A spa project of Peace Corps Turkmenistan

   

omuz   shoulder

omzamak   to emphasize; to stress

on   ten

onakly   not very

onda   then; so

ondan hem baºga   in addition to; besides

ongunlyk   ten days

onluk   ten (noun)

onso–   so then

onunjy   tenth

onØyllyk   ten years

onyana   while; for the time being

o–   success

o–armak   to cope; deal; manage

o–at   good

o–atlandyrmak   to make something better

o–atlaºmak   to become better

o–aØly   favorable; propitious

o–aØsyz   unfavorable; not propitious

o–lamak   to agree

o–luk   well-being; prosperity

o–ly   good

o–mak   to be satisfied

o––ut   conditions

o–ºuk   peace

o–ºukly   peaceful

o–ºuksyz   not peaceful

o–ºuksyzluk   unrest

o–urga   spine

o–uºmak   to be compatible

opera   r. opera

operasiØa   r. operation

opmak   broken (used for large things)

opurmak   to destroy

opurylmak   to be destroyed

opurylyºyk   disruption; frustration

orak   sickle

oraky   sickler

oramak   cover

orbita   r. orbit

orbital   r. orbital

orden   order; decoration

ordenli   decorated person

orfografik   r. orthographic

orfografiØa   r. orthography; spelling

organ   r, organ (biol.)

organik   r. organic

organizm   r. organism

orkestr   r. orchestra

ormak   to reap

ornaºdyrmak   to inculcate

ornaºmak   to work out; to settle down; to get fixed up

ornaºykly   comfortably

ors   Russian

orsa   Russian language

orsØet   Russia

orta   center; middle

ortaal   average

ortak   participle

ortaky   middle (adj.)

ortanjy   middle (adj.)

orun   place

orunbasar   deputy

orunbasary   understudy   

orunly   local

osetin   nationality

oslagsyz   unexpected

oslamak   to expect

osmak   to suppose

ot   1. grass 2. fire

ot- šp   twigs

ot- iØm   feed

otag   room

otamak   to destroy (crops)

otarmak   to feed grass (to cows etc.)

otctawka   r. dismissal

otkrytka   r. postcard

otlamak   1. to eat grass 2. to burn

otlinik   r. person at the top

otlino   r. excellent

otlušp   match

otluk   grassy area

otly   train

otnositel   relative

otnoºenie   r. attitudes

otrisatel   negative

otrØad   detachment

otur   comma

oturgy   chair

oturmak   sit

oturtmak   to plant

oturylyºyk   meeting; party

oturymly   local

otuz   thirty

otuzynjy   thirtieth

owadan    beautiful

owadanlamak   to make beautiful

owadanlanmak   to be beautified

owadanlyk   beauty

owarra   "go away!" "go far!"

owarram   "to hell with it!"

owaz   sound

owaza   1. absolute pitch 2. rumour; hearsay

owazlanmak   to be heard

owgan   of Afghanistan

owkalamak   to massage; to work up

owlak   baby goat

owlaklamak   to give birth to a goat

owmak   to crumble

ownamak   to become small

ownatmak   1. to make smal 2. to change money ( to break a bill)

ownuk    little ; small

ownukyl   petty; trifling

owranmak   to crumble

owratmak   to make something crumble

owu   a handful

owuntyk   crumb

owurt   gulp

oØ   idea; thought

oØ-pikir   serious ideas; deep thoughts

oØa   awake

oØaly-ukuly   half asleep; dozing

oØanmak   to wake up

oØarmak   to awaken; call

oØkamak   1. to rub 2. to grate; grind

oØkanjyramak   to fidget

oØkanmak   to rub oneself

oØlamak   to suppose

oØlamazdan   at random

oØlanma   consideration

oØlanmak   to reason; debate

oØlanyºykly   well thought out; considered

oØlanyºyksyz   not well thought out

oØlap tapmak   to invent

oØlap tapyjy   inventor

oØlyk   oasis

oØmak   1. thimble 2. v. to hollow; chisel; gouge

oØnamak   to play

oØnatgy   laughing stock; butt of a joke

oØnawa   toy

oØtak   naturally formed bakja

oØun   game

oØuny   player

oØunjak   toy

ozal   before

ozaldan   a long time in the past; from time immemorial

ozallar   a long time ago

ozalynda   at the very beginning

ozmak   to overtake

š   vengeance

šen   extinct

šgŸn   matted, dull

šmek   to extinguish

šŸgsi   matt, dull

šŸrmek   to put out, to turn down (a fire or light)

šŸrmek   to switch off

šdek   oesophagus; gullet

šdemek   to vindicate

šermek   to marry a man to someone else

šgemek   to vomit

šjŸkdirmek   to stir up against

šjŸkmek   to become furious; to get mad

škde   able; skillful

škdelemek   to be able; capable

škje   heel

škŸn   regret; sorrow

škŸnmek   to pity; to regret

škŸz   bull

šl   wet

šleg   size, measure

šlemek   to measure

šleØiº   measurement

šldŸrmek   to kill

šli   dead

šlina   until one dies; all one's life

šljermek   to become wet

šllemek   to wet

šlmek   to die

šlmez-Øitmez   immortal; timeless

šlºermek   to cogitate, think hard about something

šlºŸk   slaughter, butchery   

šlŸm    death

šlŸm derejesi   death rate

šlŸm-Øitim   deaths

šmŸr   life

šmŸrlik   lifelong, for life

šndŸrijilik   productivity, output

šndŸrmek   to produce

šnmek   1. to be born 2. to grow up, mature 3. to produce

šnŸm   product

šnŸmcilik   production

šnŸp-šsmek   to grow up

š–   1. in the past 2. in the front

š–   1. ago, past 2. front

š–delik   first place

š–den   from many years ago, from time immemorial

š–inŠ   earlier, before

š–ki   previous, former

š–kŸlik   previous situation

š––il   year before last

š––in   day before yesterday

š–Ÿnde   in front of

š–Ÿrdiklemek   to gallop

š–Ÿrti   before, at first

š–Ÿrtmek   to be the first, to leave behind

š–Ÿsyra   before

špmek   to kiss

špŸmek   to kiss each other

špŸº   kiss

šr   to get up

šrdek   duck

šrŠn   very

šrgŸn   eruption, rash

šrgŸnli   typhys, spotted fever

šri   pasture

šrk   leash

šrklemek   to tie, to leash, to fasten

šrkŸ   hump

šrmek   1. to knit 2. to braid 3. to break out (in a rash)

šrtmek   to cover

šrŸzmek   to wake someone up

šsdŸrmek   to grow, cultivate

šsgŸn   long

šsmek   to grow, develop

šssŸrim   fourteen

šsŸmlik   n. plant

šsŸº   growth, development

št   bile, gall

šte   very

štegi   passerby

štelge   passage

štelgesi   mountain passage

šten   last

štgŸr   sharp

štmek   1. to cross, to go through 2. to burn

štri   therefore, that's why

štunmenk   to apologize

štŸn   apology

štŸn soramak   toapologize

štŸrmek   to put through a hole, to thread

šwe   a lamb two years of age

šwelmek   to gape

šweØ   step- (mother, father), adopted

šwez   compensation

šwgi   praise

šwgn   praise

šwlŸØa   cemetery

šwmek   to compliment; praise

šwre   1. times 2. round

šwrendekli   1. habit 2. chronic

šwreniºdirmek   to familiarize

šwreniºmek   to get used to; become accustomed

šwrenje   novice; amateur

šwrenmek   to learn

šwretmek   to teach, instruct

šwrŸlip   in the future; from now on; henceforth

šwrŸliºik   overturn; revolution

šwrŸlmek   1. turn oneself over 2. to return

šwrŸm   n. turn

šwºŸn   šwŸºgin

šwŸlØŠ   graveyard

šwŸnje–   braggard

šwŸnje–lik   boasting

šwŸnmek   to boast; brag

šwŸrmek    to turn something

šwŸsgin   breeze

šwŸsmek   to blow

šwŸºgin   brilliance; shine

šwŸt-nesihat   advisors

šØ hojalyky   homemaker

šØ   house; home

šØ-iºik   family house

šØjŸk   nest

šØke   offence; injury

šØke-kine   injuries; offences

šØkelek   touchy; sensitive

šØkelemek   to be offended; take offence

šØkeli   offended; hurt

šØken   lung

šØkŸnmek   to imitate, to mimic

šØle   afternoon

šØle/šØlŠn   afternoon

šØlendirmek   to marry a man to someone else

šØlenmek   to get married (for a man only)

šØlŠn   afternoon

šØtmek   to suppose, to think

šz   himself; herself

šz kelle   self-centered

šz-šzŸnden   to occur without help

šzara   between two people, mutual

šzbaºdak   independent

šzbaºdaklyk   independence, self-rule

šzbaºy–a   wilfullness

šzbek   Uzbek

šzboluºly   original; distinctive; peculiar

šzelenmek   to pray; plead; beg

šzen-   nucleus; core

šzge   another

šzgeriº   change; something new

šzgeriºlik   changes; alterations

šzgermek   to be altered or changed

šzgertmek   to alter; change ; vary

šzleºdirmek   to cope; assimilate; master

šzluk   gram. passive

šzmek    to repay a debt

šzŸm   myself

šzŸni alyp baryº   behavior, conduct

šzŸ–e ekmek   to attract

P

paak   peel, rind

pagta   cotton

pahna   wedge

pahyr   wretch

pajalamak   to prosper, thrive

pak   empty

paket   r. packet

pakgarak   blister, bump

pakgarmak   to swell

pakyrdamak   to laugh loudly

pal   yawn

palak   rotten

palan   r. horsecloth

palas   r. thin rug

palata   r. chamber (of Parliment)

palatka   r. tent

palyk   mud, clay

palykyldamak   to make muddy

pallamak   to yawn

palta   axe

paltalamak   to chop with an axe

palto   r. overcoat

pamyk   absorbant cotton

panorama   r. panorama

pansion   r. pension

panys   torch, flashlight

pa–kelle   fool

pa–lamak   to brag

papak   cap

papiros   r. Russian cigarette

papka   r. folder

para   bribe

parahat   peace

parahatylyk   peace

parahatlanmak   to make peaceful

parahatlyk   peace

parahor   briber

paramak   1. to reveal oneself 2. to crack

parasat   wisdom

para   scrap

paralamak   to scrap

parh   difference

parhlandyrmak   to differentiate

parhly bolmak   to distinguish

parhly   distinctive

parhsyz   indifferent

park   r. park

parkyldamak   to plumpen, fatten

parkyldy   fattened

parlak   sunshine, radiance

parlamak   to radiate

parran   throughout, through and through

parta   r. desk

partisan   r. partisan

partiØa   r. party (political)

partladyjy   fuse

partlama   explosion

partlamak   to explode

pasport   r. passport

passiw   r. passive

pasyl   season

pasyrdamak   1. to soar 2. to wave

pasyrdyr   fluctuation

paº   exposure

paºmak   1. to realize 2. anat. sole (of foot)

pata   blessing

patlamak   to hit, strike

patrak   fried corn

patydyr   stamping

patyºa   kind

paØ   r. portion

paØa   r. by portions

paØawlamak   to finish

paØy   shareholder

paØdyrmak   to trample

paØhas   wisdom

paØhasly   wise

paØlamak   to divide

paØlanmak   to be divided

paØlasºmak   to divide

paØtagt   capital

paØyº   abusive

paza   ploughshare

pazyl   feathers, lashes

pe etmek   to bake

peat   r. seal, stamp

peatlamak   to seal, stamp

peek   zool. field loach (fish)

peenØe   r. cookies

pedal   r. pedal

pedelemek   to package

pekge   dunce, dolt

pel   border

pel ekmek   to demarcate

pelle   finish

pellehana   finish

pelte   wick

peltek   mispronunciation

pelteklemek   to mispronounce

pena   covering, defense

penalamak   to defend, shelter

penalanmak   to defend oneself

penje   1. tassle 2. paw

penjek   coat, jacket

penjelemek   1. to snatch 2. to fight, scuffle

penjire   window

pensiØa   r. pension

penºenbe   Wednesday

pent   1. lecture 2. admonition

per   feather

perbaØsyz   indifferent

perde   1. curtain 2. membrane 3. action, activity

peresadka   r. transplantation

perewod   r. translation

perhaØlyk   indifference

perik   spinning wheel

periºan bolmak   to be upset

periºde   angel

perizat   beautiful woman

pero   r. feather

perron   r. platform

pers-ala   shot up, wounded

persona£h   r. personage

personal   r. personal

perspektiv   r. perspective

pert   firm

pes   1. short, low 2. undistinguished

peseletmek   to decrease

peseltme   reduction

peseltmek   to reduce

pesinden   a little at a time

peslemek   to decrease

peslik   n. decrease

pessaØlamak   to land an airplane

peºehorda   sore, ulcer

peºeº   gift

peºew   urine

pet   1. bravery 2. starch

petde   pack, small stack

pete-pet   face to face

petek   anat. inner sole

peteke   crop

pete– etmek   to be tired, fed up with

petilemek   to lock

petir   r. unleavened bread

petiº   stuffy, sultry

petiºlik   stuffiness

petle   r. loop, stitch

petlemek   to stitch up

petretmek   to stare

peØa   r. landscape

peØda bolmak   to emerge

peØda   n. use

peØdalanmak   to make oneself useful

peØdaly   useful

peØdasyz   useless

peØnir   cheese

peØwagtna   1. in one's way 2. idle, aimless

peØwent etmek   1. to inoculate 2. to graft

pŠendeki   "paendeky", a winter melon

pŠhim   reason

pŠhimli   reasonable

pŠk   pure, clean, clear

pŠki   razor

pŠkize   clean

pŠkizelik   cleanliness

pŠklik   honesty

pŠl   intention

pŠlwan   fighter, hero

pŠsgel bermek   to bother

pŠsgelilik   obstacles

pianino   r. piano

pianist   r. pianist

pida   sacrifice

pide   haydust

pijama   r. pajamas

pikerdeº   like-minded

pikir   1. thought, idea, opinion 2. intention, purpose

pikir etmek   to think

pikirlenmek   to think

pil   I. elephant II. shovel

pile   shoulder blade

pile   cocoon

pilot   r. pilot

pilotka   r. female pilot

pionir   r. pioneer

pionirlyk   r. pioneer days

pirim   trick, strategem, artifice

pirog   r. cake

piro£ny   r. little cakes

pis   1. bad 2. suffering

pisint oturmak   to like

pislemek   to go bad

pisse   pistachio

pistolet   r. pistol

piºek   crutch

piºik   cat

piºme   r. fried bread

piti   pot

pitiki   n. crack

pitikilemek   1. to click one's tongue 2. to snap one's fingers

pitirdemek   1. to vomit 2. to crawl away

pitne   mutiny, rebellion

pitnesi   rebel

piwa   r. beer

plakat   r. poster, placard

plan   r. plan

planaºdyrmak   r. to plan

planeta   r. planet

planetara   r. between planets

planly   r. planned

planlyk   r. planning

plastilin   r. plasticine

plastinka   r. vinyl record

plaº   r. raincoat

platforma   r. platform

pleØonka   r. film, roll of film

plita   r. 1. slab 2. stove, range

plomwa   r. filling (for a tooth)

plomwalamak   r. to seal, fill in

plug   r. plow

plØa£   r. beach

plØus   r. plus

poerk   r. hand-writing

pota   mail, post

potalon   r. mailman

podoº   r.anat. sole

podpole   r.n. underground

podpolenyØ   r.adj. underground

podrazdelenie   r. subdivision

podwal   r. cellar, basement

podØezd   r. 1. driveway, entrance 2. porch

poema   r. poem

poeztik   r. poetic

pogon   r. shoulder strap

pokryºka   r. cover, lid

pol   r. 1. floor 2. half 3. sex

pola£hitel   r. affirmative

polat   steel

poliklinika   r. polyclinic

politeknika   r. polytechnic

polk   r. 1. regiment 2. shelf

polkownik   r. colonel

pollamak   1. to lay, spread 2. to pave

polotenste   r. towel

polotno   r. linen

polØak   r. Pole

polØar   r. polar

polØus   r. pole, terminal

pomidor   r. tomato

populØar   r. popular

poroºak   r. powder

porsy   stench, stink

porsyn   r. bed sheet

porºen   r. portion

port   1. brittle, frail, fragile 2. r. port

portfel   r. briefcase

portret   r. portrait

portsiØa   r. portion

portugal   r. Portugal

pos   rust

posly   rusty

possun   fur (coat)

post   r. 1. post 2. fast (religious)

posulka   r. parcel

posØolok   r. settlement

potolok   r. ceiling

potratylyk   contract

potratlaØyn   piece (of work)

powest   r. story

powestka   r. summons

pozitsiØa   r. position

pškgi   1. ball 2. chubby, plump

pškremek   to swell

pškretmek   to inflate

praktika   r. practice

predmet   r. object

premera   r. premier

prentsip   r. principle

preparat   r. preparation

pres-konferentisiØa   r. press conference

preslemek   to press

prezent   child, baby

prezi   queen (in chess)

prezident   r. president

prezidium   r. presidium

printsipal   r. of principle

pristan   r. pier, quay

pristawka   r. prefix

priz   r. prize

problema   r. problem

professional   r. professional

professor   r. professor

profsoØuz   r. trade union

prognoz   r. prognosis

programa   r. program

progres   r. progress

progressiw   r. progressive

progul etmek   to shirk

progul   truancy

projhektor   r. searchlight

prokuratura   r. office of the public prosecutor

prokuror   r. public prosecutor

proletariat   r. proletariat

proletor   r. proletarian

propaganda   r. propoganda

propagandirlemek   r. to propagate

propusk   r. omission, blank, absence

prospekt   r. avenue

protest   r. protest

protez   r. artificial limb

protokol   r. protocol

protsent   r. percent

protses   r. process

prowlenie   r. 1. government 2. management, board, administration

prowodnik   r. guide, conductor

prowokatsiØa   r. provocation

proØekt   r. project, plan

proØektirlemek   to project

proza   r. prose

prozai   r. prose writer

pru£in   r. spring, source

pu   empty, hollow

pudak   branch, twig

pudaklamak   to branch out

pugta   1. firm, solid, long-lasting, durable 2. serious

pugtalandurmak   1. to consolidate 2. to stabilize

pugtalyk   firmness

pukara   n. poor

pukaralyk   poverty

pul   money

pulemØot   r. machine gun

punkt   r. 1. station, place 2. point, item

punktuatsiØa   punctuation

pursat   time, moment

puºman etmek   to regret, pity

puºman getermek   to compel

puºman   regret, pity

putØowka   r. pass, permit

pŸr   crown

pŸrepŸr   overcrowded, overflowing

pŸrepŸrlemek   to overfill

pŸrkmek   splash, shuffle, sprinkle

pŸrs   1. hollow 2. beam

pØan   drunk

pØure   r. puree

pyak   knife, blade

pyaklamak   to knife, stab

pygy   saw

pygamber   prophet

pygyl   intention, design, purpose

pykyrdamak   1. to seethe 2. to chuckle, giggle

pylan   a certain, some

pylana   a certain (time, amount)

pylamak   to crack, strike

pyntyk   1. bud 2. kidney

pyntyklamak   1. to enlist, recruit 2. to dial (telephone)

py–kyrmak   to leap

pyrlamak   1. to twist, twirl 2. to roll up

pyrlanmak   to twist oneself

pyssarmak   1. to wither, fade 2. to give up hope

pyºbaga   turtle

pyºdyl   turtle

pyºyrdamak   to whisper

pyºyrdy   whisper

pytramak   1. to crumble 2. to disperse

pyØada   by foot

pyØadalamak   to go by foot

pyØaluºka   little cup

pyzmak   to hurl, fling

R

radio   r. radio

radionpryomnik   r. receiving set

radiostantsiØa   r. radio station

radiouzel   r. radio center

radist   r. radio operator

radius   r. radius

rahat   1. peace 2. peaceful; quiet

rahat   peaceful

rahatlanmak   to calm down; subside; become quiet

rahatlyk   rest; repose; peace

rahatsyzlandyrmak   to alarm; disquiet; disturb

rahatsyzlanmak   to be upset; anxious; alarmed

raketa   r. rocket

raport   r. raport

rasØot   r. calculation; estimation; settlement of accounts

raspisaniØe   r. schedule

ratsionaylyk   r. rationality

ratsionalizator   rationalist

raund   r. round (of a competition)

raØat   nationality; citizenship

raØat- bolmak   to become a citizen

raØdaº   someone in sympathy with others

raØdaºlyk   solidarity

raØon   r. region

razrØad   r. category; class

razwedka   r. 1. geol, prospecting 2. reconnaissance party 3. secret service

razwedkay   r. 1. scout 2. secret service officer, intelligence officer

razØlyk   1. contentment ; satisfaction 2. agreement

razy   1. content ; satisfied 2. agreeable

razy bolmazlyk   disagreement

razy   in agreement with

razylaºmak   1. to make an agreement 2. to forgive 3. to reconcile

razylaºmak   to agree

razylyk   harmony

reaksion   r. reactionary

reaksiØa   r. reaction

reaktiw   r. reactive

real   r. real

realistik   r. realistic

realizm   r. realism

redaksion   r. editing

redaksiØa   r. editorial staff

redaktirlemek   r. to edit

redaktor   r. editor

redaktorlyk   r. editorship

rediska   r. radish

reforma   r. reform

regbi   r. rugby

regbii   r. rugby player

registrasiØa   r. registration

registratura   r. registry

registrirlemek   r. to register

regulirlemek   r. to regulate

regulØar   r. regular

rehim   pity, compassion

rehimdar   generous, compassionate, sorrowful

rehimli   generous, compassionate, sorrowful

rehimsiz   ruthless, heartless, soulless

reje   1. sign, feature, characteristic 2. order, way, conditions

rejelemek   to bring, lead, result in

rejeli   accurate, punctual, neat, tidy

reklama   r. advertisement

rekomendasiØa   r. recommendation

rekord   r. record

rektor   r. president, rector, chancellor

rektorlyk   r. rectorship

rels   r. rails, track

remont   r. repair(s)

   

rende   plane

rendelemek   to plane

rentgen   r. X-ray(s)

re–be-re–   multi-colored

re–k   1. paint 2. color

re–klemek   to paint, color

re–kli   colorful, colored

repetisiØa   r. rehearsal

replika   r. replica

resmi   official, formal

resmileºdirmek   to form, shape, legalize

respublika   r. republic

respublikan   r. republican

restoran   r. restaurant

resurs   r. resource

ret etmek   to deflect, dissuade, reject

retsept   r. recipe

rewolØusion   r. revolutionary

rewolØusiØa   r. revolution

reØs   r. flight, voyage, trip

rezerw   r. reserve(s)

rezhim   r. regime

rezhissØor   r. stage manager

rezin   r. rubber

rezolØusiØa   r. resolution

rŠhnet   1. well-being 2. bliss   

rŠhnetli   blissful

rifma   r. rhyme

rol   r. part, role

rolik   r. roller

rom   r. rhombus

roman   r. novel

rota   r. company

rowa bolmak   to be worthy

rowa   worthy, well-deserved

rowa   successful, good

rowalanmak   to attain success

rowaØat   legend, story

roØal   r. grand piano

ršwºen   radiant, brilliant, light, joyful

ruka   r. pen

rugsat   permission

ruh   I. soul, spirit, mood II. r. rook (of chess)

ruh   spirit, soul

ruhlandyrmak   to inspire

ruhlanmak   to feel inspired

ruhubelent   inspired

ruhubelentlik   inspiration

ruhy   spiritual, mental, ecclesiastical, religious

rul   r. steering wheel

rumyn   r. Romanian

rus   Russian

rusa   Russian language

rusalamak   to speak in Russian

rØadowoØ   1. r. ordinary 2. r. private (class of soldier)

rØukzak   r. rucksack,backpack

S

sabamak   1. to diminish 2. to release, to get rid of 3. to be empty

sabyn   soap

sabynlamak   to wash with soap

sabyr et   "God bless you" (said after a sneeze)

sabyr   patience

sabyrly   patient

sabyrlylyk   patience

sa   hair

sa šrŸmi   braid, plait

sada   1. simple 2. sincere

sadalyk   simplicity

sadap   button

sag aman   safely

sag    I. health sag bol!=be healthy/thank you! II. right

sag-gurgun   sag-gurgun gezip Øšremek=to be in a good mood, healthy

sagalmak   to recover

sagat   I.healthy II. 1. watch 2. hour

sagatlyk   hour's worth

sagdyn   healthy

sagdynlaºdyrmak   to cure, treat, take care of

sagdyrmak   to make someone milk a cow

saglyk   health

sagmak   to milk

sagry   back of a horse/donkey

sagym   mirage

sagymy   milkmaid

sagynmak   to pause, hesitate, delay

sahap   cover

sahna   stage

sahypa   page

sak   vigilant, watchful

saka   divide, watershed

sakar kelle   bald

sakaw   stutterer

saky   watchman

sakgal   beard

saklamak   1. to keep 2. to store 3. to detain 4. to take care of, oversee, act as a guardian 5. to retain 6. to support 7. to keep from someone 8. to make someone do something

saklanan   second-hand

saklanmak   to restrain one's self

saklaØyº   upkeep, maintenence

sakydamak   to tweet sakyrdama!=shut up!

sakynmak   to stutter

sakyrtga   skin burrowing animal, chigger

sal   raft

sala   advice

salam   hi

salamlaºmak   to greet, say "hi"

salat   r. salad

salawmaleØkim   may peace be upon you

saldamly   heavy, ponderous

salfetka   r. napkin

salgamak   to wave, flap

salgy atmak   to find out about

salgylanmak   to refer to, cite

salgym   mirage

salgyt   tribute, payment, tax salgyt tšlemek=to pay taxes

salkym   bunch, cluster bir salym ŸzŸm=a bunch of grapes

salkyn   cool

salkynlamak   to become cool

sallah   bachelor

sallamak   to lower, cast down, drop, hang

sallanak   1. crib 2. swing

sallanmak   1. to hang 2. to be hung

salmak   1. to place, put 2. to build jaØ salmak=to build a house 3. iºe salmak=to help someone get a job 4. abraØdan salmak=to dishonor 5.    to pretend not to bilmezlege salmak=to pretend not to know, gšrmezlege salmak=to pretend not to see   

salparmak   to dangle

salpy   dangling

salØut   r. salute

salyhatly   serious

salykatly   to be courteous

salym   one moment bir salym aØak ekmek=to stop for one moment

samahylamak   to chatter

saman   straw saman kelle=stupid

sambo   wrestling

samolØot   r. airplane

samramak   to mutter, mumble

samsyk   fool, stupid

samsyklyk   foolishness

samyrdy   mutterings, mumblings

san   1. number 2. amount 3. score 4. cardinal numbers 5. ordinal numbers 6. weight   

san-cyz   1. a great number of something 2. person who has lost his authority, credibility, or honor   

san-sajak   a lot, an exaggerated amount

sana   1. leather bag 2. bellows

sanamak   to count

sanandarlyk   musucianship

sanaºmak   to talk back

sanatoriØa   r. sanatorium, resort

sanmak   to stab with a dagger

sandyk   chest, hope chest

sandyramak   to tremble, shake, shudder

sandyrawuk   trembling, shaking

sani   r. sled

sanitar   r. male nurse

sanjak   safety pin

sanjamak   to prick

sanjy   colic

sanly   counted

sansyz-sanjak-syz   a lot

sa–almak   sa–alyp durmak=to stop numb/ stop dead

sa––yldamak   sandyramak=to shake, shiver

sap   I. 1. cunning 2. shrewdness 3. temptation 4. a row II. 1. pure, clean 2. morally pure III. handle

sap sary   yellowest

sapa   enjoyment, delight, pleasure

sapak   I. thread II. lesson

sapalk   evasion

sapaly   merry, happy, blessed

sapar   I. time indiki sapar=next time II. trip, journey

saplamak   to clarify, purify, leanse

saplanmak   to be cleaned, purified

sapmak   1. to thread a needle 2. to immunize a plant 3. to combine

sar   starling bird

sarag   bandage

saralmak   1. to become yellow 2. to make yellow

saramak   1. to spin 2. to wrap 3. to tie

sar   cowardly

sargamak   1. to confide 2. to order

sargyt   commission, message, mission sargyt etmek=to go on a mission

sarkmak   to drip

sarkyrmak   to make something drip

sarmak   sargamak=1. to confide 2. to order

sarnamak   to mutter, mumble

sarp etmek   to consume

sarpa goØmak   to respect

sarpa   respect

sarsdyrmak   to shove, to shake

sarsgyn   shoving, shaking

sarsmak   1. to shudder 2. to quiver

sarsmaz   indestructible,, untouchable, proud

sary   yellow

sarykmak   to dry

sarymsyk   garlic

saryØag   clarified butter, ghee

saryØagyz   sallow, yellowish

sataºmak   to meet someone

satmak   1. to sell 2. to betray

satyjy   seller

satyn almak   to buy

satynalmak   to sell

sawy   machmaker

sawylar   matchmaker

sawylyk   matchmakerness

saØ   sandbank, shoal

saØgarmak   to distinguish

saØgylamak   to whip

saØhallaºdyrmak   to put in order, organize

saØlama   1. selected, chosen 2. choice

saØlamak   to choose

saØlanan   chosen

saØlanmak   1. to be chosen

saØlaw   election

saØlawy   voter, elector

saØlow   election, vote

saØmak   I. 1. to consider 2. to think II. 1. to tousle, churn up 2. to beat up

saØpallamak   to subside, hall, decrease

saØrak   singing saØrak guº=singing bird

saØramak   to sing

saz   I. music, musical II. accurate, intact

sazak   type of tree

sazanda   musician

sazandar   musician

sazylyk   adj. music sazylyk mekdebi=music school

sazlamak   to make accurate, intact

sazlaºyk   concordant, accordant

sazly   musical, with music

sebŠbi   because

sebŠp   cause, reason

sebŠpkŠr   guilty person

sebŠpli   1. reasonable 2. with an alabi

sebŠpsiz   1. unreasonable 2. without an alabi

seek   fringe

seekli   fringed

seme   bullet

semek   1. to shatter 2. to choose

segezdan   wanderer, vagabond

segsen   eighty

segseninji   eightieth

seh   r. shop, guild

seki   porch

sekiz   eight

sekizinji   eighth

sekmek   to appear, emerge

sekretar   r. seretary

seksiØa   r. section

sekunt   r. second

selen   seyØrek=seldom

selenlemek   seØreklemek=to diminish, reduce

sele–   1. space 2. coolness

sele–lemek   to go out into coolness

seljermek   to distinguish, determine

selle   turban

sellem    bir sellem=a little bit

sellofan   r. cellophane

sellØuloza   r. cellulose

selpemek   1. to trot 2. to look for

sem bolmak   to pause, hesitate sem bol!=shut up!

semawar   r. samovar, water boiler

semek   to weigh, to hang out, spread out

semelemek   to fumble

sememek   to fumble

sement   r. cement

sementlemek   to cement

seminar   r. seminar

semiz   fat, plump

semizlik   fatness, girth, obesity

semremek   to fatten, gain weight

semretmek   1. to get fat 2. to put on weight

sen   you

senagat   industry

sene   date

senemere ediºmek   to quarrel

senet   1. trade, craft 2. occupation

seneti   master, skilled person

senetilik   master

seni–e   your way, in your style

senitmeter   r. centimeter

senlik Øš–keme   "you" pronoun

sentner   r. sentner (100 kg.)

sentØabr   September

se–kildemek   to leap

se––er   rampart, bank, wall

se–rik   bridge of the nose

se–se   brain-damaged from and explosion

se–selemek   to faint

se–selik   confusion, bruise

sep   I. 1. seam, joint 2. row, line, file, series II. dowry

sepelemek   1. to shatter 2. to drizzle 3. to spray

sepgil   freckle

sepgit   1. joint 2. hem

sepikdirmek   to cut out

sepikmek   to retreat

sepiºmek   to join, connect

seplemek   1. to join, connect 2. to weld

sepmek   I. 1. to sprawl 2. to fold down II. 1.to sprinkle 2. to shatter

sepºik de– bšlemek   to cut along the grain

serb   r. Serb, Serbian

sere   sparrow

seri   sparrow

serdar   leader

serenjam   gear, equipment

seresap   careful seresap bol=be careful

seresaply   carefully

seretmek   1. to look at 2. to look after 3. to stare 4. to glare

sereØa   series

sergezdan   bum, vagrant

sergezdanylyk   hermitage, state of being a vagabond

sergezdanlyk   hermitage, state of being a vagabond

sergi   exhibition, show

serhet   border

serheti   border guard

serhoº   drunkard

seriºde   means, remedy

serkerde   commander, general

sermek   to spread out

sersag   sober

sersaglyk   sobriety

serzhant   r. sergeant

ses   1. sound 2. voice 3. noise

ses-ŸØn   sounds

seslenmek   1. to be heard 2. to respond

sesli   I. andj. sound, talking II. loud, noisy

sessiØa   r. session

sessiz   1. silent 2. mute

setilemk   to line up, to put in lines, rows

setin   r. satin

setir   1. line 2. row

setka   r. net

seØalka   seeder

seØil   walking, revelry stroll, roam, wander

seØis   horse jockey

seØislemek   to train a horse

seØran etmek   to roam, stroll, wander

seØrek   1. rare, seldom 2. unusual

seØreklemek   to diminish, reduce

sezewar bolmak   to face difficulties and overcome them

sŠginmek   to pause, hesitate, stop

sŠhel   a little, slightly

sŠhele   a liitle, slight

sŠher   dawn

sŠhra   steppe

sŠwlik   occasion

sfera   r. shpere

shema   r. scheme

sifr   r. figure, number

sifrlemek   to count, to figure

signal   r. signal

sil   flood

silindr   r. cylinder

silkmek   1. to shake 2. to brush off

silos   r. hay

siloslamak   to make hay

siltemek   to jolt or shake

sim   wire, clothesline

simap   mercury

simbol   r. symbol

simlemek   to become infected

sindirmek   to digest

sink   r. zinc

sinonim   r. synonym

sintaksis   r. syntax

sintaktik   r. synthetic

sintenjiremek   to fidget

sintez   r. synthesis

sinus   r. sinus

si–dirmek   1. to absorb 2. to digest

si–e   attentively

si–ek   fly

si–mek   1. to be absorbed 2. to be digested

si––itli   1. to be drizzled 2. soft food

sirk   r. circus

sirke   I. lice eggs II. vinegar

sirkul   r. circle

sistema   r. system

sistemleºdirmek   to systemize

sisterna   r. cistern

siºenbe   Wednesday

sitada   r. quotation

sitirlemek   to quote

siØdik   wine

siz   you (pl.)

sizinge   your way, as you would (pl.)

skafandr   helmut

sklad   r. storehouse

skulptor   r. sculptor

skulptora   r. sculpture

skwar   r. alley

skwazhina   r. motorized water pump

slawØan   r. Slavic

slesar   r. plumber

slØot   r. congress

smena   r. period, shift

smirno   r. at attention

snaØard   missle

sogan   onion

sogap   good deed

sogurmak   to pull out

sojamak   to gasp

sokgarylmak   to be snoopy

sokjamak   to suck

sokmak   to insert

soky   pestle

soldat    r. soldier

soldatlyk   soldierhood

solgun   pale, faded

solmak   1. to fade 2. to wilt

somsa   r. meatpie

so–   1. later, after, then 2. continuing 3. end

so–abaka   adv. later

so–ky   final, last

so–lamak   to complete, finish

so–ra   later

so–raundan   after

sorag   1. question 2. interrogation

sorag bermek   to question

sorag   question

soragcyz   unquestionable

soramak   to ask, question

soraºmak   to ask someone a question

sorgu   tissue paper

sorkuldmak   to throb,beat

sormak   1. to suck 2. to absorb

sort   r. sort, kind, variety

sortdurmak   to be angry

sortlamak   to sort

sosial   r. social

sosialism   r. socialism

sosialstik   r. socialistic

sosiska   r. sausage link

sostaw   r. staff

sowa   by-passed, missed

sowal   question

sowamak   1. to cool 2. to become disinterested

sowat   literacy

sowatly   literate

sowatmak   to become literate

sowatsyz   illiterate

sowatsyzlyk   illiteracy

sowet   r. advice

sowgat   president

sowhoz   state farm

   

sowly   successful

sowmak   1. to consume 2. to divert 3. to urn around 4. to complete

sowsuzlyk   failure

sowuk   cold

sowuk-sala   sloppy

sowukganly   old-blooded

sowukganlylyk   cold-bloodedness

sowuklamak   to catch a cold

sowuklatmak   to give someone a cold

sowuklyk   cold

sowulmak   1. to turn 2. to finish 3. to by-pass, to avoid

sowurmak   1. to have a dust storm 2. to blow money carelessly

soØmak   1. to skin 2. to scratch 3. to cut off

soØulmak   1. to shed hair 2. to flake (skin)

soØuz   union

sšbeºmek   to fight

sšbŸk   hill

sše   supporter (thing)

sšgmek   1. to scold, curse, abuse 2. to swear at

sšgŸn   obsenity, swear word

sšgŸºmek   to quarrel

sšhbet   chat, discussion

sšhbetdeº   conversation partner

sškmek   1. to take apart 2. to rip out a seam 3. to plow 4. to reinvestigate

sškŸlmek   to rip out a seam

sšlpi   absent-minded, sloppy

sšmelmek   to be dumb-founded, numb

sšndŸrmek   to extinguish, turn off the light

sšnen   extinct

sšnmek   to fade

sšw-sšw   with syryp Øšremek=to hang out

sšwda   commerce, trade

sšwda etmek   to make a trade

sšwdagar   trader, merchant, businessman

sšwdalaºmak   to bargain, haggle

sšweº   battle

sšweºjen   militant, energetic

sšweºlyk   militancy

sšweºmek   to fight

sšwmek   to swear (curse)

sšwŸt   willow

sšØemek   to lean

sšØenmek   to be leaning

sšØget   support

sšØgi   love

sšØguli   favorite

sšØli   favorite, beloved

sšØmek   to love

sšØnji   gift to the bearer of good news

sšØnmek   to be happy

sšØŸºmek   to love one another

sšz   1. word, introduction 2. conversation 3. speech 4. promise

sšzbaºy   preface, title

sšzlem   sentence

sšzlemek   to speak

sšzleºmek   to arrange

sšzlŸk   dictionary

sšzlŸklik   little dictionary

sšzso–y   preposition

spartakiØada   r. olympics

spasiba   r. thank you

spektakl   r. spectile

spesalist   r. specialist

spirit   rubbing alcohol

spisok   r. the least

sport   r. sport

sportmen   r. sportsman

sprawka   r. permission

spwa£ga   1. pocket money 2. reason

stadion   r. stadium

stakan   r. glass

stanok   r. loom

stansiØa   r. station

starºina   the oldest in the group

start   r. beginning (n.)

stazh   r. tenure

sterzhen   r. ink cartrige

stil   r. style

stol   r. table

strahowanie   r. insurance

student   r. student

studentlyk    studenthood

stul   r. chair

subut bolmak   to be proven

subut etmek   to prove, make clear

subutnama   proof

sud   r. court

sudlaºmak   to sue

sudur   outline

sudØa   judge

sugun   deer

sugunylyk   raising deer

sumat bolmak   to disappear 2. to disguise 3. to conceal

sumka   r. bag

sungat    art

surat   1. picture 2. photographg

suraty   artist

suratlandyrma   description

suratlandyrmak   to depict, describe

suraty   illustrated

surnukmak   to suffer, to be tortured

susak   ladle

susgu   shovel

susmak   to scoop

sustupes   exhausted, frustrated

suºilka   dryer

suw   1. water 2. watery

suwag   stucco plaster

suwamak   to plaster

suwarmak   to water

suwarym   watering

suwasty   underwater

suwjarmak   1. to soak 2. to sentimentalize over

suwlamak   to spray

suwsamak   to be thirsty

suwuk   thin, fluid

suwuklyk   liquid (n.)

suwulu   sprayer

suwulgan   lizard

sŸbce   broom

sŸbcelemek   to sweep

sŸem barmak   pointer finger

sŸlhi   detective

sŸle   oats

sŸlenmek   to crown, swarm

sŸlgŸn   phesant

sŸllermek   to fade

sŸllŸmbaØ   to be wet, to be soaked

sŸlŸk   leech

sŸmek   earlobe

sŸmgŸrmek   to blow one's nose

sŸmmek   to creep into, get into

sŸmmŸl   stalk

sŸmsŸnmek   to walk, stroll

sŸnbŸl   stalk of wheat

sŸnnet   circumcision

sŸ–k   bone

sŸpŸrmek   1. to sweep 2. to wipe

sŸrek   ice-crusted, slippery

sŸren   den, cave, lair

sŸrgŸn etmek   to exile

sŸrgŸn   exile

sŸri   1. herd, flock 2. group, crowd

sŸrmek   1. to drive 2. to till

sŸrtenmek   to rub

sŸrtmek   to rub in

sŸrŸgi   driver

sŸrŸm   tillage

sŸsdŸrilmek   to run into something

sŸsmek   to butt, gore

sŸtem   pressure, oppression

sŸtŸk   fur

sŸtŸkli   furry

sŸtŸn   column, pillar

sŸu goºamak   to feel sick 2. to be numb

sŸu   organism, constitution

sŸØdemdirijiler   animal

sŸØgeºik   swampy, marshy

sŸØgeºiklik   swamp, marsh

sŸØjemek   to be sweet

sŸØji   1. sweet, sugary 2. fresh water 3. pleasant 4. sweets, candy

sŸØjiil   sweet tooth

sŸØkemek   to rub, grate

sŸØkenmek   1. to rub, itch oneself 2. to pester, annoy

sŸØndŸrmek   1. to stretch out 2. to extend, prolong

sŸØnmek   1. to stretch out, recline 2. to extend

sŸØpent   rudder, wheel, handle bar

sŸØremek   to pull out

sŸØrenjen   to be at the end

sŸØrenjiler   reptiles

sŸØrenmek   1. to creep, to crawl 2. to be at the end

sŸØri   oblong

sŸØºmek   to move

sŸØºŸrmek   to move something

sŸØt   milk

sŸØtdeº   native, own, blood, true

sŸØtli   milky. dairy

sŸØŸm   fiber

sŸØŸºmek   1. to move 2. to move forward

sŸzgu   filter

sŸzme   yogurt

sŸzmek   to strain, filter

sŸzŸlmek   1. to wear out 2. to stick togehter, close eyes from fatigue

syan   mouse

syramak   1. to spray, splash 2. to stand on someone's feet suddenly (?)

syratmak   to splash, spray

sygmak   to find room

sygym   capacity

sygyr   cow

sygyrmak   to whistle

syhalamak   to slice, cut with a sharp edge

syk   thick, density

syklyk   density

sykmak   to squeeze, press

sykyklyk   whistling

sylag   1. respect, honor 2. gift 3. reward

sylamak   to respect

sylaºyk   mutual respect

syn etmek   to stare, observe

syn   survey, review

syn-syn   on end (as hair)

synag   test, trial

synamak   to test, experience, undergo, try, attempt

synanmak   to try, attempt

synanyºyk   attempt

syngamak   to pick, poke

syngylawuk   hiccup syngylawugy– tutmak=to hiccup

syny   1. alert, shrewd, sharp 2. surveyor, reviewer

syndyrmak   to destroy, abolish, annul

synlamak   to watch, observe

synmak   to abolish

synp   class, caste

synpy   class (struggle)

synthetika   r. synthetic

sy–ral   hoof

sypal   straw, thatch

sypalamak   to smooth, to pet

sypalga   reason, cause

sypa–-serme–   sypa–-serme– etmek=to be haughty, to spoil (a child)

sypat   I. 1. appearance 2. quality II. adjective

sypatlandyrmak   to depict, describe

sypaØylyk   politeness, courtesy

sypaØylykly   courteously , with courtesy

sypaØy   1. courteous 2. elegant

sypdyrmak   1. to miss, let go, let escape 2. to miss 3. to say something accidentally

sypjyrmak   to scratch

sypjyryk   scratch

sypmak   1. to release, escape 2. to get rid of 3. to make a mistake

sypynmak   to have free time

sypyrmak   to peel, tear off

syr   secret, mystery

syramak   I. to circle, whirl, spin (sand or snow) II. to sew a blanket, to quilt

syrat   appearance, figure

syratly   slender, slim

syra   enamel

syrdambitin   unspoiled

syrdaº   favorite

syrgyn   I. blizzard, snowstorm II. row of houses

syrkaw   1. ill 2. ill person

syrkawlamak   to fall ill, to ache

syrkawlyk   disease, illness

syrkyramak   to ache

syrly   weird, mysterious

syrma   knot, noose

syrmak   1. to sweep 2. to shave

syrt   1. backside 2. bottom (anatomical)

syrtartmak   to grin, jeer

syrtky   back (adj.)

syryk   pole

syrykdyrmak   to divert one's attention, to digress

syrykmak   to flow, leak, stream

syrylmak   diffused, to diffuse (?)

syØa   ink

syØahat etmek   to travel

syØahat   trip, journey, travels

syØahaty   traveller

syØasat   politics, policy

syØasaty   politician

syØasy   political

syzlamak   to ache, throb

syzmak   I. 1. to feel 2. to have a premonition II. to ooze

º

ºa   king, shah

ºabyrdamak   to pour, flow, spread

ºadyØan   merry

ºadyØanlyk   merriment

ºagal   jackal

ºagala–   merriment

ºagala–ly   gay, merry, cheerful

ºagga   quickly, soon

ºaggyldamak   to make a noise, rustle

ºaggyldy   noise, rustle

ºaglawuk   waterfall

ºagyrdamak   to rustle, make a noise

ºagyrdy   rustle, noise, sound

ºah   horn (of an animal)

ºaha   branch

ºahadatnama   certificate

ºahalak   branchy

ºahalamak   to branch out

ºahly   horned

ºahra   poetess

ºahs   personality, identity

ºahsy   personal

ºahsyØet   personality, identity

ºahta   r. mine, pit

ºahtay   r. miner

ºahtØor   r. miner

ºahyr   poet

ºahyrlyk   poetic works, creations

ºakŠse   bowl

ºakgalamak   to split

ºakgyrdamak   to rumble

ºakgyrdatmak   to rumble

ºakgyrdy   rumble

ºalgam   turnip

ºalpy-ºara–   1. complete 2. wet, moist

ºalpyldamak   to splash

ºalpyldy   splash

ºaly   adj. rice

ºan   glory, fame

ºan-ºšhrat   glory

ºanly   famous

ºa–lamak   to ring, jingle

ºa––yrdamak   to ring, jingle

ºa––yrdy   peal, chime

ºapak   glow of dusk, glow of dawn

ºapba   quickly, momentarily

ºapbat   1. palm of hand 2. slap in the face

ºapyrdy   splash

ºapyrtdatmak   to squelch

ºar   r. sphere, ball

ºaramak   to take with a fork

ºarf   r. scarf

ºar£   cartoon character

ºark-ºurk   quickly

ºarkyldamak   to rattle, clatter, knock, rap

ºarkyldy   knock, rattle, clatter

ºarlamak   to rage, seethe

ºartyldamak   to crack, crackle

ºartyldy   crack, crash

ºaryk   fork

ºaºka   r. checkers (Asian style)

ºat   joyful, happy

ºatlama   1. frozen 2. hard, ringing

ºatlamak   to freeze, congeal

ºatlanmak   to enjoy

ºatlyk   joy

ºatlykly   joyful

ºatyrdamak   to crack, chirp, crackle

ºatyrdy   crash, crack

ºaØ   adornment, decoration, embellishment

ºaØ-sep   1. dowry 2. costly, valuable

ºaØat   witness

ºaØatlyk   evidence

ºaØatnama   evidence, certificate, license

ºaØba   r. disk

ºaØlar   parts

ºaØy   1. coin 2. nickel

ºaØylyk   1. nickel 2. trinket

ºek   doubt, question

ºekel   1. form, outline, sketch 2. image, picture, representation 3. figure

ºeker inrigi   sugar-beet

ºeker   sugar

ºekillendirmek   to depict

ºekilli   similar to, such, like

ºeksiz   without doubt, unquestionably

ºem   candle

ºemal   wind : Øuwaº ºemal = breeze

ºemallamak   to be aired out, inflated

ºemallatmak   to air, inflated

ºembe   Saturday

ºembeºik   sticky

ºepbeºmek   to stick

ºepbik   resin, pitch, tar

ºer   scandal

ºerap   wine

ºerbert   r. sherbert

ºerebe   salty, salt solution

ºermende   wretch

ºert   I. 1. condition 2. vow, pledge II. conditional, relative

ºertli   conditional, relative

ºertnama   contract

ºetdaly   peach

ºeØle   such, so, just like

ºeØle-de   as such

ºeØlelik bilen   thus, then, so, well

ºeØlelikde   well, then, so, thus

ºeØtan   devil

ºeØtanlyk   cunning, trickery, craftiness, ruse

ºeØtmek   to do so, to do such

ºŠgirt   apprentice

ºŠgirtlik   apprenticeship

ºŠhdayk   merrily, in good spirts

ºŠher   city

ºŠherara   intercity, long-distance

ºŠht   spirit, mood

ºŠnik   stone

ºŠrik   companion

ºŠrikli   together

ºifirlemek   r. to cover, coat, trump

ºifr   r. cipher, code

ºifrlemek   r. to ciphere, code

ºikaØat   1. complaint 2. appeal

ºikaØat etmek   to complain

ºikes   1. mutilation 2. breakage

ºillirdemek   to murmur

ºillirdi   murmur

ºin   r. 1. tire 2. splint

ºinde   1. wedge 2. embryo, bud

ºindi   1. now 2. still, yet

ºindiki   present, actual

ºinel   r. overcoat

ºinelemek   to get bound up, get entangled

ºir   Leo (zodiac sign)

ºire   juice

ºirin   1. sweet, tasty 2. pleasant, agreeable

ºirrildemek   to murmur, purr

ºitil   sprout, sprouts

ºitilhana   nursery

ºitirdi   rustle

ºiwe   accent, dialect, talk

ºkaf   r. cupboard, wardrobe

ºlang   r. hose

ºlem   r. helmet

ºlØapa   r. hat

ºofØor   r. driver, chauffeur

ºoh   gay, merry, happy

ºokolad   chocolate

ºokolady   adj. chocolate

ºol   that

ºona   so, so much, so many

ºor   salty, saline

ºorluk   saltiness

ºorpuldatmak   to squelch

ºorsuw   salt water

ºorta sšz   anecdote

ºosse   r. highway, turnpike

ºow   good luck, success

ºowa kšr   short-sighted

ºowalyk   short-sightedness

ºowhun   din, hubbub, noise, rustle

ºowhunly   noisy, loud, sensational

ºowly   successful, good

ºšhle   ray, beam

ºšhlelendirmek   1. to shine 2. to illuminate, elucidate

ºšhrat   glory

ºšhratlanmak   to glorify

ºšhratly   glorious

ºšhratparaz   vain

ºšhratparazlyk   vanity

ºšwŸr   wakefulness, care

ºrift   r. type, print

ººi   beet soup

ºtab   r. headquarters, staff

ºtamp   r. stamp

ºtamplamak   r. to stamp

ºtat   r. state

ºtepsel   r. plug, jack

ºu   this, that

ºugullamak   to carry or bring, inform, slander

ºugundyr   beet

ºum   wicked, evil

ºumjarmak   to sob

ºumlukda   thus, so, well, then, now

ºumroØ   deformed, ugly, abnormal

ºumroØluk   ugliness, deformity

ºuna   so, so much, so many

ºuwlamak   to buzz, honk, hoot, whistle

ºuwwuldamak   to whistle

ºuwwuldy   whistle, hiss

ºŸbhe   doubt

ºŸbhelenmek   to suspect, doubt

ºŸbheli   doubtful, dubious

ºŸbhesiz   unquestionable, doubtless

ºŸdŸgŠr   field, tillage

ºŸle   rice porridge

ºŸwele–   merry, joyful

ºŸwele–li   merrily, joyfully

ºwed   r. Swede

ºybyrdamak   to rustle

ºybyrdy   rustle

ºygar   slogan

ºyglamak   to buzz, rustle, hiss, whiz

ºygyr   verse, poem

ºygyrdamak   to rustle

ºygyrdy   rustle

ºykyrdamak   to rustle

ºykyrdy   rustle

ºylha   rags, tatters

ºyltak etmek   to slander

ºyltak   slander

ºy––yrdamak   to ring, jingle, click

ºy––yrdy   jingle, ring, peal, chime

ºyrdak   hat (esp. for horseback riding)

ºyrkyldamak   to snap, crack, crackle

ºyrkyldy   snap, crackle, rustle

ºyrlamak   to murmur

T

taba   pan

tabak   dish, bowl, cup

tabel   r. time-sheet

tabigat   1. nature 2. personal nature

tabletka   r. tablet, pill

tablisa   table, list, schedule, scale

tabºyrmak   1. to charge with a comission, to entrust 2. to deliver, hand in, hand over 3. to punish, order

tabºyryk   1. message, mission, comission, instruction 2. warning, notification, prevention

tabyn   subordinate

tabynlyk   subordination

tabyt   coffin

tagalla   effort, strain, exertion

tagam   dish, taste, flavor

tagamly   tasty

tagan   vanity mirror

tagaºyk   convenience, comfort

tagaºykly   1. convenient, comfortable 2. close

taglymat   apprenticeship, learning

tagma   brand, stigma, strain

tagmalamak   to brand, stigmatize

tagt   ripe

tagta   I. 1. board 2. plank 3. blackboard II. sheet, certificate, deed

tagtabiti   bedbug, termite

tahØa   "tahya", Turkmen national cap

tahyl   box, case

takat   patience

takdyr   fate

takgaz   herring

takmyn   approimately, about, almost: Oba henli takmyn 2 kilometer Øol Øšremeli bolarcyn = You should reach the village in about 2 kilometers.

takmynan   almost

taksi   r. taxi

taktika   r. tactic

takyk   exact

takyklamak   to specify

takyklyk   exactness, precision

takyr   I. bald II.smooth, plain, lank

takyramak   to be empty

takyrdamak   to rumble

takyrdatmak   to rumble

takyrlyk   cracked desert area

tal   willow

talamak   to rob, plunder

talant   r. talent

talantly   r. talented

tala–   theft

tala–ylyk   theft

tala–ylykly   stolen

talap   1. demand 2. requirement 3. claim 4. order

talapkŠr   exacting, particular, fussy

talapkŠrlik   exactitude, particularity

talh   tart

talhan   oat flour

talon   r. coupon

tam   house

tama etmek   to hope

tama   hope

tamakin   inept person

tamam bolmak   to finish, end

tamamlamak   to finish, end

tamamlanmak   to finish, complete, accomplish

tamdyr   clay oven for baking šrek

tamdyra   dutar

tamdyray   dutarist

tamºanmak   1. to bite through, take a bite 2. to lick one's lips

tanalmak   to introduce

tanamak   1. to know somebody 2. to recognize

tanap   rope, cable

tangens   r. math

tank   r. tank

tankydy   critical

tankyt   criticism, critique, review

tankytlamak   to critique

tans etmek   r. to dance

tans   r. dance

tansy   r. dancer (prominent)

tanymal   distinquished, notable, eminent

tanyº bolmak   to meet (lit. to become acquaintance)

tanyº   I. known, familiar II. acquaintance, known person

tanyº-biliº   acquaintance

tanyºdyrmak   1. to introduce 2. to acquaint

tanyºlyk   acquaintance

tanyºmak   1. to meet, make acquaintance 2. to be introduced to

ta–ka   "tangka", a traditional Turkmen tea vessel, placed in a fire

ta––yr   basin

ta––yrdamak   to peal, thunder, rattle

ta–rybir   united under God

tap   1. mood, spirits 2. strength, force, power, might

tapa   rest, repose, peace, calm

tapawut   difference, differentness

tapawutlandyrmak   to distinguish, differentiate

tapawutlanmak   1. to differ 2. to be noted, to stand out

tapba   suddenly, all of a sudden

tapbat   pat

tapbatlamak   to pat

tapgyr   1. group, party 2. round, tour

taplamak   1. to whet, grind, sharpen 2. to kill or slaughter

taplanmak   to be hardened, tempered

tapmaa   riddle

tapmak   1. to find, come across 2. to think out, devise 3. to find, discover 4. to determine, designate, define 5. to receive, get, obtain

tapylgysyz   irreplacable

tapylmak   to be found

tapyndy   find, discovery

tapyrdamak   to stomp

tapyrdy   stamping, tramping

tapyºmak   to help to find something

tar   1. string 2. r. tar

tarap   1. direction 2. place, land 3. side 4. part 5. group, side

tarapdar   supporter

tarapdar   supporter

taraplaØyn   sided : bir taraplaØan = one-sided

taraº   cleansing, polishing

taraºlamak   1. to cleanse, polish, clean 2. to grind, polish

taraz   divide, watershed

tarkyldamak   to knock, rap, rattle

tarkyldatmak   to knock, rap, rattle

tarkyldy   knocking, rattling

tarlamak   to buzz, honk, hoot, whistle

tarp   virgin soil

tarpa   sudden, unexpected

tarpa-taØyn   sudden

tarpyldatmak   to stamp, trample

tarpyldy   stamping, trampling

tarsuldamak   to knock, rap

tarsuldy   n. knock, rap

tartmak   1. to pull, draw, tow 2. to stretch, drain, pull

tarØelka   r. plate

taryh   history

taryhy   historian

taryhy   historical

taryp etmek   to speak highly

taryp   praise

taryplamak   to praise

tas   1. almost: Men tas Øykyldym = I almost fell 2. nearly, missing a little

taslama   sketch, draft

taslamak   to give up

tassyklamak   to ratify

tassyklanmak   to be ratified

taºlamak   to throw with force

taºlandy   thrown

tatar   Tartar

tataºmak   to inflame, get inflamed

tawus   peacock

taØ   I. stallion, colt II. 1. pair, couple 2. one of a pair III. direction : ºu taØda = here

taØak   stick, cane, club, pole

taØaklamak   to knock

taØanak   foal, colt

taØga   slippery

taØganak   1. slippery 2. rink, mangle (?)

taØhar   baby donkey

taØlamak   to balance

taØmak   to slide, slip

taØpa   tribe, clan

taØØar   ready

taØØyn   ready

taØyarlamak   1. to prepare 2. to cook 3. to compose, make up

taØyarlyk   preparedness, preparations

taØyarlyly   ready

taØynalmak   to prepare, get ready

taØzarmak   to stick out

tazy   hound

teatr   theatre

tebigy   natural : tebigy gaz = natural gas

tebip   arch. doctor

tebit   heat, fever

tegek   coil, spool

tegelek   I. 1. round, circular 2. precisely, exactly II. circle, sphere

tegelenmek   to become circular, grow in a circle

tegmil   spot, stain, blotch

tehnik   r. technician

tehnika   r. technique

tehniki   r. technical

tehnikum   r. technical shool

tejribe   experience

tejribeli   experienced

teke   I. Teke (Turkmen tribe) II. goat producer

tekepbir   haughty, arrogant

tekepbirlik   haughtiness, arrogance

tekge   support, approval

tekiz   smooth

tekizlemek   to smooth

tekizlik   smoothness

tekje   level, shelf

teklip etmek   to make an offer

teklip   offer

tekst   r. text

telbe   crazy, mad

telefon etmek   to telephone

telefon   r. phone

telegraf   r. telegraph

telegrafirlemek   r. to telegraph

telegramma   r. telegram

telek   erroneous, mistaken

teletin   skin, leather

telewideniØe   r.adj. television

telewizion   r. television

telŠr   awning, shed

telim   1. a few, some, several, somewhat 2. repeated, many

telkermek   to slouch

telli-pelli   somehow (or other)

telpek   hat, Turkmen hat

telper   small little, pretty, fine

tema   r. theme, subject

tematic   r. thematic

temen   big needle

temenge   pin, saftey pin

temmŠki   tobacco

temmi bermek   to punish

temmi   punishment

temperatura   r. temperature

ten   flesh

teneir   1. dragonfly 2. earrings

tenekar   borax

tengin   heat rash

tenmek   to pour out, in

tennis   r. tennis

tentek   I. silly, stupid II. fool, simpleton

tentemek   to wander, roam

te––e   coin, currency

teorema   r. theorem

teoretiki   r. theoretic

teoriØa   r. theory

teplisa   r. hot-house

teplohod   r. motorship

teplowoz   r. cargo ship

ter   fresh, cool, lastest, new

terapewt   r. therapist

terapewtik   r. therapeutic

terbiØe   upbringing

terbiØei   educator, tutor

terbiØeilik   educational, pedalogical

terbiØelemek   to bring up, educate

terbiØeleØiº   upbringing, education

terbiØeleØjilik   educational, pedalogical

terbiØeli   well-bred

terezi   scales, balance

terjime   translation

terjimei   translator

terjimehal   biography

terlik   freshness

termin   r. term, notion

terminologiØa   r. terminology

termometr   r. thermometer

termos   r. thermos

ternaw   gutter

terne   small mellon

ternelemek   to begin to grow

territoriØa   r. territory

terrorizm   r. terrorism

ters   1. incorrect, false 2. uneven 3. backwards, inside-out

tersine   1. on the contrary, opposite 2. against 3. contrary to, in spite of 4. vice-versa 5. in defiance of

tersleºik   quarrel, altercation

tersleºmek   to quarrel

tertibe agyrmak   to discipline, call order

tertip   order

tertip sanlar   ordinal numbers

tertip-dŸzgŸn   order, way

tertipli   ordered, disciplined

tertipsiz   undisciplined, unruly

tes   superlative prefix

tesilli   peaceful

tesmek   to slow down

teºne   thirsty

teºnelik   thirst

teØ   I. bottom II. 1. by no means, not at all 2. quite, totally

teØ-ahyr   at last, finally

teØdar   mark, marking

teØene   reproach

tez   timid, fearful

tezek   dung, droppings

tŠ   right up to, until : TŠ Øe–ØanŠ– gšreºmek = to fight until victory

tŠ   1. crown 2. birthmark, mole

tŠjihoraz   scarlet fever

tŠjik   Tajik (person from Tajikistan)

tŠk   1. odd (in number) 2. alone

tŠleØ   fate, lot

tŠlim   learning, instruction, apprenticeship

tŠmislik   cleanliness, purity

tŠmiz   clean, pure

tŠmizlemek   to cleanse, purify

tŠr   method, means, manner, way

tŠsgenmek   to suspend, linger, be delayed

tŠsin   wonderful, marvelous, amazing

tŠsir etmek   to influence

tŠsir galdyrmak   to impress

tŠsir   influence, impression

tŠsirli   interesting, influential, impressive

tŠze   1. new 2. modern 3. latest, current, cool 4. fresh 5. young

tŠzee   anew, once again

tŠzeden   again, anew

tŠzelemek   1. to renew, renovate 2. to replace, substitute

tŠzelenmek   1.to renew 2. to replace, substitute

tŠzelik   news, newness, new thing

tŠzeliki   innovator

tŠzelikilik   innovation

tibirdemek   to tremble, shake, shiver

tigir   1. wheel 2. spool, bobbin

tigirlemek   to roll, drive, wheel

tigirlenmek   to sweep, move, flow

tijemek   to strain, stretch, bow

tijenmek   to strain, stretch, bow

tike   piece, bit, morsel, scrap

tiken   thorn, prickle, barb

tikeneklemek   to feel, sense

tikenli   thorny, prickly, barbed

tikin   seam, joint, stitch

tikini   seamstress, tailor

tikinilik   sewing

tikmek   1. to sew, embroider 2. to hem, sew onto

tikmek   to sew

tilki   fox

tilsim   secret, mystery

timar bermek   to brush, comb

timarlamak   to bring, lead, result

ti––irdemek   to click, jingle, strum

ti––irdetmek   to click, jingle, strum

ti––irdi   click, jingle

tip   r. type, style

tipik   r. typical

tipleØin   r. typical

tipografiØa   r. printing plant, office

tira£   1. circulation 2. drawing of a lottery

tire   I. tribe, clan II. r. dash

tirkeg   sight

tirkemek   to hook onto, latch onto

tirkeºmek   1. to go together : Olar tirkeleºip barØardylar = They used to go together 2. to befriend, to be on friendly terms

tirlemek   to twist, twirl, roll, whirl

tirlendirmek   to twist, twirl, roll, whirl

tirsek   1. elbow 2. knee

tisginmek   to start, shudder, shake up

titremek   1. to tremble, shiver 2. to shake, quake

titretmek   to be shaken

titretmek   to be shaken

titrewuk   tremble, shake

tiz   fast, quickly

tizleºdirmek   to speed up, accelerate

tizlik   speed

toba   penance

togalak   sphere, spherical

togalamak   1. to roll, drive, ride 2. to wheel, roll along

togalanmak   to sweep, move, flow

toganynjy   nintieth

togaØ   skylark (bird)

togsan   ninety

togtamak   1. to stop, pause 2. to cease

tohum   I 1. seed 2. race, breed 3. posterity, descendants II. thoroughbred

tohumylyk   seeding

tohumlyk   seeded, seminal

tok   r. electrical connection

toka   buckle

tokar   r. lathe, turning instrument

tokaØ   forest, wood

tokaØylyk   forestry

tokaØlyk   forest, wooded place

tokga   a lump, clod

tokgalamak   to crumple

tokly   small sheep, lamb

tokmak   mallet, wooden hammer

tolgundyrmak   to agitate, excite, worry (someone)

tolgunyºyk   agitation, worry, excitement

tolkun   wave

tom   r. tome, volume

tomaºa   sight, spectacle, show

tomaºay   spectator, on-looker

tomat   r. 1. tomato sauce 2. adj. tomato

tomazak   dung beetle

tomsma   in the summer

tomus   summer

tomusky   adj. summer

tonna   r. ton

tonnel   r. tunnel

top   I. ball II. gun, cannon III. 1. group 2. piece, bit, morsel

topala–   rebellion, mutiny

topar   1. group 2. layer, stratum

toparlamkak   to form a group

toparlanmak   to form a group

topbak   heap, pile, a lot of

topy   artilleryman

toplamak   to gather or collect

toplanmak   to gather, assemble, prepare

toplum   group

toprak   ground, earth, land : Ene toprak = Mother Earth

topuk   ankle

topulmak   1. to dash, rush, plunge, dart 2. to have a fit

tor   1. net 2. grid, scale 3. trap, snare

torba   bag

tormoz   r. break

torsarmak   to be offended

torsuk   badger : torsuk Øaly = full, complete, absolute

tort   r. cake

torum   camel (specific type)

tos-toslamak   to invent, contrive, design

toºap   molasses

toty   parrot

tow   1. turn, rotation : tow bermek = to give a turn

tow bermek   to give a turn

towakga   request, petition

towa   apricot pit

towlamak   to turn, twist, rotate

towlanmak   to twist, turn, roll

towly   twisted

towsa gštermek   to snatch away, buy up

towºan   rabbit

towuk   chicken

towusmak   to jump, spring, leap

toØ   celebration, party

toØlamak   to organize a party, have a party

toØnak   hoof

toØun   loam, clay

toØunsow   loamy

toz   dust

tozamak   to dust

tozan   dust

tozanlamak   to become dusty

tozatmak   to dust

tozdurmak   to wear out (by use)

tozga   pollen

tozmak   1. to wear out 2. to be bankrupt

tšhmet atmak   to slander

tšhmet   slander

tšhmeti   slanderer

tšhmetilikli   slanderous

tšleg   payment

tšlemek   1. to pay 2. to compensate, recompense

tšlemek   to pay

tš––e   stump

tšp   1. thickness, density, mass 2. bream

tšr   head of the table for honoured guests

tšrpi   sander, planer

tšrpŸlemek   to grind, polish

tštŠnden   casual, by accident

tštŠnleØin   accidental, casual, by chance

tšwekgel   resolute, firm, decisive

tšwekgelilik   risk

tšwekgellik   risk

tšweleme   excellent

tšwella   admonition: tšwella etmek = to admonish

tšwerek   1. environs, neighborhood 2. surroundings, vicinity 3. circumfrence 4. near, about 5. around

tšwir (galdyrmak)   post-meal prayer

tragediØa   r. tragedy

tragiki   r. tragic

traktor   r. tractor

traktory   r. tractor driver

tramwaØ   r. streetcar

transport   r. transportation

trassa   r. route, line

trener   r. trainer, coach

trewoga   r. alarm, warning, alert

tribuna   r. tribune, platform

trikota£   r. hosiery

trolleØbus   r. trolley

trotuar   r. sidewalk

truba   r. pipe, tube, chimney

trubka   r. 1. tube, pipe 2. receiver

tukat   sad, sorrowful, dreary

tukatlanmak   to grieve, long

tukatlyk   sadness, grief, melancholy

tultuk   1. soft, mild, gentle, tender 2. sleek, smooth 3. lenient, easy

tulum   wineskin

tumºuk   muzzle, snout

tundra   r. tundra

tunir   r. tournament

tupan   storm, tempest

turist   r. tourist

turistic   touristic

turmak   1. to stand up 2. to awake

turp   radish

turºamak   to turn sour

turºy   sour

turuzmak   1. to get up, make stand 2. to waken 3. to begin, to undertake

turuzmak   to wake someone

tussag   1. prisoner 2. arrested person, detainee

tussag etmek   to arrest, take prisoner

tussag   prisoner

tut   mulberry

tutanØerli   persevering, persistent, obstinate

tutanØerlik   persistence, obstinance

tutaryk   argument

tutaºdyrmak   to heat, rouse, unleash, set loose

tutaºdyryjy   incendiary

tutawa   1. handle 2. railing, banister

tutgaØ   epilepsy

tutma    grip

tutmak   1. to hold, support, keep 2. to catch 3. to hire out, employ 4. to fill, crowd, imbue 5. to stretch, draw in, pull in

tutnak   assault, onslaught, onset

tutuk   1. dully, gloomy 2. gloomy, sullen, cloudy 3. hoarse, husky

tutuº   entirely, wholly

tutuºlagyna   totally, entirely

tutuºlaØyn   totally, entirely

tuty   1. partition 2. curtain

tuwaly   r. from Tuva

tŸkel   all, the whole, full, everything

tŸkeniksiz   incessantly

tŸkenmek   to be finished

tŸketmek   to finish, to cease

tŸm   darkness, obscurity

tŸmlŸk   darkness, obscurity

tŸmmek   I. hillock II. full, complete, absolute, perfect

tŸmmeklemek   to fill, crowd, imbue

tŸnt   blunt, obtuse, stupid

tŸ–e   pitcher (iron)

tŸ––Ÿn   can

tŸpe–   rifle

tŸpe–lemek   to shoot, fire (a rifle)

tŸrgen   1. skillful, skilled 2. trained

tŸrgenleºik   training

tŸrgenleºmek   1. to train 2. to master

tŸrk   Turk

tŸrkana   simple, humble

tŸrki   Turkish

tŸrkmen   Turkmen

tŸrkmenilik   "Turkmeness"

tŸrme   prison

tŸrmŠ basmak   to imprison

tŸrmŠ basmak   to imprison

tŸsse   smoke

tŸsselemek   to smoke (give off smoke)

tŸtemek   to smoke, steam

tŸw   1. rice 2. palow (pilaf)

tŸwe   heifer

tŸweleme   1. well done 2. exclam. "Great!" "Fantastic!" "Stupendous!"

tŸweleØ   gust

tŸØ   hair

tŸØdŸk   "tuyduk", a native Turkmen flute-like instrument

tŸØdŸki   person who performs on the tŸØdŸk

tŸØdŸlmek   to wear out

tŸØjermek   to be hairy

tŸØkŸlik   saliva, spittle

tŸØkŸliklemek   to salivate

tŸØkŸrrmek   to spit

tŸØlek   hairy

tŸØs   1. genuine, real 2. just like 3. sincere, frank, cordial 4. definite, fixed, certain, positive

tŸØsli   as such, like : her tŸØsli = all kinds

tŸØt-mŸØt etmek   to lacerate, tear to pieces

tŸØtmek   1. to comb one's hair 2. to wear out (by use)

tØul   r. tulle

tyg   1. blade, edge : Tyg Øarasy biter, sšz Øarasy bitmez = A blade wound will get bigger, a verbal wound, never

tygºyt   economy, saving

tygºytlamak   to save, economize

tygºytlamak   to spare

tygºytly   economical

tygºytlylyk   economy

tykyramak   to waver

tykyrdamak   1. to rumble 2. to knock, rap, rattle

tykyrdatmak   to knock, rap, rattle, clatter

tyl   rear, base

tylla   gold, golden

typanan   I. slippery II. rink, mangle

typmak   to slide, glide, slip

tyrkyldamak   to knock, rap, throb, rattle

tyrkyldatmak   to knock, rap, throb, rattle

tyrkyldy   knock, rattle, clatter, noise

tyrpma   to slide down, slip off

U

u   finish, end

uar   airplane

uastok   r. district, region

udantutma   successively, one after the other

ugun   sparkle, spangle

ugur   shoe lace

uiliººe   r. school

umak   1. to fly 2. to stagger 3. to disappear, vanish

uramak   1. to come across, meet, receive, welcome 2. to undergo, be exposed to

uurmak   to rock, swing, shake

uursyz   very

uuº   flight

uØot   r. inventory

uØotik   r. bookkeeper

udel   r. specific

uglerod   r. carbon

ugramak   1. to set off, embark 2. to direct, refer, send

ugratmak   1. to see off 2. to set off for 3. to embark upon

ugrukdyrmak   to put right, in order, to set straight

ugur   1. direction 2. trend 3. list

ugurdaº   1. parallel 2. fair, favorable

ugurlaºmak   to agree upon, arrange

ugurly   good

ugursyz   bad

ujypsyz   insignificant, tiny

ukaz   r. decree, edict

uklamak   to sleep, fall asleep

ukol   r. injection

ukrain   r. Ukranian

ukuyl   sleepyhead

uky   sleep, dream

ukyp   1. capability, talent, ability

ukyply   1. capable, able 2. talented, gifted

ukyplylyk   ability

ulag   transport

ulalmak   1. to magnify, enlarge 2. to grow, increase

ulaltmak   1. to increase, make larger 2. to grow, rear 3. to raise, promote 4. to swell up, puff up, exaggerate

ulanmak   to use, utilize

ulgam   ridge, geol. range

ullakan   1. big, heavy 2. grownup

ululyk   size, quantity

ulumsy   snobby

ulumsylyk   snobbiness

ulumsyramak   to put on airs

uly   1. big in size, weighty 2. much, big in number 3. old 4. significant, important 5. long in duration

uly-kii   young and old alike

ummasyz   without end

umuman   generally

umumy   common

umumyhalk   nationwide

umumylaºdyrmak   to sum up

umumylyk   commoness, community

umyt etmek   to hope

umyt   hope

un   flour

unamak   to find, come across

unaº   noodle soup

uniwermag   r. department store

uniwersal   r. universal

uniwersitØet   r. university

unutmak   to forget

uprawleniØaØuººi¬   r. manager

uprawleniØe   r. management

ur-tut   at once

urgy   blow, shock

urkay   female

urmak   to strike

urnamak   to combine

urp-adat   custom, habit

urºujy   fighter

urug   genus, race

urunmak   1. to fight, beat 2. to toss, jerk

uruº   1. war 2. scuffle, fight

uruºmak   1. to struggle, fight 2. to wage war

ussa   master, craftsman

ussaylyk   mastery

ussahana   studio, workshop

ussat   craftsman, master

ussatlyk   know-how, mastery

ustaw   r. statute, resolution, charter

usul   1. manner, way 2. method

usully   careful

uºak   small, little, fine

uºamak   to become smaller

uºatmak   1. to make smaller, shallower 2. to exchange, barter

utan   shame

utansyz   shameless

utandyrmak   to embarass, to shame

utanja–   shy, bashful

utanja–lyk   shyness

utanmak   to be shy, ashamed of

utdurmak   to lose

utgaºdyrmak   to combine

utgaºmak   to unite

utgaºyk   united

utmak   to win

utuk   point, spot

utulmak   to lose (a game)

utuº   winnings, profit

uwlamak   to howl

uwlundyrmak   to cause pain

uØa   sister

uØalmak   to be shamed

uØamak   to go sour

uØan   bridle

uØanlamak   to bridle

uØat   shame

uØgunlaºdyrmak   to adapt

uØgunlaºmak   to get used to

uØgur   Uighur (nationality)

uØluk   pail

uzak   1. far, distant 2. long, for a long time 3. whole, intact

uzaklaºdyrmak   1. to postpone, put off 2. to draw out, drag out

uzaklaºmak   to become distant, move away from

uzaklyk   1. length 2. distance 3. longitude

uzalmak   to be lengthened

uzaltmak   1. to lengthen 2. to prolong

uzanmak   to lie down, to go to bed

uzatmak   to stretch out, extend

uzel   r. junction, center

uzyn   1. long 2. tall 3. protracted 4. sustained

uzynlyk   1. length 2. longitude 3. extent

ŸbtŸk   down, fluff

Ÿ   three

Ÿburluk   triangle

Ÿin   for, intended for

ŸlŸk   three

ŸŸnji   third

Ÿflemek   to blow, gust

Ÿlemek   to divide, share

Ÿlje   cherry

Ÿlke   1. region, land, country 2. fringe, edge, outskirt

Ÿl–i   pattern

ŸlpŸldemek   to shine, glitter, flash

ŸlŸº   1. lot, fate 2. part, share, piece

Ÿmez   fog

Ÿmezlemek   to grow foggy, dim

Ÿndemek   to put, place, set

Ÿnjalmak   to calm down, subside, become quiet

Ÿnji   unrest, trouble, anxiety

Ÿns   attention

Ÿns bermek   to pay attention

ŸpjŸn   1. in full supply 2. provided for, well-to-do

ŸpjŸnilik   security

ŸpjŸnetmek   to supply, provide

ŸpjŸnlik   prosperity

Ÿretmek   to fall into the habit of

ŸrgŸn   dry

Ÿrkek   timid, fearful

Ÿrkmek   to be frightened, be scared of

ŸrkŸzmek   to frighten, scare

ŸsgŸlewuk   cough

ŸsgŸlewukli   suffering from a cough

ŸsgŸrlewŸk   cough

ŸsgŸrmek   to cough

Ÿst   surface, top, upper part

Ÿst-baº   clothing

Ÿstaºyr   over, about, at, with

Ÿste   to boot, in addition

Ÿstesine   to boot, in addition

Ÿsti bilen   via, by way of

ŸstŸn ykmak   to win, conquer, vanquish

ŸstŸnlik   success, achievement

ŸstŸnlikli   accomplished

Ÿºemek   to be cold, catch cold

Ÿºerilmek   to be on the alert, to be on one's guard

Ÿºertmek   to prick up (one's ears)

Ÿºetmek   to be cold

ŸºŸk   sharpness, quick wittedness

ŸºŸtmek   to feel chilly

Ÿtmek   to tear, pull out

ŸtŸk   r. iron (for clothing)

ŸtŸklemek   r. to iron

Ÿwemek   to grind

Ÿwremek   to rock

ŸØn   sound, tone, tune

ŸØºenmek   to fear, be afraid of

ŸØºmele–   1. crowd, mob, throng 2. party, gathering

ŸØºŸrmek   to gather, collect

ŸØtgediji   1. to change (by itself) 2. to spoil

ŸØtgeºik   1. different 2. particular, peculiar, special

ŸØtgeºiklik   1. difference 2. modification, alteration

ŸØtgetmek   to change, alter, modify

Ÿze––i   stirrup

Ÿzmek   1. to tear off, pluck 2. to extinguish, put out 3. to interrupt

ŸznŸksiz   uninterrupted

Ÿz–e   enraged, furious

Ÿz–elik   rage, fury

ŸzŸl-kesil   resolute, firm, decisive

ŸzŸlmek   1. to tear off, pluck 2. to settle accounts with, get even with 3. to break off

ŸzŸm   grape

ŸzŸmilik   grape production

W

wada   promise

wadalaºmak   to make a pact, negotiate

wadalaºyk   treaty, settlement

wagon   r. wagon

wagºy   predatory

wagºylara   brutal, bestial

wagt   time

wagtal-wagtal   from time to time

wagtlaØyn   temporary

wagtly-wagtynda   at the right time

wagtynda   at the right time

wagyr   noise

wagyrdamak   to make noise

wagyz etmek   to preach

wagyz-nesihat   1. directions, instructions 2. sermon

wah   oh! gosh!

waharman   a kind of melon

wajyp   important

waka   event, situation

wakgyldamak   to cluck (like a chicken)

waktsina   r. vaccine

wakyrdamak   to belly-laugh

WaleØkimessalam   "And God's peace be with you!" (formal reply to SalamaleØkim)

waleØkimessalam   response to formal greetng

walla   honestly

walØuta   r. currency

wanna   r. bath

wa–kyrmak   to wail

warak   no-good, worthless

wariant   r. variant

warkyldamak   to croak

warsaky   chatter, gossip

wasp   description

watan   country

watany   patriot

waØ   oh! oh boy! : WaØ waØ waØ != Oh my goodness!

waØkyrmak   to cry out

wazypdamak   to buzz

wazzyldy   buzz, drone

we   and

wehim   terror

wejera   shameful

wekil   representative

weli   but, but also

welosiped   r. bicycle

welwet   r. velvet

welØur   r. velour

wengr   r. Hungary

wepa   truth

wepaly   true, honest

wepalylyk   allegiance

wepat bolan   deceased

wepat bolmak   to die

wepat   dead, finished

werdiº   adaptation: agyr iºe werdiº boldim = I've adapted to this difficult work

wertikal   r. vertical

wertolØot   r. helicopter

wesØet   law

wesØetnama   will (document)

weºalka   r. peg, rack

weºe–-weºe–   very much

weteran   r. veteran

weterinariØa   r. veterinary

weØranylykly   ruined, demolished

wezipe   1. task 2. position, appointment, rank

wŠ   eek! (expresses surprise)

wŠgirmek   to scream from fright

wŠk   ouch!

wŠºi   joker, jokingly

wŠºilik   lightheartedness

wiktorina   r. quiz

wilka   r. fork

witamin   r. vitamin

witrina   r. shop window

wiØ   oh!

wizit   r. visit, call

wodolaz   r. diver

wodoprowod   r. water pipe

wodorod   r. hydrogen

wojatyØ   r. guide

wokzal   r. station (railway)

woleØbol   r. volleyball

wra   r. doctor

wulkan   r. volcano

wyjdan   conscience

wyklØuatel   r. switch

wympel   r. pennant

wypiska   r. copying, excerpting

wyºka   r. turret, tower

wyºy-wyºy   whisper   

wyºyrdamak   to whisper, gossip

wznos   r. payment, fee

wzwod   r. platoon

Ù

Øa   1. or 2. "well, now"

Øabany   1. wild 2. out of control

Øabºyrmak   to sew into

Øaby   horse

Øada   or

Øadamak   to tire, grow weary

Øadatmak   to tire out

Øadaw   tired

Øadawlyk   fatigue

Øadawsyz   tireless, energetic

Øadro   r. nuclear

ØadygŠr   recollection, memory

ØadygŠrlik   1. monument 2. souvenir

Øadyrgamak   to shun, avoid

Øag   oil (for cooking), grease

ØagdaØ   1. situation, condition 2. scenery 3. atmosphere

ØagdaØlaºmak   to operate, function

Øaglamak   to grease, oil

Øagly   1. oily 2. bun

Øaglyk   scarf

Øagmak   to precipitate

Øagmyr   rain, precipitation

Øagny   "that is to say..."

Øagºy   good

Øagºylandyrmak   to improve

Øagºylanmak   to be improved, grow more beautiful

Øagºylaºmak   to be improved, grow more beautiful

Øagºylyk   benefit

Øagty   well lit

Øagtygšzin   by daylight

Øagtylgy   star

Øagtylmak   1. to dawn 2. to brighten

Øagtyltmak   1. to ellucidate 2. to illuminate

Øagtylyk   1. light 2. joy, gladness, pleasure

Øagy   enemy

Øagyn   precipitation

Øagynly   rainy

Øagyrnilik   lining, support

Øagyrny   back, spine

Øagyº   rain

Øagyºly   rainy

Øakymly   nice, pleasant

Øakymsyz   mean

Øakyn   near

Øakynda   the other day

Øalan   false

Øalana   naked

Øalany   liar

Øalandan   false

Øalkamak   to pardon or spare : ta–ry Øalkasyn = thank you

Øal–yº   mistake

Øal–yºdyrmak   to confuse, muddle, mix up

Øal–yºmak   to be mistaken

Øalpa   momentary, instantaneous

Øalpak   1. shallow 2. small, petty

Øalpylda duran   shiny, brilliant

Øalpyldawuk   brilliant, sparkling, shining

Øalpyldy   lustre, shine, brilliance

Øalta   still, idle, lazy

Øaltaklamak   to examine, take a view of

Øaltalyk   stillness, idleness, laziness

Øaltanmak   to be idle, lazy, to tire

Øaly   like

Øaly-la   seems

Øalym-Øulumetmek   to ingratiate

Øalyn   flame

Øama   patch

Øamamak   1. to mend, repair 2. to sharpen

Øaman   1. bad 2. very

Øamanlamak   1. to slander 2. to talk, say

Øamanlyk   harm, damage, detriment

Øamaºgan   anew, once again

Øamaºgandan   anew, once again

Øanamak   1. lean 2. to press 3. to oppress

Øanawu   handful

Øa–   echo

Øa–ak    cheek

Øa–y Øakynda   recently

Øa–yja   just now

Øa–yltma   tongue-twister

Øap   ditch

Øapbaºak   slope, pitch

Øapbaºdyrmak   to flatten

Øapbaºmak   to flatten

Øapgy   cover

Øapgyt   slope, incline

Øaplamak   to lean

Øaplanmak   to lean against

Øapmak   1. to close 2. to cover 3. to bake 4. to enclose, affix 5. to finish, to end

Øapon   Japanese

ØaponiØa   Japan

Øaprak   leaf

Øapraklamak   to be leafy, grow leaves

Øapy   I. slope II. lid, cover

Øapyk   1. closed 2. covered, enclosed

Øapynja   cape, cloak

Øapyºdyrmak   to stick (something into something else)

Øapyºmak   1. to stick to, hold fast to 2. to be pasted to

Øar   beloved

Øara   wound

Øarag   weapon

Øaraglandyrmak   to arm someone

Øaraglanmak   to take up arms, arm oneself

Øaragly   armed

Øaragsyzlandyrmak   to disarm

Øaragsyzlanmak   to lay down arms

Øaralamak   to wound

Øaraly   1. wounded 2. adj. wound

Øaramak   to like

Øaramaz   bad, useless

Øaramazlaºmak   to deteriorate, worsen

Øaramly   1. suitable, good, fit 2. useful, helpful

Øaran   adherent, supporter, partisan

Øaranja–   toady, lickspittle, sycophant

Øaranja–lyk   sycophancy

Øaranlyk   friendship

Øaranmak   to please

Øaraºdyrmak   to reconcile (others to others)

Øaraºmak   to make up (become friends)

Øaraºyk   peace, reconciliation

Øaratmak   to use, employ

Øarawsyzlyk   painfulness, morbidity, sickness

Øardam   aid, help

Øardam etmek   to help

Øarma   grits, groats

Øarmak   1. to cut up 2. to blow up, explode

Øarmaºmak   to climb

Øarpy   half

Øarsmak   1. to be warped 2. to be offended, disgusted

Øartma   cut, section, angle

Øarty   half

Øary gije   midnight

Øary   half

Øaryk   fissure, crack, crevice

Øarylma   explosion

Øarylmak   1. to crack, split 2. to explode

Øarym   half

Øarymada   peninsula

Øaryº   race, competition

Øaryºmak   to race, compete

Øasama   artificial, false, imitation

Øasamak   to craft, make

ØasaØjy   master, craftsman

Øasli   r. 1. day care center 2. crib, manger

Øassanmak   to lean on one's elbows

Øassyk   pillow

Øasy   flat

Øasylamak   to flatten

Øaº   1. age 2. young 3. teardrop

Øaºamak   to live

Øaºarmak   to water

ØaºaØyº   life, living

Øaºdaº   person of the same age

Øaºlyk   youth

Øaºmak   "yashmak", traditional bridal mouth covering

Øaººik   r. case, chest, box

Øaºuly   elder

Øaºyl   green

Øaºyrmak   to conceal, hide

Øaºyryn   secret, stealthy, vague

Øat   I. mind II. 1. alien, foreign

Øata   stagnant

Øatak   1. bread 2. stall for animals

Øatakhana   hostel, home

Øatalatmak   to remind

Øatdan ykarmak   to forget

Øatlamak   to remember

Øatmak   to lie down, sleep

ØatymlaØyn   1. overnight 2. daily, a day's

Øatyrlma   abolition

Øatyrmak   to abolish

Øaz   spring

Øazdyrmak   1. to unbutton, unfasten 2. to lower, launch, set loose, slacken

Øazgarmak   to accuse of, charge with

Øazgy   1. entry, registration, record 2. note, sign, inscription

Øazgyt   fate

Øazlamak   to lead, guide, conduct

Øazlyk   adj. summer, spring

Øazmaa   cursive, handwriting

Øazmak   I. to lay down; write II. to become loose, unfastened III. 1. to spread 2. to smooth, iron, press

Øazuw   writing

Øazyjy   writer

Øazyk   sin

Øazykly   guilty

Øazyksyz   innocent

Øazyksyzlyk   innocence

Øazylmak   to subscribe

Øazylysyk   subscription

Øedi   seven

Øedigen   : Uli Øedigen = Big Dipper : Kii Øedigen = Little Dipper

Øedilik   a "seven" (i.e. used for a bus number)

Øedinji   seventh

ØefreØtor   mil. lance-corporal

Øegen   1. nephew 2. niece

Øegeni   niece

Øegsan etmek   to destroy; obliterate

Øegºermek   to bend; flex

Øek-tŸk   rarely

Øeke   1. alone 2. lone; only

Øeke-Šk   alone

Øeke-tŠk   one and only

Øeke-Øeke   one by one

Øekebara   personal

Øekedaban   sledgehammer

Øekelemek   to thin out

ØekeleØin   by the piece

Øekelik   1. one (the number) 2. oneness

Øekemen   unsociable; solitary

Øekesiremek   to feel the same

Øekºenbe   Sunday

Øel   wind

Øele   leeward; out of the wind

Øelejiretmek   to air out

ØelejirŠp gelmek   to stroll in the open air

Øelejirmek   to be aired out

Øelek   feather

Øelekli   feathered

Øelgin   gust of wind

Øelgine   1. carried by the wind 2. fig. in the throes (of something)

Øelim   glue

Øelimlemek   1. to glue 2. to seal

Øelin gozgamak   to lactate

Øelken   n. sail

Øelkenli   adj. sail, sailing: Øelkenli gaØyk = a sail boat

Øellenmek   1. to be bloated; troubled with gas 2. to be swollen

Øelli   windy

Øelmemek   to glue; attach with glue; seal with glue

Øelmeºmek   to be glued; attached with glue

Øelpemek   to fan

Øelpewa   n. fan (for fanning)

Øemlemek   to stick

Øemºermek   to be dented; pressed in

Øemºertmek   to dent; press in

Øemºik   1. dented 2. flattened

Øenmek   to beat up; beat on

Øene   1. again; once more 2. and even more; and furthermore : hi zat bile–ok, Øene šwnen bolØarsy– = You know nothing and you even brag about it

Øe–   sleeve

Øe–e   1. the back of the head 2. the back end, rear part (of something) 3. used as a preposition: ye–sesine gemek = to move back

Øe–iji   victor; winner

Øe–il   1. light 2. simple 3. fig. easy 4. fig. weak

Øe–ilkelle   lightwited; airheaded

Øe–ilkellelik   stupidity; vapidity

Øe–illeºdirmek   to simplify; easy

Øe–illik   privilege; ease

Øe–ilmek   to lose (a game or contest)

Øe–ilmez   invincible

Øe–iº   victory

Øe–lemek   to become easier; lighter

Øe–lenmek   to shake hands

Øe–leºmek   to become easier; lighter

Øe–letmek   to lighten

Øe–lik   a cushion-like mitt used when baking Traditional Turkmen bread in a clay oven

Øe–mek   to defeat; conquer; be victorious

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