A spa project of Peace Corps Turkmenistan

ermek   

ermemek   to turn up, tuck up

ernil   r. purple

ertØor   r. draft, mechanical drawing

eºme   1. key 2. spring, source

eºme   source

et   I. 1. border, edge, boundary 2. fringe II. foreign

etin   difficult

etleºdirmek   to isolate, to insulate

etleºmek   to be isolated, insulated

eØe   flexible, pliable

eØelik   flexibility

eØnemek   1. to chew 2. to bite

Š   agri. yield (of grain)

Šge   sand

Šgesšw Øer   a place with sandy soil

Šk   1. border 2. a definite part

Šklendirmek   to organize

Šklenmek   to be organized, arranged, outlined

Šksiz   boundless, limitless

ŠkØaka   collor of a boy's traditional Turkmen shirt

Šre   punishment

Šresiz   forced, of necessity

ŠrØek   quarter

Šºermek   to lie, be still

ŠØnek   teapot

ŠØnik   teapot

ig   1. damp, moist 2. unripe, immature 3. crude, raw : ig mal = natural resources

igildem   tulip

igilmek   to get tied up in knots

igin   I. shoulder, back II. lot, destiny

igit   sunflower seed : igit Øag = sunflower oil

igmal   raw materials

igmek   1. to get tied up, stuck in a knot 2. to get entangled, confused, perplexed

igrek   rime, mist

igreklemek   to catch a cold

igremek   1. to become chilly 2. to become warm

ikge   corner of the eye

il   border

ilik   "chilik", a children's game

ilim   cigarette

ilimkeº   smoker

iliºirmek   to cross one's legs

intgemek   to inquire, to ask

i–e   steadfast

i–erilmek   to stare

i–rik   reed, cane : ºeker i–rik = sugar cane

irkeØ   mosquito; moth

irkin   shrill, penetrating, piercing

irkizmek   to roast; fry

irtmek   1. to pinch, to tweak 2. to cut, incise

isme   inflammation

ismek   1. to inflate, swell 2. to inflate, puff out

is–emek   to drizzle

is–i   drizzle, frost

iº   I. swelling, tumor II. 1. spit 2.

iºik   thick, large, big, stout, fat

iºirmek   to inflate, to swell

iºlik   shish-kebob

iºme   inflammation

iºmek   to become inflamed

it   1. chinze, cotton 2. adj. cotton

itgitlemek   to crack; chew nuts, seeds

itim   connection, knot

itmek   to tie together, bend, connect

len   r. member, limb, article, part

lenlik   r, membership

og   heat, sultriness

ogdan   tuft, shred, rag

ogmak   to flow, pour, spread

okalamak   to peck

okaØ   chokai, Turkmen leather shoes

okmak   to peck, pick, bite

ola   1. secluded 2. unpopulated

olak   cripple

olamak   1. to wrap up drop in 2. to wrap up

olarmak   to become empty, deserted

olaºmak   1. to get confused, mixed up 2. to become entangled

olpy   ladle

oluk   shepherd boy

ommalmak   to squat, curtsy

ommaltmak   1. to protrude 2. to poke, jab, thrust

onak   lacking one or more toes or fingers

opan   shepherd

opanilik   shepherdhood

opantelpek   camomille

or   dirt, mud

orba   soup

orlamak   to get dirty

otga   r. brush

otgalamak   r. 1. to clean 2. to brush, to brush off

owdary   rye

owlamak   I. to sharpen II. to burn, scorch, singe

owluk   great-grandson

oØmak   to warm up, heat

oØun   r. cast iron, made of cast iron

oØunmak   to heat

ozmak   1. to advance 2. to dash, rush

ške dŸºmek   to sit on the knees, to kneel

škermek   to kneel

šket   low, lower

šketlik   lowlands, hollow

škmek   1. to sink, fall, come down, go down 2. to subside, settle 3. to bend one's knees 4. to sit down, board, get into

škŸndi   1. sediment, aftertaste 2. deposit (geological)

šl   desert

šp   1. stick 2.

špboØa   bot. chopboia

špleme   1. (burning) chip, spill 2. brushwood

šplemek   to pick up

šplemek   to pick up, gather, collect

špŸr   goat wool

šr   low

šrlek   bread (also "food" in general)

šºlemek   used in Øumagy gšºlemek

šwre   back, inside, wrong side

šwrŸlmek   1. to turn inside out 2. to turn over, overturn

šz   anat. mesentery

šzgŸt   decision, resolution

šzlemek   to untangle

šzmek   1. to untie, unleash, loosen 2. to solve, decide, resolve

šzŸlmek   1. to come untied 2. to be resolved

šzŸº   solution

ugutmak   to roll up, curl up

ukanak   hole

ukur   I. hole, pit, dungeon II. 1. deep, profound, low 2. hollow, sunken

ukuralmak   1. to extend, make more profuse, make deeper 2. to sink, to grow hollow

ukurlyk   hole, pit

u–   deep

u–almak   to make deeper, to become more profound, extensive

u–altmak   to deepen

u–laºmak   to deepen gradually

u–luk   depth, remoteness

u––ur   profound

u–samak   to shriek, yelp

us   swift-footed

uw   adjectival intesifier : Øumagy gšºlemek =

uwal   chuwal, Turkmen sack

uwaº   r. Chugach (nationality)

Ÿlpe   small, tiny

ŸmdŸrmek   1. to put inside, to stick into 2. to immerse, sink into, plunge

Ÿmhšrek   legible, discernible, fastidious

Ÿmhšreklik   legibility, scrupulousness

Ÿmmek   1. to thrust, to plunge, to transfix 2. to be absorbed in, lost in

ŸmmŸk   pinch

ŸmmŸklemek   to pinch, to tweak

ŸmºŸldi   a tickle, a strange feeling on the skin

ŸmŸrmek   to soak

Ÿnki   because, therefore

Ÿ–k   1. corner, angle, nook 2. beak, bill

Ÿpremek   to degenerate

Ÿr depesi   1. top, crest 2. the highest ranks

Ÿrelmek   to taper

Ÿri   conical, crested

Ÿrt-kesik   bluntly; categorically

ŸrŸºmek   to wither, shrivel, shrink

Ÿwde   butt

ŸwdŸrmek   to stream, flow, run

Ÿwek   to drive, transport, pull

ŸØ   nail

ŸØlemek   to nail

ŸØremek   to rot

ŸØrŸk   rotten, putrid

ŸØrŸklik   rottenness

ŸØrŸntgi   humus

ŸØºe   1. glass, pane 2. bottle

yban   boil, furnucle

ybºyldy   rustle (noise)

ybºyrlamak   to rustle (to make a rustling noise)

ybyk   rod, switch

ybyklamak   1. to cut up, chop, cleave 2. to whip, flog

ybyn   mosquito

ydam   patience

ydamak   1. to suffer, endure, withstand 2. to tolerate, to bear 3. to snatch, grab, seize

ydamly   1. tolerant; bearable 2. solid, firm, lasting

ydamlylyk   1. tolerance 2. durability

ydamsyz   1. impatient 2. intolerant

yg   moisture

ygjarmak   to wet or dampen slightly

ygly   moist, raw, wet, humid, damp

yglyk   moistness, humidity, dampness

ygºyldamak   to rustle (to make a rustling noise)

ygºyldy   rustle (noise)

ygylmak   to grieve, long for

ygyrmak   to cry out, bawl, lament, wail

ykalga   exit

ykan   cousin

ykarmak   1. to take out, pull at 2. to take off, strip, undress 3. to let out, release 4. to dismiss, discard 5. to publish, edit, put out 6. to manufacture, produce 7. to get, obtain, procure 8. to display, expose 9. to dislocate, sprain 10. to remove, transfer

ykdajy   expenditure, debt

ykdaØjy   expense

ykgynsyz   1. continual 2. desperate, hopeless

ykmak   1. to exit, to leave 2. to go, set off 3. to climb up, into 4. to utter, emit 5. to result in 6. to turn out, be found 7. to meet 8. to leave, withdraw, drop out 9. to originate, eminate 10. to dislocate, sprain : gapºy ykmak = to oppose : Øatdan ykmak = to forget

ykyrynmak   to take off, to strip

ykyº etmek   to perform, make a speech

ykyº   speech, presentation

ykyw   address

ylgym   strip, streak

ylka   fillet

ylpyk   pus

ylpyklamak   to fester

ylºyrymlaºdyrmak   to be complicated

ylºyrymlaºmak   to become complicated

ylºyrymly   complex, complicated

ym   : ‚ym-ym etme! = Don't be shy! (used when someone is eating little)

yn   true

yn ØŸrekden   sincerely

ynar   plane tree

ynlakaØ   in earnest, seriously

ynØŸrekdeºlik   sincerity

yp   noise from eating?

ypar   red, sorrel

ypdyrma   lie, falsehood

yplak   lightly dressed, with light baggage

ypla–   lightly dressed, with light baggage

yra   lamp

yryk   sickness

yryklamak   to fall ill

yrlamak   to wind around, embrace with

yrmamak   to wrap up

yrmaºmak   to plait, braid

yrmaºyk   ivy

yrpmak   I. to mint, coin II. to rinse, gargle

yrpynmak   1. to wind, wiggle, twist, meander 2. to roar, rage, storm

yrryldamak   to whistle

yrryldyy   a whistle

yrºak   dirt, mud

yrºamak   1. to smear, to rub in, to spread

ytalaºmak   to try, to endeavor, to strive

ytmak   to knit the browns, to frown, to wrinkle

ytyk   1. gloomy, sullen, cloudy (personal) 2. gloomy, dark (weather)

yzgmak   to turn up, to tuck up

yzgy   1. drawing 2. drawing, draft, note

yzgy   ruler (for geometry)

yzmak   to draw, design

yzmyk   stripe

yzyk   line, trait, feature

D

daban   sole (of foot)

dabara   celebration, ceremony

dabaralanmak   to celebrate, observe a ceremony

dabaraly   ceremonial

dadyrmak   to taste

dag   mountain

dagatmat   to scatter

daglamak   1. to grill 2. to brand

dagly   mountain-dweller

dagy   else, what else : Dagy zat tapmady–my? = Didn't you find anything else?

dagy-duwara   from now on, henceforward

dagynyk   uncoordinated, odd

dahylly   important, relevant : Bu sa–a dahylly dŠl = This doesn't concern you

dakmak   to put on : Ol barmagy–a ØŸzŸk dakdy = She put the ring on her finger

dakynmak   to wear

dalak   med. spleen

dalan   veranda, porch

dalbar   summer-house

dalyn   carnation

dalda   help, aid

daljykmak   to pant, be out of breath

damak   throat

damar   vein, artery, nerve : gan damar = blood vessel

damdyk   small drop (i.e. of water)

damja   drop

damjalamak   to drip

dammak   to drip : Dama-dama kšl bolar, hi dammasa - šp bolar Å Drop by drop makes a lake, but not a drop makes a desert

daniØaly   Danish

danmak   to tie, fasten

da– atmak   to dawn

da–   dawn

da–dan   at dawn

da–danky   adj. early-morning

da–mak   1. to tie 2. to wrap around

da–y   tether, tie

dar   narrow

darak   comb

daraklyk   toes

daralmak   to shrink

daramak   to comb

dartgynly   tense, intense

dartmak   to tug

dary   millet

darykmak   to worry

daº   I. far II. 1. exterior 2. yard, outside area 3. cover (i.e. of a book) III. [a:] stone

daº-tšwerek   vicinity, surroundings

daºamak   to carry

daºary   1. outside 2. external

daºary Øurt dili   foreign language

daºdeºen   woodpecker

daºgyn   above, beyond

daºky   outside, outer

daºlamak   to stone, throw stones at

daºlaºdyrmak   to remove, extract

daºly   stony, rocky

daºlykdaky   remote

daºmak   to overflow

daºyndan   besides, in addition to

dat-bidat!   help!

datmak   to taste

davaØ   r. "Come on! Let's!"

dawa   conflict, argument

dawalaºmak   to argue

dawaly   argumentative

daØamak   to prop up

daØan   support

daØaw   strong, healthy

daØhan   peasant (often used to replacethe Russian "kolhoznik" , meaning "collective farmer")

daØy   uncle

daØza   1. aunt 2. ma'am

dazarylmak   to come down hard on someone, get tough with

dazlamak   to rush, speed along

debsilmek   to spur

degerli   1. persuasive, convincing 2. efficacious

degirmek   to concern, affect

degirmen   mill : degirmen daºy = millstone

degiºgen   joker

degiºli bolmak   to belong

degiºli   concerning, in relation to

degiºmek   to joke

degmek   1. to touch 2. to bump against 3. fig. to affect, bother, play with : Gowusy, sen ma–a degme! = You'd better not mess with me!

dek   I. still, unmoving II. like, as : Bu bur dek ajy = This is hot as a pepper

dekabr   r, December

dekada   r, decade

dekan   r, dean

dekrek   r, decree

del   unusual, strange

delegat   r, delegate

delegatsiØa   r, delegation

delil   evidence, case

delillendirmek   to present evidence, make a case

dellek   barber

dellekhana   barber shop

dem almak   to breathe

dem   breath, vapor : demi–izi goØberi–! = Please exhale!

dem-dyn   a break, a rest

demgysma   asthma

demikmek   to gasp, breath heavily

demir   iron : demir Øol = railroad

demirgazyk   north

demirgazyk-gŸnbatar   northwest

demirgazyk-gŸndogar   northeast

demlemek   to boil (water for tea) : ‚aØ demleØŠrin = I'm making tea

demokratik   r. democratic

demokratsiØa   r. democracy

demrew   herpes (includes all herpes family diseases, such as psoriasis, shingles, and ringworm)

de–   the same, equal : BoØlary de– agalar = The trees are the same height

de–duº   person of the same age, peer

de–e-de–   the same

de–e   until : Biz gi agºama de–e oturdyk = We sat until late in the evening

de–emek   1. to check (against, with) 2. to try on

de–eºdirmek   to check (against, with)

de–iz   ocean, sea

de–izi   sailor

de–lemek   to make even, to even out

de–lik   equality

de–sizlik   inequality

depder   notebook

depdere   little book

depe   1. top 2. hill, knoll 3. can be used as a preposition : DepŠmizden samolØot uup gedi = A plane flew by above us

depelemek   to trample

depgilemek   to trample

depgip   pace

depjemek   to stitch

depmek   to kick

deprek   drum

deprenmek   to get a kick out of, be taken with

deputat   r. deputy

der   sweat

dere   valley

deregine   instead of : Ol šz kitaby– derigine daºga birini– kitabyny aldy = He took a different book instead of his own

dereje   degree, extent

derek   I. information II. in place of III. bot. poplar

derekli   informative

dereksiz   1. uninformative 2. unmotivated

deri   skin, leather

derkar   necessary

derlemek   to sweat

derman   medicine

dermanhana   drugstore

dermanlamak   to spinkle, spray

der–ew   examination, analysis

der–ewi   examiner

derrew   at once, right now : Muny derrew etmeli = This needs to be done at once

ders   I. lesson II. manure

dert   ill

derwaØys   vital, urgent, important

derweze   gate

derØa   river

desga   structure

desse   bunch, clump : gŸl dessei = a bouquet of flowers

dessine   just as, as soon as

dessur   tradition, custom

deºik   1. hole 2. full of holes : deºik halta = sack with many holes 3. gap

deºirmek   to check against, with

deºmek   to make a hole, puncture

dŠde   uncle, father (Balkan dialect)

dŠl   not

dŠli   crazy: dŠli bolmak = to go crazy

dŠliremek   to go crazy

dŠne   1. seed, pit; grain, kernel 2. bunch, group

dŠnmek   1. to deny 2. to retract (ie. one's words)

dŠp   tradition

dŠp-dessur   tradition

dialekt   r. dialect

didar   face: Men seni– didary–a zar Å I miss you

didivan   gun-sight, gun-scope

digden eklemek   to tremble

digir   grain

diglemek   to shudder

dik   steep; perpendicular

dikdŸºdi   obstinate

dikelmek   1. to straighten oneself; raise oneself

dikeltmek   1. to straighten, to set straight

dikmek   to dig in

diktant   r. dictation

diktatura   r. dictatorship

diktor   r. radio-announcer

dil   1. toungue 2. language 3. pointer, indicator (ie. on a gauge)

dilden   orally

dildŸwºŸk   plot, conspiracy

dileg   prayer

dilemek   1. to ask 2. to wish 3. to pray

dilewar   1. witty 2. wit

dilik etmek   to slit

dilik   n. slit; slice; cut

dilim   slice; segment

dillenmek   to say something

dilleºmek   to make said; to come to the point

dilmek   to cut; slice

din   religion

dindar   religious; faithful

dini   religious

di–   emphatic preposition: Ol di– arkan Øykyldy = He fell flat (directly) on his back

di– salmak   to overhear; to hear about

di–e   only

di–ir genmek   to ponder, meditate on

di–lemek   to listen

di–leØji   listener; audience

di–leØmek   1. to listen 2. to overhear

di–mek   to become calm; grow quiet; cease

di–ºirgemek   to listen to

diplom   r. diploma

diplomatic   r. diplomatic

direg   strut, brace, prop

direktor   r. director

direlmek   to come to life

diremek   to prop up; brace

direnmek   to be propped up; c=braced

diri   alive

dirijØor   r. conductor (of a band or orchestra)

diriligene   alive

diriliº   resurrection

dispanser   r. clinic

dispeter   r. dispatcher

dissertatsiØa   r. dissertation

diº   tooth : Diº agyrysy = toothache

diºlemek   1. to bite 2. to have a bite, eat a little

diversiØa   r. sabotage

divisiØa   r. division (military)

diwar   wall

diØen Øaly   almost

diØmek   1. to say: Mu–a nŠme diØØŠrler? = What's this called? 2. to mean, to signify; to imply

dizel   r. diesel

dodak   lip

doga   from birth

doga okamak   to pray

dogan   brother

dogan-garyndaº   relative

doganlyk   brotherhood

doganoglan   cousin

doglan gŸni   birthday

dogluº   birth

dogmak   to rise (of the sun)

dogralmak   to be straightened up

dograltmak   to straighten up

dograma   dograma, a dish made of stuffing, onions, and sheep's head , sometimes made into soup

dogramak   to cut to pieces

dogruyl   honest, sincere

dogruyllyk   sincerity

dogruda   concerning

dogrudan   true, really

dogrulamak   to direct, aim at

dogrusy   in truth, truly

dogry   1. true 2. exact 3. straight 4. righteous, upright

dogulmak   to be born

dogumly   determined

dogurmak   to give birth

dok   full, satisfied

dokalmak   to be woven

dokamak   to weave

dokulyk   prosperity

doklad   r. report

dokluk   satisfaction

dokma   weaving, carpet-making : dokma fabrigi = carpet factory

doktor   r. doctor

dokument   r. document

dokuz   nine

dokuzynjy   ninth

doky   Belugian

dolag   wrapper

dolak   leg-wrappings

dolama   ground meat wrapped in cabbage

dolamak   1. to wrap, bind 2. to turn, double back

dolandyrmak   to manage, control

dolandyrys   management

dolanmak   to come back

doldurgy   gram. object : gšni baglanØan doldurgy = direct object : gytaklaØyn baglanØan doldurgy = indirect object

doldurmak   to fill

dolmak   to be filled

doly   I. hail II. [o:] full(y), filled; thick; complete

domma   quiet, reserved

don   robe (traditional Turkmen)

do–   frozen

do–aklyk   freeze, frost

do–an   rigid, frozen

do–durma   ice-cream

do–durmak   to freeze

do–mak   to be frozen

do–uz   pig

dor   bay (color of a horse)

dos   used in superlatives: dos-doly = completely full

dost   friend, friendly (male or neuter)

dost-Øar   friends

dostlaºmak   to become friends

dostluk   friendship

dotsent   r. doccent

dowam etmek   to continue

dowamynda   during

dowan   length, course (of time)

dowanly   lengthy

dowar   livestock (specifically: sheeps, goats, and small cattle)

dowul   panic

dowzah   hell

doØa   until satisfied : Men doØa iØdim = I ate until I was full

doØmak   to eat one's fill, stuff oneself: Men doØdym = I'm full, I've stuffed myself

doØurmak   to fill (an animal) with food

dškmek   1. to spill 2. to leak

dškŸlmek   1. to be poured out 2. to drop : Agalary– Øapaklary dškŸlØŠr = Leaves fall from the trees

dškŸn   manure, nightsoil

dškŸnlemek   to fertilize

dšmmek   to tear off a piece

dšndermek   to flip over

dšnmek   1. to be flipped over 2. to switch over, turn : Bu gŸn howa gyºa dšndi = Today the weather turned wintry

dšnŸk   traitor, turn-coat

dšnŸklik   treachery

dšrdŸnji   fourth

dšrediji   creator

dšredijilik   creation

dšremek   to arise, spring up

dšretme   creation

dšretmek   to create

dšretmek   to start, create, found

dšrjemek   to dig into

dšrmek   to search, dig around for

dšrt   four

dšrtlŸk   a four, a "B" student

dšrŸºdirmek   to turn over

dšs   pile, heap

dšº   breast

dšw   I. set, match II. giant; demon

dšwek   threshing : dšwek dšwmek = to thresh

dšwlet   1. government 2. richness, goodness

dšwmek   to break

dšwrŸnde   during

dšwŸk   broken

dšwŸlgi   fragile

dšwŸlmek   to break

dšwŸm   piece, lump, portion

dšwŸr   1. epoch 2. period, time

dšwŸrdeº   contemporary (said of a person)

dšwŸrleØin   periodic

dšzmek   to be uncaring

dšzŸmli   hardy, staunch

dšzŸmsiz   sympathetic, compassionate

drama   r. drama

duar bolmak   to be faced with

duk   mixed up

dul   1. place of respect 2. widower

dul aØal   widow

duldegºir   near, neighborly : duldegºir bolup Øaºamak = to be a neighbor to, live near

duluk   cheek

duman   fog, mist, haze

dumanlamak   to grow foggy

dumanly   foggy, misty : dumanly daglar = misty mountains

dura-bara   gradually, continually

duralga   stop (as in bus or taxi stop)

durdugya   gradually, continually

durlamak   to clear, make still

durmak   1. to stand, be still 2. to be (used to express cost or fixed state) 3. used as a modal verb to express a state of being or continual action: Ol gŸlŸp durØar = She's smiling, she's been smiling

durmuº   life, existence

durmuºa ykan   married (of a girl)

durmuºa ykmak   to marry (of a girl)

durna   crane (bird)

durnukly   solid, stable

durnuklylyk   stability

durºuna   entirely

duruzmak   to make a stop, to stop

dury   pure

duº bolmak   to be faced with something

duº gelmek   to meet, come to

duº   I. [u:] close to : Ol duºuna bardy = He went closer II. r. shower

duºak   fetters

duºenbe   Monday

duºly   closely

duºmak   to meet, encounter

duºman   enemy

duºmanylyk   animosity

duºuºmak   to meet, encounter

duºuºyk   meeting, encounter

dutar   dutar, a traditional Turkmen instrument which is two-stringed, looks somewhat like a mandolin and has a twangy sound

duw   superlative affiz: duw-ak = the whitest, completely white

duØdansyz   sudden, reflexive

duØdurmak   1. to warn 2. to portend 3. to inform

duØduryº   warning

duØgudaº   sympathetic

duØgudaºlyk   sympathy

duØgur   impressionable, perceptive, sensual

duØgy   sense, feeling

duØmak   to feel

duz   salt

duzak   snare

duzlamak   to salt

duzly   salty : duzsuz bolsa atarsy–, duzly bolsa nŠdersi–! = If it's not salty, you can add salt; if it's salty, there's nothing you can do!

dŸkan   shop, store; stall

dŸkŸrdemek   1. to stomp 2. to make an indistinct noise

dŸkŸrdetmek   to stomp

dŸme   dry-farming

dŸmew   1. virus, common cold 2. flu

dŸmewlemek   to have a cold

dŸnderilmek   to turn upside-down, flip-flop

dŸndermek   to turn over, flip

dŸnØewi   secular, worldly

dŸnØŠ inmek   to be born

dŸnØŠ   world, globe

dŸnØŠden štmek   to die

dŸ––Ÿrdemek   to jingle

dŸr   pearl

dŸrbi   binoculars

dŸrli   diverse, different

dŸrli-dŸrli   different, various

dŸrs   correct

dŸrs jogap bermek   to answer correctly

dŸrsemek   used in the construction: šzŸ–i dŸrsemek = to get well

dŸrtgŸ   stamp for bread

dŸrtme gŸrsak   blunt

dŸrtmek   to poke, prod

dŸºbi   clever

dŸºbŸlik   cleverness

dŸºek   1. bed, bedding 2. cushion, mattress

dŸºeke   mattress

dŸºelge   stopping place, camp

dŸºemek   1. to spread out 2. to pave

dŸºewŸnt   profit

dŸºewŸntli   profitable

dŸºlemek   to make a stop

dŸºmek   1. to descend, dismount, come down (from) 2. to fall 3. to come into, upon 4. used figuratively like the English "to fall": howsala dŸºmek = to fall into a panic

dŸºnŸkli   clear, understandable

dŸºnŸksiz   unclear, not understandable

dŸºŸm   gram. case : TŸrkmendilinde alty dŸºŸm bar = The Turkmen language has six cases

dŸºŸndiriº   explanation

dŸºŸndiriºli   explanatory

dŸºŸndirmek   to explain

dŸºŸniºmek   to understand each other

dŸºŸnje   1. notion 2. explanation

dŸºŸnjeli   knowledgable

dŸºŸnmek  I. to understand II. to swim

dŸºŸrmek   to help off, to set down

dŸwme   jangles, little bells

dŸwmek   to knot

dŸwŸlmek   to be knotted

dŸwŸnek   little knot

dŸwŸnmek   to choke on

dŸwŸrtik   pimple, blackhead

dŸØbŸnden   absolutely

dŸØe   camel

dŸØeguº   ostrich

dŸØn   yesterday

dŸØnki   yesterday's

dŸØp   1. bottom 2. base 3. root 4. bush 5. essence

dŸØpgšter   forever, once and for all

dŸØpleØin   forever, once and for all

dŸØpli   essential, fundamental

dŸØrlemek   to roll up

dŸØº   dream

dŸØº gšrmek   to have a dream

dŸØºŸrgemek   to dream

dŸØt   soot

dŸz etmek   to repair, mend

dŸz   I. 1. plains, flatlands 2. flat, smooth II. 1. straight 2. right

dŸzediº   ammendment

dŸzelmek   to be rectified

dŸzetmek   to set straight, to rectify

dŸzgŸn   rule, order

dŸzgŸn-nyzam   order, discipline

dŸzgŸn-tertip   order, discipline

dŸzgŸnleºdirmek   to set in order

dŸzgŸnnama   position, ordering

dŸzlŸk   plains, flatlands

dŸzme   composition, essay

dŸzmek   1. to string, to thread 2. to gather 3. to compose

dŸzŸji   compiler, composer

dŸzŸm   composition, make-up

dŸzŸwli   composed, orderly, well

dwigatel   r. engine, motor

dØadØa   r. uncle

dyglamak   to shudder

dykgat   attention

dykmak   to stuff; to jam in

dyknyºmak   to be pushed in

dyknyºyk   jam; crush; crowding

dyky   cork; stopper

dykylmak   1. to put in 2. fig. to nose around in, to butt into

dykyz   packed, dense

dykyzlanmak   to get packed

dym   superlative affiz

dymjykmak   to spoil, go bad

dymmak   to be quiet, to shut up

dymºyk   silence

dymyk   humid

dyn   1. rest; relaxation 2. peace; stillness

dyn almak   to take a rest, vacation

dyndarmak   to get out of; to escape

dyngy   pause

dyngysyz   without a break, non-stop

dynmak   1. to finish 2. to get out of

dynman   without a break, non-stop

dyr-pytrak bolmak   to be parted; separated

dyrjaºmak   to try, attempt

dyrmak   rake

dyrmaºmak   to climb

dyrmyk   rake

dyrnaak   scratch; abrasion

dyrnaaklamak   to scratch

dyrnak   1. nail (of a finger or toe) 2. claw

dyz   knee

dyzamak   to be bursting, straining

dyzma   frisky, hot to trot

E

ebedi   eternal

ebedileºdirmek   to immortalize

ebedilik   1. eternity 2. eternal

ebeteØ   approach

edara etmek   to manage

edara   office; institution

edebi   literary

edebiØat   literature

edebiØaty   man of letters

eden-etdilik   arbitrariness; despotism; tyrrany

edenli   business-like; expert

edep   breeding; politeness

edepli   well-bred, polite

edeplilik   politeness

edepsiz   uncultured; impolite

edepsizlik   impoliteness; unculturedness

edermen   brave

edermenlik   valour

edŠhet   manner

edil   I. as such II.exact, exactly

edilen   made of

edilmek   to be made of

edip bilmek   to be able to do

edren   ugly

effekt   r. effect

efiop   r. Ethiopian

egelenmek   to surround

eger (de)   if

egin   shoulder

egin-eºik   clothes

eginbaº   clothing

egindeº   1. person of same age 2. brother -in- arms

egirmek   to spin

egismek   to reduce; to diminish

eglemek   to delay; detain; hold up

eglenmek   to be delayed; detained

egliºik   concession

egmek   1. to bend; stoop; bow 2. to curve; fold

egrelmek   to be bent; folded

egri   bent; crooked

egriji   spinner

egrilik   curvature

egsilmez   innumerable

ejap   shame

eje   mother

ejelik   motherhood

ejir   martyr

ejiz   feeble, weak, small boned

ejizlemek   to tire; become enervated

ekabyr   1. senior; older; higher 2. powerful; mighty; intense

ekdi   tame

eken   really (emphatic word) Bu nahar šrŠn sŸØji eken=this food is really tasty   

ekeni   eken

ekeranylyk   agriculture; farming

ekin   crop

ekipazh   r. crew

ekiº   sowing

ekiz   twin

eklemek   to contain, hold, look for, maintain

eklen   means

eklenmek   to earn

ekleØji   breadwinner

ekmek   to plant

ekplutasiØa   r. exploitation

ekran   r. screen

ekskawator   r. excavator

ekspedisiØa   r. expedition, dispatch office

eksperiment   r. experimental

ekspertizia   r. expertise, opinion

eksplutatirlemek   r. to exploit

eksponat   r. exhibition

eksponirlemek   r. to exhibit, expose

eksport   r. export

eksportirlemek   r. to export

ekzamen   r. examination

ekzemplØar   r. to copy, specimen

el arpmak   to applaud, clap

el   hand

elbetde   of course

eldek   tame (same as ekdi)

ele almak   to know deeply

elek   sieve

elek-elek    gšzŸni elek elek etmek = to stare at

elektrifikasiØa   r. electrification

elektrifisirlemek   to electrify

elektrik   r. electrik

elektrostansiØa   r. power station

elemek   to sift

element   r. element

elementar   r. elementary

eleºan   torn, tattered

elgarama   dependent

elhen   1. terrible, frightful, dreadful 2. powerful, very strong

elim   glue

elin   self, own

elipbiØ   alphabet

eljiremek   1. to mince, be prim 2. t loll, lounge

ellemek   to handle

ellemek   to touch, handle

elleºmek   to shake hands

elli   fifty

ellik   glove

elmydam   always

elmydama   always

eltmek   to deliver, hand, bring

elujundan etmek   to do

elØaglyk   handkerchief

elØeter   inaccessible, out of reach

em    medicine

emaØ bilen   with caution, with care

emblema   r. emblem

emdirmek   to feed, nurse

emedeklemek   to crawl

emeli   artificial, false

emelsiz   awkward, unskilled

emelsizlik   awkwardness

emenmek   to covet

emgek   1. illness, sickness 2. torment, agony, pain

emgemek   to take pains, to make an effort

emgenmek   to toil, work hard, exert oneself

emjek   1. breast, bosom 2. udder

emlŠk   property, belongings

emma   but

emmek   to suck

emzik   dummy, doll

enaØy   good, favorable

eneme   many, a lot

endam   body

endigan   uniform, equal

endiganlamak   to level, straighten, clip

endik   habit

endiremek   to tremble, shake, quiver

ene dili   mothertongue

ene   grandmother

ene-atalar   parents

enegiØa   r. energy

eneke   nana

enjam   equipment

enjamlaºdyrmak   to equip, outfit

ensiklopediØa   r. encyclopedia

entegem   still, yet

entek   still, yet, as yet

entemek   1. to wander 2. to roam

entŠk   still, yet

entreklemek   1. to wander 2. to roam

entuziazm   r. enthusiasm

e–aºak   lowering, descent, slope

e–ek   chin

e–mek   to rush, hurry, be directed

e––it   slope, pitch

e–remek   to cry, weep

e–termek   1. to pour out 2. to fell 3. to fall in 4. to chase

epeØ   1. respectable 2. high flown, bombastic

epigraf   r. epigraph

epilmek   1. to wrinkle 2. to curve, bend, bow

epin   pleat, fold, crease, wrinkle

epizod   r. episode

eplemek   to fold

eplenmek   to fold, bend, curve (on one's own)

epmek   to bend, curve, fold

era   r. era

erbet   bad

erbetlemek   to deteriorate, turn for the worse

erbetleºmek   to deteriorate

erbetlik   badness

eremek   to melt, thaw

ergin   solution

erik   apricot

erjel   persistent

erjellik   persistence, perseverance

erk   free

erkana   free, unrestricted, easy

erkek   1. man 2. male camel

erkin   1. free 2. freely, unrestrictedly

erkinlik   freedom

ermeni   r. Armanian

er–ek   edge, rim

ersmek   1. to build firmly, solidly 2. to be firm, solid

erteki   fairy tale, story

ertir   1. morning 2. tomorrow

ertirlik   breakfast

ertirlik nahar   breakfast (morning meal)

esas   base, basis, foundation

esasan   basically, with basis

esasanlamak   to be founded on,based on

esaslsandyrmak   to found

esassyz   unfounded, without basis

esasy   basic

esbap   1. tool, instrument 2. grant, relief, dole, benefit

eser   written work, composition, thesis, writing

eserde–   sensitive, vigilant

eserde–lik   keenness

esetmek   1. to look at, examine, inspect 2. to nurse, care for, look after

esger   soldier

esgerlik   position, location

esgi   rag

eskalator   r. escalator

eskiz   r. sketch

esli   considerable, large

essalawmaleØkim   formal greeting

esse   time (x)

estafeta   r. relay race

estetik   r. aesthetic

estetika   r. aesthetics

estrada   r. stage, platform

eºek   donkey

eºik   clothes

eºikler   clothes

eºitmek   to hear

eºret   well-being, prosperity

eºretli   blessed

et   meat

etazh   r. floor, story of building

etek   lap, skirt

etli   of meat, meaty

etli-ganly   full-blooded

etmek   to do, to make, to produce

etmiº   offense

etrap   geographical region

etØud   r. etude

eØ-waØ   oh!

eØ-wŠk   ouch!

eØe bolmak    to own

eØe   owner

eØeilik   ownership

eØelemek   1. to capture 2. to conquer 3. to gain, occupy, employ

eØelik etmek   to keep house

eØer   saddle

eØerlemek   to saddle

eØermek   1. to follow, ensue 2. to be led 3. to imitate, copy

eØgermek   to inquire about, ask

eØgilik   well-being, prosperity, happiness

eØikmek   to grow stronger

eØjelik   pretty

eØle   like that, as such

eØleki   different, others, the others

eØlemek   1. to tan 2. to knead

eØmen   older, senior

eØmenmek   to fear, be afraid

eØwan   veranda

eØØam   I. already II. era

ezenek   lazy

ezilmek   1. to get wet 2. to moisten 3. to be oppressed

eziz   dear

ezmek   1. to wet, moisten, soak 2. to opress

ezØet   martyr

Š   ah! I see!

Šbermek   to give, serve, render, get ready

Šdik   boot

Šdiki   shoemaker

Šdim   footstep

Šdimlemek   to step, march

ŠgŠ: Šga bolmak   to be carefu;

Šgirt   1.huge 2.very

Šhe–   tone

Šhey   yo, hi (greeting)

ŠhŠ   ah!, I see!

Šhlepus   dunce, know-nothing

Šhli   all, the whole, full

Šhlihalk   nationwide

Šhlumumy   universal, general

ŠhmiØet   meaning, significance, importance

ŠhmiØetli   significant, considerable

Šht   vow, pledge, promise

Šhtibar   1. reliable, dependable 2. authentic

Šhtimal   possibly

ŠhtiØalanlyk   treachery, perfidy

Škitmek   to carry, take away

Šklemek   to bring, deliver

Šlem   world

Šlem-jahan   universe, world

Šlemgoºar   rainbow

Š–   lower jaw

Š–etmek   1. to look at 2. to look over

Špet   mighty, powerful, huge

Špiºge   window

Šr   husband

Šr-aØal   married couple

Šsgermek   to consider, regard

Šsgermezilik   neglect, disdain

Šsgermezlik   neglect, disdain

ŠºgŠr   open, obvious, evident

ŠºgŠrlik   openness, obviousness

Štiºgir   railroad pliers, tongs

ŠtiØa   caution, heed

ŠtiØaly   cautious, careful

Štlemek   1. to step 2. to cross, transgress

Štmek   to step

Šwmek   to feel, react, respond to

Šwmezlik   slowness, tardiness (?)

ŠwŸl-sŠwŸl   by chance (?)

ŠØnek   glasses, spectacles

F

fabrik   factory

fakt   r. fact

fakultØet   r. faculty

familiØa   r. surname

faner   r. plywood, veneer

fantastika   r. fantastic, imaginary

fantaziØa   r. imagination; fantasy

farfor   r. china; porcelin

fartuk   r. apron

fason   r. style

federasiØa   r. federation

federatiw    r. federative; federal

fehtowaniØe   r. fencing

feldsher   r. medical assistant

felØeton   r. feuilleton

ferma   r. farm

festiwal   r. festival

fewral   r. February

feØerwerk   r. firework

filarmoniØa   r. philharmonic

film   r. film

filologik   r. philologic

filologiØa   r. philology

filosofik   r. philosophic

filosofiØa   r. philosophy

fin   r. Finn

final    r. final; finale

firma   r. firm

fizika   r. physics

fiziki   r. physicist

flot   r. fleet

fond   r. fund

fonetik   r. phonetic

fonetika   r. phonetics

fontan   r. fountain

forma   r. uniform

formal   r. formal

format   r. size; form

formula   r. formula

formulirlemek   r. to formulate

formulirowka   r. formulation

forografilemek   r. to photograph

fortoka   r. window leaf

forum   r. forum

fotoapparat   r. camera

fotografiØa   r. photograph

foØe   r. foyer; lobby

fraseologik   r. phraseologic

fraseologiØa   r. phraseology

front   r. front

fundament   r. foundation; basis

funksiØa   r. function

futbol   r. football

futboly   r. football player

G

gaba   cumbersome, unweildy

gabahatylyk   entrapment, vicious scheme

gabak   eyelid

gabamak   to encircle

gabanja–   jealous

gabanmak   to be jealous of

gabara   dimension, size

gabaryk   callous

gabarmak   to callous

gabat   against : JaØlar bir-birine gabat salnypdyr = The houses were built against each other

gabat gelmek   to coincide

gabatlamak   to intercept

gabaw   siege, encirclement

gabsa   shutter

gabyk   bark, shell

gaa durmak   to avoid, keep at a distance : Men ony gaa durØaryn = I'm avoiding her

gaalak etmek   to hide from, to avoid

gaalaklamak   to hide from, avoid

gaalga   avoidance

gagak   fugitive, refugee

gagakmak   1. to avoid 2. to fall, be lost : Meni– ukym gaypdyr = My hopes were vanishing

gamak   1. to flee, retreat 2.to drop (on its own)

gay   dike

gayrmak   1. to drop, let fall 2. to let loose : ol towºany gayrdy = He let loose the rabbit

gadagan   forbidden, prohibited

gadam   step, movement

gadym   ancient

gadymy   antiquity

gadyr   fondness

gadyrly   dear one

gadyrsyz   unloved

gagal   stupid, foolish

gagºamak   to tremble

gagyldamak   to cackle, croak

gagyrmak   to spit

gagyrynmak   to spit out

gahar gelmek   to get angry

gahar getirmek   to anger

gahar   rage, fury

gahar-gazap   rage, fury

gaharjan   furious, angry

gaharjandyrmak   to make angry

gaharly   furious, mean-spirited

gahryman   hero (fearless person)

gahrymanylyk   heroism

gahrymanlara   heroic

gakylyk   phlegm, phlegmy

gala   fortress

galadaw   indefatiguable, energetic

galagoply   disturbing

galak   left-over, left-behind : galak okuwy = a pupil who isn't making progress

galak-galak   leftovers, clippings

galaktika   r. galactic

galam   1. pencil 2. spoon (Yomud)

galamdan   pencil-case

galapyn   most of the time : Galapyn sen gije galyp gelØŠrsi– = You come late most of the time

galat   untruthful : Siz galat aØdØarsy–yz! = You're lying!

galaØy   tin

galaØylamak   to solder

galdyramak   to tremble

galdyrnak   1. to raise : Eli–i galdyry–! = Raise your hand! 2. [a:] to leave (something) : Kataplary–izi šØde galdyry– = Leave your books at home

galgamak   to flutter

galkynys   revival

galla   grain, bread

galmagal   noise, racket

galmagally   noisy

galmak   1. to raise, be lifted 2. [a:] to stay, remain 3. [a:] used to form modal verbs, keep Éing : Ol Øatyr galdy = He kept (remained) sleeping

gal–amak   to thicken, become dense : Gar kem-kemden gal–aØar = The snow gradually thickened

galoº   r. galoshes

galp   fake, counterfeit

galpak   a baby's first hair : galpak toØy = a party celebrating a child's first haircut

galplaºdyrmak   to falsify

galpyldy   tremors

galstuk   r. necktie

galtak   wheelbarrow

galtaman   bandit

galtaºdyrmak   to be right against : ºkafy divara galtaºdyryp goØdyk = We put the wardrobe against the wall

galtga   float

galyberse-de   and with that...

galyn   bride price

galyndy   remaining, remainder: On iki dšrde galyndysyz bšlŸnØŠr = Twelve goes into four without a remainder

galy–   thick

galy–lyk   thickness

gam cekmek   to mourn

gamak   a kind of plant

gamaºmak   1. to be dazed, overwhelmed 2. to be disgusted

gamaºyk   hazy, cloudy, dull

gamy   whip

gamylamak   to whip

gamgyn   sad

gamlaºdyrmak   to pack, stuff

gamly   sad

gamyº   reed : Gamyºy gowºak tutsa–, elinni gyØar = Hold the reed lightly, it might cut your hand

gan   blood

gana   plenty : Gana syw i! = Drink plenty of water!

ganagy   adj. bleeding

ganar   sack (for cut straw, etc.)

ganat   wing

ganatlandyrmak   to inspire (lit. to add wings)

ganaw   ditch

gandym   a kind of plant

gandyrmak   to fill, satisfy, slake, relieve

ganhor   murderer, monstrous person

ganjarmak   to bleed

ganjyga   saddle straps

ganjyk   bitch

ganly   bloody

ganmak   to fill (something with a liquid)

gansyz   bloodless

gant   sugar

gantly   sugary

ganybir   one blooded : Ol meni– ganybir doganym = He's my blood brother.

ganymat   not bad

ganymatlaºmak   to get better

ga––a   mule saddle

ga–rak   hook

ga–rylamak   to bend, make hooked

ga–ºyrawuk   anat. nasopharynx

ga–yrak   hook (for clothing)

ga–yrmak   to bend

gap   1. box, package 2. vessel : naxar iØilØŠn gap = kitchenware 3. grammatical intesifier: gap-gara–ky = really dark

gapak   cover

gapan   1. trap 2. scale (for weighing)

gapdal   side : Gapy jaØy– demirgazyk gapdalyda = The door is on the house's north side

gapdalky   adj. side : gapdalky gapy = side door

gapga   dishes, utensils

gapgarmak   to fill

gapjamak   to clamp

gapjawa   clamp

gaplamak   to cover, bury

gapla–   tiger

gapma-garºy   contradictory : Ol ma–a gapma-garºy dyrdy = He contradicted me

gapmak   to catch

gapy   door

gapyl   ignorant, ill-informed

gapyrga   rib

gapyrjak   box

gar   snow

gara   black

gara-šrt bolmak   to char

garabasma   nightmare

garaorba   Turkmen meat soup

garagol   disorderly

garaguº   epilepsy

garahassalyk   typhys

garaj   r. garage

garak   eye : NŠme, seni– garagy– Øokmy? = What, you don't have eyes to see?

garaky   bandit : de–iz garaylary = pirates

garakšl   baby sheep's pelt (used to make Turkmen telpeks)

garalama   draft, rough copy

garalamak   1. to blacken : Ol gaºy–y garalaØar = She's darkening her eyebrows 2. to dye 3. to shame, sully

garalawy   public prosecutor, investigating magistrate

garalmak   1. to become dark 2. to burn : DŸn men gŸne gataldym = I got a sunburn yesterday 3. to consider

garaltmak   to make black

garaly   plum, plum tree : garaly mŸrepbesi = plum jam

garalyºmak   to wait for someone

garamak   1. v. to overlook 2. v. to consider 3. n. direction, auspices

garamandalak   thistle

garamat   responsibility

garamaØak   common people (???)

garamazdan   despite

garamyk   1. chicken pox 2. a kind of plant

garanjaklamak   to look around

garantja   scarecrow

gara–ky   1. dark, unlit 2. darkness : Gara–kydan gorkØary–my? = Are you afraid of the dark?

gara–kylyk   darkness

gara–kyramak   to darken

garasšØmez   reserved, unsociable

garasuw   glaucoma

garaºdyrmak   to make someone wait awhile

garaºly bolmak   to depend on

garaºly   dependent

garaºlylyk   dependence

garaºmak   to wait

garaºsyz   independent

garaºsyzlyk   independence: syØasy we ykdysady garaºsyzlyk = political and economic independence

garaºyk   attention, notice

garawul durmak   to stand guard

garawul   guard

garaØag   tar

garaØagyz   dark complexioned

garaØyº   1. attitude, opinion 2. look, glance

garaz   in general, to put it shortly : Garaz sen razy dŠl-dŠ = To put it shortyly, you don't agree

garbak-gurbak etmek   to bite, eat some

garbamak   to suffice

garbanmak   to bite, eat some

garygaØ   fellow

gardaº   brother

garderob   r. wardrobe

garga   crow, raven

gargy   reed, rush

gargyº   damnation

garjaºmak   to get mixed up, confused

garjaºyk   hoarse

gark bilmak   to drown

garlawa   swallow (bird)

garly   snowy

garma-gŸrmelik   chaos, confusion

garmak    to mix with, shuffle

garmon   r. accordian

garnizon   r. garrison

garnuw   dash, pinch (in cooking)

garnym   ditch

garpyºmak   to be coupled with, to clamp on to

garpyz   watermelon : Ker garpuz iØ! = Eat a piece of watermelon!

garramak   to age

garraºmak   to get a little older

garratmak   to make old : Agyr zŠhmet ony garradyrdyr = Hard work aged him

garry   1. old, aged 2. old person

garrygyz   Old Girl (a variety of melon)

garrylyk   age, old age

garsamak   to put

garsylyk   obstacle

garºy   1. against, adjoining 2. to meet, greet : Olary– garºysyndan babam ykdy = My grandfather went to meet them 3. constantly : Ol okuwa garºy gijŠ galyp gelmek = He always comes late to study

garºy cykmak   to disagree, object

garºydaº   adversary

garºyldamak   to greet, meet

garºylyk gšrkezme   protest

garºylyk gšrkezmek   to protest

garºylyk   obstacle, opposition

garta–   grown : Bu telpek seni garta– gšrkezØŠr = This hat makes you look older

gartaºmak   to grow old

garym-gatym   disorderly

garyn   stomach : Meni– garynym a = I'm hungry

garyndaº   relative

garyndaºsyramak   to be related

garyndy   dash, pinch (in cooking)

garynja   ant

garyp   poor : garyp adam = poor person

garyplyk   poverty

garyº   a unit of measurement equal to the width of a hand from the outside of the thumb to the outside of the little finger

garyºdyrmak   to mix, mix in

garyºmak   to be mixed

garyºyk   mixed

gassap   butcher

gastrol   r. tour (artistic)

gastronom   r. gourmet

gasyk   groin, pubis

gasyn   wrinkle

gaº 1   1. eyebrow 2. before : gaºynda durmak = to stand before

gaº 2   encrustations, inlayed stones

gaºamak   to scratch

gaºba-gaº   face to face (lit. brow to brow)

gaºlamak   to inlay, encrust

gat   layer, floor : iki gat jaØ = two-story house

gatakar   rapids

gatalkmak   to raise, strengthen : Ol sesi–i galtalkmali = He should raise his voice

gatamak   1. to harden 2. to grow stale

gatan   share, portion

gatbar-gatbar   many-floored

gatla   dam, dike

gatlak   layer

gatlakly   layered

gatlamak   to deposit, add a layer

gatmak   1. to add 2. to mix

gatnamak   to be going (on a regular basis)

gatnaºmak   to participate in, attend : Men lektsiØalara gatnaºdym = I attended the lectures

gatnaºyjy   participant

gatnaºyk   relation: dostlukly gatnaºyk = friendly relations

gatnaw   1. movement, traffic : HŠzir ºaheri– kšelerinde gatnaw uly = There's a lot of movent on the streets today 2. communication, route

gatnawy   route

gaty    I. 1. hard, strong 2. stale : gaty šrek = stale bread 3. loud II. 1. very, extremely, a lot : Ol gaty gordy = He was very afraid 2. well-done : gaty biºirilen Øumurtga = hard-boiled egg

gatyk   soft milk product like yoghurt

gatylyk   hardness

gatyr   mule

gatyrganmak   to anger

gatyºyk   various

gawun   melon

gaØ   storm

gaØa   crag, cliff

gaØamak   to embroider

gaØcy   scissors

gaØylamak   to cut with scissors

gaØduwsyz   intrepid, fearless

gaØdym derejesi   gram. passive voice

gaØdyp   forward, beyond

gaØdyºyn   return, way back : GaØdyºyn size degip geepin = I'll stop by on the way back

gaØgy etmek   to worry

gaØgy   worry, sadness

gaØgyly   sad, worrisome

gaØgyrmak   to pity, feel sorry for

gaØky   strutting, with one's chest puffed out

gaØma   embroidery

gaØmak   1. cream 2. [a:] to soar

gaØmakly   creamy

gaØmalamak   1. to sew 2. [a:] to whirl, spin around : ‚agajik enesini– daºynda gaØmalap Øšrdi = The child whirled around its mother

gaØmalaºmak   [a:] to hurry about, bustle, make a fuss

gaØnag   boiled : Men di–e gaØnag suw imeli = I must drink only boiled water

gaØnamak   to boil

gaØnatmak   to boil (something) : Sen suw gaØnatØa–my? = Are you boiling water?

gaØra   north-east

gaØragolulmasyz   urgent

gaØralmak   1. to worsen 2. to move backward

gaØramak   to hone, sharpen

gaØrat   strength, hutzpah

gaØratlanmak   to buck up, get gutsy

gaØry   different

gaغarmak   to sag, cave in

gaغartmak   to bend, bend back, indent

gaØta   1. time(s) : Kitaby birnŠe gaØta okadym = I read the book a few times 2. just the opposite : Ùagyº di–mŠn, gaØta gŸØlenØŠrdi = The snow didn't slacken – just the opposite – it got stronger

gaØtalanmak   to be repeated

gaØtalaºdyrmak   to review, repeat several times : …Ø iºleri–izi gaØtalaºdyry– = Review your homework

gaØtalmak   to repeat

gaØtandan   anew, again : GaØtadan geli–! = Come again!

gaØtargy   change (money)

gaØtarma   1. negative command or gerrund form of gaØtarmak 2. A young wife who returns to her family for a short time after a month of marriage

gaØtarmak   to give back, return

gaØtawul   rebuff, repulse : Duºmana gaØtawul berdik = We repulsed the enemy

gaØybana   externally, by correspondence

gaØyk   boat

gaØym   firm, tough : gaØym aga = solid wood

gaØyn   in-law, in-laws : gaØyn ata = father-in-law

gaØyº   leather

gaØzykmak   to become weather-beaten, chapped

gaz   gas

gaz   [a:] goose

Gazak   Kazahk

gazan   big palow pan

gazan   earnings

gazana   [a:] pot

gazanly   profitable

gazanmak   to earn

gazap   anger

gazaplandyrmak   to make angry

gazaplanmak   to get angry

gazaply   angry

gazet   r. newspaper

gazganak   pothole : Ùol durºuna gazganak = The road is full of potholes

gazly   carbonated, gassy : gazly suw = carbonated water

gazmak   to dig

gazyk   peg

geelge   passage

geginli   popular, sought-after

gei   goat : Gei ØŸwrŸp, keØik bolmaz = A very fast goat won't be a gazelle : GeŠ jan gaØgy, gassaba – Øag : The goat loves life, the butcher loves fat

geiriji   conductor

geirimli   merciful, charitable

geirmek   1. to conduct, run, control 2. to translate : Turkmendiline geiri–! = Translate to Turkmen! 3. to reschedule, set a new time

geis   transition

gemek   1. to pass 2. to begin, start : TŠze tema geØŠris = We're starting a new theme 3. to pardon, forgive 4. used as a helping verb like the English "through" : deºip gemek = to pierce through : okap gemek = to read through

gemiº   the past : yzak gemiº = the distant past

gedam   proud, arrogant

gedaØ   1. poor 2. beggar, poor person

gedaØlaºmak   to impoverish

gedemlik   arrogance

gegemoniØa   r. hegemony

gektar   r. hectacre

gele–sizlik   carelessness

gelin   1. young girl 2. sister-in-law, bride

gelinalyjy   wedding caravan

gelinbarmak   grapes (specifically, Lady's Finger, a long a sweet variety of grape)

gelingyz   young bride, girl

gelip ykmak   to originate

gelip ykyº   origin

geliºmek   to go with, suit : Bu kšØnek sa–a geliºmeØŠr = That dress doesn't suit you

geljek   future : Bagtly geljek hakynda arzuw etØŠrin = I wish for a happy future : geljek Øyl = next year

gelmek   1. to come, arrive 2. to bear, carry 3. sometimes used as a modal verb with the -yp/-ip gerrund form : alyp gelmek = to bring : uup gelmek = to fly in 4. used to describe wants and desires : Ùatasym gelØŠr = I want to sleep : Ony– alasy– gelØŠr = She wants to cry

gelnalyjy   wedding procession

gelneje   bride

gelºik   beauty

gelºikli   beautiful

gelºiksiz   disadvantageous, hideous : Bu gelºiksiz iº = This is thankless work

gelºiksizlik   disadvantage

gelºin   the opposite way

gemirek   cartilidge

gemirmek   to gnaw, nibble

gemiºek   foreigner

gemrijiler   rodents

general   r. general (military)

genial   r. brilliant, eminent

geniØ   r. genius

ge–   strange, surprising, weird

ge–eº   advice

ge–eºmek   to advise

ge–irgendirmek   to surprise, startle

ge–irgenmek   to be surprised, startled

ge–lemek   to seem strange

geograf   r. geographer

geografiØa   r. geography

geologiØa   r. geology

geometriØa   r. geometry

gep   talk, conversation, parlance : dogry gep = honest words, straight talk

gep-gŸrrŸ–   conversation, talk

gepi   busy-body, gossip

geplemek   to speak

geplemek   to speak

geplemezlik   silence

geplemºek   talky, conversational

gepleºik   1. negotiations 2. spoken, negotiated

gepleºikler   negotiation(s)

gepleºmek   1. to converse, talk

gepletmek   to allow to speak : Ol meni gepletdi = He allowed me to speak

gerb   emblem

gerbariØ   r. barbarism

gerbli   stamped, official

gerden   shoulder(s)

geregie   so much, as much as is needed

gerek   necessary, needed : Sa–a nŠme gerek? = What do you need? (lit. What is needed to you?)

gereklemek   to want

gerekli   necessary, needed : Ùany– bilen i– gerekli zatlary–y aldy = He took the most necessary things

gereksiz   unnecessary

gerim   1. in a big way, in a grand style 2. great strides

gerinmek   to sip

geriº   back, spine

gerk-gŠbe   enough, a lot of

germek   to put up, set up

germemek   to obstruct

germew   obstruction

gero   r. hero

getirmek   to fetch, bring : Bu sa–a zyØan getirjek = That will bring you harm

geØdirmek   to dress (somebody) : Ol gyzy–a tŠze kšØnek geØdirdi = She put a new dress on her daughter

geØim   clothes

geØim-eºik   clothes

geØim-gejim   clothes

geØindirmek   to dress (somebody)

geØmek   to dress (oneself)

geØnŸwli   well-dressed

gezdirmek   to take for a walk : Murat, iti gezdir! = Murat, take the dog for a walk!

gezegine   in turns, by turns

gezek   1. time (as in "3 times") : GŸrrŸmisŸ–i indiki gezege goØarys = We're putting of talking until the next time 2. turn, move

gezek-gezigine   in turns, by turns

gezekleºmek   to alternate

gezelen etmek   to go for a walk, stroll

gezelen   stroll

gezemek   to aim

gezende   stroll

gezer   jog, trot

gezim   stroll

gezmek   1. to stroll 2. to wander : Kšp Øurtlary gezdik = We wandered around a lot of countries

gezmelemek   to pass

gŠdik   breach, fracture

gŠgirmek   to belch, burp

gŠmi   ship

gŠp   scarecrow

gŠtmek   to break off, chop off

gŠz   dirt

gŠzlemek   to get dirty

gibrid   r. hybrid

gi   late : Ol sapagi–a gije geldi = He came late to class : Gi Øagºy! = Good evening!

giki   late

gilemek   to come late

gilik   evening

gidiºin   going, one way

gidiºin-gaØdyºyn   round trip

gidiºini   passing, incidental

giew   son-in-law, brother-in-law

gigiena   r. hygiene

gijara   before sunset

gije   night

gije-gŸndiz   day and night

gijeki   adj. night

giji   itch

gijikdirmek   to make too late, to delay

gijikmek   to be late : Sen iºe gijikØŠri– = You're late to work

gikilewik   annoyance, itch

gimn   r. hymn

gimnastika   r. gymnastics

gi–   1. wide, spacious 2. composed, easy-going (personality)

gi–elmek   to be widened

gi–iº   spacious, wide

gi–leme   expansion

gi–lemek   to expand

gi–lik   1. width, gauge 2. latitude (geographical)

gipdal   whirlpool

gipdeji   income, revenue

gipdenek   tubby person, frump

gips   r. plaster

girelge   entrance

girew   deposity, security deposit

giriº   introduction

giriºmek   to begin

giriºmek   to embark upon

girizmek   to let in, bring in

girmek   to enter : Ol ºŠhere girØŠr = He's coming into town

gitar   guitar : alty kiriºli gitar = six string guitar

gitdigie   gradually, little by little

gitmek   1. to go 2. used as a modal verb : Øykypyp gitmek = to collapse (lit. to go falling)

gizlemek   to be concealed, put away

gizlenmek   to conceal, put away

gizlenpeek   hide-and-seek

gizligin   secret

gizlin   secret, illegal, hidden

globys   r. globe

gobsynmak   to raise oneself, to stand up

go   1. ram 2. ram-like (a compliment) : go Øygit = a bold and daring young man

goduklamak   to wobble, stagger

goh   1. noise 2. scandal

goja   1. old, ancient 2. an old man

gojalyk   age

gojamak   to age (said of men)

gojaman   ancient

gol   1. hand, arm 2. signature 3. gulf

gol ekmek   to sign (to pull arm)

golak   handless, armless

golandirly   Dutch person

golasty   dependent, colonial

golaØ   next, near, about : Ol iki aØa golaØ dien Øaly dyn aldy : He rested about two months : Bizi– golaØymizdan kanal geØŠr = A canal passes close to here.

golaØda   1. not far 2. not long ago

golaØlamak   to approach

golaØlyk   closeness

golaØynda   at

gola   earthenware pot, pitcher

golur   offshoot

goldamak   to support, to aid

goldaw   support, aid

gollamak   to support

gollanmak   to be guided, to follow : InstruktsiØany gollanmady–! = You didn't follow instructions!

golsuz   1. armless, handless 2. unsigned

goltuk   armpit

golØazma   manuscript

gom   storm

gomparmak   to put on airs, become full of oneself

gompy   conceited, arrogant

gonamylyk   graveyard

gon   trouser-leg

gondyrmak   to land (a plane)

gonmak   to land : Kepderi tama gondy = The dove landed on the roof

go–ak   dandruff

go–ralmak   to turn brown

go–ºy   neighbor, neighboring

go–ºy-golan   neighbor

go–ur   brown

go–ursamak   to smell strongly (like burning rubber)

goparmak   to pull out, tear off

gopbamsy   arrogant, conceited

gopgun   noise, din, fracas

gopmak   to fall out, fall off

gopuz   mouth harp

gor   ferment, leaven

gorag   1. protection 2. fence

goragy   protector

goramak   to protect, defend

goranmak   to be protected

goraØyº   protection

goritsa   r. mustard

gorizontal   r. horizontal

gorka   timidity

gorkak   shy, timid

gorkaklyk   cowardice

gorkmak   to be afraid

gorkuly   1. frightening, dangerous 2. frightened

gorkun   1. frightening, dangerous 2. monster

gorkuzmak   to scare

gorky   fear, fright

gorp   ditch

gorsamak   to turn (a corner)

gorsanmak   to be unsettled

gorºok   r. pot, potty

gosgy   poem, poetic

gospital   r. hospital

goº   things, property, belongings

goº-gola–   property, belongings

goºa   two, a pair

goºant   contribution

goºar   wrist

goºawu   handful

goºma   compound

goºmaa   1. addition, appendage 2. appendix

goºmak   to add, add on, append : goºmak almaty = addition sign, plus

goºtorba   knapsack

goºulma   suffix, ending

goºulyjy   component

goºun   army

goºunylyk   military service

gotan   pelican

gotaz   tassel

gotur   1. pitted, pockmarked 2. mangy, scabby

gow   snake scales

gowa   waterskin

gowaa   cotton

gowak   cave

gowga   din, racket

gowgaly   troubled, disturbed

gowlamak   to make a bed

gowrak   more than

gowºak   weak

gowºamak   to weaken

gowºatmak   to make weak

gowºuramak   to convey, deliver

gowulandyrmak   to make better, improve

gowularmak   to get better

gowulaºmak   to make better

gowulyl   goodness, good

gowurma   preserved meat that was fried in fat- something like jerky or hard tack

gowurmak   to fry

gowuºmak   1. to give 2. to reach, make it to : Olar Aºgabada gowuºdylar = They reached Ashgabat

gowuz   not full

gowy   good, well

gowy gšrmek   to like, be fond of

gowylandyrmak   to improve

gowylyk   goodness

gowzalmak   to decrease, get rid of

goØalamk   to thicken

goØazy   serious

goØbermek   1. to let go 2. used as a modal verb to signify reflexive or involuntary actions : Ol muny aØdyp goØberdi = He let this slip from his toungue by accident, He said this

goØbolsun etmek   to repeal, abolish

goØŠ   as if, as though

goØmak   1. to put 2. to put forward, submit 3. used as a modal verb signifying a completed action : alyp goØmak = to make a purchase : edip goØmak = to get (something) done

goØry   dense, thick

goØulmak   to be placed, given

goØulyk   thickness, density

goØum   deposit, investment

goØun   sheep

goØy   dense, thick

goza   cotton boll

gozgala–   1. uprising 2. unease, disquiet : Ondan gozgala–a duºØŠrin = That makes me feel uneasy, that disturbs me

gozgala–y   rebel, mutineer

gozgamak   to move (something)

gozganmak   to move (oneself)

gšbek   belly-button

gš   1. move, turn (in chess or checkers) 2. nomadic camp

gšgŸnli   jumpy, excited

gšme   mobile, transitory

gšmek   to move, to go somewhere else : Gš-aØ! = C'mon, move! (Heard often in buses)

gšŸrmek   1. to move (something) 2. fig. to copy

gšdek   rude

gšgerin   wild dove

gšgermek   1. to grow, rise, come up 2. to become blue or green

gšjek   clay ball (used for slingshots)

gšk   1. blue 2. green 3. sky : Gškde eke-je bulut Øok = There's not a single cloud in the sky

gšk šnŸm   vegetable

gšl   central design, symbol in a Turkmen carpet

gšle   calf (young cow)

gšm-gšk   bluest, completely blue

gšmelteØ   directly, immediately

gšmmek   to fill in

gšmŸk   filled

gšn   leather

gšnelmek   to straighten out

gšnenilik   pleasure

gšnenmek   to get pleasure, benefit

gšni   straight, direct

gšnŸburluk   mat. right angle

gšnŸkdirmek   to direct

gšnŸkme   exercise (in a book)

gšnŸlmek   1, to go straight 2. to speak directly

gšnŸme   directions

gšnŸmek   to be directed

gšnŸmel   straightforward

gšr   grave, tomb

gšre   pupil (of the eye)

gšredeli   model, example

gšreº   wrestling

gšreºmek   to fight, wrestle

gšrŠ   1. by comparison : Ol sa–a gšrŠ daØawrak = By comparison to you, he's healthy 2. by, according to : seni– aØtmagy–a gšrŠ = by your words, according to your words

gšrgi   suffering, torture

gšrgŸli   unfortunate person

gšrgŸlik   torture : Bu nŠ gšrgŸlik! = What torture this is!

gšrip   envious

gšrk   beauty : Gšrk gšz bilen agyzda = Beauty is in the eyes and the mouth

gšrkana   1. nice 2. pretty, picturesque

gšrkezgi   indicator

gšrkeziji   index, exponent

gšrkezmek   to show

gšrksŸz   not pretty

gšrme-gšrŸº   visit

gšrmegoØ   nice

gšrmek   1. to see (in various senses: to meet, to understand, to figure out) 2. as a modal verb, implying attempt or dare Men dadyr gšrdim = I tried (dared) to taste it, I tasted it

gšrnetin   plain to see, obvious

gšrnŸkli   visible, eminent, attractive

gšrnŸº   1. look, appearance 2. form, shape 3. kind, type 4. view, scene 5. gram. aspect

gšrŸbilmezilik   jealousy

gšrŸnmek   to appear, to seem

gšrŸº   vision

gšrŸºmek   to meet, greet

gštergimek   1. to raise above 2. to extol

gštermek   to pick up

gštsbogma   whooping cough

gšwher   pearl

gšwnayk   open-hearted, artless

gšwnamek   1. to agree with, desire : Ol bizi– bilen gitmŠge gšbnŠnok = He doesn't want to go with us, He has not agreed to go with us

gšwnejaØ   with spirit

gšwnetmek   to persuade, talk into

gšwnŸne degilmek   to be offended

gšwnŸne degmek   to offend

gšwnŸne gotermek   to cheer up

gšwre   trunk, torso

gšwreli   pregnant

gšwrŸm   volume

gšwrŸmli   voluminous, sizable

gšwºŸl   dilapidated (used of clothing)

gšwŸn   soul, spirit

gšwŸnje–   desirous of, wanting to : Men gitmŠge gšwŸnje– dŠl = I don't want to go

gšwŸnly   spirited : kii gšwŸnly = mean-spirited

gšwŸnsiz   disinterested, not desirous

gšwŸs   breast

gšØduk   sickly, puny

gšz   1. eye 2. glance 3. vision 4. peephole

gšz š–Ÿnde tutmak   to aim

gšz Øaº   teardrop

gšz-gšrtele   obvious, patent

gšz-gulak bolmak   to watch over (lit, to be eyes and ears)

gšzbagy   hypnotizer

gšzbaº   spring, source

gšzbaºy   origin

gšzboØagylyk   deception

gšzdandy   blindman's bluff (game)

gšzeg   care

gšzel   pretty, nice

gšzellik   beauty

gšzenek   grating, lattice

gšzgyny   pathetic, pitiable

gšzleg   research

gšzlemek   to search, search for

gšzØ   as if

gšzØaº   teardrop

gradus   degree(s) (of temperature)

grafa   r. graph

grafik   r. draughtsman

grafim   r. decanter

grajjdan   r. citizen

gram   r. gram

grammatik   r. grammatical

grammatika   r. grammar

granat   r. grenade

grek hozy   walnut

grek   r. Greek

grim   r. make-up

grip   r. flu

gruppa   r. gruppa

gruzin   r. Georgian

gruzovik   r. truck

gubur   tomb

guda   son-in-law or daughter-in-law's father or mother

gudrat   miracle, marvel

guduz   1. mad, rabid 2. fig. mischeivous

gujak   1. embrace 2. armfull

gujaklamak   to embrace

gujaklaºmak   to embrace

gujur   force, energy

gujurly   energetic

gujursyz   weak

gulak asmak   to listen attentively

gulak   ear(s)

gulak salmak   to listen attentively

gulluk   service

gulluky   servant

gulmak   to pour

gulp   lock

gulpak   corn silk

gulplamak   to lock

gum   1. sand 2. desert

gum-gulluk   not a soul

gumak   sandy

guna   bud (of a flower)

gundag   swaddling clothes

gunduz   otter

gunuºmak   to whip up, inspire

gupba   traditional Turkmen girl's headpiece, made of metal and worn over a skullcap

guradylan   dried

guragyryly   rheunatism

gurak   arid

gural   instrument, tool : saz gurallary = musical instruments

gurama   organization

guramay   organizer

guramak   I. to organize II. [u:] to dry out

guranmak   to be put together

gurat   1. corrected, improved 2. fattened (of sheep)

guratlyk   improvement

gurbaga   frog

gurban   sacrifice : gurban baØram = festival of the sacrifice (major holiday whichcelebrates the covenant of Abraham)

gurbat   ability

gurbatly   able

guruk   worm

gurgun   healthy, well

gurjak   doll, toy : Gyzjagazlar gurjak oØnaØarlar = The little girls play with dolls

gurjurly   forceful

gurluº   construction

gurluºlyk   construction

gurluºyky   carpenter

gurmak   1. to build, create 2. to set : gapgan gurmak = to set a trap

gurp   ability

gurplanmak   to become strong, able

gurply   1. strong, able 2. well-off

gursak   breast

gurºaw   hoop

gurºawmak   to enclose, encircle

gurºun   lead (metal)

gurt   I. [u:] wolf II. [u:] worm, maggot III. ball of dried curds : Ol gurt bolup oturdy = He was curled up in a ball, huddled up

gurtlamak   to become wormy

gurultaØ   assembly, conference, convention, gathering

gurulyk   dryness

gurum   soot

guruºmak   to get numb : Meni– aØaklarym gurºupdyr = My legs fell asleep

gury   dry

gus-gury   absolutely dry, the driest

gusmak   to throw up, puke, vomit

gussa   sorrow

guº   bird

guºak   belt : Ol guºagy–y da–dy = He fastened his belt

guºaklyk   1. waist 2. geog. belt

guºamak   to tie with a belt

guºulyk   poultry

gutap   pastry, pie

gutarmak   1. to finish, to end 2. used as a modal verb to express completion : gazyp gutarmak = to finish digging, to dig out

gutarnykly   final, last

gutaryº   conclusion

gutlag   congratulations

gutlamak   to congratulate

gutly bolsun!   Happy ... ! : TŠze Øul gutly bolsun! = Happy New Year!

gutulgysyz   hopeless

gutulmak   to recover

guty   box

guwan   pride

guwanmak   to be proud of

guØgu   funnel

guØma   casting (metal)

guØmak   to pour, pour in

guØruk   tail

guØy   well, shaft

guzaØ   shady side

guzlamak   to calve (used of cows, cats, sheeps, and some other animals)

guzla––y   productive, fast-breeding

guzy   lamb

gŸberek   protruding, bulging, convex

gŸbermek   to swell up, inflate

gŸbŸrdemek   to thunder, roar

gŸe   moth

gŸje–lemek   to tantalize, tease

gŸjŸk   puppy

gŸl   1. flower 2. rose 3. ornament 4. cataract 5. curl, flourish

gŸlaby   a kind of melon

gŸldŸrmek   to make laugh

gŸlŠlek   red poppy

gŸlki   laughter : Meni– gŸlkim tutØar = This makes me laugh

gŸlkŸli   funny, humorous

gŸlkŸn   ridiculous, funny, humorous

gŸlle   blooming

gŸllemek   to bloom

gŸlmek   to laugh

gŸlŸmjiremek   to grin

gŸlŸºmek   to laugh (of large groups)

gŸlØaka   traditional Turkmen brooch inlayed with stones

gŸlzar   flower bed

gŸm bol!   Get out of here! Be gone!

gŸmana   doubtful, uncertain, hardly possible : Olu– geljegi-gelmejegi gŸmana = It's uncertain if he'll come or not

gŸmmez   cupola, dome

gŸmmŸrdemek   to thunder, roar

gŸmpŸldi   gunshot (sound of a)

gŸmrŸk   import/export duty, customs

gŸmrŸkhana   customs house

gŸmŸr-ØamŸr etmek   to have a little chat

gŸmŸr-yamyr   chit-chat

gŸmŸrtik   unconsidered, sloppy : gŸmŸrtik jogap = thoughtless answer

gŸn   1. sun 2. day: gŸneºli gŸn = sunny day

gŸn tertibi   agenda

gŸnasa   every other day

gŸnaºa   all day, in a day

gŸnbatar   west

gŸndelik   diary

gŸndiz   daytime

gŸndizine   daytime

gŸndizki   daily, daylight

gŸndogar   east, eastern

gŸne Øanmak   to get sunburnt

gŸnebakar   sunflower

gŸneº   sunshine

gŸneºlemek   to sunburn

gŸneºli   sunny : GŸneºli TŸrkmenistana hoº geldi–iz! = Welcome to sunny Turkmenistan!

gŸnŠ   fault, crime, sin : Onu– nŠme gŸnŠsi bar? = What has he done wrong?

gŸnŠkŠr   guilty one

gŸnŠkŠrlemek   to blame : Men ony hi zat Ÿin gŸnŠkŠrlŠmok = I don't blame him for anything

gŸnŠli   guilty

gŸnŠsiz   blameless, innocent

gŸnin   one day

gŸnorta   south, southern

gŸnortan   noon : Ol gŸnortan enli Øatdy = He slept until noon

gŸnortanlyk nahar   dinner, lunch

gŸnsaØyn   daily

gŸnŸ– dogmagy   sunrise

gŸnŸ– Øaºmagy   sunset

gŸnŸzin   all day : Men gŸnŸzin iºlemok = I have not worked all day

gŸ–   deaf

gŸplemek   to boast

gŸpŸrdemek   to stamp

gŸr   thick, dense   

gŸrlemek   to say, speak

gŸrma bolmak   to be captivated, fascinated

gŸrpŸldemek   to crash

gŸrpŸrdi   stamping, rumble

gŸrrŸldemek   to roar, thunder

gŸrrŸ–   talk, conversation, discussion

gŸrrŸ–deº   partner in conversation

gŸrrŸ–deºmek   to converse

gŸrrŸ–siz   1. wordless, unspoken 2. certain, sure

gŸrsŸldemek   to thump, beat

gŸrsŸldi   heartbeat

gŸrŸm-jŸrŸm bolmak   to vanish, disappear : Sen nirŠ gŸrŸm-jŸrŸm boldu–? = Where did you disappear to?

gŸw   swan

gŸwŠ   guarantee

gŸwwŸldemek   to buzz, hum

gŸØ   strength, power

gŸØlenmek   to strengthen

gŸØli   1. strong 2. capable

gŸØgŸ   ladel

gŸØjemek   to strengthen, intensify (of weather)

gŸØlmek   to tie up (specifically, to tie an animal's four legs together)

gŸØmemek   1. to entertain, amuse 2. to detain, distract, delay

gŸØmenje   amusing

gŸØmenmek   1. to be amused 2. to be detained

gŸØz   fall, autumn

gŸzap   torture

gŸzer   ford

gŸzeran   life, existence

gwardiØn   r. guard

gybat    gossip

gybatkeº   gossipper

gybatkeº   scandalmonger

gygyrmak   to gab, chatter, whistle, cry out

gygyryºmak   to shout back and forth

gyjak   Turkmen national musical instrument, vaguely resembling a violin

gyjalat   reproach

gyjyk   tickle : Gyjygym gelØer = It tickles me

gyjyklamak   to tickle

gyjynmak   to irritate

gyk-bak etmek   to shout, make a noise

gykylyk   noise, scream

gykylyklamak   to make noise

gyl   voice

gylaw   edge, blade

gylyk   tiny fishbones

gyldyrgan   splinter

gyllyk   spit

gylØal   horse

gyly   saber

gylyk   1. character 2. habit

gymmat   expensive

gymmatlamak   to raise a price, prices

gymmatly   expensive, valuable

gymyldamak   to budge, stir

gymyldamak   to stir

gymyldy   flutter, small movement : Øapraklary– gymyldysy = fluttering leaves

gyn   scabbard

gynamak   to distress, bring grief to

gynan   regret

gynanly   grieved, sorrowful

gynanmak   to regret

gynansamda   unfortunately

gy–a   shawl, big scarf

gy–ak   little slice, crust (of bread)

gy–yr   angry, malicious

gyp-gyzyl   reddest

gypjyndyrmak   1. to overstretch, strain 2. to frighten away

gypmak   to wink

gyr   I. steppe II. [y:] gray (of horses)

gyra   border, coast

gyrade–   the same, exactly

gyraky   extreme, outer

gyraw   frost

gyrgy   hawk, merlin

gyrgyn   mass death

gyrgynylyk   slaughter, carnage

gyrkmak   to slaughter, cut down

gyrkymy   slaughterer

gyrmak   I. to kill : A saklap gyrdarys = We're dying of hunger II. to wear down, grate, rub off

gyrmalamak   to fill (to the rim)

gyrmana   silt, gratings

gyrmyzy   red, pink

gyrty   to clear off, clear up

gyrylmak   I. to kill II. to be straining, bursting

gyrymsy   stunted

gyryndy   shavings

gyryz   Kirghiz

gysa   vice (mechanical gripping device)

gysby   tight

gysga   short

gysgaa   briefly

gysgaltmak   to shorten

gysgan   1. miser 2. greedy, miserly

gysgy   princers, tongs

gysmak   to grip, press

gysmyljyramak   to press up against

gyssag   urgently

gyssagara   haste, hurry

gyssagly   urgent, hurried

gyssamak   to hurry

gysym   handful, clutch

gysymlamak   to grab

gysyr   barren

gyº   winter

gyºarmak   1. to lean, slant 2. to diverge

gyºarnyksyz   unswerving, steadfast

gyºartmak   to bend, distort

gyºlag   wintering

gyºyk   curve

gyºyna   wintertime

gyt   rare

gytalmak   to be in short supply : ºu gŸnler bazarda kŠºir gytalypdyr = These days carrots are scarce at the bazaar

gyØa   oblique, slanting

gyØak   splinter, shard

gyØk   sheep dung

gyØkundy   rags, scraps

gyØmak   to cut

gyz   [y:] 1. girl 2. daughter

gyzamyk   cerebral cortex

gyzarmak   to redden

gyzdyrmak   1. to heat : GŸn Øeri gyzdyrØar = The sun heats the land 2. to intensify 3. to have a temperature

gyzgala–ly   intense

gyzgyn   1. hot 2. intense 3. temperature : Meni– gyzgynym bar = I have a temperature

gyzgynlyk   intensity, heat

gyzma   hot-tempered

gyzmak   1. to heat 2. to be fascinated with

gyzmalyk   heat

gyzykdyrmak   to be interesting to : Ony sport gyzykdyrØardy = Sports were interesting to him

gyzyklandyrmak   to interest

gyzyklanmak   to be interested

gyzykly   interesting

gyzykmak   to be fervoured, impassioned

gyzyksiz   boring

gyzyl   I. red II. gold

gyzylšdek   anat. esophagus, gullet

gyzyºmak   to warm, heat

gyzzyrma   malaria

H

habar   1. news 2. mark, note, item 3. knowledge 4. gram. predicate

habar etmek   to inform

habar tutmak   to get news

habary   correspondent

habardar   notification, advice

habarlaºmak   to exchange news, get news

habarly   expert, versed

habarlyk   gram. predicate

ha   cross

haan   when

hadys   prophecy

hadysa   1. event, occurence 2. phenomenon

hahahaØlamak   to roar with laughter

hajat   need, want

hajathana   toilet

ha££uk   lizard

hak   I. correct, right II. 1. right, privilege 2. fee, wages 3. lot, fate

hak-hukuk   right, privilege

haklaºmak   to get even with, settle accounts

hakly bolmak   to be entitled to

hakyda   memory, rememberance

hakykan   reality

hakykat   1. truth 2. reality

hakykatdan   really, in truth

hakyky   genuine

hakynda   about

hal   I. 1. health 2. strength, force, power, might 3. dialect II. birthmark, mole

hal-ahwal   health, situation, need

halal   just, righteous, pure, godly

halamak   to like

halas bolmak   to take refuge

halas   free

halaºmak   to like (one another)

halat   time, season

halk   1. people, nation 2. people's, popular, folk 3. crowd, mob

halk   citizens, people

halka   1. loop 2. ring 3. environment, circle, company

halkara   international

halkylyk   nationality

halkyØet   nationality

halta   sack

halwa   helva, a Turkish dessert

haly   carpet

halyy   carpet maker

halypa   teacher, master

halys   totally

ham   animal skin

hamala   as it were, as if, as though

hammam   bath-house

hamyr   dough

hamyrmaØa   leavening, fermented dough

hamyrturºy   leavening, fermented dough

hamyt   collar, harness

hamytlamak   to collar, harness

han   ruler

hanha   there, over there

hantama   expectation

hantamaylyk   expectation

hany   I. where? II. well now, then

ha–latmat   to open, open wide

hapa   I. 1. dirt, mud 2. trash II. indecent, obscene

hapalamak   to dirty

hapalanmak   to get dirty

hapalyk   destruction

haplamak   to pour over, to scald

hapysa   slovenly, careless

haraba   ruins

harajat etmek   to spend, expend, use up

harakteristika   r. characteristic

haram   prohibited, forbidden

haramzada   rascal, imp

harap   spoiled, broken, depraved

haraplamak   to spoil, to break down

harasat   hurricane

haraØ   help, aid

haraz   mill

harby   military, war

harby ØagdaØ   martial law

harbylaºdyrmak   to militarize

har   expense, expenditure

harlamak   to spend, expend, waste

harlamak   to waste

harlamak   to neglect, disdain

harma-harp   literal, verbal

harman   flour

harp   alphabet letter

harplyk   alphabet book, kindergarten primer

harpyk   chaff

hars : hars urmak   to develop, make, evolve

harsal   coarse, crude, gross, rough

harsallyk   roughness

haryt   good, commodity

harytlar   products, goods

has   I. very II. peculiar, specific, characteristic

hasa   1. [has‡] staff, stick 2. [h‡sa] gauze

hasabat   account of, report

hasamak   to tally up

hasap   1. account, count, tally 2. inventory, calculation 3. arithmetic, mathematics

hasap bermek   to give an account

hasap etmek   to take into account, calculate

hasapy   accountant

hasaplamak   1. to count in, consider 2. to calculate, compute 3. to rate, value, estimate

hasaplanmak   to be regarded, considered, taken into account

hasaplaºmak   to get even with, to settle accounts

hasrat   grief, distress, trouble, disaster, misfortune

hassa   sick, ill

hassalamak   to be ill

hassalyk   illness, disease, sickness

hasyl   harvest

hasylly   1. fruitful 2. fertile

hasyr-husur   quickly, soon

haºal   weed

haºam   adornment, decoration

haºamlamak   to adorn, decorate

hat   1. letter 2. writing 3. note, slip, letter, memo 4. handwriting 5. document

hat-habar   news

hat-sowat   reading and writing

hatar durmak   to stand in order, stand in file

hatar   I 1. row, line, file 2. order, array 3. in line II. danger, risk

hatarlamak   to be in order

hatarly   dangerous

hatda   even

hatyra   respect, esteem

hatyrdamak   to crunch

hatyrjem   relaxed, sure, certain, calm

hawa   yes

haØ-kŸº etmek   1. to calm, soothe, reassure 2. to censure

haØa   embarassment, confusion

haØal   slow, slowly

haØal-Øagallyk etmek   to delay, linger, hesitate

haØallamak   1. to weaken, slacken 2. to deteriorate

haØallatmak   to slow down, reduce, delay

haØallyk   slowness

haØasyz   shameless, indecent

haØat   fence, wall

haØbat   threat, menace

haØdamak   to do quickly, to rush

haØdatmak   to drive, urge, hurry up

haØkylyk   cry, outcry, shout

haØkyrmak   to cry out, shout, scream

haØp   used like the English "Unfortunately...", or "It's a shame..."

haØran galmak   to admire

haØran   suprise, astonishment

haØsy   which

haØwan   animal

haØwanat   adj. animal

haØwanat bagy   zoo

haØØar   clamorous, scandalous

haØØarlyk   scandal

haØykmak   to be afraid of

haØyn   traitor

haØynlyk   treason

haØyr   1. benefit, use 2. profit, gain 3. assistance, aid, help

haØyrlanmak   to make use of, take advantage of

haØyrly   1. beneficial, helpful

haØyº etmek   to request, ask for

haØyº   request

hazlamak   to howl

hazyna   1. treasury 2. treasure

heder   fear, risk, peril

hek   1. lime 2. chalk

hekaØa   story

hekaØat   1. story 2. even, occurence

hekgermek   1. to let in 2. to be provoked, be vexed

heklemek   to bleach, whitewash

heleØ   woman, wife

helŠk bolmak   to perish

helŠkilik   1. catastrophe 2. torment, suffering

helŠklemek   to torment, torture, vex, worry

hellewlemek   to loom

hem   too, also

hemaØat etmek   to provide help

hemaØat   help, aid

hemiºe   1. always 2. earlier, former, first, before

hemiºelik   permanent

hemme   all, every

hemmetaraplaØyn   comprehensive

hemra   1. fellow traveller 2. life-long companion

heniz   until now, yet, still

he–   I. tune, melody II. mold

he–kirmek   to cry out, shout, scream

he–lemek   to get moldy

hepbik   snare, noose

hepde   week

hepdeleØin   week-long

hepdelik   1. weekly 2. per week

her   every, all

hereket etmek   to move

hereket   movement

herketlendirmek   to move

hernŠ   1. as it were 2. sometimes 3. always

herrelmek   to cry out angrily

hersi   every

heºelle kakmak   to exult

het   1. limit, boundary, border 2. boldness, courage

hetdenaºa   excessive

heØ   I. "really?" , "is that possible?" II. "hey!"

heØgenek   scrambled eggs

heØkel   statue

hezel etmek   to enjoy

hezel   pleasure

hezil   interesting, captivating, pleasing

hezillik   amusement, entertainment, pleasure

hezzet   hospitality

hezzet-hormat   respect, esteem

hezzetlemek   to show, provide hospitality

hŠ   oh, oh yes

hŠkim   mayor

hŠkimiØet   authority, power, rule, regime

hŠli   1. long ago 2. not long ago 3. still, yet, for now

hŠli-ºindi   endlessly, without conclusion

hŠsiØet   1. character 2. property

hŠsiØetlendirmek   to characterize, mark

hŠzir   1. now, at present 2. ready, prepared

hŠzirki   modern, contemporary, present

hŠzirki zaman   gram. present tense

hŠzirlemek   to prepare

hŠzirlike   for the time being, meanwhile

hi   nothing

hikirdemek   to snicker, giggle

hikirdi   giggle, snicker

hil   quality, style

hile   1. cunning, craftiness

hilegŠr   cunning fellow, dodger

hilegŠrlik   craftiness, cunning

hili-bir hili   1. homogeneous 2. somwhat

himiki   r. chemical

himiØa   r. chemistry

hin   hole, burrow

hi––ildik   swing

hi––ilik   swing

hirurg   r. surgeon

hirurgik   r. surgery

hiØ   I. "really?" , "is that possible?" II. "hey!"

hojalyk   ownership

hojalyky   housekeeper

hojaØyn   host, master

hokga   craftiness, cunning

hokkeØ   r. hockey

hokurdamak   1. to gurgle 2. to crunch

hol   as such, like that

holha   there, over there

holodilnik   r. refrigerator

honha   there, over there

ho–karmak   to gape

ho–uldamak   to grumble, growl

hopba bolmak   to climb

hopmak   to fall in, fall off

hopukmak   1. to gasp, choke 2. to be frightened, scared of

hopurdatmak   to drink

hor ekmek   to snore

hor   I. 1. thin, scrawny, lean, skinny 2. poor II. snore, snore III. r. chorus, choir

horaz   cock

horkuldamak   1. to sob 2. to grunt

horlamak   I. to snore, snort II. 1. to exhaust, use up 2. to torment

horlanmak   1. to grow thin 2. to organize

horluk ekmek   to suffer

horluk   pain, torment, suffering

horlyk ekmek   to suffer

hormat   honor, esteem, respect

hormatlamak   to esteem, honor, respect

hormatly   honored, esteemed

hortum   trunk

hossar   1. patron, guardian 2. trustee

hossarlyk   1. trusteeship 2. relationship

hossarlyk etmek   to patronize, protect

hoº   I. well, good, okay II. just, favorable III. bye

hoºa   bunch, cluster

hoºal   satisfactory

hoºallyk   satisfaction

hoºamaØ   pleasant, affable

hoºamaØlyk   pleasantness

hoºbagt   happy, fortunate, lucky

hoºboØ   aromatic, fragrant

hoºlaºmak   to take leave of, say goodbye

hoºloºyk   parting

hoºniØetli   benevolent

hoºwagt   joyful, merry

howa ºary   balloon

howa   weather, air

howala   airs

howandar   1. relative, relation 2. patron, protector

howandarlyk   1. relationship 2. patronage

howatyr   fear, apprehension, anxiety

howaØy   empty, void, vain, idle

howda   pond

howlukdyrmak   to hurry (someone) up

howlukmak   to hurry up

howly   yard

howlykmak   to rush, hurry

howp   danger

howpsuzlyk   security

howsala   alarm, warning, alert

howsalaly   alarming, disturbing

howtyrlanmak   to fear, beware of

howul-hara   1. hasty, hurried 2. careless, negligent

howur   heat, fever, ardour

howuz   pond, pool

hoz   nut

hozanaklamak   to turn, revolve

hšjet   obstinate, stubborn

hšjetlik   stubborness

hšdŸr   1. entertainment, food, drinks 2. offer, proposal, suggestion

hšdŸr etmek   to treat

hšdŸrlemek   1. to treat, entertain 2. to offer, propose, suggest

hškman   imperative, necessary, mandatory

hškmany   necessity

hškmany   obligatory, compulsory

hškmŸnde   as

hškŸm   1. order, command 2. sentence, verdict

hškŸm sŸrmek   to reign

hškŸm sŸrmeklik   reign

hškŸmet    government

hšre-kšºe   caress, affection

hšre-kšºe etmek   to calm, soothe, reassure

hšrezek   scarlet fever

hštde gelmek   to inquire, consult

hšwes   1. desire (for) 2. interest, zeal

hšwesje–   willingly, gladly, with pleasure

hšwesje–ler   amateurs

hšweslendirmek   1. to encourage 2. to arouse interest in

hšweslenmek   to become interested in

hšwŸrtge   nest

hšwŸrtgelemek   to next

hšzir   pleasure

hronika   r. chronicle

hrustal   r. crystal

hudaØ   God, Allah

hudaØa okunma   prayer

hudo£nik   r. artist

hukuk bermek   to entitle

hukuk   right, perogative

hupbat   pain, suffering

hurma   date

hususan   particular, peculiar

hususy   private

husyt   greedy, avaracious

husytlyk   greed

huº   memory

hut   I. just, very, exact, particular II. personal

hutma-hut   drawn (game)

huwwalamak   to lull

hŸjŸm   raid, attack

hŸ££ermek   to lull

hŸmer   crowd, concourse

hŸmŸrdemek   to murmur, mutter

hŸnŠr   trade, craft, occupation

hŸnŠrment   craftsman, artist

hŸnŠrmentilik   crafted, handmade

hŸnji   beads

hŸ–Ÿrdemek   to grumble, growl

hŸ–Ÿrdi   grumbling, growl

hŸºgŠr   vigilant, watchful, alert

hŸºgŠrlik   alertness

hŸwdi   lullaby

hŸwdŸlemek   to lull

hŸwi   zool. eagle owl

hŸØt-gara–ky   total darkness

hyjuw   passion

hy££yldamak   to rattle, speak hoarsely

hyklamak   to groan, moan

hykyrdamak   to chuckle, giggle

hykyrdy   laugh, chuckle, giggle

hyllalla   difficulty, trouble, embarassment

hy–ranmak   to growl

hyrawa   wild

hyrdar   hunter, lover of the wild

hyrra   quickly, soon

hyrsy–y diºlemek   to be annoyed, vexed

hyrsyz   evil, malicious, spiteful, angry

hyrsyzlanmak   to be angry, feel angry

hyru   passion

hyryn-dykyn   full, complete, absolute

hyssyldamak   to puff, pant, sweat

hysyrdamak   to endeavor, strive

hysyrdy   troubles, cares / businesses, commissions

hyºy-wuºy   rumoured

hytyrdamak   to crack, crunch

hyØal   1. intention, design, purpose 2. dream, daydream

hyØallanmak   to intend

hyØally   imaginary, supposed

hyØanat etmek   to do evil, harm

hyØanat   evil, harm, malice

hyØanaty   tresspassor

hyØanatylyk   tresspassing

hyØar   cucumber

hyzlamak   to buzz, hum

hyzmat   1. service 2. merit 3. employment, duty

hyzmat daºlyk   coopertation, collaboration

hyzmat etmek   to serve, host

hyzmat   service

hyzmatdaº   partner

hyzmatkŠr   servant

I

ibermek   to send

i   inside, intestine

iagyry   diarrhea

ialy   spy, traitor

iege   intestine

ieri   inside, within, inner region

ierik   insides

ierki   insides

igeme   diarrhea

igi   alcoholic drink

igin   very well

iigara   envious, evil (adj.)

iigaralyk   envy, evil

iinde   inside

iinden   from inside

iirgi   beverage host

iirgilemek   to saddle

iirmek   to cause to drink

iki   adj. inside

iki-geØim   undergarments

ilekli   baked meat pie

ilik   baked meat pie

iliklik   female underwear

imek   I. to drink II. man's sheepskin coat

iØan   scorpion

ideal   r. ideal

idediji   watchful

ideg   1. tending, care 2. surveillance

ideg-sorag   1. search 2. investigative, watchful

ideklemek   to hold in hand, rein in

idemek   1. to search for 2. to inform about

ideologik   r. ideological

ideologiØa   r. ideology

idetmek   to grow

ideØa   r. idea

idili   good, true

idioma   r. idiom

idiomatik   r. idiomatic

idirdetmek   to drive, force forward, to shovel

igde   bot. igde

ige   file (tool)

igelemek   to file

igen   grumbling

igenje–   grumbling, quarrelsome

igenje–lik   grumbling, quarrelsome

igenmek   to grumble, be quarrelsome

iglemek   1. to lose weght 2. to rust

igli   thin, skinny

ik   spindle

ikatŠk   cuckoo

iki   two

iki-Øeke   rarely

ikibir   in pairs, by pairs

ikiŠk   eye to eye

ikigšwŸnli   undecided, undetermined

ikilen   second time, again

ikilik   the number two, a "D" grade

ikindi   early evening

ikindin   late afternoon

ikinji derejeli   secondary

ikinji   second

ikinjilik   second place

ikirjinlemek   to think upon, mull over

ikiØanlaØyn   two-sided

ikiØŸzli   two-faced

ikiØyllyk   two-year, for a two year period

ikuly   with two meanings, double entendre

il   people

il-gŸn   people

il-halk   people

ilat   population

ilatly   populous

ili   ambassador

ilihana   embassy

ildeº   countryman

ildirgi   1. clothes peg 2. jewelry worn on the forehead

ildirmek   to hang

ileri   1. to the front 2. the southeast ileri bolmak=to heal, get better

ilerik   1. in the front 2. to the southeast

ilerki   forward

ilerlegini   1. in the front 2. to the southeast

ilerlemek   to move forward

ileºler   people

ilgin   salient, bold, dazzling

ilik   button

iliºmek   to hook

ilkagºam   early evening

ilki   first, initial

ilkibada   from the first, initially

ilkibaºda   from the start, initially

ilkidurmuº   primordial, first existing

ilkinji   initial, primary

ilkinjilik   primary

illØustrasiØa   r. illustration

illØustratiw   r. illustrative

ilmek   to be fallen

iltemek   to hook

ilteºmek   to be hooked

imeºik   disheveled

imeºmek   1. to be disheveled 2. tangled hair

imi-sala   peaceful, quiet

imisalalyk   peace, tranquility

imperialistik   r. imperialistic

imperializm   r. imperialism

import   r. import

importirlemek   r. to import

imtilmek   to covet, be jealous

ine   thin

inekesel   type of illness

inelmek   to become thin

ineltmek   to make thin

inesagt   thin (relevant to people)

indeks   r. index

indemek   to look for (someone)

indermek   to leap off

indi   1. now 2. next, following

indiki   next

indikile   next time

indoneziØaly   r. Indonesian

industrial   r. industrial

industrialaºdyrmak   r. to industrialize

industriØa   r. industry

indØuk   r. turkey

ine   here you are

ine-gana   calmly

inedšrdŸl   fat man

iner   male camel

infeksiØa   r. infection

infleksiØon   r. inflection

informasiØa   r. information

informasiØon   r. information

ini   little brother

inisiatiwa   r. initiative

injener   r. engineer

injenerlik   r. engineering

injik   shin

injir   fig

inkŠr etmek   to deny

inkubasion   r. incubation

inkubasiØa   r. incubation

inkubator   r. incubator

inli   breadth

inmek   to appear suddenly

insiz   without breadth

inspeksiØa   r. inspection

inspektor   r. inspector

institut   r. institute

instruksiØa   r. instruction

instruktor   r. instructor

integral   r. integral

intelligent   r. intelligent

intenasional   r. international

internat   r. boarding school

interwal   r. interval

interwensiØa   r. intervention

interwØu   r. interview

intizar bolmak   to miss someone

intonasiØa   r. intonation

inwalid   r. invalid

inwentor   r. inventor

i–   most (superlative)

i–irdemek   to cause trouble

i–irdi   cause

i–kis   doubt

i–lemek   to moan

i–lis   English

i–lise   English language

i––e   needle

i––e   needle

i––ebagjyk   safety pin

i––Šn   very

i––gildi   to be lazy

i––ildemek   to whine

i–rik   dusk

i–rik garalmak   to get dark

ir   early

ir-iØmiº   vegetable(s)

irden   morning

irgin   hesitation

irginsiz   without hesitation

irgšzin   early morning dawn

iri   fine, small

irinmek   to be lazy

iri–   pus

iri–lemek   to become pus-like

iri–li   pus-like

iriºme   hesitation, pause

irizmek   to annoy

irki   early, earlier

irkilmek   to fall asleep

irlandiØaly   Irish

irlemek   to make fine, small

irmek   to be tired

irnik   person who is difficult to please

isleg boØuna   at will

isleg   desire

islege laØyk   rational

islemek   to want

islŠn   any

ispan   Spanish

isrip bolmak   to spoil (food)

istrebitel   terminator, destroyer

iº   matter, affair, work

iºbil   high-heeled shoes

iºi   worker

iºdes   colleague

iºdŠ   appetite iºdŠ–iz ayk bolsun=bon appetit

iºdŠmen   glutton

iºek   young sheep (2 years old)

iºe––ir   hard-working

iºger   colleague

iºgŠr   colleague

iºik   door

iºje–   lover of work

iºje–lik   love of work

iºlemek   to work

iºle––ir   hardworking

iºletmek   to make someone work

iºli   busy   

iºlik   verb

iºmek   to knit

iºsiz   unemployed

iºsizlik   unemployment

it   I. dog II. a push

italØan   Italian

iteklemek   to push

itelemek   to push

itermek   to push

iteºen   rash

itigi   pushy person

itmek   I. to push, shove II.

itniºik   crush, squash

itniºmek   to push & shove

iØdirmek   to feed, cause to eat

iØermen   glutton

iØermenlik   gluttony

iØilmek   to catch hold of

iØm   feed, animal food

iØmek   to eat

iØmek-imek   food and drink, to eat and drink

iØmiº   fruit

iØmit   food, nourishment

iØmitlendirmek   1. to feed 2. to nourish

iØmitlenmek   to be fed

iØmlemek   to feed

iØul   July

iØun   June

izolirlemek   to separate

izolØasion   r. isolation

izolØasiØa   r. isolation

izolØator   r. isolator

izweºeniØe   information

izzildemek   to moan, whine, make a fuss

J

jabjynmak   to snap at, attack

jady    magic

jadygšØ   magician, wizard

jadylamak   to cast a spell

jahan   world

jahyl   ignorant, uneducated, inexperienced

jahyllyk   ignorance

jakyrdamak   to laugh

jakyrdy   laughter

jala   downpour, cloudburst, heavy rain

jalbar   pants

jam   I. bowl II. capsule

jamal   poet. visage, countenance

jan   1. soul 2. life 3. individual 4. energy, vitality 5. dear, dear one

jan etmek   to do one's best

jana-jan   1. cherished

jankšer   faithful, devoted

janlandyrmak   to refresh, bring to life

janlanmak   to come to life, to revive

janly   1. alive 2. lively, active

jansyz   1. lifeless, dead 2. fig. spy

janykmak   to try

janypkeº   industrious, dedicated, hardworking

janypkeºlik   dedication

ja–   bell

ja– etmek   to telephone

ja––yrdamak   to ring

jar   I. ravine, gulley II. information

jarnama   appeal, address

jaØ   I. building, dwelling II. right, correct, in place

jaØlama   burial

jaØlamak   to hide, conceal, bury

jaØlaºdyrmak   to house, make at home

jaØlaºmak   to be housed

jaØlaºykly   comfortable

jaØryk   crack, split, fissure

jaØrylmak   to crack, split

jaØtarmak   1. to stick out, stand out 2. to stand on end

jaØtartmak   to stand (something) up

jaØyrdamak   to squeak (of a shoe)

jaØyrdy   squeak (made by a shoe)

jazyrdamak   to hiss, sputter

jazyrdy   hiss, sputtering

jebir   compulsion

jebis   boarded up, sealed tightly : gapyny jebis Øapmak = to board up a door

jebisleºmek   to seal tightly, to consolidate

jebislik   unison, consolidation

jedel   argument, debate

jedel etmek   to make a bet

jedelleºmek   to argue

jedilli   argumentative

jedirdemek   to jabber, gab

jem   1. sum, total 2. all

jemagat   the public

jemgyØet   society

jemgyØetilik   social conscience, public-mindedness

jemlemek   to sum up

jemleØji   final

jenaØat   crime

jenaØatcy   criminal (noun)

jenaØatylyk   attack, criminal act

jenaØatly   criminal (adj)

jenaØeakŠr   attacker

jenjel   noise, scandal, debauche

je––el   jungle, forest, wilderness

jepa ekmek   to suffer, bear a burden

jepa   compulsion, burden

jepakeº   hard-working

jepakeºlik   love of hard work

jeren   "jeren", gazelle-like animal indigenous to Turkmenistan

jerime   fine, penalty

jerime salmak   to fine

jet   in disagreement, not on good terms

jetleºmek   to quarrel, argue (with someone)

jetlik   disagreement, bad feelings

jeza   1. punishment, penalty 2. retribution

jeza bermek   to punish

jezalandyrmak   to punish

jŠgildemek   to wail, cry (of a baby)

jŠgildi   wailing

jŠhek   edging, border, hem

jŠhet   point of view

jŠjek   1. shard 2. sequin, spangle, glitter

jigi   younger brother

jiglemek   to skip a beat

jikjiki   warbler (bird)

jikme-jik   in great detail, minutely

jilt   binding, jacket, cover

jiltlemek   to bind (a book)

ji–kermek   to stare at : Sen nŠme ma–a ji–kerip seredØŠrsi–? = Why are you staring at me?

jir   chintz, calico, printed cotton cloth

jisim   1. matter, mass 2. body

jogap   answer

jogap bermek   to answer

jogapkar   responsible

jogapkŠrilik   responsibility

jogapkŠrli   responsible

jogapsyz   1. unanswerable 2. without permission

jojuk   piglet

jojuklamak   to farrow

jokrama   hot, sultry, burning

jomart   lavish, liberal

jomartlyk   liberalness, lavishness

jontuk   short, bob (of an animal's tail)

jora   friend (female to female)

jorap   socks

joºgun   flood

joºgunly   flooded, gushing

joºmak   1. to overflow, gush 2. to be enthusiastic (about something)

joØa   irrigation ditch

joØalmak   to irrigate

jšgi   phony, fake, hypocritical (usually of a person)

jšgŸlik   hypocrisy

jšwenek   hail

jšwza   heat

juda   incredibly, extremely

jugurdamak   to rumble

jul   horse-cloth

juwan   youth, young people

juwanlyk   youth, adolescence

jŸbi   pocket

jŸbŸt    even in number

jŸlge   valley

jŸmle   expression

jŸmmŸº   1. depth 2. fig. heart, center

jŸmºŸldemek   to go numb, tingle (i.e. of a person's legs)

jŸmºŸldi   tingling, "pins and needles" (when a limb goes numb)

jŸrletmek   to whistle

jŸrlewŸk   n. whistle

jŸrŸndik   spout (of a teapot)

jŸØgŸldemek   to peep (of chicks)

jŸØgŸldy   peep, squeak

jŸØje   chick

jybar   frosty, freezing

jybarlamak   to freeze, be frosty

jyda dŸºmek   to get better

jygyldamak   to squeak

jygyldy   squeak (i.e. of a mouse)

jyklamak   to peep at, spy upon

jykyrdamak   to laugh

jylaw   reins

jylawlamak   to rein in, hold back (something)

jyn   race, caste

jynsparaz   racist

jynsparazlyk   racism

jy–kyny ykarmazlk   to keep quiet, not let a word slip (about something)

jy–kytmak   to gulp down

jy––yrdamak   to call, ring

jy––yrdatmak   to call up, make a call

jy––yrdy   ringing, bell, tone

jyzlamak   to sizzle

jyzyrdamak   to fry, sizzle

jyzzyk   crackling, sizzling

£

£anr   r. genre

£eton   r. 1. token 2. medal

£iraf   r. giraffe

£iwopis   r. painting

£onglØor   r. juggler

£onglØorlyk   r. juggling

£urnal   r. journal, magazine

£urnalist   r. journalist

£Øori   r. jury

K

kabina   r. booth, cubicle

kabinet   r. private office; study

kabul etmek   1. to accept

kaa–   beautiful, handsome

kada   rule

kadalaºdyrmak   to standardize

kadaly   adj. 1. normal 2. regular

kadr   I.r. personnel II. specialist

kafedra   pulpit; rostrum

kagyz   paper

kak   1. dried melon

kaka   1. father 2. uncle(Balkan dialect)

kakabaº   ill-bred, ill-mannered

kakamak   1. to become dry 2. to dry; to become dry

kakao   r. cocoa

kakatmak   to make dry

kaklyºmak   to collide (head on)

kakma   "kakmach", a special quick-fried salty meat dish

kakmak   1. to drive in; hammer in 2. to knock; rap 3. to shake off 4. to shake 5. to clap 6. to pack down (dirt, sand...)

kakyn   fit, attack, seizure

kakynly   adj. fitful, like a seizure

kalendar   r. calendar

kaloriØa   r. calorie

kaloriØaly   r. caloric

kamera   r. chamber

kampaniØa   company

kanagat   1. patience 2. satisfaction

kanagatlanarlyk   satisfaction

kanagatlandyrmak   to satisfy; make someone content

kanagatlanlarlykly   satisfactory

kanagatlanlarlyksz   unsatisfactory

kanagatlanmak   to be satisfied

kanagatly   consistent

kanal   r. canal

kanalizasiØa   r. sewage system

kandidat   r. candidate

kandidatly   r. candidate position

kanikul   r. vacation

kanselØariØa   r. office

kanun   law

kanunlaºdyrmak   to legalize, legitimize

kanunlylyk   legality, legitimacy

kanunsyz   illegal, lawless, unlawful

kanunsyzlyk   lawlessness

kanuny   1. legal, legitimate 2. natural, logical

kanunylyk   legality; legitimacy

ka–kamak   to go for a walk, to loiter, to drift (from place to place)

kapas   stuffy, close

kapasa   1. cage 2. counter, shelf

kapitalist   r. capitalist

kapitalistik   r. capitalistic

kapitalizm   r. capitalism

kapitan   r. captain

kapyr   infidel

kapyØa   rhyme

kapyØalaºdyrmak   to rhyme; to make something rhyme

kapyØalaºmak   to rhyme (reflexive)

karar   I. 1. decision 2. conclusion II. 1. patience 2. peace of mind

karara gelmek   to make up one's mind

karel   adj. Karelian (nationality)

karikatura   r. cartoon

karkas   frame, framework

karnawal   carnival

karta   map

kartoka   r. card

karton   cardboard

kartoºka   r. potatoes

karz   duty

karzyna   indebted to

kasam imek   to vow, take an oath

kasam   oath

kassa   r. cashier's office; cashier's desk

kassir   r. cashier

kast   1. revege, vengance 2. attempted assassination

kaºgŠ   if

katalog   catalogue

kategoria   category

kater   cutter; launch

katok   r. skating rink

kauuk   rubber

kaØuta   cabin; stateroom

kaØyl   pleased with

kazak   1. Kazahk 2. Cossack

kebap   kebob; shish-kebob

kebaphana   kebob restaurant; cafe

kebelek   butterfly

kebºir   n. welding

kebºirleØli   welder

kebze   small shovel

ke   1. n. furrow 2. stubborn, obstinate

kede   embroidery

kee   felt

kejal   stubborn, obstinate

keje   1. obtuse; stupid 2. wrong

kejelik   stupidity, incoherence

kelik   stubborness; obstinacy

kejebe   old Turkmen gelinalyjy

kejir   stubborn, obstinate

keke   comb

kekirdek   larynx

kekre   wormwood

kel   mangy

kelermek   to show off

kelek   hornless (without horns)

kelem   cabbage

kelep   skein; hank (of thread)

keleplemek   to wind up

kelesa–   shiftless; good for nothing

kelesa–lyk   dissoluteness

kellagyry   adj. head (attrib.)

kelle   1. head 2. mind

kellebaºaØak   malfunction

kelleki   bridle

kellem   cabbage

kelpe–   frivolous; flighty

kelpe–lik   flightiness

kelpeze   lizard

kelte   short

keltelmek   to be shortened

kelteltmek   to shorten

kem   1. defect, flaw 2. adv. not enough; insufficiently

kem-kemden   gradually

kemakyl   feeble-minded

kemal   : kemala gelmek = to mature, to become a man

kemally   1. honest, decent 2. suitable, proper, appropriate

kembaha   : kembaha garamak = to underestimate

kemilik   shortage, scarcity

kemelmek   to decrease; diminish; decline

kemeltmek   to reduce

kemene   music bow

kemer   strap

kemlik   shortage; scarcity; lack

kemmek   to reduce

kempir   old woman

kemput   piece of candy

kemsinmek   to be offended

kemsitmek   to humiliate

kemsiz   irreproachable; flawless

kemsiz-kšstsŸz   flawless

kenar   coast

kendir   ? plant

kendirik   "kendirik", special table cloth (oilcloth) for making dough or sifting flour on

kenep   hemp

kengir   straining spoon; skimmer

kentilmek   to wearth (of a rope)

kepderi   pigeon; dove

kepek   siftings

kepemek   to dry; become dry

kepgir   large spoon-ladel to cook palow

kepil bolmak   to guarantee

kepillik   guarantee

ker   deaf

ker   hunk; chunk

keremek   to chop up

keremara   quietly; silently

kerep   spiderweb; cobweb

kereplemek   to cover oneself up

kerlik   deafness

kerpi   r. brick

kert   ledge

kertik   cut; incision

kertmek   1. to cut slightly; make an incision 2. to eat away 3. to leave (something)

kerwen   caravan

kes   any; every

kesdirmek   to wound; injure

kese   1. horizontal 2. someone else's; other people's 3. side

kesek   lump

keseki   someone else's; other people's

keseklemek   to throw; toss

kesel   1. illness; disease 2. sick; ill

keseleØin   horizontally

keselhana   hospital

keseligine   horizontally

kesellemek   to be ill

keselli   ill; sick

keser   "keser", a special knife used in carpet-making

kesewi   poker (for a fire)

kesgin   1. decisive; forceful; resolute 2. burning

kesgir   sharp

kesgitleme   definition

kesgitlemek   to define

kesgitli   adj. definite

kesgitnama   definition

kesir   stubborn; obstinate

kesirlik   stobborness; obstinacy

kesiºmek   to cross (each other), to intersect

kesmek   I. 1. to cut 2. to cut in, interrupt II. scab

kesmeklemek   to cover oneself up

kesp   profession

keºbi   surface

keºdelemek   to embroider

keºdeli   embroidered

keºlemek   to furrow

keºleØin   furrowed

keºp   1. face 2. look, appearance

keºte    embroidery

keºte etmek   to embroider

ketek   bird-house (i.e. chicken coop, hen coop, pigeon loft)

ketje   stubborn, obstinate

keØigim   (informal address to women) Dear! Sweetie!

keØik   gazelle

keØkermek   to behave oneself dashingly

keØkertmek   to be alerted

keØp   1. general physical and mental state 2. delight, pleasure

keØp ekmek   to revel

keØpine   just so; simply so (for no particular reason)

keØtik   adj. lame

keØtiklemek   to hobble

kezzap   cheat; swindler

kezzaplyk   cheating

kŠ   1. that 2. kabir

kŠbir   some

kŠbiri   some; some people; certain people

kŠdi   squash, pumpkin

kŠemek   to curse out; swear out

kŠkelemek   to cluck

kŠkilik   partridge

kŠmahal   sometimes

kŠmil   perfect

kŠmileºen   perfect

kŠmilleºdirmek   to improve; perfect; refine

kŠmilleºmek   to improve oneself

kŠmillik   perfection

kŠmillik Øaºy   majority (18 years of age)

kŠmillik Øaºyna Øetmek   to reach majority

kŠn   a lot, much

kŠnelmek   kšpelmek

kŠr   profession

kŠrdeº   colleague

kŠrende   rental

kŠrende tšlegi   rent

kŠrhana   undertaking; venture

kŠse   cup

kŠselemek   to cut

kŠºir   carrot

kŠte    sometimes

kŠtmen   hoe

kŠtmenlemek   1. to chop 2. to hoe

kŠwagt   sometimes

kŠØarym   kŠte

kŠØemek   to scold

kŠØimek   to quarrel with

kŠØin   1. pronunciation 2. reproach; reproof; rebuke

kŠØinmek   to complain

kibirdemek   to crunch

kielmek   1. to decrease, diminish 2. to shorten

kieltmek   1. to reduce 2. to shorten

kii   1. small 2. underage, juvenile 3. adj. younger

kiigšwŸnli   modest

kikirdemek   to giggle

kilim   "kilim" small handmade carpet

kilogram   r. kilogram

kilogramlyk   r.adj. kilogram

kilometr   r. kilometer

kilt   bolt; catch

kiltlemek   to bolt; to hook the catch

kim   who?

kimin   like

kinaØa   irony

kinaØaly   ironic; ironical

kine   offense; insult

kineli   offended

kino   r. film

kinoteatr   r. theater (film)

kiosk   r. kiosk

kir   mud

kireØ   rental

kiri   1. string of a musical instrument 2. bowstring

kirlemek   to get dirty

kirletmek   to soil; dirty; stain

kirli   dirty, filthy, muddy

kirpi   1. hedgehog 2. fig. crew-cut

kirpik   eyelash

kirºen   dust

kise   pocket

kisel   "kisel", a desert made of fruit, berries, and potato starch, served with milk

kislorod   r. oxygen

kislota   r. acid

kiºde   1. dried apricots 2. dried fruit

kiºi   person

kiºmiº   raisins

kiº–emek   to neigh

kit   r. whale

kitap   book

kitapa   small book

kitaphana   library

kitaphon   book-lover, bibliophile

kitapsšØŸji   book-lover, bibliophile

kitir   tea-pot

kitirdetmek   to crunch

kitirdewŸk   crisp

kitŸw   slow to forgive, harboring resentment

klas   r. class (meaning social class or class group, but not lesson)

klasdaº   classmate

klassyk   classical writer

klassyky   classical

kleØonka   r. oilcloth

klinika   r. clinic

klub   r. club

klubnika   r. strawberries

knopka   r. button; push button

kodeks   r. code (of law, principles)

kofe   r. coffee

kofta   r. woman's jacket

kokamak   to stink

kolbasa   r. sausage

kolhoz   r. collective farm

kolhozi   r. collective farmer

kolleksiØa   r. collection

kollektiw   r.n. collective, team, group, body

koloniØal   r. colonial

kolonka   r. water-dispenser, water-pump

kolonna   r. column, pillar

kolonoØa   r. colony

komanda   r. team

komandir   r. commander

komandirlik   r. position

komandirowka   r. assignment, business-trip

komandowanie   r. command

komanduØyiØ   r. commander

kombaØn   r. combine, harvester

kombinat   r. integrated plant

kombinezon   r. overalls

komediØa   r. comedy

komendant   r. commandant

komissar   r. commissar

komissiØa   r. commission; committee; board

komitet   r. committe

kommunal   r. public; municipal

kommunist   r. communist

kommunizm   r. communism

komonawt   r. cosmonaut, astronaut

kompas   r. compass

kompleks   r. complex

kompleksleØin   r.adj. complex, composite

komplekt   r. complete (of a set)

komplektlemek   r. to complete (a set)

kompot   r. "kompot", a sweet drink made of boiled fruit, water, and sugar

kompozitor   r. composer

kompres   r. compress

komsomol   r. 1. Komsomol, Communist Youth League 2. Young Communist

konditer   r. pastry cook, pastry chef

konductor   r. conductor (on a train, bus, etc.)

konferensiØa   r. conference

kongres   r. congress

konki   r. horse

konkret   r.adj. concrete, specific

konkretleºdirmek   r. to make specific, spell out

konkurs   r. competition, contest

konsert   r. concert, recital

konserw   r. canned foods, canned goods

konserwatiw   r.adj. conservative

konserwatoriØa   r. conservatory (for music)

konstitutsiØa   r. constitution

konstruksiØa   r. construction; design

konstuktor   r. designer

konsul   r. consul

konsulhana   r. consulate

konsullyk   r. consulate (consulary position)

konsultasiØa   r. consultation

kontinental   r. continental

kontingent   r. contingent

kontor   r. office

kontrol   r. control

kontrollyk   r. control

kontrolØor   r. controller

konus   r.geom. cone

konweØer   r. conveyor

kooperatiw   r. cooperative

kopiØa   r. copy

korabl   r. ship

koridor   r. corridor, hall

korpus   r. body, trunk, torso

kosekans   r.mat. cosecant

kosinus   r.mat. cosine

kosmetika   r. make-up, cosmetics

kosmos   r. outer space

kospekt   r. synopsis; outline; abstract

kospektirlemek   r. to abstract; make an abstract of

kostØor   r. fire

kostØum   r. suit

kotlet   r. chop; cutlet

kowalamak   to drive (cattle)

kowalaºmak   to drive (cattle)

kowalmak   to chase, follow

kowgy   pursuit; chase

kowmak   1. to drive on (cattle) 2. to dismiss, fire, discharge 3. to exile

kowum-garandaº   relatives

kše   street

kšek   a little camel

kšjemek   to lace, to tie

kšk   1. root 2. basting

kške   cookie, biscut

kšklemek   I. 1. to baste 2. to quilt II. to take pleasure in

kšl   lake

kšlege   shade

kšlegli   shady

kšmek   n. help

kšmeki   assistant, helper

kšmekleºmek   to help

kšmelek   mushroom

kšmŸr   coal

kšne   old

kšne-kŸºŸl   old things, junk

kšnee   as before; unchanged

kšneden   adj. since olden times, since days of yore

kšnelmek   1. to wear out, be worn out 2. to wear out all one's clothes

kšneltmek   to wear out (i.e. clothing, machinery)

kšp   1. a lot, much, many 2. often, frequently

kšp nokat   elipses (...)

kšpburluk   geom. polygon

kšpŸlik   1. mass, a lot of, a heap of 2. social

kšpŸlikleØin   adj. mass (as in "mass transit")

kšpden   long ago

kšpek   male dog, hound

kšpelmek   to increase; grow

kšpeltmek   1. to increase 2. to multiply

kšpgranlyk   geom. polyhedron

kšplen   usually, generally, ordinarily

kšplŸk   a great number, a multitude

kšpri   bridge

kšptaraply   multilateral

kšpŸk   foam

kšpŸrjik   foam, bubble

kšpŸrjiklemek   to froth, to foam

kšr   blind

kšrek   unripened cotton bud

kšremek   to begin to burn properly

kšrlŸk   1. blindness, darkness 2. dimwit, dummy

kšrpe   young

kšrŸk   1. bellows 2. ash-pit (of a furnace)

kšrzehin   thick-headed, dim-witted

kšsemek   to call, summon

kšsenmek   to test, try out

kšssek   tripod

kšsseklemek   to hobble (a horse)

kšst   shortage, scarcity, lack

kšsŸk   pod

kšsŸkli   leguminous, beany

kšºeºnek   to grow still, become silent, calm down

kšºk   palace

kštel   raising, lifting

kšw   hollow, glen, dell

kšw salmak   to look; peep (over, under, behind, etc...)

kšwek   1. removal, extraction 2. cave, cavern

kšwlemek   to dig

kšwmek   1. to dig 2. to make a hole in 3. to wash away, erode

kšwŸº   shoes

kšwŸººi   shoemaker

kšØdŸrmek   to let something be wasted

kšØmek   to burn up, be burned up

kšØnek   1. shirt (male) 2. dress (female)

kšØneke   dressmaker

kšz   live coals, embers

krahmal   r. starch

kran   r. faucet, spigot, tap

kredit   r. credit

krem   r. cream

kreml   r. Kremlin

kreØser   r. cruiser

krizis   r. crisis

kros   r. cross-country race

krowat   r. bed

kru£ok   r. small circle, club, group

kub   r. cube

kubok   r. goblet

kuhnØa   kitchen

kultiwator   r. cultivator

kultiwatsiØa   r. cultivation

kupe   r. compartment (on a train)

kuplet   r. verse, stanza

kurort   resort

kurs   r. course

kursant   student

kurtka   r. (man's) jacket

kuwwat   power, strength, might

kuwwatlanmak   1. to aquire, gain 2. to stand

kuwwatly   strong, powerful

kuwwatlylyk   strength, power

kuzow   r. basket

kŸde   stack

kŸdelemek   to stack

kŸkemek   to be fragrant

kŸkrek   chest

kŸkŸrt   1. sulfur 2. match

kŸl   ashes

kŸl-owram (bolmak)   to spit up

kŸl-peekun etmek    to break; shatter; smash

kŸl-uºak   to spit up

kŸle   small bread made from short pastry

kŸldan   ashtray

kŸle   (of a tail) short

kŸlembibi   little finger

kŸlke   small; minute

kŸlkelemek   to crush; grind

kŸme   hut; shack

kŸmŸº   silver

kŸmŸºlemek   to silver; silver plate

kŸndŸk   special metallic pitcher for washing

kŸnjek   corner

kŸnji    sesame

kŸnnŸk   silver jug for water

kŸrek   oar; paddle

kŸreklemek   to row; to paddle

kŸrk   brood hen

kŸrre   young/little donkey

kŸrsemek   to burst into

kŸrt   kurd

kŸºgŸrmek   to sic ( a dog on)

kŸºt   chess

kŸºtºi   chess player

kŸtek   dull; blunt

kŸtelmek   to become dull

kŸteltmek   to blunt; dull

kŸti   thick

kŸtŸlik   thickness

kŸØ   n. thought

kŸØkermek   to hunch one's back; be hunched over

kŸØki   hunchbacked

kŸØsemek   to wish for; desire

kŸØze   pitcher; jug

kŸØzegarlik   potter's trade (craft)

kwadrat   r. 1. square (figure) 2. adj. square

kwadratura   r.n. squaring

kwalifikasiØa   r. qualification

kwartal   r. quarter; section (of a city)

kwartira   r. apartment

kwas   r. "kvass" a fermented drink made with bread

kwitansiØa   r. receipt

kybap   accordance; conformity

kybapdaº   corresponding

kyn   difficult

kynylyk   difficulty

kynlaºdyrmak   to complicate

kynlaºmak   to become complicated

kynlyk   difficulty

kyrk   forty

kyrkynjy   fortieth

kyssa   1. prose 2. story 3. short poem

kyssay   writer

kysym   look; appearance

L

la   just, will you : Ma–a aØtsa–yz-la = Just tell me

laborant   r. laboratory worker; assistant

laboratoriØa   r. laboratory

labyr   anchor

labyrdamak   to blaze; flare up; glow; burn

labyz   1. melody 2. melodiousness

layn   falcon

lager   r. camp

lagºamak   to collapse; fall into pieces

lak atmak   1. to start to speak 2. to brush against

lak bolmak   to conceal; keep secret

lak   r. lacquer

lakam   nickname

lakgy   talkative

lakgyldamak   to chat

laklamak   to lacquer

lakyrdamak   to seeth; bubble

lakyrdy   bubbling, gurgling

lal   I. mute II.

lallyk   muteness

lampa   moment; instant; twinkling

lampa    r. lamp

lampoka   r. lightbulb

landshaft   r. landscape

lapyke bolmak   1. to be dispirited 2. to be disappointed

lasyrdamak   to brew; digest

laØ   I. 1. loam; clay 2. slush; dirt; mud II. bir laØ one complete set

laØyk   appropriate

laØyk bolmak   to conform

laØyklyk   proportion; accordance

laØyklyk-da   in conformity with

lebiz   promise

legen   basin

leji ykmak   1. to become worn out 2. to become fatigued

lejikmek   to get tired

lejini ykarmak   to wear out

len bolmak   to be hackneyed; tritel; banal

lenta   ribbon

le–kewut   spider

lerzana gelmek   to shudder

letde   scrap

lezzet   pleasure

lezzetli   1. sweet; pleasing to taste 2. sweet; delightful

lŠbik   I. slush II. muddy; troubled; poppy

lŠle kakmak   to sing the "LŠle Jana" (traditional Turkmen song)

lŠle   poppy

lŠlezar   meadow

lŠlezarlyk   meadow

lŠlik   coddled; effeminate

lŠliklik   effeminateness

lŠsh   1. corpse; body 2. carcass

lŠshermek   to wallow

lokga    lump; clod

lokgalamak   to crumple

lomaØ sšwda   wholesale

lomaØ   wholesale

lomaØlygyna   wholesale

lomaylygyna satmak   to sell wholesale

lo–kuldamak   to be afraid of

lopbush   chubby; plump

lorsuldamak   fire

lotereØa   r. lottery

lowlamak   to blaze; flare up

lowurdamak   1. to shine; glitter 2. to sparkle 3. to blaze

lowurdawuk   brilliant

lowurdy    1. lustre; shine 2. flame; blaze

lšdere   grounds; sediment;thicket

lŸ– basmak   to do the boundary strip

lŸ–   border

lŸØk   slush; mud

lØstra   r. chandelier

lØuk   r. hatch (way)

lybas   clothing

lygyrdamak   to gurgle

lygyrdy   gurgle

lyzha   r. ski; skiing

lyzhay   r. skier

lyzhaly   r. ski...

M

madda   1. matter; substance 2. article

maddy   material

madyrdamak   to talk; chatter

magallaklamak   to appear in the distance

magaryf   enlightenment, education

magaryfy   educator

magazin   r. shop

magdan   ore

magistral   highway, thoroughfare

maglumat   report, message

magnit   r. magnet

magnitofon   r. tape recorder

magtamak   to praise

magtan   praise

magtanmak   to brag, to boast

mahal   time

mahanika   r. mechanics

mahlasy   in a word; in short

mahmal   plush

mahrum   devoid

mahsus   characteristic

makala   article (of magazine)

maksat   aim, purpose

maksatly   having a specific purpose

makul   acceptable

makulatura   1. pages spoiled in printing 2. rubbish

makullamak   to approve of

mal   cattle, livestock

mal-mŸlk   1. property 2. fig. belongings

mala   harrow

malalamak   to harrow

maldar   animal breeder

maldarylyk   livestock breeding

maliØe   finance

maliØeledirmek   to finance

mama   1. pox 2. small pox

mamla   right, correct

manat   Turkmen (and Azerbaijanian) currency

mandarin   tangerine; mandarin

maner   1. riding academy; riding school 2. circus arena 3. playpen

manØowr   r. maneuver

many   meaning

manyly   rich in content; informative

manysyz   1. having no meaning; senseless 2. pointless

ma–a   to me

ma–laØ   1. forehead; brow 2. frontal

ma–laØly   1. happy 2. lucky; fortunate

maral   fallow deer

maral   r. marshall

marka   r. 1. postage stamp 2. make, model; brand

marksistik   r. marxist

marksizm   r. marxism

marksizm-leninizm   r. marxism-leninism

marmelad   r. fruit jellies; candy

mart   r. March

mastab   scale (of a map)

masgara   shameful

masgarabaz   jester

masgaralamak   to disgrace

masgarylyk   shame, disgrace

maska   r. 1. mask 2. guise

maskarad   r. masquerade

maslahat   1. advice, council 2. conference

maslahaty   adviser

maslahatlamak   to consult; seek advice

maslahatlaylyk   coordinated, concerted

maslahatlaºmak   to confer

maslyk   dead body, corpse, cadaver

massa   r. mass

massa£  r. massage

maºgala   family (can be used to refer to wife, wife and husband, or entire family)

maºgala   family, wife, household

maºgalaly   adj. family

maºinist   r. machinist, mechanic

maºinistka   r. 1. (woman) mechanic 2. typist

maºinka   r. machine

maºk   exercise

maººarmak   to become flat; flatten out

maººartmak   to flatten

maºyn   1. machine 2. automobile

mata   cloth; fabric

matal   riddle; puzzle

matematika   r. mathematics

matematiki   r. mathematical

material   r. material

materialistik   r. materialistic

materializm   r. materialism

materik   continent; mainland

materiØa   r. 1. matter 2. material, fabric

matros   r. sailor, seaman

mawlamak   to meow

mawut   smooth woolen cloth

mawy   1. light/sky blue 2.pink

mawzoleØ   r. mausoleum

maØ   1. May 2. moment; instant

maØa   1. camel 2. leaven, ferment 3. n. fund

maØda   small; minute

maØdal   1. moderate 2. temperate

maØdalamak   to crush; grind

maØka   r. t-shirt

maØlamak   to become warm; warm up

maØmyn   monkey; ape

maØor   r. major

maØrylmak   1. to strain oneself 2. to crack up; break down

maØsa   1. field of grain 2. field of endeavor

maØygak   1. flexible 2. supple

maØygaklyk   flexibility

maØyl   warm

maØyllyk   warm weather

maØyp   disabled person, invalid

maØyplyk   disability

maØyrmak   1. to blow up 2. to subvert

maza   pleasure

mazaly   1. calmly 2. pleasant

mazar   grave

mazarylyk   cemetery

mazmun   maintenance; upkeep

mazmuny   content

me   used as English: "take it!", "here!"

mebel   furniture

meew bermek   1. to sic (a dog on somebody, something) 2. coll. to set people against each other

medal   r. medal

medeni   cultural

medeniØet   cultural, culture

medeniØeti    culture

medeniØetli   cultural

medisina   r. medicine (the science of)

meger   used as English: "it can be"

mehanik   r. mechanic

mehanizasiØa   r. mechanization

mehanizator   r. specialist in mechanization

mehanizm   r. mechanism

mehanizmledirmek   r. to mechanize

mejal   powers, strength

mejbur etmek   to enforce

mejbur   forced

mejbury   compulsory

mejlis   conference

mekan   1. inhabited area, place where people live 2. edge; rim, brim

mekdep   school

mekgejšwen   corn

mekir   sly, crafty

mekirlik   cunning, guile

mel   r. chalk

mele   1. pale; yellow, straw colored 2. beige

melhem   panacea

mellek   yard; piece of land for individual use

men   I; me

men-menlik   conceit

menek   spot, stain; blemish

meni–e   used as English: "In my opinion..."; "I think..."

menØu   r. menu

menzil   distance

me–ze   similar

me–zelik   similarity, likeness, resemblance

me–zemek   to resemble, to look like

me–zeº   similar, resemblance

me–zetme   comparison

me–zetmet   to liken

merdana   bravely, courageously

merdiwan   1. stairs; stairway 2. ladder

mergen   exceptional hunter; marksman

mergenlik   accuracy, marksmanship

mergi   cholera

merhum   the deceased

meridian   r. meridian

merkeledirmek   to centralize

merkez   center

merkezi   central

mermer   adj. marble

mert   1. brave, courageous 2. manly

mertebe   1. dignity 2. merit; virtue

mertlere   bravely, courageously

mertlik   courage

mes   1. gay, merry, cheerful 2. prosperous, affluent 3. well fed, fat, plump 4. fertile

mese-mŠlim   obviously

mesele   task

meselem   for example

mesge   butter

mesgen   dwelling, abode; living quarters

mesi   boots (Turkmen traditional)

meslik   1. gaiety, cheerfulness 2. prosperity, affluence

meºgul   busy; occupied

meºgullanmak   to be occupied (with); to be engaged (in)

meºhur   celebrated; famous

meºhurlyk   fame

metal   r. metal

metallurgiØa   r. metallurgy

metbugat   1. seal; stamp 2. the press, news media

metjit   mosque

metod   r. method

metodik   r. methodical

metodika   r. methods

metodist   r. methodist (one who is skilled in methodologies)

metr   r. meter

metro   r. subway

metropoliten   r. subway

meØdan   1. field 2. clearing (in the woods)

meØdana   ground, site; area

meØil   1. interest 2. wish

meØillenmek   to wish for, desire

meØit   dead body, corpse, cadaver

meØletin   voluntary

meØletini   volunteer

mŠde   stomach

mŠhelle   n. crowd

mŠhir   love

mŠhirli   adj. nice; pleasant; warm

mŠhirsiz   unpleasant, disagreeable

mŠhnet   huge, enormous; tremendous

mŠhri   compassion

mŠhriban   dear

mŠkŠm   strong, durable

mŠkŠmlemek   to strengthen, reinforce

mŠkiØan   hen

mŠlemek   to bleat

mŠlim   known, definite

mŠmiºi   orange

mŠreke   n. crowd

mŠº   a little green pea-like bean used to make soup

mŠºe   cock, hammer (of a firearm)

mŠtŠ bolmak   to need

mŠtŠ   needy

mŠtŠlik   need (implies dire need)

mŠz   gland

mikrob   r. microbe; germ

mikrofon   r. microphone

mikroscop   r. microscope

milisioner   r. policeman

milisiØa   r. the police, militia

millet   nation, nationality

milli   national

milliard   r. billion (in American English), milliard (British English)

millimetr   r. millimeter

million   r. million

milt   dare

milt etmek   to dare

mineral   r. mineral

ministr   r. minister

ministrlik   r. ministry

minnetdar   grateful, appreciative

minnetdarlyk   gratitude, appreciation

minomØot   r. mortar

minus   r. 1. minus sign 2. subzero, below zero (of temperature)

minut   r. minute

minutlyk   r. 1. adj. minute 2. momentary

miras   1. inheritance 2. heritage

miras almak   to inherit

mirasy   successor

mis   copper

misli   like; just as

missiØa   r. mission (assignment)

miting   r. mass meeting, rally

miwe   fruit

miweilik   fruit growing (as an agricultural practice)

miwelemek   to bear fruit

miweli   adj. fruit, fruity

miØesser   to have occasion (to)

mizemez   unshakable, unwaivering, steadfast

mobilizasiØa   r. mobilization

mobilizlemek   r. to mobilize

moda   r. fashion, style

model   r. model

molamak   to moo; bellow

moldowan   Moldovan

molekula   molecule

molekulØar   molecular

molla   mullah

mona bolmak   to be glad, happy; to rejoice

mongol   Mongol

monjugatdy   Turkmen national game for girls only played during the Muslim New Year

monjuk   1. beads 2. necklace

montaÁ   r. assembly; installation

montØor   r. fitter

monument   r. monument

monumental   r. monumental

moral   r. morals; morality

mordwin   r. Mordrin (an ethnicity of Central Europe and Russia)

moroÁny   r. ice-cream

motor   r. motor, engine

motosikl   r. motorcyle

moØmuldamak   to waddle

mšber   volume

mšhlet   1. term of office 2. period of time; in a short time

mšhletli   urgent; pressing

mšhŸm   1. important 2. necessary, essential

mšjek   1. insect, bug 2. wolf

mšlerilmek   to glare, to stare

mšlertmek   to stare wide-eyed

mšn   naive

mš––Ÿrmek   to roar

mšr-mšjek   insects

mšw almak   to spread terror; to rage; to wreak havoc

mšwkemek   to rage

mšwrit   time

mšwsŸm   season

mšØ   spider

muakgat   difficulty

mudak   admirer, devotee

mugallym   teacher

mugallyma   teacher (female)

mugt   free (of charge)

mukaddes   sacred, holy

mukam   melody

mukdar   quantity; amount; number

mum   wax

mundan š–   ago, before

murt   moustache

murtly   moustached, with a big moustache

musulman   Moslem, Muslim

muzeØ   r. museum

mŸbŠrek   congratulation

mŸderi   client; customer

mŸgil   difficult, hard

mŸdir   manager (of), head (of)

mŸmkin   1. possible 2. used as the english "may" or "can": ‚ilim ekmek mŸmkinmi? = Can I smoke? Is it permissible to smoke?

mŸmkinilik etmek   to enable

mŸmkinilik   possibility, chance

mŸmkingadar   as far as possible

mŸnmek   1. to mount, board, get on 2. to ascend

mŸ–   thousand

mŸ–kŸldemek   to tremble, shiver, shake

mŸ–kŸr   insecure, self-doubting

mŸ–kŸrlenmek   to doubt, to have doubts

mŸ–kŸrlik   n. doubt

mŸrŸk   wrinkled

mŸrepbe   n. jam (as in jelly)

mŸrrelmek   to become wrinkled

mŸrrŸk   wrinkled

mŸØn   consciousness

mŸØnli   guilty, at fault, to blame

mŸØnŸrgemek   to feel uneasy, self-couscious, awkward

mŸzzermek   to turn sour

mymak   1. to miss, fly past(a target) 2. to race, speed along

mydama   always

mydamalaØyn   forever, for good

mydar   1. strength 2. life

myh   nail (metal)

myhman   1. guest 2. foreigner

myhmanhana   1. hotel 2. guest room; receiving room

myhmansšØer   hospitable

myhmansšØerlik   hospitality

myjabat   n. slander, libel

myjjarmakû   to become soft, flabby

myjjykû   soaked

mylakat   friendliness, affability

mylakatly   open-hearted; amiable, affable

mylaØym   1. warm 2. pleasant, nice 3. polyester; rayon

mylaØymlyk   pleasantness

mylkarmak   to become overripe

mynasybetli   1. devoted to 2. dedicated (i.e. a book dedicated to someone)

mynasyp bolmak   to deserve

mynasyp   worthy (of), deserving (of)

myngamak   to knead; work (i.e. clay, leather)

mynjyramak   to break into pieces, shatter

mynjyratmak   to smash, shatter

myrat   wish; desire

myrtar   bad, poor

mysal   example

mysal Ÿin   for example

mysala   appearance; exterior

myssarmak   1.to lower, let down 2. to wilt; wither

myssyk   1. faded or withered 2. soft; mild; gentle

myº-myº   rumors, talk

N

na   emphatic suffix

nabat   sweet

naalinik   r. chief; head, boss

nadan   ignorant

nadanlyk   ignorance

nadara   scandalous

nadaralyk   scandal

nadyl   offended

nadyllyk   offence; insult

nagt   available, on hand

nagyº   1. n. ornamental design; decorative pattern 2. adj. intricate

nagyº ekmek   to embroider

nagyºlamak   1. to decorate; embellish; adorn 2. to embroider

nah   adj. cotton

nahal   seedling, sapling

nahar   1. meal 2. food

naharhana   1. cafeteria, dining hall 2. dining room

naharlamak   1. to feed 2. to nurse, suckle

nakyl   proverb

nal   horseshoe

nala   1. n. groan, moan 2. complaint

nala   1. forced, under duress 2. unintentionally, unwillingly

nalajedeØin   clumsy, inept

nalamak   1. to forge 2. to stuff, fill, cram

nalamak   1. to groan; moan 2. to complain (about) 3. to lament

nalyº   complaint

nalyºly   plaintive, mournful

namart   coward, cowardly

namartlamak   to be a coward; be afraid; get cold feet

namartlyk   cowardice

namaz   prayer

namys   1. self-worth; conscience 2. shame; sense of shame

namysja–   dignity

nan   bread

nar   pomegranite

narpyz   mint

narpyzly   adj. mint, minty

narØad   1. order; warrant 2. duty

nas   green powder used like chewing tobacco

nasos   n. pump

naturalist   r. naturalist

naw   log

naØa   ovary

naØalamak   to form

naØynjar   1. pitiful, pathetic 2. plaintive, mournful

naØynsap   unscrupulous; unconscionable

naØza   bayonet

naØzalamak   to prick; stab

nazar   look, glance; view, sight

nazarkerde   adj. representative

ne   negative particle

nebere   relatives

nebis   profit; advantage; gain

nebisje–   adj. mercenary

nebisje–lik   self-interest; mercantilism

nebit   1. oil, petroleum 2. kerosene

nebiti   oil worker

nebitli   adj. containing oil

nebsewŸr   adj. mercenary

nebsewŸrlik   self-interest; mercantilism

negr   r. dark-skinned person

nejat   going out; coming out; emergence

nejis   1. adj. foul, nasty 2. n. scoundrel

nem   1. moisture 2. mucus

nemes   German

nemjiremek   to be covered with mist

nemlenmek   to be dampened

nemli   1. humid; moist; damp 2. slimy

nene–   which? what?

nene–si   which? what?

nepis   elegant; graceful

nepislik   elegance; grace

nerw   r. nerve

nesibe   fate, destiny

nesihat   precept

nesil   1. generation 2. descendants, posterity

nesØe   duty

neºir ediji   publisher

neºir etmek   to publish

neºir   issuance, promulgation

neºirØat   publishing house

neºirØaty   publisher

netije   1. result 2. conclusion

netijede   consequently

netijeli   effective; successful

netijelilik   effectiveness

netijesiz   ineffective; unsuccessful

nŠbelet   unfamiliar, unknown

nŠbeletilik   unfamiliarity

nŠbeletlik   unfamiliarity

nŠbelli   unknown

nŠbileØin   unable to be known, unknowable

nŠe   how much?

nŠelik   of what number?

nŠenji   which? what number?

nŠden   how much?

nŠdogry   wrong, incorrect

nŠgile   dissatisfied; discontented; displeased

nŠgilelik   dissatifaction; discontent; displeasure

nŠhak   vain, futile

nŠhili   1. how? 2. what kind? what sort?

nŠhoº   unhealthy, not well

nŠhoºlamak   to become ill

nŠhoºlyk   illness

nŠlaØyk   unworthy

nŠlet   curse; damnation, perdition

nŠletlemek   to curse, to damn

nŠme Ÿin   why

nŠme   what?

nŠmede bolsa bir zat   anything

nŠmŠlim   unknown

nŠrazy   dissatisfied

nŠrazyylyk   wail, scream, outcry

nŠrazylyk   dissatisfaction

nŠsag bolmak   to be ill

nŠsag   unhealthy, ill, sick

nŠsaglamak   to become ill

nŠsaglyk   illness

nŠtanyº   unknown

nŠtanyºlyk   ignorance

nŠtmek   what to do?

nŠtŸØsli   1. how? 2. what kind? what sort?

nŠwagt   when

nŠz   1. coquetry; flirting 2. whim; caprice

nŠzenin   beautiful women; a beauty

nŠzik   1. tender; gentle; delicate 2. thin

nŠzirgemek   1. to flirt 2. to be capricious

nŠzli   coquettish; flirtatious

nika   marriage

nikalaºmak   to marry

nil   trunk (of a tree)

nire   where? what place?

nirede   where

niØet   intention

niØetlemek   to mean; intend; design (for)

nobat   n. queue, turn-taking

nobat tutmak   to queue up

nobaty   adj. on duty

nobatylyk   n. duty

nobatdaky   next; immediate at hand

nobatky   next; immediate at hand

nogaØ   Nogai (ethnicity of the Caucuses)

nogsan   ?

nogta   halter (for a horse)

nogtalamak   to bridle a horse

nohut   peas

nokat   1. dot 2. peroid (punctuation)

nokatma-nokat   exactly

nol   r. zero; naught

nomer   r. number

nomerlemek   r. to number

norma   r. norm; standard

normal   r. normal

nosilººik   r. porter

nota   r. note (musical); note (diplomatic)

notarius   r. notary

notorial   r. adj. notary (attribute)

noØabr   r. November

noØba   kidney beans

nukdaØnazar   point of view

nur   ray; beam

nurana   good looking; handsome

nurbat   screw

nusga   1. sample; specimen 2. copy 3. example

nyglamak   to underline

nygtamak   to emphasize

nyrh   price, fee

nyrhlamak   to appraise; evaluate; assess

nysan almak   to take aim

nysan   symbol/aim

nyºan   1. mark, sign 2. sign 3. badge

nyºana   target; mark

nyºanalamak   to take aim

nyzam   1. formation 2. marching

O

oba hojalygy   agriculture

oba   village

obaylyk   territory where there are villages

obadaº   people from the same village

obaly   persons from village (attrib.)

oblast   province

obraz   hero (fictional)

oburmak   to erode

oburylmak   to be eroded

obØekt   r. 1. object 2. building site

obØektiw   r. objective; unbiased

oerk   essay; sketch

oko   point (in a game)

odekolon   r. cologne

odeØal   r. blanket

odun   wood

ofiser   r. officer

ofiserlik   officer's mess

ofisian   r. waiter

oglan   boy

oglan-uak   little children

oglanlyk   childhood

ogramak   to thieve

ogrulyk   theft

ogry   thief

ogryn   secret

ogryna   imperceptibly; insensibly

ogºamak   to kiss

ogºaºmak   to kiss eachother

ogul   son; boy

ogul-gyz   boys and girls

ogulhajat   ring finger

ogullyk   adopted child

ogurlamak   to steal

ogurlyk   theft

oguºØa   to be found (to be); to turn out (to be)

ojak   1. hearth 2. center; seat (of war)

ojar   haloxylon

ok   1. arrow 2. axis

ok-dari   ammunition

okamak   to read, study

okatmak   to teach

okdurylmak   to dash; dart

okean   r. ocean

okgunly   rapidly; swiftly; promptly

okkupasiØa   r. occupation

okkupirlemek   to occupy

oklamak   1. to toss 2. to load; charge

oklaw   rolling pin

oklukirpi   porcupine

oktØabr   October

okudyjy   teacher

okuma   whitlow

okuw   studies

okuwy   pupil

okuwly   educated

okyjy   person who reads at the library

ol   she, he, it

olar   they

olimpiada   r. olympiad

olja   trophies; spoils (of war)

olluk   possessive

olrug   region

olta–   sole of a shoe

olum   ford; passage; crossing

omurmak   to break

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