwwe, gšmelteØ, badyna

immense   aksyz, ensiz

immerse   ŸmdŸrmek

immortal   šlmez-Øitmez

immortalize    ebedileºdirmek

imp   haramzada

impassioned   gyzykmak

impatient   ydamsyz

imperative   hškman

imperceptibly   ogryna

imperialism   imperializm(r)

imperialistic   imperialistik(r)

imply   diØmek2

impolite   edepsiz

impoliteness   edepsizlik

import   import(r), importirlemek(r)

import/export duty   gŸmrŸk

importance   ŠhmiØet

important   dahylly, mšhŸm, wajyp, bajyp, derwaØys

impoverish   gedaØlaºmak

impress   tŠsir galdyrmak

impression   tŠsir

impressionable   duØgur

impressive   tŠsirli

imprison   tŸrmŠ basmak, tŸrmŠ basmak

improve   gowulandyrmak, gowylandyrmak, kŠmilleºdirmek, Øagºylandyrmak

improve oneself   kŠmilleºmek

improved   gurat

improvement   guratlyk

in   iinde

in a big way   gerim

in a day   gŸnaºa

in a grand style   gerim

in a short time   mšhlet

in a word   mahlasy

in addition   Ÿste, Ÿstesine

in addition to   ondan hem baºga, daºyndan

in agreement with   razy

in conformity with   laØyklyk-da

in disagreement   jet

in earnest   ynlakaØ

in front of   š–Ÿnde

in full supply   ŸpjŸn

in general   garaz

in good spirts   ºŠhdayk

in great detail   jikme-jik

in my opinion...   meni–e

in one's way   peØwagtna

in order   ugrukdyrmak

in pairs   ikibir

in place of   Øerine

in relation to   degiºli

in short   mahlasy

in the beginning   baºda

in the front   ilerik, ilerlegini, š–

in the future   šwrŸlip

in the past   š–

in the pre-dawn   aladandan

in the summer   tomsma

in truth   dogrusy, hakykatdan

in turns   gezegine, gezek-gezigine

in your style   seni–e

in-law   gaØyn

inaccessible   elØeter

inappropriate   Øerliksiz

incapable   bigaØrat

incendiary   tutaºdyryjy

incessant   Øoknasyz

incessantly   tŸkeniksiz

incidental   gidiºini

incision   kertik

incline   Øapgyt, yrmak

incoherence   kejelik

income   gipdeji

inconvenient   emesiz

incorrect   ters, nŠdogry

increase   artdyrma, artmak, bulukmak, kšpelmek, kšpeltmek, ulaltmak

incredibly   juda

incubation   inkubasion(r), inkubasiØa(r)

incubator   inkubator(r)

inculcate   ornaºdyrmak

indebted to   karzyna

indecent   haØasyz

indefatiguable   galadaw

indent   gaغartmak

independence   garaºsyzlyk, šzbaºdaklyk, šzbaºdaklyk

independent   garaºsyz, šzbaºdak

indestructible,   sarsmaz

index   gšrkeziji, indeks(r)

Indian style   aØbogdaº

indicator   gšrkezgi

indifference   biperwaØlyk, perhaØlyk

indifferent   biparh, biperwaØ, parhsyz, perbaØsyz

individual   January

Indonesian   indoneziØaly(r)

industrial   industrial(r)

industrialize   industrialaºdyrmak(r)

industrious   janypkeº

industry   industriØa(r), senagat

ineffective   netijesiz

inefficient   Øetiºiksiz

inept   nalajedeØin

inept person   tamakin

inequality   de–sizlik

inescapable   alasyz

inevitability   alasyzlyk

inexpensive   arzan

inexperienced   jahyl

infection   infeksiØa(r)

infectious   Øokan, Øokanly

infidel   kapyr

inflame   tataºmak

inflammation   isme, iºme

inflate   gŸbermek, ismek, iºirmek, pškretmek, ismek

inflated   ºemallamak, ºemallatmak

inflection   infleksiØon(r)

inflict harm   zarbykdyrmak

influence   tŠsir, tŠsir etmek

influential   tŠsirli

inform   ºugullamak, habar etmek, duØdurmak, idemek

informal good-bye   hoº

information   informasiØa(r), informasiØon(r), izweºeniØe, derek

informative   manyly, derekli

ingratiate   Øalym-Øulumetmek

inhabited area   mekan

inherit   miras almak

inheritance   miras

initial   ilkinji, ilki

initially   bada, ilkibada, ilkibaºda

initiative   inisiatiwa(r)

injection   ukol(r)

injure   kesdirmek

injuries   šØke-kine

injury   šØke

injustice   adalatsyzlyk

ink   syØa

ink cartrige   sterzhen(r)

inlay   gaºlamak

inlayed stones   gaº

inlet   bogaz

inner region   ieri

innocence   bigŸnŠlik, Øazyksyzlyk

innocent   bigŸnŠ, Øazyksyz, gŸnŠsiz

innovation   tŠzelikilik

innovator   tŠzeliki

innumerable   egsilmez

inoculate   peØwent etmek

inquire   intgemek, hštde gelmek, aramak

inquire about   eØgermek

insect   mšjek

insects   mšr-mšjek

insecure   aljyra––y, mŸ–kŸr

insensibly   ogryna

insert   sokmak

inside   i, ieri, iinde, šwre

insides   ierik, ierki

insignificant   ujypsyz

inspect   esetmek

inspection   inspeksiØa(r)

inspector   inspektor(r)

inspiration   ruhubelentlik, ylham

inspire   gunuºmak, ruhlandyrmak, ganatlandyrmak

inspired   ruhubelent

installation   montaA(r)

instant   lampa, maØ

instantaneous   Øalpa

instead of   deregine

institute   institut(r)

institution   edara

instruct   šwretmek

instruction   instruksiØa(r), tŠlim, wagyz-nesihat

instructor   instruktor(r)

instrument   gural, esbap

instruments   abzallar

insufficient   Øetmezilik

insulate   etleºdirmek

insulated   etleºmek

insult   kine, nadyllyk

insurance   strahowanie(r)

intact   abat, sazlamak, saz

intactness   abatlyk

integral   integral(r)

integrated plant   kombinat(r)

integrity   ar-namys

intellectual   akyldar

intelligence officer   razwedkay(r)

intelligent   intelligent(r)

intend   hyØallanmak, niØetlemek

intended for   Ÿin

intense   gyzgala–ly, dartgynly, gyzgyn

intensify   gyzdyrmak, gŸØjemek

intensity   gyzgynlyk

intention   hyØal, niØet, pŠl, pygyl

intercept   gabatlamak

interchange   alºyk

intercity   ºŠherara

interest   hšwes, meØil, hšwes, gyzyklandyrmak

interesting   gyzykly, hezil, tŠsirli

intermediary   aray

international   halkara, intenasional(r)

interrogation   sorag

interrupt   kesmek

intersect   kesiºmek

interval   ara, interwal(r), aralyk

intervention   interwensiØa(r)

interview   interwØu(r)

intestine   iege, i

intimacy   ØŸrekdeºlik

intimate   ØŸrekdeº

intolerant   ydamsyz

intonation   intonasiØa(r)

intrepid   gaØduwsyz

introduce   tanalmak, tanyºdyrmak

introduction   giriº, sšz

invade   zabt etmek

invalid   inwalid(r), maØyp

invent   oØlap tapmak, tos-toslamak

inventor   inwentor(r), oØlap tapyjy

inventory   uØot(r)

investigative   ideg-sorag

investment   goØum

invincible   Øe–ilmez

invitation   agaryº, akylyk

invite   agarmak, agyrmak

involuntarily   biala

involuntary   biygtyØar

Irish   irlandiØaly

iron   ŸtŸklemek(r), demir, (for clothing) ŸtŸk(r)

ironic   kinaØaly

ironical   kinaØaly

irony   kinaØa

irreplacable   tapylgysyz

irreproachable   birkemsiz, kemsiz

irrigate   joØalmak

irrigation ditch   joØa

irritate   gyjynmak

island   ada

isolate   etleºdirmek

isolation   izolØasion(r), izolØasiØa(r)

isolator   izolØator(r)

issuance   neºir

it   ol

it can be   meger

Italian   italØan

itch   giji, gikilewik

itch oneself   sŸØkenmek

J

ivy   yrmaºyk

jab   ommaltmak

jabber   jedirdemek

jack   ºtepsel(r)

jackal   ºagal

jackdaw   zakyja

jacket   jilt, penjek

jam/jelly   mŸrepbe

jam in   dykmak

jangles   dŸwme

Japan   ØaponiØa

Japanese   Øapon

jar   banka(r)

jealous   gabanja–

jealousy   gšrŸbilmezilik

jeer   syrtartmak

jeren   jeren

jester   masgarabaz

jeweler   zergŠr

jingle   ºy––yrdy, ºa–lamak, ºa––yrdamak, ºy––yrdamak, ti––irdemek, ti––irdetmek, ti––irdi, dŸ––Ÿrdemek

jog   gezer

join   baglamak, sepiºmek, seplemek

joined   baglaØjy

joint   baglanyºyk, sepgit, tikin

joke   degiºmek

joke around   bŠlireºmek

joker   degiºgen, wŠºi

jokingly   wŠºi

jolt or shake   siltemek

journal   £urnal(r)

journalist   £urnalist(r)

journey   syØahat, sapar, syØahat

joy   begen, ºatlyk, Øagtylyk

joyful   hoºwagt, ºat, ºatlykly, ºŸwele–

joyfully   ºŸwele–li

jubilee   ØubileØ(r)

judge   sudØa

jug   kŸØze

juggler   £onglØor(r)

juggling   £onglØorlyk(r)

juice   ºire

July   iØul

jump   bškmek, towusmak

jump out   zomp edip ykak

jumpy   gšgŸnli

junction   uzel(r)

June   iØun

jungle   je––el

junk   kšne-kŸºŸl

jury   £Øori(r)

just   halal, hut, la, adalatly, ynsaply

just as   dessine, misli

just like   ºeØle, tŸØs

just now   Øa–yja

just so   keØpine

just the opposite   gaØta

justice   adalatlylyk, ynsap

juvenile   kii, Øetginjek

K

Kazahk   Gazak, kazak

kebob   kebap

kebob restaurant   kebaphana

keenness   eserde–lik

keep   tutmak, saklamak

keep at a distance   gaa durmak

keep house   eØelik etmek

keep quiet   jy–kyny ykarmazlk

keep a secret   lak bolmak

kerosene   nebit

key   aar, eºme

kick   depmek

kid   ebis

kidney   bšwrek, pyntyk

kidney beans   noØba

kids   aga-uga

kill   gyrmak, šldŸrmek, gyrylmak

kilogram   kilogram(r)

kilometer   kilometr(r)

kin   asyl

kind   patyºa, sort(r)

kindergarden   agalar bagy

kindergarten primer   harplyk

king   ºa

kiosk   kiosk(r)

Kirghiz   gyryz

kisel   kisel

kiss   špŸº, ogºamak, špmek, špmek

kiss each other   špŸmek, ogºaºmak

kitchen   kuhnØa

knapsack   goºtorba

knead   myngamak, Øuwgurmak, eØlemek

knee   dyz, tirsek

kneecap   anak

kneel   škermek, ške dŸºmek

knife   pyak, pyaklamak

knit   šrmek, iºmek, šrmek

knit the browns   ytmak

knock   ºarkyldy, tyrkyldy, aknyºmak, ºarkyldamak, tarkyldamak, tarkyldatmak, tarsuldamak, taØaklamak, tykyrdatmak, tyrkyldamak, tyrkyldatmak, tykyrdamak, kakmak

knock down   Øykmak

knocking   tarkyldy

knoll   depe

knot   syrma, itim, dŸwmek

know   bilmek

know deeply   ele almak

know somebody   tanamak

know-how   ussatlyk

know-nothing   Šhlepus

knowledgeable   dŸºŸnjeli, bilimli

knowledge   a–-bilim, bilim, ylym

known   mŠlim, tanyº

known person   tanyº

Kremlin   kreml(r)

kurd   kŸrt

L

labor   zŠhmet

laboratory   laboratoriØa(r)

laboratory worker   laborant(r)

lace   bagjyk, bag, kšjemek

lacerate   tŸØt-mŸØt etmek

lack   kemlik, kšst

lacquer   lak(r), laklamak

lactate   Øelin gozgamak

ladder   merdiwan

ladel   gŸØgŸ

ladle   olpy, susak

lair   sŸren

lake   kšl

lamb   guzy, tokly

lame   agsak

lament   ahmyr etmek, ahmyr, ygyrmak

lamp   yra, lampa(r)

land   Øurt, Ÿlke, Øer, tarap, toprak, gonmak

land a plane   gondyrmak, pessaØlamak

landmark   elgi

landscape   landshaft(r), peØa(r)

language   dil

lank   takyr

lap   etek

large   iºik, esli

larynx   kekirdek

lashes   pazyl

last   ahyrky, ahyryn, šten, gutarnykly, so–ky

lastest   ter

latch onto   tirkemek

late   gi, giki

late afternoon   ikindin

later   so–, so–ra

latest   tŠze

lathe   tokar(r)

latitude (geographical)   gi–lik

lattice   gšzenek

laugh   hykyrdy, gŸlmek, jakyrdamak, jykyrdamak, (of large groups) gŸlŸºmek, (loudly) pakyrdamak

laughing stock   oØnatgy

laughter   gŸlki, jakyrdy

launch   kater

lavish   adyl, jomart

lavishness   jomartlyk

law   kanun, wesØet

lawless   bikanun, kanunsyz

lawlessness   kanunsyzlyk

lawyer   aklawy

lay   pollamak, Øerleºdirmek

lay down   Øazmak

lay down arms   Øaragsyzlanmak

lay eggs   Øumurtgalamak

layer   gat, gatlak, topar, Øokundy

layered   gatlakly

laziness   Øaltalyk

lazy   aman, ezenek, Øaltanmak, Øalta

lazybones   bihepbe

lead   Øazlamak, rejelemek, timarlamak, alyn

lead (metal)   gurºun

leader   serdar, Øolbaºy

leadership   Øolbaºylyk

leaf   Øaprak

leak   syrykmak, dškmek

lean   Øanamak, hor, gyºarmak, sšØemek, Øaplamak

lean against   Øaplanmak

lean on one's elbows   Øassanmak

lean over   abanmak

leanse   saplamak

leap   towusmak, py–kyrmak, se–kildemek

leap off   indermek

learn   šwrenmek, šwrenmek

learning   tŠlim, taglymat

leash   šrk, šrklemek

leather   gaØyº, gšn, deri, teletin

leather bag   sana

leave   ykmak

leave behind   š–Ÿrtmek

leaven   gor, maØa

leavening   hamyrmaØa, hamyrturºy

lecture   pent

ledge   kert

leech   sŸlŸk

leeward   Øele, yk

left   ep

left side   ep

left-behind   galak

left-handed person   epbekeØ

left-over   galak

leftovers   galak-galak

leg   aØak

leg-wrappings   dolak

legal   kanuny

legality   kanunlylyk, kanunylyk

legalize   resmileºdirmek, kanunlaºdyrmak

legend   rowaØat

leggy   aØakly

legibility   Ÿmhšreklik

legible   Ÿmhšrek

legitimacy   kanunlylyk, kanunylyk

legitimate   kanuny

legitimize   kanunlaºdyrmak

leguminous   kšsŸkli

length   dowan, uzaklyk, uzynlyk

lengthen   uzaltmak

lengthy   dowanly

Leo (zodiac sign)   ºir

lessen   azalmak

lesson   sapak

let down   myssarmak

let escape   sypdyrmak

let fall   gayrmak

let go   sypdyrmak, goØbermek

let in   girizmek, hekgermek

let loose   gayrmak

letter   hat, hat

level   tekje, endiganlamak

liar   aldawy, Øalany

libel   myjabat

liberal   jomart

liberalness   jomartlyk

library   kitaphana

license   ygtyØar, ºaØatnama

lick one's lips   tamºanmak

lickspittle   Øaranja–

lid   pokryºka(r)

lie   ypdyrma, aldaw, aldamak, Šºermek

lie down   uzanmak, Øatmak

life   durmuº, gŸzeran, šmŸr, šmŸr, ØaºaØyº, January, mydar

life-long companion   hemra

lifeless   jansyz

lifelong   šmŸrlik

lifting   kštel

light   Øagtylyk, Øe–il, Øylpyldy, yºyk, ršwºen

light/sky blue   mawy

lightbulb   lampoka(r)

lighten   Øe–letmek

lighter   Øe–lemek, Øe–leºmek

lightheartedness   wŠºilik

lightly dressed   yplak, ypla–

lightning   Øyldyrym

lightning strike   Øyldyrym akmak

lightwited   Øe–ilkelle

like   kimin, misli, Øaly, tŸØsli, ºekilli, gowy gšrmek, halamak, pisint oturmak, Øaramak

like (one another)   halaºmak

like a seizure   kakynly

like that   ºeØle, hol

like-minded   pikerdeº

liken   me–zetmet

likeness   me–zelik

limb   len(r)

lime   hek

limit   het

limitless   Šksiz

limp   agsamak

line   yzyk, setir, trassa(r), hatar

line up   setilemk

linen   polotno(r)

linger   haØal-Øagallyk etmek, tŠsgenmek, ykmak

lining   Øagyrnilik

lion   arslan, Øolbars

lip   dodak

liquid   Øuwan, suwuk, suwuklyk

liquify   zaØleek

list   tablisa, ugur

listen   di–lemek, di–leØmek

listen attentively   gulak asmak, gulak salmak

listen to   di–ºirgemek

listener   di–leØji

literacy   sowat

literal   harma-harp

literary   edebi

literate   sowatly, sowatly

literature   edebiØat

litter   zibil

little   az, ownuk, uºak

little bells   dŸwme

little book   depdere

little brother   ini

little bunny   ebºek

little by little   az-azdan, gitdigie

little cakes   piro£ny(r)

little children   oglan-uak

little cup   pyØaluºka

little dictionary   sšzlŸklik

little finger   kŸlembibi

little knot   dŸwŸnek

little rascal   bezzat

little slice   gy–ak

live   Øaºamak

live coals   kšz

lively   janly

liver   bagyr

livestock   mal, dowar

livestock breeding   maldarylyk

living   ØaºaØyº

living quarters   mesgen

lizard   as, ha££uk, kelpeze, suwulgan

load   ØŸk, zarØadlamak, oklamak

load up   ØŸklemek

loaded   ØŸkli

loader   ØŸki

loading   zarØadka(r)

loaf around   ykmak

loam   laØ, toØun

loamy   toØunsow

loan   zaØom(r)

lobby   foØe(r)

local   orunly, oturymly, Øerli

located   Øerleºmek

location   esgerlik

lock   gulp, gulplamak, petilemek

locust   ekirtge

log   naw

loiter   ka–kamak

lone   Øeke

loneliness   aØralyk

long   šsgŸn, uzyn, tukatlanmak, uzak

long ago   birak, hŠli, kšpden

long for   ygylmak, ymtylmak

long-distance   ºŠherara

long-lasting   pugta

longitude   uzynlyk, uzaklyk

look   gšrnŸº, kysym, nazar, keºp, garaØyº, kšw salmak

look after   seretmek

look around   garanjaklamak

look at   esetmek, Š–etmek, seretmek

look for   eklemek, agtarmak, selpemek

look for someone   indemek

look like   me–zemek

look over   a–karmak, Š–etmek

loom   stanok(r), hellewlemek

loop   halka, petle(r)

loose   Øumºak

loosen   šzmek, Øumºamak

looseness   Øumºaklyk

lose   basylmak, utdurmak, Øitirmek

lose a game   Øe–ilmek, utulmak

lose energy   ysgynsyzlanmak

lose weight   iglemek

loss   Øitgi, yrØa

lot   bije, ŸlŸº, tŠleØ

lottery   lotereØa(r)

loud   asly, ºowhunly

love   mŠhir, sšØgi, yºk, sšØmek

love of work   jepakeºlik, iºje–lik

love one another   sšØŸºmek

lover of the wild   hyrdar

lover of work   iºje–

low   šket, šr, pes

low-life   aºaky

lower   šket, aºaklamak, myssarmak, sallamak, Øazdyrmak

lower jaw   Š–

lowering   e–aºak

lowlands   šketlik

luck   bagt

lucky   ma–laØly, hoºbagt

lull   huwwalamak, hŸ££ermek, hŸwdŸlemek

lullaby   hŸwdi

lump   kesek, lokga, dšwŸm

lunch   gŸnortanlyk nahar

lung   šØken, šØken

lungs   bagyr-šØken

lurch   aØkanmak

lustre   lowurdy, Øalpyldy

lye   aºgar

M

ma'am   daØza

machete   algy

machine   maºinka(r), maºyn

machine gun   pulemØot(r)

machinery)   kšneltmek

machinist   maºinist(r)

machmaker   sawy

mad   guduz, telbe

made of   edilen

magazine   £urnal(r)

magic   jady

magician   jadygšØ

magnet   magnit(r)

magnify   ulalmak

magpie   alahekik

mail   pota

mailman   potalon(r)

mainland   materik

maintenance   mazmun, saklaØyº

majestic   belent

major   maØor(r)

make   marka(r), Øasamak, hars, etmek

make a bed   gowlamak

make a bet   jedel etmek

make a call   jy––yrdatmak

make a case   delillendirmek

make a fist   Øumruklamak

make a fuss   izzildemek

make a hole   deºmek

make a hole in   kšwmek

make a noise   gyk-bak etmek, ºagyrdamak, ºaggyldamak

make a pact   wadalaºmak

make a place home   Øerlemek

make a speech   ykyº etmek

make a stop   duruzmak, dŸºlemek

make a tool   abzallaºdyrmak

make a trade   sšwda etmek

make accurate   sazlamak

make acquaintance   tanyºmak

make an abstract of   kospektirlemek(r)

make an agreement   razylaºmak

make an effort   emgemek

make an incision   kertmek

make an indistinct noise   dŸkŸrdemek

make an offer   teklip etmek

make angry   gaharjandyrmak, gazaplandyrmak

make at home   jaØlaºdyrmak

make beautiful   owadanlamak

make better   gowulandyrmak, gowulaºmak

make black   garaltmak

make bulging   Øepbeºdirmek

make clear   subut etmek, anyklamak, aØdy–laºdyrmak

make deeper   ukuralmak, u–almak

make dry   kakatmak

make even   de–lemek

make fine   irlemek

make glassy   aØnalamak

make haste   al–asamak

make hay   siloslamak

make hooked   ga–rylamak

make it to   gowuºmak

make in time   Øetiºmek

make known   bellenmek, bildirmek

make larger   ulaltmak

make laugh   gŸldŸrmek

make merry   bŠliremek

make more frequent   Øygjamlatmak

make more profuse   ukuralmak

make muddy   palykyldamak

make noise   gykylyklamak, wagyrdamak

make old   garratmak

make oneself useful   peØdalanmak

make a sign   belgilemek

make peaceful   parahatlanmak

make smaller   uºatmak

make someone content   kanagatlandyrmak

make someone wait   garaºdyrmak

make someone work   iºletmek

make someone insecure   aljyratmak

make something better   o–atlandyrmak

make something crumble   owratmak

make something drip   sarkyrmak

make something rhyme   kapyØalaºdyrmak

make specific   konkretleºdirmek(r)

make stand   turuzmak

make still   durlamak, arkaØynlamak

make thin   ineltmek

make up   ylalaºmak, Øaraºmak

make up one's mind   karara gelmek

make use of   haØyrlanmak

make weak   gowºatmak

make well   abadanlaºdyrmak

make yellow   saralmak

make-up   grim(r), kosmetika(r), dŸzŸm

malaria   gyzzyrma, ysytma

male nurse   sanitar(r)

malevolent   betniet, betpŠl

malfunction   kellebaºaØak

malice   hyØanat

malicious   gy–yr, hyrsyz

mallet   tokmak

man   erkek, adam

man of letters   edebiØaty

manage   o–armak, beØemilik etmek, dolandyrmak, edara etmek

management   dolandyrys, uprawleniØe(r), prowlenie(r)

manager   beØemi, uprawleniØaØuººi£(r), mŸdir

mandarin   mandarin

mandatory   hškman

maneuver   manØowr(r)

manger   Øasli(r)

mangle   typanan, taØganak

mangy   kel, gotur

manly   mert

manner   edŠhet, usul, tŠr

manure   dškŸn

manuscript   golØazma

many   eneme, kšp

many-floored   gatbar-gatbar

map   karta

March   mart(r)

march   ØšrŸº, Šdimlemek

marching   nyzam

mare   baØtal

mark   hŠsiØetlendirmek, alamat, baha, nyºan, teØdar, habar, nyºana

marketable   ØšrgŸnli

marking   teØdar

marksman   mergen

marksmanship   mergenlik

marriage   nika

married (of a girl)   durmuºa ykan

married couple   Šr-aØal

marry   nikalaºmak

marry (of a girl)   durmuºa ykmak

marsh   sŸØgeºiklik

marshall   maral(r)

marshy (adj.)   sŸØgeºik

martial law   harby ØagdaØ

martyr   ejir, ezØet

marvel   gudrat

marvelous   tŠsin

marxism   marksizm(r)

marxism-leninism   marksizm-leninizm(r)

marxist   marksistik(r)

mask   maska(r)

masquerade   maskarad(r)

mass   kšpŸlik, massa(r), jisim, tšp

mass death   gyrgyn

mass meeting   miting(r)

massage   massaA(r), owkalamak

mast   bogaldak

master   seneti, senetilik, ussa, ØasaØjy, halypa, hojaØyn, ussat, šzleºdirmek, tŸrgenleºmek

mastery   eperilik, eperlik, ussaylyk, ussatlyk

match   otlušp, kŸkŸrt, dšw

matchmaker   sawylar

material   maddy, material(r), materiØa(r)

materialism   materializm(r)

materialistic   materialistik(r)

math   tangens(r)

mathematical   matematiki(r)

mathematics   matematika(r)

matt   šŸgsi

matted   šgŸn

matter   iº, jisim, madda, materiØa(r), iº

mattress   dŸºeke

mature   šnmek

maturity   Øetºenlik

mausoleum   mawzoleØ(r)

may   mŸmkin

May   maØ

may peace be upon you   salawmaleØkim

mayor   hŠkim

me   men, lŠlezar, lŠlezarlyk, emen

meal   biº-duº, aØ-šrek, nahar

mean   Øakymsyz, diØmek2, niØetlemek

mean-spirited   gaharly

meaning   ŠhmiØet, many

meaningless   batnyksyz, bolgusyz

means   eklen, seriºde, tŠr

meanwhile   hŠzirlike

measure   ak, šleg, en, šlemek, šlemek

measurement   šleØiº

meat   et

meatpie   somsa(r)

meaty   etli

mechanic   mehanik(r), maºinist(r)

mechanical drawing   ertØor(r)

mechanics   mahanika(r)

mechanism   mehanizm(r)

mechanization   mehanizasiØa(r)

mechanize   mehanizmledirmek(r)

medal   medal(r), £eton(r)

medical assistant   feldsher(r)

medicine   derman, em, medisina(r)

meditate on   di–ir genmek

meekness   Øuwaºlyk

meet   gšrŸºmek, garºyldamak, uramak, duº gelmek, duºmak, duºuºmak, tanyºmak, gšrmek, garºy, tanyº bolmak

meet someone   sataºmak, Øolukmak

meeting   duºuºyk, oturylyºyk, barlyºyk

melancholy    tukatlyk

melodiousness   labyz

melody   labyz, mukam, he–

melon   gawun

melonfield   bakja

melt   eremek

member   agza, len(r)

membership   lenlik

membrane   perde

memorial ceremony   aØat

memory   hakyda, huº, ØadygŠr

menace   haØbat

mend   dŸz etmek, Øamamak

mental   ruhy

mention someone else   agzamak

menu   menØu(r)

meow   mawlamak

mercantilism   nebisje–lik, nebsewŸrlik

merchant   sšwdager, sšwdagar

merciful   geirimli

mercury   simap

meridian   meridian(r)

merit   hyzmat, mertebe

merlin   gyrgy

merrily   ºŠhdayk, ºŸwele–li

merriment   ºadyØanlyk, ºagala–

merry   bŠlik, sapaly, ºadyØan, ºŸwele–, hoºwagt, mes, ºagala–ly, ºoh

message   tabºyryk, maglumat, sargyt

metal   metal(r)

metallurgy   metallurgiØa(r)

meter   metr(r)

method   metod(r), tŠr, usul

methodical   metodik(r)

methodist (one who is skilled in methodologies)   metodist(r)

methods   metodika(r)

microbe   mikrob(r)

microphone   mikrofon(r)

microscope   mikroscop(r)

middle   ara, orta, ortaky, ortanjy

middle-sized   aralyk

midnight   Øary gije

might   kuwwat

mighty   Špet

mild   tultuk, myssyk

militancy   sšweºlyk

militant   sšweºjen

militarize   harbylaºdyrmak

military   harby

military service   goºunylyk

militia   milisiØa(r)

milk   sŸØt, sŸØt, sagmak

milkmaid   sagymy

milky   sŸØtli

mill   degirmen, haraz

millet   dary

millimeter   millimetr(r)

million   million(r)

mimic   šØkŸnmek

mince   eljiremek

mind   akyl, a–, kelle, ØŸrek, Øat

mine   ºahta(r)

miner   ºahtay(r), ºahtØor(r)

mineral   mineral(r)

minister   ministr(r)

ministry   ministrlik(r)

mint   narpyz, ekankalamak, yrpmak

minty   narpyzly

minus sign   minus(r)

minute   minut(r), kŸlke, maØda

minutely   jikme-jik

miracle   gudrat

mirage   sagym, salgym

mirror   aØna

mischief   betlik

misconstrue   ØoØmak

miser   gysgan

miserly   gysgan

misfortune   betbagtlyk

misinformed   bihabar

mispronounce   pelteklemek

mispronunciation   peltek

miss   mymak, sypdyrmak, ØŸrek gysmak

miss someone   intizar bolmak

missed   sowa

mission   tabºyryk, missiØa(r)

missle   snaØard

mist   igrek, duman

mistake   Øal–yº

mistaken   telek

misty   dumanly

mix   bulamak, garyºdyrmak, gatmak

mix in   garyºdyrmak

mix up   Øal–yºdyrmak, bulaºdyrmak

mix with   garmak

mixed   garyºyk

mixed up   duk, olaºmak

moan   hyklamak, nala, nalamak, i–lemek, izzildemek

mob   ŸØºmele–

mobile   gšme

mobilization   mobilizasiØa(r)

mobilize   mobilizlemek(r)

model   gšredeli, model(r), marka(r)

moderate   maØdal

moderately   aram

modern   hŠzirki, tŠze

modest   kiigšwŸnli

modification   ŸØtgeºiklik

modify   ŸØtgetmek

moist   ygly, ygly, ig, nemli, ºalpy-ºara–

moisten   ezmek, ezilmek

moistness   yglyk

moisture   yg, nem, yzgar, zeØ

moisturize   zaØleek

molasses   toºap

Moldovan   moldowan

mole   

molecular   molekulØar

molecule   molekula

moment   lampa, maØ, pursat

momentarily   ºapba

momentary   Øalpa, minutlyk(r)

Monday   duºenbe

money   pul

Mongol   mongol

monkey   maØmyn

monotonous   birhili

monster   gorkun

monstrous person   ganhor

month   

monthly   aØlyk

monument   monument(r), ØadygŠrlik

monumental   monumental(r)

moo   molamak

mood   tap, ºŠht

moon   aØ, aØdy–

moonlit   aØdy–

moral   moral(r), ahlak

morality   moral(r)

morals   moral(r)

morbidity   Øarawsyzlyk

more than   gowrak

morning   ertir, irden

morsel   tike

mortar   minomØot(r)

Moslem   musulman

mosque   metjit

mosquito   aØaky, irkeØ, ybyn

most   i–

most of the time   galapyn

moth   gŸe, irkeØ

mother   eje

motherhood   ejelik

mother tongue   ene dili

motor   motor(r), dwigatel(r)

motorcyle   motosikl(r)

motorized water pump   skwazhina(r)

motorship   teplohod(r)

mount   mŸnmek

mountain   dag

mountain passage   štelgesi

mountain-dweller   dagly

mourn   gam cekmek, zarynlamak

mournful   zaryn, nalyºly

mouse   syan, syan

moustache   murt

moustached   murtly

mouth   agyz

mouth harp   gopuz

mouthful   atagzy

move   gš, tigirlenmek, togalanmak, yrgyldamak, butnamak, gšmek, hereket etmek, herketlendirmek, sŸØºmek, sŸØŸºmek

move oneself   gozganmak

move something   gozgamak

move something   gšŸrmek, sŸØºŸrmek

move away from   uzaklaºmak

move backward   gaØralmak

move forward   ilerlemek, sŸØŸºmek

movement   gatnaw, hereket, gadam

much   kŠn, kšp, uly

mucus   nem

mud   kir, palyk, batga, or, yrºak, hapa, lŸØk

muddle   Øal–yºdyrmak

muddy   kirli

mulberry   tut

mule   gatyr

mule saddle   ga––a

mull over   ikirjinlemek

mullah   molla

multi-colored   re–be-re–, (2 colors) ala, (3 or more colors) alabeder

multilateral   kšptaraply

multiply   artdyrma, kšpeltmek

mumble   samramak, sarnamak

mumblings   samyrdy

municipal   kommunal(r)

Murat   gezdirmek

murderer   ganhor

murmur   ºillirdi, hŸmŸrdemek, ºillirdemek, ºirrildemek, ºyrlamak

museum   muzeØ(r)

mushroom   kšmelek

music   saz

music bow   kemene

musical   sazly, saz

musician   sazanda, sazandar

Muslim   musulman

mustard   goritsa(r)

musucianship   sanandarlyk

mute   sessiz, lal

muteness   lallyk

mutilation   ºikes

mutineer   gozgala–y

mutiny   pitne, topala–

mutter   hŸmŸrdemek, samramak, sarnamak

mutterings   samyrdy

mutual   šzara

mutual aid   arkalaºyk

mutual respect   sylaºyk

muzzle   tumºuk

myself   šzŸm

mysterious   syrly, syrly

mystery   syr, syr, tilsim

N

nail   ŸØ, ŸØlemek, (metal) myh, (finger or toe) dyrnak

naive   mšn

naked   Øalana

name   atlandyrmak

named after   ady–daky

namely   atlaØyn, atly

namesake   atdaº

nana   eneke

napkin   salfetka(r)

narrow   atØuzli, dar

nasty   nejis

nation   millet, halk, Øurt

national   milli

nationality   halkylyk, halkyØet, osetin, raØat, millet

nationwide   Šhlihalk, umumyhalk

native   sŸØtdeº

natural   tebigy, kanuny

naturalist   naturalist(r)

naturally formed bakja   oØtak

nature   tabigat

naught   nol(r)

near   duldegºir, Øakyn, golaØ

nearly   tas

neat   rejeli

necessary   derkar, gerek, gerekli, zerur, hškman, mšhŸm

necessity   hškmany

neck   boØun

necklace   monjuk

necktie   galstuk(r)

need   hajat, zerurlyk, hal-ahwal, mŠtŠ bolmak, (dire need) mŠtŠlik

needed   gerek, gerekli

needle   i––e, i––e

needy   mŠtŠ

negative   otrisatel

neglect   Šsgermezilik, Šsgermezlik, harlamak

negotiate   wadalaºmak

negotiated   gepleºik

negotiation(s)   gepleºikler

negotiations   gepleºik

neigh   kiº–emek

neighbor   go–ºy, go–ºy-golan

neighborhood   tšwerek

neighboring   go–ºy

neighborly   duldegºir

nephew   Øegen

nerve   nerw(r), damar

nest   hšwŸrtge, hšwŸrtge, šØjŸk

net   setka(r), tor

neutral   bitarap

neutrality   bitaraplyk

new   tŠze

new thing   tŠzelik

newlyweds   atynja = tŠze atynja

newness   tŠzelik

news   habar, hat-habar, tŠzelik

newspaper   gazet(r)

next   golaØ, indiki, nobatdaky, nobatky, indi, hšwŸrtgelemek

next time   indikile

nibble   gemirmek

nice   gšrkana, gšrmegoØ, Øakymly, gšzel, mylaØym

nickel   ºaØylyk, ºaØy

nickname   lakam

niece   Øegen, Øegeni

night   gije

nightingale   bilbil

nightmare   garabasma

nightsoil   dškŸn

nimble   ØŸwrŸk

nine   dokuz

ninety   togsan

ninth   dokuzynjy

nintieth   toganynjy

nitrogen   azot(r)

no   Øok, dŠl

no one   yns-jyns

no-good   warak

noble   asylly

noise   galmagal, goh, gopgun, gykylyk, jenjel, ºaggyldy, wagyr, zenzele, ºagyrdy, ses, ºowhun

noisy   galmagally, ºowhunly, sesli

nomad   arwa

nomadic camp   

nominate   bellenmek

nomination   bellenme

non-stop   dyngysyz, dynman

noodle soup   unaº

nook   Ÿ–k

noon   gŸnortan

noose   hepbik, syrma

norm   norma(r)

normal   adata, normal(r), kadaly

north   demirgazyk

northeast   gaØra, demirgazyk-gŸndogar

northwest   demirgazyk-gŸnbatar

nose   burun

not   dŠl

not a soul   gum-gulluk

not at all   teØ

not bad   ganymat

not far   golaØda

not full   gowuz

not long ago   golaØda, hŠli

not on good terms   jet

not peaceful   o–ºuksyz

not present   Øok

not understandable   dŸºnŸksiz

not very   onakly

not well   nŠhoº

not well thought out   oØlanyºyksyz

notable   tanymal

notary   notarius(r)

note   habar, hat, (diplomatic or musical) nota(r)

notebook   depder

notepad   bloknot(r)

nothing   hi, yns-jyns

notice   garaºyk

notification   habardar

notion   dŸºŸnje, termin(r)

nourish   iØmitlendirmek

nourishment   iØmit

novel   roman(r)

November   noØabr(r)

novice   šwrenje

now   hŠzir, hŠzir, indi, ºindi

now then   Øa

now and then   aram-aram

nuclear   Øadro(r)

nucleus   šzen

numb   sšmelmek

number   nomer(r), san, san, sifr(r), mukdar, nomerlemek(r)

nurse   emdirmek, naharlamak

nursery   ºitilhana

nut   hoz

O

oar   kŸrek

oasis   oØlyk

oat flour   talhan

oath   ant, kasam

oats   sŸle

obesity   semizlik

object   obØekt(r), predmet(r), garºy cykmak

objective   obØektiw(r)

obligatory   hškmany

oblique   gyØa, asy

obliterate   Øegsan etmek

oblong   sŸØnmek, sŸØri

obscure   bŸremek

obscurity   tŸm, tŸmlŸk

obsenity   sšgŸn

observe   syn etmek, synlamak

observe a ceremony   dabaralanmak

obstacle   garsylyk, garºylyk

obstacles   pŠsgelilik

obstinacy   kelik, kesirlik

obstinance   tutanØerlik

obstinate   dikdŸºdi, hšjet, ke, kejal, kejir, kesir, ketje, tutanØerli

obstruct   bškdemek, germemek

obstruction   bškden, germew

obtuse   keje, tŸnt

obvious   anyk, aØan, aØyl-saØyl, gšz-gšrtele, ŠºgŠr, gšrnetin, aØdy–

obviously   mese-mŠlim

obviousness   ŠºgŠrlik

occasion   sŠwlik

occasionally   endan

occupation   okkupasiØa(r), hŸnŠr, senet

occupied   meºgul

occupy   okkupirlemek

occur without help   šz-šzŸnden

occurence   hadysa, hekaØat

ocean   de–iz, okean(r)

October   oktØabr

odd   bitaØ, dagynyk

odd (in number)   tŠk

odor   ys

oesophagus   šdek

of course   elbetde

offence   nadyllyk, šØke

offences   šØke-kine

offend   gšwnŸne degmek

offended   šØkeli, kineli, nadyl

offense   etmiº, kine

offer   teklip, hšdŸrlemek

office   edara, kanselØariØa(r), kontor(r), tipografiØa(r)

officer   ofiser(r)

officer's mess   ofiserlik

official   resmi, gerbli

offshoot   golur

often   aglaba, Øygy-Øygydan

oh   

oh, yes   

oh!   eØ-waØ, wiØ

oh! gosh!   wah

oh! oh boy!   waØ

oil   nebit, Øaglamak, (cooking) Øag

oil worker   nebiti

oilcloth   kleØonka(r)

oily   Øagly

okay   bolØar, adata, hoº

old   baØry, garry, goja, kšne

old age   garrylyk

old person   garry

old things   kšne-kŸºŸl

old woman   kempir

older   eØmen, ekabyr

older brother   aga

olive   zeØtin

olympiad   olimpiada(r)

olympics   spartakiØada(r)

omission   propusk(r)

on   boØuna

on a diet   berhizli

on an empty stomach   ajšze

on end   syn-syn

on hand   nagt

on purpose   bilgeºleØin

on the contrary   tersine

on the part of   babatda

on top   Øokary, atlaØyn

onlooker   tomaºay

once   birwagt

once again   tŠzee, Øamaºgan, Øamaºgandan

once and for all   dŸØpgšter, dŸØpleØin

once more   Øene

one   bir, Øekelik

one after the other   udantutma, yzly-yzynda

one and all   beØikli-pesli

one and only   Øeke-tŠk

one-blooded   ganybir

one by one   Øeke-Øeke

one day   gŸnin

one hundred   ØŸzlŸk

one hundredth   ØŸzŸnji

one of   biri

one on one   baºa-baº

one way   gidiºin

one-sided   birtaraplaØyn

oneness   birlik, Øekelik

onion   sogan

only   di–e, birlik, Øeke

only a little   ala

onset   tutnak

onslaught   tutnak

open   a, ŠºgŠr, amak, ha–latmat

open wide   ha–latmat

open-hearted   gšwnayk, mylakatly, akgšwŸnli

opening   aylyº

openness   ŠºgŠrlik

opera   opera(r)

operate   ØagdaØlaºmak

operation   operasiØa(r)

opinion   ekspertizia(r), garaØyº, pikir

opposite   a–ry, tersine

opposition   garºylyk

oppress   Øanamak

oppression   sŸtem, zulum

or   Øa, Øada

or else   Øogsa, bolmasa

orally   dilden

orange   mŠmiºi

orbit   orbita(r)

orbital   orbital(r)

orchestra   orkestr(r)

order   dŸzgŸn-tertip, dŸzgŸn-nyzam, hškŸm, narØad, orden, tertip, tertip-dŸzgŸn, zakaz(r), dŸzgŸn, buØurmak, sargamak, sarmak

ordered   tertipli

ordering   dŸzgŸnnama

orderliness   baºly-barat

orderly   dŸzŸwli

ordinal numbers   tertip sanlar

ordinarily   kšplen

ordinary(r)   rØadowoØ

ore   magdan

organ   organ

organic   organik(r)

organism   organizm(r), sŸu

organization   gurama

organize   saØhallaºdyrmak, Šklendirmek, horlanmak, guramak

organize a party   toØlamak

organizer   guramay

origin   gelip ykyº, gšzbaºy

original   šzboluºly

originate   gelip ykmak

ornament   gŸl

orphan   Øetim

orthographic   orfografik(r)

orthography   orfografiØa(r)

oscillate   yrgyldatmak

oscillation   yrgyldy

ostrich   dŸØeguº

other   baºga

other people's   keseki, kese

other things   baºga zat

others   eØleki

otherwise   baºgaa, Øogsa

otter   gunduz

ouch!   eØ-wŠk, wŠk

out (sports)   aut(r)

out of control   Øabany

out of reach   elØeter

out of the wind   Øele

out of tune   bozulan

out of whack   bozulan

outcry   haØkylyk, nŠrazyylyk

outer   daºky, gyraky

outer space   kosmos(r)

outfit   enjamlaºdyrmak

outline   kospekt(r)

outline   sudur, ºekel

outlined   Šklenmek

outpost   zastawa(r)

output   šndŸrijilik

outside   daºary, daºky

oval    sŸØri

ovary   naØa

over   Ÿstaºyr

over the top   Øokarlygyna

over there   hanha, holha, honha

overalls   kombinezon(r)

overcoat   palto(r), ºinel(r)

overcrowded   pŸrepŸr

overfill   pŸrepŸrlemek

overflow   daºmak, joºmak

overflowing   pŸrepŸr

overhear   di– salmak, di–leØmek

overmuch   agdyk

overnight   ØatymlaØyn

overstretch   gypjyndyrmak

overstuffed   Øepbeºik

overtake   ozmak

overturn   šwrŸliºik, šwrŸlmek, agdarmak

overwhelmed   gamaºmak

owl   baØguº

own   elin, sŸØtdeº, eØe bolmak

owner   eØe

ownership   eØeilik, hojalyk

oxygen   kislorod(r)

P

pace   depgip, Øšriº

pack   petde, gamlaºdyrmak

package   banderol(r), gap, pedelemek

packed   dykyz

packet   paket(r)

paddle   kŸrek, kŸreklemek

paendeky   pŠendeki

page   sahypa

pail   bedre, uØluk

pain   horluk, hupbat, azar bermek, azar, yza

painful   yzaly

painfulness   Øarawsyzlyk

paint   boØag, re–k, boØamak, re–klemek

painting   £iwopis(r)

pair   taØ

pairless   bitaØ

pajamas   pijama(r)

palace   kšºk

pale   akØuzli, mele, solgun, solgun

palm   aØa

palm of hand   ºapbat

palow (pilaf)   tŸw

pan   taba

panacea   melhem

pancake   byzmyk

pane   ŸØºe

panic   dowul

panorama   panorama(r)

pant   hyssyldamak, daljykmak

pants   balak, jalbar

paper   kagyz

parallel   ugurdaº

parcel   posulka(r)

pardon   Øalkamak

parents   ata-ene, ene-atalar

park   park(r)

parlance   gep

parrot   toty

part   bšlek, rol(r), ŸlŸº, bšlmek

partial   bšlekleyin

participant   gatnaºyjy

participate in   gatnaºmak

participle   ortak

particular   hususan, aØratyn, talapkŠr, ŸØtgeºik

particularly   ylaØta

parting   hoºloºyk

partisan   partisan(r), Øaran

partition   tuty

partner   hyzmatdaº

partridge   kŠkilik

parts   ºaØlar

party   oturylyºyk, tapgyr, toØ, (political) partiØa(r)

pass   putØowka(r), gemek, gezmelemek

passage   geelge, štelge, olum

passenger   Øolagy

passerby   štegi

passing   gidiºini

passion   hyjuw, hyru

passive   passiw(r)

passport   pasport(r)

past   š–

pastry   gutap

pastry chef   konditer(r)

pasture   šri

pat   tapbat, tapbatlamak

patch   Øama

patent   gšz-gšrtele

path   Øšrelge, Øol

pathetic   gšzgyny, naØynjar

patience   ydam, kanagat, sabyr, sabyrlylyk, takat, karar

patient   sabyrly, syrkaw

patriot   watany

patron   hossar, howandar

patronage   howandarlyk

patronize   hossarlyk etmek

pattern   Ÿl–i, bejergi

pause   dyngy, iriºme, togtamak, sagynmak, sem bolmak, sŠginmek

pave   dŸºemek, pollamak

paw   penje

pay   tšlemek, tšlemek

pay attention   Ÿns bermek

payment   tšleg, wznos(r), salgyt

peace   parahatylyk, ynjalyk, asudalyk, imisalalyk, o–ºuk, parahat, parahatlyk, rahat, Øaraºyk, dyn, rahatlyk, tapa

peaceful   asuda, imi-sala, o–ºukly, rahat, tesilli, rahat

peach   ºetdaly

peacock   tawus

peal   ºa––yrdy, ºy––yrdy, ta––yrdamak

pear   armyt

pearl   dŸr, gšwher

peas   nohut

peasant   daØhan

peck   okalamak, okmak

peculiar   hususan, šzboluºly, ŸØtgeºik

pedal   pedal(r)

pedalogical   terbiØeilik, terbiØeleØjilik

peel   paak, sypyrmak, arassalamak, artmak

peep (squeak)   jŸØgŸldy, yºyklamak, jŸØgŸldemek

peep over   kšw salmak

peep at   jyklamak

peer (person)   egindeº, de–duº, Øaºdaº

peg   gazyk, weºalka(r)

pelican   gotan

pelvis   anaklyk

pen   agyl, ruka(r)

pen-knife   akgy

penalty   jerime, jeza

penance   toba

pencil   galam

pencil-case   galamdan

penetrate   bšwŸsmek

penetrating   irkin, Øiti

peninsula   Øarymada

pennant   wympel(r)

pension   pansion(r), pensiØa(r)

people   halk, il, il, il-gŸn, il-halk, ileºler, halk

people's   halk

pepper   bur

peppery   ajy

percent   protsent(r)

perceptive   duØgur

perdition   nŠlet

perfect   kŠmil, kŠmileºen, kŠmilleºdirmek

perfection   kŠmillik

perfidy   ŠhtiØalanlyk

perform   ykyº etmek

peril   heder

period   smena(r), dšwŸr, (punctuation) nokat

period of time   mšhlet

periodic   dšwŸrleØin

perish   helŠk bolmak

permanent   hemiºelik

permission   rugsat, sprawka(r), ygtyØar

permit   putØowka(r)

perogative   hak, hukuk

perpendicular   dik

perplexed   Øygrykmak

perseverance   erjellik

persevering   tutanØerli

persistence   erjellik, tutanØerlik

persistent   erjel, tutanØerli

person   adam, kiºi

person at the top   otlinik(r)

personage   persona£h(r)

personal   personal(r), ºahsy, Øekebara

personal nature   tabigat

personality   ºahs, ºahsyØet

perspective   perspektiv(r)

persuade   gšwnetmek

persuasive   degerli

pester   ekelemek, sŸØkenmek

pestle   soky

pet   sypalamak

petition   towakga

petroleum   nebit

petty   Øalpak, ownukyl, ØŸzleØ

phenomenon   hadysa

phesant   sŸlgŸn

philanthropy   adamkŠrilik

philharmonic   filarmoniØa(r)

philologic   filologik(r)

philology   filologiØa(r)

philosophic   filosofik(r)

philosophy   filosofiØa(r)

phlegm   gakylyk

phlegmy   gakylyk

phone   telefon(r)

phonetic   fonetik(r)

phonetics   fonetika(r)

phony   jšgi

photograph   fotografiØa(r), forografilemek(r), surat

phraseologic   fraseologik(r)

phraseology   fraseologiØa(r)

physical training   beden terbiØe

physics   fizika(r)

pianist   pianist(r)

piano   pianino(r)

pick   okmak, syngamak, Øygmak

pick up   šplemek, šplemek, gštermek

picture   surat, surat

picturesque   gšrkana

pie   gutap

piece   dšwŸm, tike

piece of candy   kemput

pieces   bšlek-bšlek

pier   pristan(r)

piercing   apgyn, irkin

pig   do–uz

pigeon   kepderi

piglet   jojuk

pile   dšs, topbak

pilgrim (to Mecca)   ymam

pill   tabletka(r)

pillar   kolonna(r), sŸtŸn

pillow   Øassyk

pilmeni   bšrek

pilot   pilot(r)

pimple   dŸwŸrtik

pin   temenge

pinch   ŸmmŸk, irtmek, ŸmmŸklemek

pinch (in cooking)   garnuw, garyndy

pink   mawy, al, gyrmyzy

pins and needles   jŸmºŸldi

pioneer   pionir(r)

pioneer days   pionirlyk(r)

pipe   truba(r), trubka(r)

pistachio   pisse

pistol   pistolet(r)

pit   ukur, ukurlyk, dŠne, ºahta(r)

pitch   e––it, ºepbik, Øapbaºak

pitch a tent   asyrmak

pitcher   kŸØze, gola, (iron) tŸ–e

pitchfork   arºak

pitching   yrga

pitiable   gšzgyny

pitiful   naØynjar

pitted   gotur

pity   rehim, puºman etmek, puºman, gaØgyrmak, škŸnmek

placard   plakat(r)

place   orun, Øer, punkt(r), tarap, Ÿndemek, Øerleºdirmek, salmak

place of respect   dul

place where people live   mekan

plain   takyr, ØšnekeØ

plain to see   gšrnetin

plains   dŸz, dŸzlŸk

plaintive   nalyºly, naØynjar, zaryn

plait   sa šrŸmi, yrmaºmak

plan   plan(r), proØekt(r), enlemek, planaºdyrmak(r)

plane   rende, rendelemek

plane off   Øonmak

plane tree   ynar

planer   tšrpi

planet   planeta(r)

plank   Øokundy, tagta

planned   planly(r)

planning   planlyk(r)

plant   ekmek, oturtmak

plaster   gips(r), suwamak

plasticine   plastilin(r)

plate   tarØelka(r)

platform   perron(r), platforma(r), estrada(r), tribuna(r)

platoon   wzwod(r)

play   oØnamak

player   oØuny

plead   šzelenmek

pleasant   hoºamaØ, Øyly, mazaly, mŠhirli, mylaØym, Øakymly, ºirin

pleasantness   hoºamaØlyk, mylaØymlyk

please   Øaranmak

pleased with   kaØyl

pleasing   hezil

pleasing taste   lezzetli

pleasure   gšnenilik, hezel, hšzir, lezzet, maza, hezillik, keØp, sapa

pleat   epin

pledge   Šht

plenty   gana

pliable   eØe

pliers   atagzy

plot   dildŸwºŸk

plotting   betniet, betpŠl

ploughshare   paza

plow   plug(r), sškmek

pluck   Ÿzmek, ŸzŸlmek, Øolmak

pluck out   Øolmalamak

plug   ºtepsel(r)

plum   garaly

plum tree   garaly

plumber   slesar(r)

plump   lopbush, semiz, pškgi

plumpen   parkyldamak

plunder   talamak

plunge   topulmak, Ÿmmek

plus   plØus(r)

plush   mahmal

plywood   faner(r)

pocket   jŸbi, kise

pocket money   spwa

pockmarked   gotur

pod   kšsŸk

poem   gosgy, poema(r), ºygyr

poet   ºahyr

poetess   ºahra

poetic   poeztik(r), gosgy

poetic works   ºahyrlyk

poignant   Øiti

point   utuk, punkt(r)

point (in a game)   oko(r)

point of view   jŠhet, nukdaØnazar

pointed   zšmmek

pointer   dil

pointer finger   sŸem barmak

pointless   manysyz

poison   awy

poisonous   zŠherli

poke   syngamak, dŸrtmek, ommaltmak

poker (for a fire)   kesewi

polar   polØar(r)

Pole   polØak(r)

pole   polØus(r), syryk

policeman   milisioner(r)

policy   syØasat, syØasat

polish   taraºlamak, tšrpŸlemek

polishing   taraº

polite   edepli

politeness   edeplilik, sypaØylyk, edep

political    syØasy

politician   syØasaty

politics   syØasat, syØasat

pollen   tozga

pollute   zaØalamak

polyclinic   poliklinika(r)

polytechnic   politeknika(r)

pomegranite   nar

pond   howda, howda, howuz

ponder   di–ir genmek

ponderous   saldamly

pool   basseØn(r), alpaw, howuz

poor   gedaØ, garyp, myrtar

poor person   gedaØ

poppy   lŠle, lŠbik

popular   geginli, populØar(r), ØšrgŸnli

population   ilat

populous   ilatly

porcelin   farfor(r)

porch   seki, dalan, podØezd(r)

porcupine   oklukirpi

portend   duØdurmak

porter   nosilººik(r)

portion   paØ(r), porºen(r), portsiØa(r), gatan, dšwŸm

portrait   portret(r)

Portugal   portugal(r)

position   dŸzgŸnnama, esgerlik, komandirlik(r), pozitsiØa(r), wezipe

possessive   olluk

possibility   mŸmkinilik

possible   mŸmkin

possibly   Šhtimal

post   post(r), pota

post-meal prayer   tšwir (galdyrmak)

postage stamp   marka(r)

postcard   otkrytka(r)

poster   afiºa(r), plakat(r)

posterity   nesil

postpone   uzaklaºdyrmak

pot   gazana, gorºok(r), piti

potatoes   kartoºka(r)

pothole   gazganak

potter's trade (craft)   kŸØzegarlik

potty   gorºok(r)

poultry   guºulyk

pound   bŸkgŸldemek, bŸkdŸrmek

pour   ogmak, akytmak, gulmak, guØmak, ºabyrdamak

pour in   guØmak

pour out   e–termek, tenmek

pour over   haplamak

poverty   garyplyk, pukaralyk, Øokluk

powder   poroºak(r)

power   kuwwat, gŸØ, hŠkimiØet, kuwwatlylyk, ysgyn, zarp

power station   elektrostansiØa(r)

powerful   Špet, kuwwatly

powers   mejal

pox   mama

practice   praktika(r)

praise   magtan, šwgi, šwgn, taryp, šwmek, magtamak, šwmek, taryplamak

pray   doga okamak, šzelenmek, dilemek

prayer   dileg, hudaØa okunma, namaz

preach   wagyz etmek

precept   nesihat

precipitate   Øagmak

precipitation   Øagyn, Øagmyr, ygal

precisely   tegelek

precision   takyklyk

predator   Øyrtyjy

predatory   wagºy

predominance   agdyklyk

preface   sšzbaºy

prefix   pristawka(r)

pregnant   gšwreli

premier   premera(r)

preoccupied   aladaly

preparation   preparat(r)

preparations   taØyarlyk

prepare   toplanmak, emelenmek, hŠzirlemek, taØyarlamak, taØynalmak

prepare a dish   biºirmek

preparedness   taØyarlyk

preposition   sšzso–y

present   hŠzirki, ºindiki

present evidence   delillendirmek

presentation   ykyº

preserve   zapowednik(r)

president   prezident(r), rektor(r), sowgat

presidium   prezidium(r)

press   sykmak, gysmak, basmak, preslemek, Øanamak

press conference   pres-konferentisiØa(r)

press forward   zomamak

press in   Øemºertmek

press up against   gysmyljyramak

pressed in   Øemºermek

pressing   mšhletli

pressure   basyº, sŸtem

pretty   eØjelik, gšzel, gšrkana, telper

previous   š–ki

previous situation   š–kŸlik

price   nyrh, baha

prices   gymmatlamak

prick   naØzalamak, sanjamak

prick up (one's ears)   Ÿºertmek

prickle   tiken

prickly   tikenli

pride   buØsan, guwan

primary   ilkinjilik, ilkinji

primary beginning   baºlangy

primordial   ilkidurmuº

princers   gysgy

principle   prentsip(r)

principles   kodeks(r)

print   ºrift(r)

printed cotton cloth   jir

printer   apy

printing plant   aphana, tipografiØa(r)

priority   biri–ilik

prison   tŸrme

prisoner   tussag, tussag, Øesir

private   hususy, hususy

private (soldier)   rØadowoØ

private office   kabinet(r)

privilege   Øe–illik, hak-hukuk

prize   baØrak, priz(r)

problem   problema(r)

process   protses(r)

prod   dŸrtmek

produce   šndŸrmek, šnmek, etmek

product   šnŸm

production   šnŸm, šnŸmcilik, šnŸmilik

productive   guzla––y

productivity   šndŸrijilik

products   harytlar

profession   kesp, kŠr

professional   professional(r)

professor   professor(r)

profit   dŸºewŸnt, nebis, utuº, bŠhbit, haØyr

profitable   dŸºewŸntli, gazanly

profound   u––ur

prognosis   prognoz(r)

program   programa(r)

progress   progres(r), Øetiºik

progressive   progressiw(r)

prohibited   haram, gadagan

project   proØekt(r), proØektirlemek

proletarian   proletor(r)

proletariat   proletariat(r)

prolong   sŸØndŸrmek, uzaltmak

promise   lebiz, wada, Šht

promptly   okgunly

promulgation   neºir

prone   arkan, ØŸzin

pronoun   at calysma, alyºma

pronounce   aØdylmak

pronunciation   aØdylyº, kŠØin

proof   subutnama

prop   direg

prop up   daØamak, diremek

propagate   propagandirlemek(r)

property   emlŠk, goº-gola–, mal-mŸlk, goº, hŠsiØet, hŠsiØet

prophecy   hadys

prophet   pygamber

propitious   o–aØly

propoganda   propaganda(r)

proportion   laØyklyk

prose   kyssa, proza(r)

prose writer   prozai(r)

prospect   a–-dŸºŸnje

prospecting   razwedka(r)

prosper   pajalamak

prosperity   eØgilik, dokulyk, ŸpjŸnlik, eºret, o–luk, meslik

protect   hossarlyk etmek, goramak

protection   gorag, goraØyº

protector   goragy

protest   garºylyk gšrkezme, protest(r), garºylyk gšrkezmek

protocol   protokol(r)

protracted   uzyn

protrude   ommaltmak

protruding   gŸberek

proud   buØsanjan, gedam, sarsmaz

prove   subut etmek, subut etmek

proverb   nakyl

provide   ŸpjŸnetmek

provide help   hemaØat etmek

provide hospitality   hezzetlemek

provided for   ŸpjŸn

province   oblast

provocation   prowokatsiØa(r)

prying   bilesigeliji

pubis   gasyk

public   ekimli, kommunal(r)

public prosecutor   garalawy, prokuror(r)

public-mindedness   jemgyØetilik

publication   ap etme

publish   ap etmek, neºir etmek

publisher   neºir ediji, neºirØaty

publishing house   neºirØat

puddle   alpaw

puff   burugsamak, hyssyldamak

puke   gusmak

pull   Ÿwek, tartmak, ekmek

pull at   ykarmak

pull out   Ÿtmek, goparmak, sogurmak, sŸØremek

pull together   bŸzmek

pulpit   kafedra

pumpkin   kŠdi

pun   Øomak

punctual   rejeli

punctuation   punktuatsiØa

puncture   deºmek

punish   jeza bermek, jezalandyrmak, temmi bermek

punishment   temmi, Šre, jeza

puny   gšØduk

pupil   okuwy, (of the eye) gšre

puppy   gŸjŸk

purchaser   alajy

pure   dury, pŠk, tŠmiz, halal

puree   pØure(r)

purified   saplanmak

purify   saplamak, tŠmizlemek, tŠmislik

purple   ernil(r)

purpose   maksat, hyØal, pygyl

purr   ºirrildemek

pursuit   kowgy

pus   ylpyk, iri–

pus-like   iri–li

push   iteklemek, itelemek, itermek, itmek, zomamak

push and shove   itniºmek

push button   knopka(r)

push over   agdarmak

pushy person   itigi

put   atmak, salmak, garsamak, goØmak, Ÿndemek, Øoklamak

put away   gizlemek, gizlenmek

put forward   goØmak

put in   dykylmak

put in lines   setilemk

put in order   saØhallaºdyrmak

put inside   ŸmdŸrmek

put it shortly   garaz

put off   uzaklaºdyrmak

put on   dakmak

put on airs   gomparmak, ulumsyramak

put on weight   semretmek

put out   šŸrmek

put right   ugrukdyrmak

put through a hole   štŸrmek

put up   germek

putrid   ŸØrŸk

puzzle   matal

Q

qualification   kwalifikasiØa(r)

quality   hil

quantity   mukdar, ululyk

quarrel   ekeleºmek, tersleºik, jetleºmek, senemere ediºmek, sšgŸºmek, tersleºmek

quarrel with   kŠØimek

quarrelsome   igenje–, igenje–lik

quarter   ŠrØek, kwartal(r)

quay   pristan(r)

queen (in chess)   prezi

quest   agtaryº

question   sorag, sorag, sowal, soramak, ºek, sorag bermek

queue   nobat, nobat tutmak

quick   alasyn, ØŸwrŸk

quick wittedness   ŸºŸk

quickly   alt, hasyr-husur, hyrra, ºagga, ºapba, ºark-ºurk, tiz

quickness   alasynlyk, altlyk

quiet   domma, Øuwaº, imi-sala, rahat, arkaØynlamak

quietly   keremara

quilt   Øorgan, syramak

quince   beØi

quiver   endiremek, sarsmak

quiz   barlag iº, wiktorina(r)

quotation   sitada(r)

quote   sitirlemek

R

rabbit   towºan

rabid   guduz

race   Øaryºmak, apyºyk, jyn, Øaryº, urug, tohum, mymak

race track   aØlaw

racism   jynsparazlyk

racist   jynsparaz

rack   weºalka(r)

racket   galmagal, gowga, zenzele

radiance   parlak

radiant   ršwºen

radiate   parlamak

radio   radio(r)

radio center   radiouzel(r)

radio operator   radist(r)

radio station   radiostantsiØa(r)

radio-announcer   diktor(r)

radish   rediska(r), turp

radius   radius(r)

raft   sal

rag   esgi, ogdan

rage   gahar, gahar-gazap, Ÿz–elik, mšwkemek, ºarlamak, mšw almak

rags   gyØkundy, ºylha

raid   hŸjŸm

railing   tutawa

railroad pliers   Štiºgir

rails   rels(r)

rain   Øagmyr, Øagyº, ygal

rainbow   Šlemgoºar

raincoat   plaº(r)

rainy   Øagynly, Øagyºly, ygally

raise   galdyrnak, galmak, gatalkmak, Øokarlanmak

raise a price   gymmatlamak

raise above   gštergimek

raise oneself   dikelmek, gobsynmak

raising   kštel

raising deer   sugunylyk

raisins   kiºmiº

rake   dyrmak, dyrmyk

rally   miting(r)

ram   go

ram-like (a compliment)   go

rampart   se––er

range   plita(r)

rant and rave   basyrganmak

rap   tarsuldamak, tarkyldamak, tarkyldatmak, tarsuldy, tykyrdatmak, tyrkyldamak, tyrkyldatmak, tykyrdamak

rapidity   altlyk

rapidly   okgunly, alt

rapids   gatakar

raport   raport(r)

rare   gyt, seØrek

rarely   iki-Øeke, Øek-tŸk

rascal   haramzada, aldawy

rash   iteºen, šrgŸn

rat   alaka

ratify   tassyklamak

rational   islege laØyk

rationalist   ratsionalizator

rationality   ratsionaylyk(r)

rattle   ºarkyldy, tyrkyldy, ta––yrdamak, tarkyldamak, tarkyldatmak, tykyrdatmak, hy££yldamak, ºarkyldamak

rattling   tarkyldy

raven   garga, zag

ravine   jar

raw   ygly

raw materials   igmal

ray   nur, ºšhle

razor   pŠki

reach   gowuºmak

react   Šwmek

reaction   reaksiØa(r)

reactionary   reaksion(r)

reactive   reaktiw(r)

read   okamak

reading and writing   hat-sowat

ready   taØØar, taØØyn, taØyarlyly, hŠzir

real   real(r), tŸØs

realism   realizm(r)

realistic   realistik(r)

reality   hakykan, hakykat

realize   paºmak

really   hakykatdan, dogrudan

really?   hiØ? heØ?

reap   ormak

rear   tyl, yz

rear part   Øe–e

reason   pŠhim, sypalga, sebŠp, spwa, oØlanmak

reasonable   pŠhimli, sebŠpli

reassure   haØ-kŸº etmek, hšre-kšºe etmek

rebel   gozgala–y, pitnesi

rebellion   topala–, pitne

rebuff   gaØtawul

receipt   kwitansiØa(r)

receive   uramak

receiver   trubka(r)

receiving room   myhmanhana

receiving set   radionpryomnik(r)

recently   arada, Øa–y Øakynda

recess   arakesme

recipe   retsept(r)

recital   konsert(r)

recline   sŸØnmek

recognize   ykrar etmek, tanamak

recollection   ØadygŠr

recommendation   rekomendasiØa(r)

recompense   tšlemek

reconcile   ylalaºdyrmak, razylaºmak, Øaraºdyrmak

reconciliation   Øaraºyk

reconnaissance party   razwedka(r)

record   rekord(r), Øazgy

recover   gutulmak, sagalmak

recruit   pyntyklamak

rectify   dŸzetmek

rector   rektor(r)

rectorship   rektorlyk(r)

red   ypar, gyrmyzy, gyzyl

red poppy   gŸlŠlek

redden   gyzarmak

reddest   gyp-gyzyl

reduce   haØallatmak, selenlemek, seØreklemek, Øuwaºatmak, egismek, kemeltmek, kemmek, kieltmek, peseltmek, Øuwaºamak

reduction   peseltme

reed   i–rik, gamyº, gargy

refer to   salgylanmak

refine   kŠmilleºdirmek, Øukalmak

reflect   aØlamak

reflective   aØnadan

reflexive   duØdansyz

reform   reforma(r)

refresh   yºyklandyrmak, janlandyrmak

refrigerator   holodilnik(r)

refugee   gagak

regard   Šsgermek

regime   rezhim(r)

regiment   polk(r)

region   olrug, raØon(r), Ÿlke, uastok(r)

register   registrirlemek(r)

registration   registrasiØa(r), Øazgy

registry   registratura(r)

regret   ahmyr, gynan, škŸn, puºman, ahmyr etmek, gynanmak, puºman etmek, škŸnmek

regular   regulØar(r), kadaly

regulate   regulirlemek(r)

rehearsal   repetisiØa(r)

reign   hškŸm sŸrmeklik, hškŸm sŸrmek

rein in   ideklemek, jylawlamak

reinforce   mŠkŠmlemek

reinforced   berkitme

reinforcement   berkitme

reins   jylaw

reject   ret etmek

rejoice   mona bolmak

relate   beØan etmek

relation   gatnaºyk, howandar

relationship   howandarlyk, hossarlyk

relative   dogan-garyndaº, garyndaº, howandar, otnositel, ºertli

relatives   kowum-garandaº, nebere

relaxation   dyn

relaxed   hatyrjem

relay race   estafeta(r)

release   sypmak, akdyrmak, sabamak

relevant   dahylly

reliable   Šhtibar, ynamly

religion   din

religious   dindar, dini

rely   baØrynmak

remainder   galyndy

remaining   galyndy

remedy   seriºde, seriºde

remember   Øatlamak

rememberance   hakyda

remind   Øatalatmak

remote   daºlykdaky

remoteness   u–luk

removal   kšwek

remove   ykarmak, daºlaºdyrmak

render   Šbermek

renew   tŠzelemek, tŠzelenmek

renovate   tŠzelemek

rent   kŠrende tšlegi

rental   kŠrende, kireØ

repair   bejermek, Øamamak, dŸz etmek

repair(s)   remont(r)

repay a debt   šzmek

repeal   goØbolsun etmek

repeat   gaØtalmak

repeat several times   gaØtalaºdyrmak

repetition   Øola

replace   tŠzelenmek, tŠzelemek

replica   replika(r)

report   doklad(r), maglumat, hasabat

report upon   bildirmek

repose   rahatlyk, tapa, ynjalyk

representative   wekil

reproach   gyjalat, teØene, kŠØin

reproof   kŠØin

reptiles   sŸØrenjiler

republic   respublika(r)

republican   respublikan(r)

repugnant   Øigrenji

repulse   gaØtawul

reputation   abraØ, at-abraØ

request   haØyº, towakga, haØyº etmek

requirement   talap

research   gšzleg

resemblance   me–zeº

resemblance   me–zelik

resemble   alym etmek, me–zemek

reserve   zapowednik(r)

reserve(s)   rezerw(r)

reserved   garasšØmez, domma

resin   ºepbik

resolute   tšwekgel, ŸzŸl-kesil, kesgin

resolution   rezolØusiØa(r), šzgŸt, ustaw(r)

resort   kurort, sanatoriØa(r)

resource   resurs(r)

respect   hatyra, hezzet-hormat, hormat, sylag, yzzat, hormatlamak, sarpa goØmak, sylamak

respect    sarpa

respectable   epeØ

respond   seslenmek

respond to   Šwmek

responsibility   garamat, jogapkŠrilik

responsible   jogapkar, jogapkŠrli

rest   dyn, rahatlyk, tapa, ynjalyk

restaurant   restoran(r)

restrain one's self   saklanmak

result   netije, timarlamak

result in   rejelemek

resurrection   diriliº

retell   beØan etmek

retract   dŠnmek

retreat   gamak, ekilmek, sepikmek

retribution   jeza

return   gaØdyºyn, šwrŸlmek, gaØtarmak

reveal oneself   paramak

revel   keØp ekmek

revenge   ar, kast

revenue   gipdeji

reverence   yzzat

review   syn etmek, syn, tankyt, gaØtalaºdyrmak

revival   galkynys

revive   janlanmak

revolution   rewolØusiØa(r), šwrŸliºik

revolutionary   rewolØusion(r)

revolve   hozanaklamak

reward   baØrak

rheumatism   bilagyry, guragyryly

rhombus   rom(r)

rhyme   kapyØa, rifma(r), kapyØalaºdyrmak, kapyØalaºmak

rib   gapyrga

ribbon   lenta

rice   tŸw, bŸrŸn

rice porridge   ºŸle

rich   baØ

rich in content   manyly

rich in possessions   barly

rich with   bol

richness   dšwlet

ricochet   awmak

riddle   matal, tapmaa

ride   togalamak

ridge   ulgam

ridiculous   gŸlkŸn, bolgusyz

riding academy   maner

riding school   maner

rifle   tŸpe–

right   hak, hak-hukuk, hukuk, hukuk, mamla, hak

right after   yzy bilen

right now   derrew

right up to   

righteous   halal

rigid   do–an

rim   er–ek

rime   igrek

rind   paak

ring   ØŸzŸk, halka, jy––yrdamak, ºy––yrdy, zar–yldamak, ja––yrdamak, ºa–lamak, ºa––yrdamak, ºy––yrdamak

ring finger   ogulhajat

ringing   jy––yrdy, ºatlama

rink   taØganak

rinse   aØkamak

rinse out   aØkamak

rip out a seam   sškŸlmek, sškmek

ripe   tagt

ripped   Øyrtyk

rise   gšgermek, (of the sun) dogmak

risk   tšwekgelilik, tšwekgellik, heder

rival   bŠsdeº

rivalry   bŠsleºik

river   derØa

rivet   berin

road   Øol

roam   tentemek, seØil, seØran etmek, entemek, entreklemek

roar   gŸbŸrdemek, gŸmmŸrdemek, gŸrrŸldemek, mš––Ÿrmek

roar with laughter   hahahaØlamak

roast   irkizmek

rob   talamak

robe   don

rock   yralamak, yramak, yranmak, yra– atmak, uurmak, Ÿwremek

rocket   raketa(r)

rocky   daºly

rod   ybyk

rodents   gemrijiler

role   rol(r)

roll   tirlemek, tirlendirmek, towlanmak, tigirlemek, togalamak

roll of film   pleØonka(r)

roll up   ugutmak, dŸØrlemek, pyrlamak

roller   rolik(r)

rolling   yrga

rolling pin   oklaw

Romanian   rumyn(r)

room   otag

root   kšk, dŸØp

rope   tanap

rose   bŠgŸl, gŸl

rostrum   kafedra

rot   ŸØremek

rotate   towlamak

rotation   aØlanma, tow

rotten   ŸØrŸk, palak, yslanan

rotteness   zaØaylyk, ŸØrŸklik

rough copy   garalama

roughness   harsallyk

round   tegelek, šwre, tapgyr, raund(r)

round off   Øumralmak

round trip   gidiºin-gaØdyºyn

rouse   tutaºdyrmak

route   gatnawy, trassa(r)

row   hatar, setir, September, zweno(r), kŸreklemek

rows   setilemk

rub   almak, oØkamak, sŸrtenmek, sŸØkemek, sŸØkenmek

rub in   sŸrtmek, yrºamak

rub oneself   oØkanmak

rubber   kauuk, rezin(r)

rubbing alcohol    spirit

rubbish   makulatura

rucksack   rØukzak(r)

rudder   sŸØpent

rude   gšdek

rugby   regbi(r)

rugby player   regbii(r)

ruin   zaØalamak, bozmak

ruined   weØranylykly

ruins   haraba

rule   dŸzgŸn, kada, hŠkimiØet

ruler   han, (measuring) yzgy

rumble   ºakgyrdy, gŸrpŸrdi, jugurdamak, ºakgyrdamak, ºakgyrdatmak, takyrdamak, takyrdatmak, tykyrdamak

rumours   myº-myº

rumour   owaza

rumoured   hyºy-wuºy

run   ylgaw, geirmek, ŸwdŸrmek, ylgamak, ylgamak

run away   zut gayp gitmek

run insomething   sŸsdŸrilmek

run into   akyºmak

running   ylgaw

rush   gargy, topulmak, ozmak, dazlamak, e–mek, howlykmak, haØdamak

rush out   zogdyrylmak

Russia   orsØet

Russian   ors, rus

Russian language   orsa, rusa

rust   pos, iglemek

rustle   ºagyrdy, ºitirdi, ºybyrdy, ºygyrdy, ºykyrdy, ygºyldy, ºaggyldamak, ºaggyldy, ºyglamak, ºyrkyldy, agsyldamak, ºagyrdamak, ºybyrdamak, ºygyrdamak, ºykyrdamak, ygºyldamak, ybºyrlamak, ygºyldamak, ybºyldy, ygºyldy

rusty   posly

ruthless   rehimsiz

rye   owdary

S

saber   gyly

sabotage   diversiØa(r), Øykgynylyk

sack   halta, ganar

sacred   mukaddes

sacrifice   gurban, pida

sad   gamgyn, gamly, gaØgyly, tukat, zaryn

saddle   eØer, eØerlemek, iirgilemek

saddle straps   ganjyga

sadness   gaØgy, tukatlyk

safe   arkaØyn

safely   sag aman, aman

safety pin   i––ebagjyk, sanjak, temenge

sag   gaغarmak

sag-gurgun gezip Øšremek=be in a good mood   sag-gurgun

sail   Øelken

sailing   Øelkenli

sailor   de–izi, matros(r)

salad   salat(r)

salary   aØlyk

saleable   ØšrgŸnli

salient   ilgin

saline   ºor

saliva   tŸØkŸlik

salivate   tŸØkŸliklemek

sallow   saryØagyz

salt   duz, duzlamak

salt solution   ºerebe

salt water   ºorsuw

saltiness   ºorluk

salty   duzly, ºerebe, ºor

salute   salØut(r)

samovar   semawar(r)

sample   nusga

sanatorium   sanatoriØa(r)

sand   Šge, gum

sandbank   saØ

sander   tšrpi

sandwich   buterbrod(r)

sandy   gumak

sapling   nahal

sash   bilguºak

satiate   berikmek

satin   setin(r), atlaz

satisfaction   dokluk, hoºallyk, kanagatlanarlyk, kanagat, razØlyk

satisfactory   hoºal, kanagatlanlarlykly

satisfied   dok, razy

satisfy   gandyrmak, kanagatlandyrmak

Saturday   ºembe

saunter   aØlanjyramak

sausage   kolbasa(r)

sausage link   sosiska(r)

save   tygºytlamak

saving   tygºyt

savings   zapas(r)

saw   bygy, pygy, bognamak, bygylmak

say   Øamanlamak, diØmek1, gŸrlemek

say good-bye   hoºlaºmak

say hi   salamlaºmak

say something   dillenmek

say unpleasant words   Øokuº sšz aØtmak

scabbard   gyn

scald   haplamak

scale   tor, (for weighing) gapan, (of a map) mastab

scales   terezi

scandal   haØØarlyk, nadaralyk, ºer, goh, jenjel

scandalmonger   gybatkeº

scandalous   haØØar, nadara

scar   apyk

scarcely   ala

scarcity   kemilik, kemlik, kšst

scare   ŸrkŸzmek, gorkuzmak

scarecrow   garantja, gŠp

scarf   ºarf(r), Øaglyk

scarlet fever   hšrezek, tŠjihoraz

scatter   dagatmat

scattered   alam-aº

scenery   ØagdaØ

scent   atyr

schedule   raspisaniØe(r), tablisa

scheme   shema(r)

school   mekdep, uiliººe(r)

science   ylym

science (degree)   alymlyk

scientific   ylmy

scientist   alym

scissors   gaØcy

scold   kŠØemek, sšgmek

scoop   susmak

scorch   owlamak

score   san

scorpion   iØan

scout   razwedkay(r)

scrambled eggs   heØgenek

scrap   letde, para, paralamak

scraps   gyØkundy

scratch   dyrnaak, sypjyryk, ykyrdy, dyrnaaklamak, gaºamak, sypjyrmak, soØmak

scrawny   epiksi, hor

scream   gykylyk, nŠrazyylyk, haØkyrmak, he–kirmek, (from fear) wŠgirmek

screen   ekran(r)

screw   nurbat

screw in   bintlemek

scrupulousness   Ÿmhšreklik

scuffle   uruº, penjelemek

sculptor   skulptor(r)

sculpture   skulptora(r)

sea   de–iz

sea gull   arlak

seal   ap, metbugat, peat(r), peatlamak, plomwalamak(r), Øelimlemek

seal off   beklemek

seal tightly   jebisleºmek

seal with glue   Øelmemek

sealed tightly   jebis

seam   September, tikin

seaman   matros(r)

seamstress   tikini

search   agtaryº, ideg-sorag, agtarmak, dšrmek, gšzlemek

search for   gšzlemek, idemek

searchlight   projhektor(r)

season   mšwsŸm, pasyl, halat

seasons   aØlar

seat (of war)   ojak

secluded   ola

second   ikinji, sekunt(r)

second place   ikinjilik

second time   ikilen

second-hand   saklanan

secondary   ikinji derejeli

secret   assyryn, gizligin, gizlin, ogryn, syr, tilsim, Øaºyryn

secret service officer   razwedkay(r)

secretiveness   assyrynlyk

section   bšlŸm, seksiØa(r), Øartma, zweno(r), (of a city) kwartal(r)

secular   dŸnØewi

security   howpsuzlyk, howpsuzlyk, ŸpjŸnilik

security deposit   girew

sediment   škŸndi, lšdere

sedition   bozgaklyk

see   gšrmek

see off   ugratmak

seed   dŠne, tohum

seeded   tohumlyk

seeder   seØalka

seeding   tohumylyk

seedling   nahal

seeds   itgitlemek

seek advice   maslahatlamak

seem   gšrŸnmek

seem strange   ge–lemek

seems   Øaly-la

seeth   lakyrdamak

seethe   ºarlamak, pykyrdamak

segment   dilim

seizure   kakyn

seldom   seØrek, seØrek

selected   saØlama

self   elin, šz

self-centered   šz kelle

self-couscious   mŸØnŸrgemek

self-doubting   mŸ–kŸr

self-interest   nebisje–lik, nebsewŸrlik

self-rule   šzbaºdaklyk

self-worth   namys

sell   satmak, satynalmak

sell wholesale   lomaylygyna satmak

seller   satyjy

seminal   tohumlyk

seminar   seminar(r)

send   ibermek, Øollamak

senior   ekabyr, eØmen

sensational   ºowhunly

sense   duØgy, tikeneklemek

senseless   manysyz

sensitive   eserde–, šØkelek

sensual   duØgur

sentence   sšzlem, hškŸm

sentimentalize over   suwjarmak

sentner (100 kg.)   sentner(r)

separate   izolirlemek

separated   dyr-pytrak bolmak

separation   aØralyk

September   sentØabr

sequin   jŠjek

Serb   serb(r)

Serbian   serb(r)

seretary   sekretar(r)

sergeant   serzhant(r)

series   sereØa

serious   goØazy, salyhatly, ymykly

serious ideas   oØ-pikir

seriously   ynlakaØ

sermon   wagyz-nesihat

servant   gulluky, hyzmatkŠr, hyzmatkŠr

serve   Šbermek, hyzmat etmek

service   gulluk, hyzmat, hyzmat

sesame   kŸnji

session   sessiØa(r)

set   dšw, Ÿndemek, gurmak

set down   dŸºŸrmek

set in order   dŸzgŸnleºdirmek

set off   ugramak

set off for   ugratmak

set straight   dŸzetmek, dikeltmek, ugrukdyrmak

set up   germek, asyrmak

settle accounts   haklaºmak, hasaplaºmak, ŸzŸlmek

settle down   ornaºmak

settlement   posØolok(r), wadalaºyk

seven   Øedi

seventh   Øedinji

seventy   Øetmiº

several   telim

sew   atmak, gaØmalamak, tikmek, tikmek

sew a blanket   syramak

sew into   Øabºyrmak

sewage system   kanalizasiØa(r)

sewing   tikinilik

sex   pol(r)

shack   kŸme

shade   kšlege

shady   kšlegli

shady side   guzaØ

shaft   guØy

shah   ºa

shake   endiremek, sandyramak, tibirdemek, titrewuk, mŸ–kŸldemek, uurmak, silkmek, zagyrdamak, sarsdyrmak, titremek

shake hands   elleºmek, Øe–lenmek

shake up   tisginmek

shaking   sandyrawuk, sarsgyn

shallow   Øalpak

shallower   uºatmak

shame   biabraØlyk, ejap, masgarylyk, utan, uØat, ØŸzŸgaralyk, namys, utandyrmak

shameful   biabraØ, masgara, wejera

shameless   binamys, haØasyz, utansyz

shape   resmileºdirmek

shard   jŠjek, gyØak

share   gatan, Ÿlemek

shareholder   paØy

sharp   apgyn, kesgir, štgŸr, Øiti, syny

sharpen   gaØramak, taplamak, Øiteltmek, Øamamak

sharpness   ŸºŸk

shatter   kŸl-peekun etmek, mynjyramak, mynjyratmak, semek, sepelemek, sepmek

shave   Øonmak, syrmak

shaving   Øonuºga

shavings   gyryndy

shawl   gy–a

she   ol

shed   telŠr

shed hair   soØulmak

sheep   goØun

sheep dung   gyØk

sheep hold   agyl

sheep skin   bagana

shelf   polk(r), tekje, kapasa

shell   gabyk

shelter   buky, penalamak

shepherd   opan

shepherd boy   oluk

shepherdhood   opanilik

sherbert   ºerbert(r)

shift   smena(r), (work) alºyrgy

shiftless   kelesa–

shifty eyed   Øeser gšzler

shin   injik

shine   lowurdy, šwŸºgin, Øalpyldy, lowurdamak, ºšhlelendirmek, ŸlpŸldemek, Øgjarmak

shingles   demrew

shining   Øalpyldawuk

shiny   Øalpylda duran

ship   gŠmi, korabl(r)

shirk   progul etmek

shirt   kšØnek

shish-kebob   iºlik, kebap

shiver   mŸ–kŸldemek, sa––yldamak, titremek, tibirdemek

shoal   saØ

shock   urgy

shoe   aØakgap

shoe lace   ugur

shoelace   bag

shoemaker   Šdiki, kšwŸººi

shoes   kšwŸº

shoot   tŸpe–lemek, atmak

shoot down   atyºmak

shooter   atyjy

shop   dŸkan, magazin(r), seh(r)

shop window   witrina(r)

short   gysga, jontuk, kelte, pes

short poem   kyssa

short-sighted   ºowa kšr

short-sightedness   ºowalyk

shortage   kemilik, kemlik, kšst

shorten   gysgaltmak, kelteltmek, kieltmek, kielmek

shot up   pers-ala

shoulder   igin, egin, omuz

shoulder blade   pile

shoulder strap   pogon(r)

shoulder(s)   gerden

shout   haØkyrmak, he–kirmek, haØkylyk, gyk-bak etmek, zowlatmak

shout back and forth   gygyryºmak

shove   sarsdyrmak

shovel   pil, susgu, idirdetmek

shoving   sarsgyn

show   sergi, tomaºa, gšrkezmek, hezzetlemek

show off   kelermek

shpere   sfera(r)

shred   ogdan

shrewd   syny

shrewdness   sap

shriek   u–samak

shrill   irkin

shrink   ŸrŸºmek, daralmak, Øygrylmak

shrivel   ŸrŸºmek

shudder   tisginmek, sandyramak, diglemek, dyglamak, lerzana gelmek, sarsmak

shuffle   garmak, pŸrkmek

shun   Øadyrgamak

shut up   dymmak

shutter   gabsa

shy   gorkak, utanja–, Øygra

shyness   utanja–lyk, Øygralyk

sic (a dog)   kŸºgŸrmek, meew bermek

sick   akyza, hassa, keselli, kesel, nŠsag

sickle   orak

sickler   oraky

sickly   gšØduk

sickness   yryk, emgek, hassalyk, Øarawsyzlyk

side   bšwŸr, bykyn, gapdal, ØŸz

sided   taraplaØyn

sidewalk   trotuar(r)

siege   gabaw

sieve   elek

sift   elemek

siftings   kepek

sight   tirkeg, tomaºa

sign   alamat, belgi, bellik, reje, znaok(r), nyºan, nyºan, gol ekmek

signal   signal(r)

signature   gol

significance   ŠhmiØet

significant   bajyp, ŠhmiØetli

signifier   alamat

signify   a–latmak, alamatlandyrmak, belgilemek, diØmek2

silence   dymºyk, geplemezlik

silent   sessiz

silently   keremara

silk   ØŸpek

silk production   ØŸpekilik

silly   tentek, batnyksyz

silt   gyrmana

silver   kŸmŸº, kŸmŸºlemek

silver jug for water   kŸnnŸk

silver plate   kŸmŸºlemek

similar   me–ze, me–zeº

similar to   ºekilli

similarity   me–zelik

simple   sada, tŸrkana, ØšnekeØ, Øe–il

simple greeting   salam

simpleton   tentek

simplicity   sadalyk

simplify   Øe–illeºdirmek

simply so   keØpine

sin   Øazyk, gŸnŠ

since   bŠri

since days of yore   kšneden

since then   aradan

sincere   dogruyl, sada

sincerely   yn ØŸrekden

sincerity   ynØŸrekdeºlik, dogruyllyk

sing   saØramak

sing the LŠle Jana   lŠle kakmak

singe   owlamak

singer   aØdymi, bagºy

singular   aØra

sink   batmak, škmek

sinus   sinus(r)

sip   gerinmek

sister   uØa

sister-in-law   gelin

sit   oturmak

sit on the knees   ške dŸºmek

site   meØdana

situation   en, ØagdaØ, hal-ahwal, waka

six   alty

sixty   altmyº

sizable   gšwrŸmli

size   format(r), šleg, šleg, ululyk, gabara

sizzle   jyzyrdamak, jyzlamak

sizzling   jyzzyk

skating rink   katok(r)

skein   kelep, Øumak

sketch   eskiz(r), taslama, oerk, ºekel

ski   lyzha(r)

skier   lyzhay(r)

skiing   lyzha(r)

skilled   eper, škde, tŸrgen

skilled person   seneti

skillful   tŸrgen, eper, škde

skimmer   kengir

skin   deri, teletin, soØmak, soØmak

skin-and-bones   epiksi

skinny   arryk, igli

skip   apmak

skip a beat   jiglemek

skirt   Øubka(r), etek

skull cap   bšrŸk

sky   asman, gšk

skylark (bird)   togaØ

slab   plita(r)

slacken   haØallamak

slake   gandyrmak

slander   ºyltak, tšhmet, Øš–kemek, ºugullamak, ºyltak etmek, tšhmet atmak, Øamanlamak

slanderer   tšhmeti

slanderous   tšhmetilikli

slant   gyºarmak

slanting   asy, gyØa

slap in the face   ºapbat

slaughter   gyrgynylyk, šlºŸk, gyrkmak

slaughterer   gyrkymy

Slavic   slawØan(r)

sled   sani(r)

sledgehammer   Øekedaban

sleep   uky, Øatmak, uklamak

sleepless   bimaza

sleepyhead   ukuyl

sleeve   Øe–

slender   syratly, Øuka

slice   dilim, dilik, dilmek, syhalamak

slide   taØmak, typmak

slide down   tyrpma

sliding box   eker

slight   sŠhele

slightly   sŠhel

slim   syratly

slime   batga

slip   taØmak, typmak

slip off   tyrpma

slippery   taØga, taØganak, sŸrek

slit   yº, dilik etmek

slogan   ºygar

slope   e––it, Øapbaºak, Øapgyt, e–aºak

sloppy   sowuk-sala, gŸmŸrtik, sšlpi

slops   Øuwundy

slouch   telkermek

slovenly   hapysa

slow   haØal, Øuwaº

slow down   haØallatmak, tesmek

slowly   haØal, Øuwaº

slowness   Šwmezlik, haØallyk

sluggish   aman

slush   lŸØk, laØ

sly   mekir

small   kii, Ÿlpe, kŸlke, maØda, uºak, ØŸzleØ, iri, irlemek, ownuk, Øalpak

small boned   ejiz

small book   kitapa

small circle   kru£ok(r)

small drop   damdyk

small hammer   apgy

small movement   gymyldy

small pox   mama

small sheep   tokly

small shovel   kebze

small stack   petde

smart   akylly

smash   kŸl-peekun etmek, mynjyratmak

smear   almak, yrºamak

smell   ys, ysgamak, (to smell strongly) go–ursamak

smile   Øylgyrys, Øyrºarmak, Øylgyrmak

smoke   tŸsse, tŸtemek

smoke (give off smoke)   tŸsselemek

smoker   ilimkeº

smooth   tekiz, Øylmanak, sypalamak, tekizlemek

smooth out   Øuwmarlamak

smooth woolen cloth   mawut

smoothness   tekizlik

snake   Øylan

snake scales   gow

snap   ºyrkyldy, ºyrkyldamak

snap at   jabjynmak

snap one's fingers   pitikilemek

snare   duzak, hepbik

snatch   penjelemek

snatch away   towsa gštermek

sneak   bukdaklamak

sneeze   asgyrmak

snicker   hikirdi, hikirdemek

snivel   yzlamak

snobbiness   ulumsylyk

snobby   ulumsy

snore   hor ekmek, hor ekmek, horlamak

snort   horlamak

snout   tumºuk

snow   gar

snow leopard   bars(r)

snowstorm   boran

snowy   garly

so   beØle, ºuna, ºeØle, ºumlukda, ºeØlelik bilen, ºeØlelikde

so many   ºona, ºuna

so much   geregie, ºona, ºuna

so then   onso–

soak   ezmek, ŸmŸrmek, suwjarmak

soaked   myjjyk–

soap   sabyn

soar   gaØmak, pasyrdamak

sob   horkuldamak, ºumjarmak

sober   a–ly, sersag

sobriety   sersaglyk

sociable   alak

social   sosial(r)

social conscience   jemgyØetilik

socialism   sosialism(r)

socialistic   sosialstik(r)

society   jemgyØet

socks   jorap

soft   tultuk, Øumºak, myssyk

soft food   si––itli

soft milk product like yoghurt   gatyk

soften   Øumºamak

softness   Øumºaklyk

soil   kirletmek

solder   galaØylamak

soldier   esger, soldat(r)

soldierhood   soldatlyk

sole   bitewi

sole (of foot)   daban

sole of a shoe   olta–

solid   durnukly, pugta, ydamly

solidarity   raØdaºlyk

solidly   ersmek

solitary   Øekemen

solution   šzŸº, ergin

some   berentak, birnŠe, kŠbir, kŠbiri, pylan, telim

some people   kŠbiri

somehow (or other)   telli-pelli

someone else's   keseki, kese

somersault   aºyr

something new   šzgeriº

sometimes   aram-aram, endan, kŠmahal, kŠte, kŠwagt, hernŠ

somewhat   birhili, hili-bir hili

son   ogul

son-in-law   giew

song   aØdym

soon   basym, hasyr-husur, hyrra, ºagga

soot   dŸØt, gurum

soothe   haØ-kŸº etmek, hšre-kšºe etmek

sore   peºehorda

sorrel   ypar

sorrow   gussa, škŸn

sorrowful   gynanly, tukat, rehimdar, rehimli

sort   sort(r), sortlamak

sought-after   geginli

soul   ØŸrek, gšwŸn, ruh

soulless   rehimsiz

sound   owaz, ses, ŸØn, ºagyrdy

sounds   ses-ŸØn

soup   orba

sour    turºy

source   eºme, gšzbaº, pru£in(r), eºme

south   gŸnorta

southern   gŸnorta

southpaw   epbekeØ

souvenir   ØadygŠrlik

sowing   ekiº

space   sele–

spacious   bšwºe–, gi–iº, gi–

span   bat

spangle   ugun, jŠjek

Spanish   ispan

spare   tygºytlamak

sparkle   ugun, Øyldyramak, lowurdamak

sparkling   Øalpyldawuk

sparkly   Øyldyrawuk

sparrow   sere, seri

sparse   Øuwan

speak   gŸrlemek, geplemek, geplemek, sšzlemek

speak directly   gšnŸlmek

speak highly   taryp etmek

speak hoarsely   hy££yldamak

speak in Russian   rusalamak

special   Øšrite, Øšrite

specialist   spesalist(r)

specialize in   Øšritelesºdirmek

specific   aØratyn, udel(r), has, konkret(r)

specificity   aØratynlyk

specify   takyklamak

specimen   ekzemplØar(r), nusga

spectacle   tomaºa

spectacles   ŠØnek

spectator   tomaºay

spectile   spektakl(r)

speech   ykyº

speed   altlandyrmak, tizlik, Øšriº

speed along   dazlamak

speed up   tizleºdirmek, Øygjamlatmak

spell out   konkretleºdirmek(r)

spelling   orfografiØa(r)

spend   harajat etmek, harlamak, Øitirmek

spend money   sowmak

sphere   ºar(r), togalak

spherical   togalak

spicy   ajy

spider   le–kewut, mšØ

spiderweb   kerep

spigot   kran(r)

spill   špleme, dškmek

spin   egirmek, saramak

spinach   ysmanak

spindle   ik

spine   o–urga, geriº, Øagyrny

spinner   egriji

spinning wheel   arh, perik

spirit   ruh, ºŠht, gšwŸn, ruh

spirited   gšwŸnly

spirits   tap

spiritual   ruhy

spit   gyllyk, iº, gagyrmak, tŸØkŸrrmek

spit out   gagyrynmak

spit up   kŸl-owram (bolmak), kŸl-uºak

spiteful   hyrsyz

spittle   tŸØkŸlik

splash   pŸrkmek, ºalpyldy, ºapyrdy, syramak, syratmak, ºalpyldamak

splint   ºin(r)

splinter   gyldyrgan, gyØak

split   at, jaØryk, jaØrylmak, Øarylmak, ºakgalamak

split open   atlamak

spoil   zaØalamak, ajatmak, dymjykmak, haraplamak, zaØalamak, zaØalanmak, ŸØtgediji, isrip bolmak

spoil a child   sypa–-serme–

spoiled   harap, zaØa, zaØalanan

spoils of war   olja

spoken   gepleºik

spool   tegek, tigir

spoon   eme, (Yomud) galam

sport   sport(r)

sportsman   sportmen(r)

spot   menek, tegmil, utuk

spotted fever   šrgŸnli

spout (of a teapot)   jŸrŸndik

spray   dermanlamak, syratmak, suwlamak, syramak, sepelemek

sprayer   suwulu

spread   pollamak, almak, ogmak, ºabyrdamak, yrºamak

spread out   asyrmak, semek, dŸºemek, sermek

spread terror   mšw almak

spring   bahar, bulak, gšzbaº, pru£in(r), Øaz, eºme, towusmak, Øazlyk

spring forth suddenly   zomp edip ykak

spring up   dšremek

sprinkle   pŸrkmek, sepmek

sprout   ºitil

spur   debsilmek

spurt   zogdyrylmak

sputter   jazyrdamak

sputtering   jazyrdy

spy   ialy, yºyklamak, jyklamak

square   kwadrat(r)

squash   kŠdi, itniºik

squat   ommalmak

squeak   jŸØgŸldy, jygyldamak, jygyldy, (of a shoe) jaØyrdy, (of a shoe) jaØyrdamak

squeeze   sykmak

squelch   ºapyrtdatmak, ºorpuldatmak

squinty-eyed   asy

squirrel   belka

stab   naØzalamak, pyaklamak

stab with a dagger   sanmak

stability   durnuklylyk

stabilize   pugtalandurmak

stable   at Øatak, baldak, durnukly

stack   kŸde, kŸdelemek

stadium   stadion(r)

staff   sostaw(r), ºtab(r)

stage   estrada(r), sahna

stage manager   rezhissØor(r)

stagger   goduklamak, aØkanmak, umak

stagnant   Øata

stain   menek, tegmil, kirletmek

stairs   merdiwan

stairway   merdiwan

stale   gaty

stalk   sŸmmŸl

stall   atØatak, dŸkan, Øatak

stallion   aØgyr, taØ

stamp   ºtamp(r), ap, metbugat, peat(r), peatlamak, gŸpŸrdemek, ºtamplamak(r), tarpyldatmak, dŸrtgŸ

stamped   gerbli

stamping   gŸrpŸrdi, patydyr, tapyrdy, tarpyldy

stand   durmak, kuwwatlanmak

stand something up   jaØtartmak

stand guard   garawul durmak

stand in file   hatar durmak

stand in order   hatar durmak

stand on end   arpaØa galmak, jaØtarmak

stand on someone's feet suddenly (?)   syramak

stand out   jaØtarmak, tapawutlanmak

stand up   turmak, gobsynmak

standard   norma(r)

standardize   kadalaºdyrmak

stanza   kuplet(r)

star   Øagtylgy, Øyldyz

starch   krahmal(r), pet

stare   i–erilmek, petretmek, syn etmek, mšlerilmek, seretmek

stare at   ji–kermek

stare threateningly   alarylmak

stare wide-eyed   mšlertmek

starling   sar

start   gemek, dšretmek, tisginmek

startle   ge–irgendirmek

startled   ge–irgenmek

state   ºtat(r)

state farm   sowhoz(r)

stateroom   kaØuta

station   punkt(r), stansiØa(r), wokzal(r)

statue   heØkel

statute   ustaw(r)

staunch   dšzŸmli

steadfast   i–e, gyºarnyksyz, mizemez

steal   ogurlamak

stealthy   Øaºyryn

steam   bug, tŸtemek

steel   polat

steep   dik

steering wheel   rul(r)

stench   porsy

step   gadam, Šdimlemek, Štlemek, Štmek

step back   ekilmek

step(s)   basganak

step-   (mother/father) šweØ

steppe   sŠhra, gyr

stick   taØak, šp, hasa, ºepbeºmek, Øemlemek, (into) Øapyºdyrmak

stick into   ŸmdŸrmek

stick out   jaØtarmak, taØzarmak

stick to   Øapyºmak

stick togehter   sŸzŸlmek

sticky   ºembeºik

stigma   tagma

stigmatize   tagmalamak

still   dek, entegem, entek, entŠk, Øalta, ºindi, heniz, hŠli

stillness   Øaltalyk

sting or bite   akmak

stink   porsy, kokamak

stinker   a–kaw

stir   bulamak, gymyldamak, gymyldamak

stir up against   šjŸkdirmek

stirred   bulanmak

stirrup   Ÿze––i

stitch   petle(r), tikin, depjemek

stitch up   petlemek

stobborness   kesirlik

stolen   tala–ylykly

stomach   aºgazan, garyn, mŠde

stomp   dŸkŸrdemek, dŸkŸrdetmek, tapyrdamak

stone   ºŠnik, daºlamak

stony   daºly

stoop   egmek

stop   sŠginmek, togtamak, duruzmak, (bus) duralga

stopper   dyky

stopping place   dŸºelge

storage   zapas(r)

store   dŸkan, saklamak

storehouse   sklad(r)

storm   gaØ, gom, tupan

story   erteki, hekaØa, hekaØat, powest(r), kyssa, rowaØat, (floor) etazh(r)

stove   plita(r)

straight   gšni, zowwam, dogry

straight toward   baka

straighten   endiganlamak, dikeltmek

straighten oneself   dikelmek

straighten out   gšnelmek

straighten up   dograltmak

straightforward   gšnŸmel

strain   gypjyndyrmak, tagalla, tagma, sŸzmek, tijemek, tijenmek

strain oneself   maØrylmak

strained   Øitileºmek

straining   dyzamak

straining spoon   kengir

strange   birhili, ge–, del

strap   kemer

strategem   pirim

stratum   topar

straw   sypal

straw colored   mele

straw saman kelle=stupid   saman

strawberries   klubnika(r)

streak   ylgym

stream   akar, akym, syrykmak, ŸwdŸrmek

street   kše

streetcar   tramwaØ(r)

strength   gaØrat, gŸØ, kuwwatlylyk, mydar, ysgyn, zarp, berklik, hal, kuwwat, mejal, tap

strengthen   bekemek, gatalkmak, gŸØlenmek, gŸØjemek, mŠkŠmlemek, zarplandyrmak

stress   omzamak

stretch   tijemek, tijenmek, batlandyrmak

stretch out   sŸØnmek, sŸØndŸrmek, uzatmak

strike   patlamak, pylamak, aknyºmak, urmak

string   ØŸp, dŸzmek

strip   ylgym, ykyrynmak

strip off   Øolmak

stripe   yzmyk

striped   zolakly

strive   hysyrdamak, ytalaºmak

strive to overpass   apyºmak

stroll   gezelen, gezende, gezim, gezelen etmek, seØran etmek, sŸmsŸnmek, aØlanjyramak, gezmek, (in open air) ØelejirŠp gelmek

strong   daØaw, gurply, gŸØli, kuwwatly, mŠkŠm, ykjam, zaply, zor, berk, gaty

structure   desga

struggle   uruºmak

strum   ti––irdemek, ti––irdetmek

strut   direg

strutting   gaØky

stubborn   ke, kejal, kejir, kesir, ketje, hšjet

stubborness   hšjetlik, kelik

stucco plaster   suwag

stuck in a knot   igmek

student   kursant, student(r)

studenthood   studentlyk

studies   okuw

studio   ussahana

study   kabinet(r), okamak

stuff   nalamak, gamlaºdyrmak, Øuwaºamak, dykmak, Øepbeºdirmek

stuff oneself   doØmak

stuffiness   petiºlik

stuffy   kapas, petiº

stumble on   bŸdremek

stump   tš––e

stunted   gyrymsy

stupid   akylsyz, gagal, samsyk, akmak, keje, tŸnt, tentek

stupidity   akmaklyk, akylsyzlyk, kejelik, Øe–ilkellelik

stutter   sakynmak

stutterer   sakaw

style   fason(r), stil(r), hil, moda(r), tip(r)

subdivision   podrazdelenie(r)

subject   tema(r), (of a sentence) Øšnekme

submit   goØmak

subordinate   tabyn

subordination   tabynlyk

subscribe   Øazylmak

subscriber   abunay

subscription   abuna, Øazylysyk

subside   rahatlanmak, Ÿnjalmak, saØpallamak

substance   madda

substitute   tŠzelenmek

subvert   maØyrmak

subway   metro(r), metropoliten(r)

subzero   minus(r)

success   o–, ŸstŸnlik, ºow

successful   rowa, sowly, ºowly, Øetiºikli, netijeli

successively   udantutma, yzly-yzynda, yzygideri

successor   mirasy

such   ºeØle, zeØilli, beØle, ºekilli

suck   sokjamak, emmek, sormak

suckle   naharlamak

sudden   duØdansyz, tarpa, tarpa-taØyn, zaply

suddenly   birden, tapba, zompa

sue   sudlaºmak

suffer   ydamak, horluk ekmek, horlyk ekmek, jepa ekmek, surnukmak

suffering   gšrgi, hupbat, pis, helŠkilik, horluk

suffering from a cough   ŸsgŸlewukli

suffice   garbamak, Øetmek

sufficient   bolelenlik

suffix   goºulma

suffocate   bogulmak

sugar   gant, ºeker

sugar-beet   ºeker inrigi

sugary   gantly, sŸØji

suit   kostØum(r), geliºmek

suitable   Øaramly, kemally

suitcase   emedan(r)

sulfur   kŸkŸrt

sullen   ytyk

sultriness   og

sultry   jokrama, petiº

sum   jem

sum up   jemlemek, umumylaºdyrmak

summer   tomus

summer-house   dalbar

summon   kšsemek, agyrmak

summons   powestka(r)

sun   gŸn

sunburn   gŸneºlemek

Sunday   Øekºenbe

sunflower   gŸnebakar

sunflower seed   igit

sunny   gŸneºli

sunrise   gŸnŸ– dogmagy

sunset   gŸnŸ– Øaºmagy

sunshine   gŸneº, parlak

superficial   ØŸzleØ

supple   maØygak

supply   ŸpjŸnetmek

support   arkalaºyk, daØan, goldaw, sšØget, tekge, arkadaØŠn, tutmak, Øagyrnilik, goldamak, gollamak

supported   arkaly

supporter   tarapdar, tarapdar, Øaran, sše

suppose   aklamak, enlemek, osmak, oØlamak, šØtmek

supposed   hyØally

suprise   haØran

sure   hatyrjem, ynamly

surety   zamun

surface   keºbi, Ÿst, ØŸz

surgeon   hirurg(r)

surgery   hirurgik(r)

surname   familiØa(r)

surprise   ge–irgendirmek

surprising   ge–

surround   egelenmek

surroundings   daº-tšwerek, tšwerek

surveillance   ideg

survey   syn

suspect   ºŸbhelenmek

suspend   tŠsgenmek

swaddling clothes   gundag

swallow   Øuwdunmak, Øuwutmak, garlawa

swamp   sŸØgeºiklik, batga

swampy   sŸØgeºik

swan   gŸw

swarm   sŸlenmek

sway   ykjamak

swear (curse)   sšwmek

swear out   kŠemek

swear word   sšgŸn

sweat   der, hyssyldamak, derlemek

Swede   ºwed(r)

sweep   sŸpŸrmek, togalanmak, sŸbcelemek, sŸpŸrmek, syrmak, tigirlenmek

sweet   lezzetli, nabat, sŸØji, sŸØji, ºirin, lezzetli

sweet tooth   sŸØjiil

swell   ismek, pakgarmak, pškremek, iºirmek

swell up   gŸbermek

swelling   

swift   zaply

swift attack   zarba

swift-footed   us

swiftly   okgunly

swiftness   altlyk

swim   dŸºŸnmek2, ØŸzmek

swimmer   ØŸzŸji

swindler   kezzap

swing   hi––ildik, hi––ilik, sallanak, uurmak, ykjamak, yralamak, yramak, yranmak, yra– atmak

swirl   burugsamak

switch   wyklØuatel(r), ybyk

switch off   šŸrmek

switch over   dšnmek

sycophancy   Øaranja–lyk

sycophant   Øaranja–

syllable   bogun

symbol   simbol(r)

symbol   nysan

sympathetic   dšzŸmsiz, duØgudaº

sympathy   duØgudaºlyk

synonym   sinonim(r)

synopsis   kospekt(r)

syntax   sintaksis(r)

synthesis   sintez(r)

synthetic   sintaktik(r), synthetika(r)

system   sistema(r)

systemize   sistemleºdirmek

T

t-shirt   maØka(r)

table   stol(r), tablisa

tablet   tabletka(r)

tactic   taktika(r)

tahya   tahØa

tail   guØruk

tailor   biimi, bimek, tikini

take   almak

take a bite   tamºanmak

take a responsibility   borlanmak

take a rest   dyn almak

take a view of   Øaltaklamak

take advantage of   haØyrlanmak

take aim   nysan almak, nyºanalamak

take aim at   enemek

take an oath   kasam imek

take apart   aralamak, sškmek

take away   Škitmek

take care of   sagdynlaºdyrmak, aØamak

take for a walk   gezdirmek

take inaccount   hasap etmek

take it!   me!

take leave of   hoºlaºmak

take off   ykyrynmak, ykarmak

take offence   šØkelemek

take out   ykarmak

take pains   emgemek

take prisoner   tussag etmek

take refuge   halas bolmak

take revenge   ar almak

take shelter   yklamak

take up arms   Øaraglanmak

take with a fork   ºaramak

taken inaccount   hasaplanmak

tale   beØan, beØanama

talent   talant(r), zehin, ukyp

talented   talantly(r), zehinli, škde, ukyply

talisman of camel hair   alaja

talk   gep, gŸrrŸ–, gep-gŸrrŸ–, gepleºmek, myº-myº, ºiwe, madyrdamak, Øamanlamak

talk back   sanaºmak

talk into   gšwnetmek

talkative   lakgy, geplemºek

tall   belent, uzyn, Øokary

tally   hasap, hasap

tally up   hasamak, hasaplamak

tame   ekdi, eldek

tan   eØlemek

tangerine   mandarin

tangle   Øumak

tangled hair   imeºmek

tank   bak, tank(r)

tantalize   gŸje–lemek

tap   bulak, kran(r)

tape recorder   magnitofon(r)

taper   Ÿrelmek

tar   garaØag, tar, ºepbik

tardiness   Šwmezlik

target   nyºana

tart   talh

task   mesele, wezipe

tassel   gotaz

tassle   penje

taste   tagam, dadyrmak, datmak

tasty   tagamly, ºirin

tattered   eleºan

tatters   ºylha

tax   salmak

taxi   taksi(r)

tea   

tea-house   aØhana

tea-lover   aØkeº

tea-pot   kitir

teach   okatmak, šwretmek, šwretmek

teacher   mugallym, halypa, okudyjy

teacher (female)   mugallyma

team   komanda(r), kollektiw(r)

teapot   ŠØnek, ŠØnik

tear   Ÿtmek, Øyrtylmak

tear off   goparmak, sypyrmak, Ÿzmek, ŸzŸlmek, Øyrtmak

tear off a piece   dšmmek

tear pieces   tŸØt-mŸØt etmek

teardrop   Øaº, gšz Øaº, gšzØaº

tease   gŸje–lemek

technical   tehniki(r)

technical school   tehnikum(r)

technician   tehnik(r)

technique   tehnika(r)

telegram   telegramma(r)

telegraph   telegraf(r), telegrafirlemek(r)

telephone   ja– etmek, telefon etmek

television   telewizion(r)

temperate   maØdal

temperature   temperatura(r), Øylylyk, gyzgyn

tempered   taplanmak

tempest   tupan

temporary   wagtlaØyn

temptation   sap

ten   on

ten (noun)   onluk

ten days   ongunlyk

ten years   onØyllyk

tender   nŠzik, ynjyk

tender-hearted   Øuka ØŸrek

tending   ideg

tennis   tennis(r)

tense   dartgynly

tent   adyr, palatka(r), atma

tenth   onunjy

tenure   stazh(r)

term   adalga, termin(r)

term of office   mšhlet

terminal   polØus(r)

terminator   istrebitel

terminology   terminologiØa(r)

termite   tagtabiti

terrible   elhen

territory   territoriØa(r)

terror   wehim

terrorism   terrorizm(r)

test   synag, kšsenmek, synamak

tether   da–y

text   tekst(r)

thank you   sag bol, spasiba(r)

that   kŠ, ºol, ºu

that is to say...   Øagny

that's why   babatdan, štri

thatch   sypal

thaw   eremek

the back end   Øe–e

theater (film)   kinoteatr(r)

theatre   teatr

theft   ogrulyk, ogurlyk, tala–, tala–ylyk

thematic   tematic(r)

theme   tema(r)

then   onda, hany, ºeØlelik bilen, ºeØlelikde, so–

theorem   teorema(r)

theoretic   teoretiki(r)

theory   teoriØa(r)

therapeutic   terapewtik(r)

therapist   terapewt(r)

there   beØlŠk, hanha, holha, honha

therefore   štri, Ÿnki

thermometer   termometr(r)

thermos   termos(r)

thesis   eser

they   olar

thick   iºik, galy–, gŸr, kŸti, syk, Øygy, goØry, goØy, Øogyn

thick-headed   kšrzehin

thicken   gal–amak, goØalamk

thicket   lšdere

thickness   galy–lyk, goØulyk, kŸtŸlik, tšp

thief   ogry, ogry

thieve   ogramak

thigh   but

thimble   oØmak, ØŸwse

thin   hor, hor, igli, ine, suwuk, Øuka, inesagt

thin out   Øekelemek

thin rug   palas(r)

thing   zat

things   goº, zatlar

think   pikir etmek, šØtmek, pikirlenmek, saØmak

think hard   šlºermek

think out   tapmak

think upon   ikirjinlemek

thinness   Øukalyk

third   ŸŸnji

thirst   teºnelik

thirsty   teºne

thirtieth   otuzynjy

thirty   otuz

this   bu, ºu

this side of   bŠri

thistle   garamandalak

thorn   tiken

thorny   tikenli

thoroughfare   magistral

thought   pikir, a–, oØ

thousand   mŸ–

thread   dŸzmek, štŸrmek, sapak

thread a needle   sapmak

threat   haØbat

threaten   enemek

three   Ÿ, ŸlŸk

threshing   dšwek

threshold   bosaga

thriftless   bisarpa

thrive   pajalamak

throat   bokyrdak, damak, bogaz

throb   syzlamak, tyrkyldamak, tyrkyldatmak, bŸkgŸldemek

throb,beat   sorkuldmak

throng   ŸØºmele–

through   zowwam

through and through   parran

throughout   parran, bŸtin

throw   atmak, keseklemek, zy–mak

throw stones at   daºlamak

throw up   gusmak

throw with force   taºlamak

thrown   taºlandy

thrust   Ÿmmek

thump   gŸrsŸldemek

thunder   gŸrrŸldemek, ta––yrdamak, gŸbŸrdemek, gŸmmŸrdemek

Thursday   penºenbe

thus   ºeØlelik bilen, ºumlukda

ticket   bilet(r)

tickle   gyjyk, gyjyklamak

tidy up   Øygnaºdyrmak

tie   arabaglanºyk, aragatnaºyk, da–y, bogmak, danmak, da–mak, šrklemek, kšjemek, saramak

tie an animal's four legs together)   gŸØlmek

tie together   itmek, atmak

tie up (specifically   gŸØlmek

tie with a belt   guºamak

tiger   gapla–

tight   gysby

tighten   bŸzmek

till   sŸrmek

tillage   sŸrŸm, ºŸdŸgŠr

time   zaman, gezek, esse, halat, mahal, mšwrit, pursat, wagt, Øola, en, dšwŸr, gaØta

time-sheet   tabel(r)

timeless   šlmez-Øitmez

times   šwre

timid   tez, Ÿrkek, gorkak, Øygra

timidity   gorka, Øygralyk

tin   galaØy

tingle (   jŸmºŸldemek

tingling   jŸmºŸldi

tiny   Ÿlpe, ujypsyz

tiny fishbones   gylyk

tire   ºin(r), ejizlemek, Øadamak, ysgynsyzlanmak, Øaltanmak

tire out   Øadatmak

tired   argyn, Øadaw

tireless   Øadawsyz

tissue paper   sorgu

title   sšzbaºy, adalga

toady   Øaranja–

tobacco   temmŠki

toe   barmak

toes   daraklyk

together   bile, bilelikde, birlikde, ºŠrikli

toil   emgenmek

toilet   hajathana

token   £eton(r)

tolerance   ydamlylyk

tolerant   ydamly

tomasauce   tomat(r)

tomato   pomidor(r)

tomb   gubur, gšr

tome   tom(r)

tomorrow   ertir

ton   tonna(r)

tone   Šhe–, ŸØn, jy––yrdy

tongs   Štiºgir, gysgy

tongue-twister   Øa–yltma

too   hem, #NAME?

too much   aºa

tool   abzal, esbap, gural

tooth   diº

top   Ÿr depesi, depe, Øokarky, Ÿst

torch   panys

torment   ekelemek, helŠklemek, azap, helŠkilik, horluk, emgek

torn   eleºan, Øyrtyk

torso   gšwre, korpus(r)

torture   gšrgŸlik, gŸzap, azap, ekelemek, gšrgi, helŠklemek

toss   oklamak, urunmak, keseklemek

total   jem

total darkness   hŸØt-gara–ky

totally   tutuºlaØyn

totally   halys, tutuºlagyna

touch   degmek, ellemek

touch up   yºyklandyrmak

touchy   šØkelek

tough   gaØym

toungue   dil

tour   gastrol(r)

tourist   turist(r)

touristic   turistic

tournament   tunir(r)

tousle   saØmak

tow   tartmak, ekmek

towel   polotenste(r)

tower   wyºka(r)

toy   oØnawa, oØunjak, gurjak

trace   yzarlamak, yz

track   rels(r)

track down   yzarlamak

tractor   traktor(r)

tractor driver   traktory(r)

trade   hŸnŠr, senet, sšwda

trade union   profsoØuz(r)

trader   sšwdagar

tradition   dessur, dŠp, dŠp-dessur, Øšrelge

traffic   gatnaw

tragedy   tragediØa(r)

tragic   tragiki(r)

train   tŸrgenleºmek, otly, emelenmek

train a horse   seØislemek

trained   tŸrgen

trainer   trener(r)

training   tŸrgenleºik

trait   yzyk

traitor   dšnŸk, haØyn, ialy

tramp   ykmanda

tramping   tapyrdy

trample   basgalamak, depelemek, depgilemek, paØdyrmak, tarpyldatmak

trampling   tarpyldy

tranquility   imisalalyk

transfix   Ÿmmek

transformation   ØŸzlenme

transgress   Štlemek

transition   geis

transitory   gšme

translation   perewod(r), terjime

translator   terjimei

transplantation   peresadka(r)

transport   ulag, Ÿwek

transportation   transport(r)

trap   gapan

trash   zibil, hapa

travel   syØahat etmek

traveller   syØahaty

travels   syØahat

treachery   dšnŸklik, ŠhtiØalanlyk

treason   haØynlyk

treasure   hazyna

treasury   hazyna

treat   bejermek, hšdŸr etmek, hšdŸrlemek, sagdynlaºdyrmak

treatment   bejergi

treaty   wadalaºyk

tree   bag

tremble   digden eklemek, endiremek, gagºamak, galdyramak, mŸ–kŸldemek, sandyramak, tibirdemek, titremek, titrewuk, zagyrdamak

trembling   sandyrawuk

tremendous   mŠhnet

tremors   galpyldy

trend   ugur

tresspass on   hyØanat etmek

tresspassing   hyØanatylyk

tresspassor   hyØanaty

trial   synag

triangle   Ÿburluk

tribe   asyl, taØpa, tire

tribune   tribuna(r)

tribute   salgyt

trick   pirim

trickery   ºeØtanlyk

trifling   ownukyl

trinket   ºaØylyk

trip   syØahat, syØahat, reØs(r)

tripod   kšssek

tritel   len bolmak

trolley   trolleØbus(r)

trophies   olja

tropic   Øoda

tropical   Øoda

trot   selpemek, gezer

trouble   azar, bozgaklyk, hyllalla, Ÿnji, hasrat

trouble-maker   bozgak

troubled   aladaly, gowgaly, lŠbik

troubles   hysyrdy, agyry, alada

trough   ahyr

trouser-leg   gon

truancy   progul

truck   gruzovik(r), Øuk maºina

true   yn, dogrudan, dogry, wepaly, idili

truly   dogrusy

trump   ºifirlemek(r)

trunk   gšwre, hortum, korpus(r), (of a tree) nil

trust   ynanmak

trustee   hossar, hossar

trusteeship   hossarlyk

trusting   ynanja–

truth   hakykat, wepa, ynsap

try   ytalaºmak, dyrjaºmak, janykmak, synanmak, synanmak

try on   de–emek

try out   kšsenmek

tubby person   gipdenek

tube   trubka(r), truba(r)

tuck up   yzgmak, ermemek

Tuesday   siºenbe

tuft   ogdan

tug   dartmak

tulip   igildem

tulle   tØul(r)

tumor   ber, iº

tun   elek

tundra   tundra(r)

tune   he–, he–, ŸØn

tunnel   tonnel(r)

turban   selle

Turk   tŸrk

turkey   indØuk(r)

Turkish   tŸrki

Turkmen   tŸrkmen

Turkmeness   tŸrkmenilik

turn   nobat, šwrŸm, aØlamak, hozanaklamak, sowulmak, towlamak, dolamak, tow, Øšneliº, aØlanmak, towlanmak, dšnmek, gezek, (a corner) gorsamak, (in a game) gš

turn brown   go–ralmak

turn down a light   šŸrmek

turn for   Øšnelmek

turn for the worse   erbetlemek

turn gray   alarmak

turn inside out   šwrŸlmek

turn off a light   sšndŸrmek

turn oneself over   šwrŸlmek

turn out   oguºØa

turn over   dšrŸºdirmek, dŸndermek, šwrŸlmek

turn something   šwŸrmek

turn sour   mŸzzermek, turºamak

turn to   ØŸz tutmak, ØŸzlenmek

turn up   ermemek, yzgmak

turn upside-down   agdar-du–der etmek, dŸnderilmek

turn-coat   dšnŸk

turnip   ºalgam

turnpike   ºosse(r)

turret   wyºka(r)

turtle   pyºbaga, pyºdyl

tutor   terbiØei

tuyduk   tŸØdŸk

tweak   irtmek, ŸmmŸklemek

twentieth   Øigriminji

twenty   Øigrimi

twig   pudak

twigs   ot- šp

twin   ekiz

twinkle   Øylpyldamak

twinkling   lampa

twirl   pyrlamak, tirlemek, tirlendirmek

twist   burmak, pyrlamak, tirlemek, tirlendirmek, towlanmak, bŸkdŸrmek, towlamak, Øygyrmak, yrpynmak

twist oneself   pyrlanmak

twisted   towly

two   goºa, iki

two-faced   ikiØŸzli

two-sided   apbasy, ikiØanlaØyn

two-year   ikiØyllyk

Tyg Øarasy biter   tyg

type   ºrift(r), tip(r)

type of illness   inekesel

type of melon   zama

type of tree   sazak

typesetter   Øygyjy

typhys   garahassalyk, šrgŸnli

typical   tipik(r), tipleØin(r)

typist   maºinistka(r)

tyrannical   zalym

tyranny   zalymlyk, zulum, eden-etdilik

tyrant   zalym

U

udder   emjek

ugliness   ºumroØluk

ugly   bedroØ, betgelºik, betnysan, edren, ºumroØ

Uighur (nationality)   uØgur

Ukranian   ukrain(r)

ulcer   peºehorda

unanswerable   jogapsyz

unavoidability   alasyzlyk

unbiased   obØektiw(r)

unbutton   Øazdyrmak

uncertain   alasarmyk, aljyra––y, gŸmana

unchanged   kšnee

uncle   daØy, dŠde, dØadØa(r), (Balkan dialect) kaka

unclear   dŸºnŸksiz

uncomfortable   amatsyz, bijaØ, emesiz

unconscionable   naØynsap

unconscious   beØhuº, ynsapsyz

unconsciousness   ynsapsyzlyk

unconsidered   gŸmŸrtik

uncoordinated   dagynyk

uncultured   edepsiz

unculturedness   edepsizlik

undecided   ikigšwŸnli

under   kšw salmak

under duress   nala

underage   kii

undergarments   iki-geØim

undergo   synamak

underground   Øerasty

underline   nyglamak

understand   a–syrmak, dŸºŸnmek1, gšrmek, a–mak

understand each other   dŸºŸniºmek

understandable   dŸºnŸkli

understudy   orunbasary

undertaking   kŠrhana

underwater   suwasty

undetermined   ikigšwŸnli

undisciplined   bidŸzgŸn, tertipsiz

undistinguished   pes

unease   gozgala–

uneasy   biynjalyk

uneconomical   bisarpa

uneducated   alasowat, jahyl

unemployed   iºsiz

unemployment   iºsizlik

uneven   ters

unexpected   oslagsyz, tarpa

unfair   ynsapsyz

unfairness   ynsapsyzlyk

unfamiliar   nŠbelet

unfamiliarity   nŠbeletilik, nŠbeletlik

unfasten   Øazdyrmak

unfavorable   o–aØsyz

unfortunate person   gšrgŸli

unfortunately   gynansamda

unfounded   esassyz

unhealthy   nŠhoº, nŠsag

uniform   endigan, forma(r)

uniformly distributed   birsydyrgyn

uninformative   dereksiz

unintentionally   nala

uninterrupted   ŸznŸksiz

union   birleºik, soØuz

unique   aØra

unison   jebislik, baglanyºyk

unit   birlik

unite   birikmek, birleºdirmek, utgaºmak

united   baglanyºykly, baglaØjy, birleºen, utgaºyk

united under God   ta–rybir

universal   bŸtindŸnØa, Šhlumumy, uniwersal(r)

universe   Šlem-jahan

university   uniwersitØet(r)

unjust   ynsapsyz

unknowable   nŠbileØin

unknowing   bilmezlik

unknown   bilmezden, nŠbelli, nŠmŠlim, nŠtanyº, nŠbelet

unknown property   amanat

unlawful   kanunsyz

unleash   šzmek, tutaºdyrmak

unleavened bread   petir(r)

unlimited   ymgyr

unlit   gara–ky

unload   boºatmak

unloved   gadyrsyz

unmotivated   dereksiz

unmoving   dek

unnecessary   gereksiz

unpleasant   mŠhirsiz

unpopulated   ola

unquestionable   soragcyz, ºŸbhesiz

unquestionably   ºeksiz

unreasonable   sebŠpsiz

unrest   o–ºuksyzluk, Ÿnji, ynjalyksyzlyk

unrestricted   erkana

unrestrictedly   erkin

unripe   ig

unruly   tertipsiz

unsatisfactory   kanagatlanlarlyksz

unscrupulous   naØynsap

unshakable   mizemez

unsigned   golsuz

unskilled   emelsiz

unsociable   Øekemen, garasšØmez

unspoiled   syrdambitin

unspoken   gŸrrŸ–siz

unsuccessful   netijesiz, Øetiºiksiz

unsuitable   Øetmezilik

unswerving   gyºarnyksyz

untalented   zehinsiz

untangle   šzlemek

untie   šzmek

until   enli, de–e, tŠ

until now   heniz

until one dies   šlina

until satisfied   doØa

untilled   boz

untouchable   sarsmaz

untrue   biwepa

untruthful   galat

unused   boº

unusual   del, seØrek

unwaivering   mizemez

unweildy   gaba

unworthy   nŠlaØyk

upbringing   terbiØe, terbiØeleØiº

upkeep   saklaØyº, mazmun

upon the cross   atanaklaØyn

upper   Øokarky

upper part   Ÿst

uprising   gozgala–

urge   haØdatmak

urgent   gaØragolulmasyz, gyssagly, mšhletli, derwaØys, ynandyryjy

urgently   gyssag

urine   peºew

urn around   sowmak

use   peØda, ulanmak, Øaratmak, haØyr

use up   harajat etmek

used up   Øolgalmak

useful   peØdaly

useless   biderek, peØdasyz, Øaramaz

usual   adaty

usually   kšplen

utensils   gapga

utilize   ulanmak

Uzbek   šzbek

V

vacation   kanikul(r), dyn almak

vaccine   waktsina(r)

vagabond   segezdan, ykmanda, sergezdan

vague   Øaºyryn

vain   baºagaØ, nŠhak, ºšhratparaz, howaØy

valley   dere, jŸlge

valour   edermenlik

valuable   gymmatly, ºaØ-sep

vanish   gŸrŸm-jŸrŸm bolmak, Øitirim bolmak, Øitmek

vanity   baºagaØlyk, ºšhratparazlyk

vanity mirror   tagan

vanquish   ØŸwŸrmek, ŸstŸn ykmak

vapidity   Øe–ilkellelik

vapor   dem

variant   wariant(r)

variety   sort(r)

various   gatyºyk, dŸrli-dŸrli

vary   alyºmak, šzgertmek

vegetable   gšk šnŸm

vegetable(s)   ir-iØmiº

vein   damar

velour   welØur(r)

velvet   welwet(r)

veneer   faner(r)

vengance   kast

vengeance   š

venture   kŠrhana

veranda   dalan, eØwan

verb   iºlik

verbal   harma-harp

verdict   hškŸm

verse   kuplet(r), ºygyr

versed   habarly

vertical   wertikal(r)

very   biak, i––Šn, šrŠn, šte, uursyz, artykma, Šgirt, hut, Øaman

very much   weºe–-weºe–

very well   igin

vessel   gap, bak

veteran   weteran(r)

veterinary   weterinariØa(r)

vex   helŠklemek

vexed   hyrsy–y diºlemek

via   Ÿsti bilen

vibrate   yrgyldamak, yrgyldatmak

vibration   yrgyldy

vicinity   daº-tšwerek

vicious scheme   gabahatylyk

victor   Øe–iji

victory   Øe–iº, boluº

view   nazar

vigilant   hŸºgŠr, sak, eserde–

village   oba

vindicate   šdemek

vinyl record   plastinka(r)

virgin soil   tarp

virtue   mertebe

virus   dŸmew

visible   gšrnŸkli

vision   gšrŸº, gšz

visit   gšrme-gšrŸº, wizit(r)

vista   a–-dŸºŸnje

vital   derwaØys

vitamin   witamin(r)

vodka   arak

voice   gyl, ses

void   howaØy

volcano   wulkan(r)

volleyball   woleØbol(r)

volume   gšwrŸm, mšber, tom(r)

voluminous   gšwrŸmli

voluntary   meØletin

volunteer   meØletini

vomit   šgemek, pitirdemek, gusmak

vote   saØlow

voter   saØlawy

vow   kasam imek, Šht, ºert

vowel   ekimli ses

voyage   reØs(r)

W

waddle   moØmuldamak

wage war   uruºmak

wagon   wagon(r)

wail   jŠgildemek, wa–kyrmak, nŠrazyylyk

wailing   jŠgildi

waist   bil, guºaklyk

wait   garaºmak

wait for someone   garalyºmak

waiter   ofisian(r)

wake someone   turuzmak, šrŸzmek

wake up   oØanmak

wakefulness   ºšwŸr

waken   turuzmak

walk   sŸmsŸnmek, Øšremek

walking   seØil

wall   diwar, haØat, se––er

wallow   lŠshermek

walnut   grek hozy

wander   entemek, entreklemek, tentemek, gezmek, seØran etmek

wanderer   segezdan

want   gereklemek, islemek, islemek, hajat

wanting to   gšwŸnje–

war   uruº, harby

warbler (bird)   jikjiki

wardrobe   garderob(r), ºkaf(r)

warm   gyzyºmak, Øylatmak, maØyl, mylaØym, Øyly, mŠhirli

warm up   oØmak, Øylamak, Øylynmak, maØlamak

warm weather   maØyllyk

warmth   Øylylyk

warn   duØdurmak

warning   duØduryº, howsala, trewoga(r)

warrant   narØad

wash   Øuwmak, Øuwundyrmak

wash away   kšwmek

wash oneself   Øuwunmak

wash with soap   sabynlamak

waste   harlamak, Øitgi, yrØa, harlamak

watch   synlamak, sagat, sagat

watch over (lit   gšz-gulak bolmak

watchful   hŸºgŠr, idediji, sak, ideg-sorag

watchman   saky

water   aØlamak, suwarmak, suwarmak, Øaºarmak, suw, suw, kompot(r)

water boiler   semawar(r)

water pipe   wodoprowod(r)

water-dispenser   kolonka(r)

water-pump   kolonka(r)

waterfall   ºaglawuk

watering   suwarym

watermelon   garpyz

watershed   saka, taraz

waterskin   gowa

watery   suw, Øuwan

wave   bulaØlamak, salgamak, pasyrdamak, tolkun

waver   tykyramak, Øygrylmak

wax   mum

way   alyn, tertip-dŸzgŸn, usul, ak, Øol

way back   gaØdyºyn

way-to-go   berekella

we   biz

weak   asgyn, gowºak, gujursyz, ejiz

weaken   asgynlamak, gowºamak, haØallamak

weakness   asgynlyk, ysgynsyzlyk

wealth   baØlyk

wealthy   adyl

weapon   Øarag

wear   dakynmak

wear out   kšnelmek, lejini ykarmak, sŸzŸlmek, tozmak, tŸØdŸlmek, kšneltmek (by use) tozdurmak, tŸØtmek

weariness   argynlyk

weather   howa

weave   dokamak

weaving   dokma

wedding caravan   gelinalyjy

wedding gifts   atgulak

wedding procession   gelnalyjy

wedge   pahna, ºinde

Wednesday   arºenbe

weed   haºal

week   hepde

week-long   hepdeleØin

weekly   hepdelik

weep   aglamak, e–remek

weeping   agy

weft (carpet-making term)   arga

weigh   semek

weight   agram, agyrlyk

weighten   agralmak

weighty   uly

weird   syrly, ge–

weld   seplemek

welder   kebºirleØli

well   bakaly, guØy, hoº, hoº, ºeØlelikde, Øeri, gowy, gurgun, Øa, dŸzŸwli, ºumlukda

well done   tŸweleme

well lit   Øagty

well thought out   oØlanyºykly

well-being   abadanylyk, eºret, eØgilik, o–luk, rŠhnet

well-bred   edepli, terbiØeli

well-deserved   rowa

well-dressed   bezemen, geØnŸwli

well-known   belli

well-off   gurply

well-to-do   ŸpjŸn

west   gŸnbatar

wet   ezmek, šllemek, šl, ºalpy-ºara–, ygly

whale   kit(r)

what to do?   nŠtmek

what else   dagy

what kind?   nŠhili

what sort?   nŠtŸØsli

what?   nŠme

wheat   bugdaØ, bugdaØ

wheel   tigir, arh, sŸØpent, tigirlemek

wheelbarrow   galtak

when   haan, nŠwagt

where   nirede

where?   hany, nire

whet   taplamak

which?   haØsy, nene–, nene–si

which number?   nŠenji

while   onyana

whim   nŠz

whimsical   ynjyk

whine   i––ildemek, yzlamak, y––yldy, izzildemek, y––yldamak

whip   gamylamak, saØgylamak, gamy

whip up   gunuºmak

whirl   gaØmalamak, burmak, syramak

whirlpool   gipdal

whisper   pyºyrdamak, wyºyrdamak, pyºyrdy, wyºy-wyºy

whistle   yrryldamak, jŸrletmek, sygyrmak, sygyrmak, ºuwwuldamak, ºuwwuldy, gygyrmak

whistling   sykyklyk

white   ak

white-wash   aklamak

whiten   aklamak

whitest   ap-ak

whitewash   heklemek

who?   kim

whole   bitin, bŸtin

wholeness   aman

wholesale   lomaØ sšwda, lomaØ, lomaØlygyna

wholly   tutuº

whooping cough   gštsbogma

why   nŠme Ÿin

wick   pelte

wicked   ºum

wide   gi–, Øogyn, gi–iº

widow   dul aØal

widower   dul

width   gi–lik

wife   aØal, heleØ, maºgala

wife and husband   maºgala

wife's brother   baja

wiggle   yrpynmak

wild   hyrawa, Øabany

wild dove   gšgerin

wilderness   je––el

wilfullness   šzbaºy–a

will (testament)   wesØetnama

will you   la

willingly   hšwesje–

willow   sšwŸt, tal

willy-nilly   biala

wilt   solmak, myssarmak

win   utmak, ŸstŸn ykmak

wind   yrpynmak, ºemal, Øel

wind around   yrlamak

wind up   keleplemek

winding   aØlawly

window   aØna, Špiºge, penjire

window leaf   fortoka(r)

windy   Øelli

wine   siØdik, ºerap

wine-glass   bulgur

wineskin   tulum

wing   ganat

wink   gypmak

winner   Øe–iji

winnings   utuº

winter   gyº

wintering   gyºlag

wintertime   gyºyna

wipe   sŸpŸrmek

wire   sim

wisdom   parasat, paØhas

wise   paØhasly

wish   arzuw etmek, arzuwlamak, dilemek, myrat, arzuw, meØil

wish for   meØillenmek, kŸØsemek

wit   dilewar

with   bilen, deºirmek

with an accent   algyrt

with caution   emaØ bilen

with effort   zordan

with pleasure   hšwesje–

with spirit   gšwnejaØ

with two meanings   ikuly

wither   ŸrŸºmek, pyssarmak, alykmak

withered   agajet

within   ieri

without basis   esassyz

without delay   zšwwe

without doubt   ºeksiz

without end   ummasyz

without hesitation   irginsiz

without permission   bidin, ygtyØarsyz, jogapsyz

withstand   ydamak

witness   ºaØat

witty   dilewar

wizard   jadygšØ

wobble   goduklamak

wolf   bšri, mšjek, gurt

wolfish   bšri

woman   heleØ, aØal

woman's jacket   kofta(r)

wonder   a–almak

wonderful   ajaØyp, allanŠme, tŠsin

wood   odun, tokaØ

wooded place   tokaØlyk

wooden hammer   tokmak

woodpecker   daºdeºen

woof   arga

wool   ØŸ–

word   sšz

wordless   gŸrrŸ–siz

work   iºlemek, iºlemek, iº, iº

work hard   emgenmek

work out   ornaºmak

work up   owkalamak

worker   iºi, iºi

workshop   ussahana

world   dŸnØŠ, Šlem, jahan, Šlem-jahan

worldly   dŸnØewi

worm   gurt, guruk

wormwood   kekre

worrisome   gaØgyly

worry   darykmak, gaØgy etmek, zowzuldamak, ynjalyksyzlanmak, gaØgy, tolgunyºyk

worry someone   tolgundyrmak

worse   beter

worsen   beterlemek, gaØralmak, Øaramazlaºmak

worship   baº egmek, baº egme

worthless   biderek, birehim, warak

worthy   rowa

worthy (of)   mynasyp

worthy of blame   aØyp

wound   kesdirmek, Øaralamak, zarbykdyrmak, Øara

wounded   Øaraly, pers-ala

wow   

wow! oh! gosh!   be

wrap   dolamak, saramak

wrap around   da–mak

wrap up   yrmamak, olamak

wrapper   dolag

wreak havoc   mšw almak

wrestle   gšreºmek

wrestling   gšreº, sambo

wretch   pahyr, ºermende

wrinkle   epilmek

wrinkle   bŸrmek, ytmak, gasyn, Øygyrmak

wrinkled   mŸrŸk, mŸrrŸk, Øygyrt, agajet

wrist   goºar

write   Øazmak

writer   kyssay, Øazyjy

writing   Øazuw, hat

written work   eser

wrong   bimamla, nŠdogry, keje

wrong side   šwre

X

X-ray(s)   rentgen(r)

Y

yard   howly, mellek, daº

yarn   ØŸp

yawn   pallamak, pal

year   Øyl

year before last   š––il

year by year   ØylsaØyn

yellow   sary, mele

yellowest   sap sary

yellowish   saryØagyz

yelp   u–samak

yes   hawa

yesterday   dŸØn

yesterday's   dŸØnki

yet   entegem, entek, entŠk, heniz, ºindi

yield (cotton)   Š

yo   Šhey

yoghurt   sŸzme

you   sen, (plural or formal) siz

young   kšrpe, Øaº

young and old alike   uly-kii

Young Communist   komsomol(r)

young girl   gelin

young people   juwan

young/little donkey   kŸrre

younger brother   jigi

younger sister-in-law   baldyz

your way   seni–e, sizinge

youth   juwan, juwanlyk, Øaºlyk, Øigitlik

Z

zeal   yhlas, hšwes

zealous   yhlasly

zero   nol(r)

zinc   sink(r)

zone   zona(r)

zoo   haØwanat bagy

zoological   zoologik(r)

zoology   zoologiØa(r)

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